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Difference between revisions of "Arkansas House of Representatives"

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{{Chambers infobox
 
{{Chambers infobox
|Partisan = Democrat
+
|Partisan = Republican
 
|Chamber = Arkansas House of Representatives
 
|Chamber = Arkansas House of Representatives
 
|Seal =Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
 
|Seal =Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
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|House speaker = [[Davy Carter]], (R)
 
|House speaker = [[Davy Carter]], (R)
 
|Majority leader = [[Bruce Westerman]], (R)
 
|Majority leader = [[Bruce Westerman]], (R)
|Minority leader = [[Greg Leding]], (R)
+
|Minority leader = [[Greg Leding]], (D)
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 100
 
|Members = 100
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Arkansas House of Representatives|State=Arkansas|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Arkansas House of Representatives|State=Arkansas|Party=Republican}})<br>Vacant (1)
+
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Arkansas House of Representatives|State=Arkansas|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Arkansas House of Representatives|State=Arkansas|Party=Republican}})<br>[[Green Party]](1)
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state representatives|2 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution|Art 5, Arkansas Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution|Art 5, Arkansas Constitution]]
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$15,362/year]] + per diem
+
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$15,362/year + $136/day]]
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
|Next election = [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next election = [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (100 seats)
 
|Last election = [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (100 seats)
 
|Last election = [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (100 seats)
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas | Arkansas Board of Apportionment and Arkansas Legislature]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas | Arkansas Board of Apportionment and Arkansas Legislature]]
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In Arkansas, representatives serve two-year terms with a three term limit.  
 
In Arkansas, representatives serve two-year terms with a three term limit.  
  
 +
{{State trifecta status|state=Arkansas|control=None|= 13 states that are under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution| Article V of the Arkansas Constitution]] establishes when the [[Arkansas General Assembly]], of which the House is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows).  Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year.  The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. <ref>[http://www.arkansashouse.org/about-the-house Arkansas House website]</ref>  
 
[[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution| Article V of the Arkansas Constitution]] establishes when the [[Arkansas General Assembly]], of which the House is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows).  Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year.  The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. <ref>[http://www.arkansashouse.org/about-the-house Arkansas House website]</ref>  
Line 33: Line 34:
 
===2013===
 
===2013===
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 14 through March 21.
+
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through May 17.
  
 
====Major issues====
 
====Major issues====
New [[Speaker of the House]] [[Davy Carter]] (R) said the biggest issue facing lawmakers in 2013 is the Medicaid funding shortfall. Other major issues include tax cuts, education, voter ID, lottery scholarships, and abortion.<ref> [http://www.todaysthv.com/news/article/242871/2/Major-issues-facing-Arkansas-Legislature ''Today's THV,'' "Major issues facing Arkansas legislature," January 11, 2013] </ref><ref> [http://www.kuar.org/kuarnews/87271-new-ark-house-speaker-says-medicaid-budget-is-biggest-issue.html ''KUAR,'' "New Ark. House Speaker Says Medicaid Budget Is Biggest Issue," January 11, 2013] </ref> During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.<ref> [http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2013/jan/16/state-lawmakers-look-officials-pay/ ''Arkansas online,'' " Legislative panel rejects pay rise for elected officials,"  January 16, 2013] </ref>
+
Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included an agreement on expanding the Medicaid program by providing private insurance for low-income residents, a two percent increase in per-student funding for public schools and a bill that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls.<ref>[http://www.arkansasbusiness.com/article/92525/arkansas-lawmakers-to-formally-adjourn-session?page=all ''arkansasbusiness.com'', "Sine Die: Arkansas Lawmakers Formally End Legislative Session," May 17, 2013]</ref> During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.<ref>[http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2013/jan/16/state-lawmakers-look-officials-pay/ ''Arkansas online,'' " Legislative panel rejects pay rise for elected officials,"  January 16, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
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::''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
In 2010, the House of Representatives convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.
 
In 2010, the House of Representatives convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.
 +
 +
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Open States Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Arkansas|Grade=A}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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Arkansas state representatives are subject to [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]], and may not serve more than three two-year terms.  In 2012, there were [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012|23 state representatives]] who were termed-out.
 
Arkansas state representatives are subject to [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]], and may not serve more than three two-year terms.  In 2012, there were [[Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012|23 state representatives]] who were termed-out.
 +
 +
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:650px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="5" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2012 Margin of Victory, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |District
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Winner
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Margin of Victory
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Total Votes
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Top Opponent
 +
|-
 +
| District 52||{{reddot}} [[John Hutchison]]||0.4%||10,073||L.J. Bryant
 +
|-
 +
| District 69||{{bluedot}} [[Betty Overbey]]||1.6%||9,387||Dwight Hoyle
 +
|-
 +
| District 13||{{bluedot}} [[David Hillman]]||2.1%||9,591||Garland Derden, Jr.
 +
|-
 +
| District 61||{{bluedot}} [[Scott Baltz]]||2.9%||10,552||Lori Benedict
 +
|-
 +
| District 41||{{bluedot}} [[Jim Nickels]]||3.9%||12,892||Alan L. Pogue
 +
|-
 +
| District 73||{{bluedot}} [[John Catlett]]||4.3%||7,838||Mary Bentley
 +
|-
 +
| District 39||{{reddot}} [[Mark Lowery]]||4.8%||12,758||Kelly Halstead
 +
|-
 +
| District 60||{{bluedot}} [[James Ratliff]]||5.5%||9,761||Ronald Cavenaugh
 +
|-
 +
| District 18||{{reddot}} [[Richard Womack]]||5.6%||11,112||Fred W. Harris
 +
|-
 +
| District 58||{{bluedot}} [[Harold Copenhaver]]||6%||10,719||Jon Hubbard
 +
|}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
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|}
 
|}
  
 +
===2008===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2008]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.
 +
 +
During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,071,811. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2008 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2008 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2008 Donors, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| align="right" | $182,920
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| align="right" | $179,962
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| align="right" | $89,675
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| align="right" | $83,504
 +
|-
 +
| Smith, Scott A
 +
| align="right" | $82,508
 +
|-
 +
| Wal-Mart
 +
| align="right" | $76,691
 +
|-
 +
| Walters, Bill
 +
| align="right" | $73,357
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Energy Co
 +
| align="right" | $67,500
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Democratic Party
 +
| align="right" | $52,500
 +
|-
 +
| Akin, Thomas
 +
| align="right" | $50,181
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2006===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2006]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 5, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.
 +
 +
During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,666,062. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2006 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2006 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2006 Donors, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $155,050
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Energy Co
 +
| Align="Right" | $116,450
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $89,100
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $74,125
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $68,104
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Democratic Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $63,250
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Medical Society
 +
| Align="Right" | $63,225
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $50,301
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $47,500
 +
|-
 +
| Wal-Mart
 +
| align="right" | $47,500
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2004===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2004]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.
 +
 +
During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $3,956,366. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2004 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2004 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2004 Donors, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $76,750
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $64,050
 +
|-
 +
| Mccutchen, Joey
 +
| Align="Right" | $53,850
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $52,617
 +
|-
 +
| Sample, Betty Ann
 +
| Align="Right" | $52,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $49,350
 +
|-
 +
| Wilkes & Mchugh
 +
| Align="Right" | $47,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $45,750
 +
|-
 +
| Glidewell, Frank
 +
| Align="Right" | $42,500
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $40,000
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2002===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2002]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.
 +
 +
During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,775,317. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2002 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2002 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2002 Donors, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $58,450
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $56,650
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $48,650
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $41,250
 +
|-
 +
| Lewis, Bea
 +
| Align="Right" | $37,076
 +
|-
 +
| Beverly Enterprises
 +
| Align="Right" | $33,450
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $32,250
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Bell
 +
| Align="Right" | $32,100
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $26,000
 +
|-
 +
| Clerget, Harry
 +
| Align="Right" | $25,295
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2000===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2000]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.
 +
 +
During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,748,032. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2000 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2000 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2000 Donors, Arkansas House of Representatives
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $80,417
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $43,150
 +
|-
 +
| Conservative Leadership for Arkansas
 +
| Align="Right" | $39,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Trial Lawyers Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $37,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Democratic Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $35,350
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $33,923
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Bell
 +
| Align="Right" | $29,400
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Medical Society
 +
| Align="Right" | $29,352
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $28,500
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Education Association
 +
| align="right" | $26,049
 +
|}
  
 
===Qualifications===
 
===Qualifications===
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:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state houses]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Partisan composition of state houses]]''
 
{{arhousepartisan}}
 
{{arhousepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Arkansas State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Arkansas State House.PNG]]
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
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| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[Davy Carter]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State Speaker of the House]] || [[Davy Carter]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State House Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Darrin Williams]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[State House Speaker Pro Tempore]] || [[Darrin Williams]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[State House Majority Leader]] || [[Bruce Westerman]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State House Majority Leader]] || [[Bruce Westerman]] || {{red dot}}
Line 154: Line 419:
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2012, members of the Arkansas House of Representatives are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Arkansas legislature are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
  
The $4,088/month that Arkansas representatives are paid as of 2011 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
The $15,869/year that Arkansas legislators are paid as of 2011 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
  
 
===When sworn in===
 
===When sworn in===
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| [[Lane Jean]]     
 
| [[Lane Jean]]     
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 225: Line 490:
 
| [[Sheilla E. Lampkin]]   
 
| [[Sheilla E. Lampkin]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-  
 
|-  
Line 255: Line 520:
 
| [[Walls McCrary]]   
 
| [[Walls McCrary]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 285: Line 550:
 
| [[Nate Steel]]     
 
| [[Nate Steel]]     
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 291: Line 556:
 
| [[Nate Bell]]   
 
| [[Nate Bell]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 297: Line 562:
 
| [[Terry Rice]]
 
| [[Terry Rice]]
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 303: Line 568:
 
| [[Bruce Westerman]]   
 
| [[Bruce Westerman]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 309: Line 574:
 
| [[Ann Clemmer]]   
 
| [[Ann Clemmer]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 345: Line 610:
 
| [[Fredrick Love]]   
 
| [[Fredrick Love]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 381: Line 646:
 
| [[John Edwards, Arkansas Representative|John Edwards]]       
 
| [[John Edwards, Arkansas Representative|John Edwards]]       
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 417: Line 682:
 
| [[Jim Nickels]]       
 
| [[Jim Nickels]]       
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 423: Line 688:
 
| [[Mark Perry]]  
 
| [[Mark Perry]]  
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 429: Line 694:
 
| [[Davy Carter]]     
 
| [[Davy Carter]]     
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 441: Line 706:
 
| [[Jeremy Gillam]]       
 
| [[Jeremy Gillam]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 447: Line 712:
 
| [[Mark Biviano]]       
 
| [[Mark Biviano]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 453: Line 718:
 
| [[Jody Dickinson]]   
 
| [[Jody Dickinson]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 459: Line 724:
 
| [[Reginald Murdock]]     
 
| [[Reginald Murdock]]     
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 465: Line 730:
 
| [[Marshall Wright]]  
 
| [[Marshall Wright]]  
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|50
 
|50
| [[Fred Smith]]     
+
| [[Fred Smith (Arkansas)|Fred Smith]]     
 
| {{green dot}}
 
| {{green dot}}
 
| 2013
 
| 2013
Line 489: Line 754:
 
| [[Homer Lenderman]]     
 
| [[Homer Lenderman]]     
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 525: Line 790:
 
| [[Butch Wilkins]]   
 
| [[Butch Wilkins]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2011
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 531: Line 796:
 
| [[James Ratliff]]
 
| [[James Ratliff]]
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 543: Line 808:
 
| [[Tommy Wren]]   
 
| [[Tommy Wren]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 549: Line 814:
 
| [[James McLean]]   
 
| [[James McLean]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 559: Line 824:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|65
 
|65
| [[Tommy Thompson, Arkansas]]   
+
| [[Tommy Thompson, Arkansas|Tommy Thompson]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2012
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 573: Line 838:
 
| [[Stephen Meeks]]   
 
| [[Stephen Meeks]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 579: Line 844:
 
| [[Robert E. Dale]]         
 
| [[Robert E. Dale]]         
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 585: Line 850:
 
| [[Betty Overbey]]   
 
| [[Betty Overbey]]   
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 591: Line 856:
 
| [[David Meeks]]       
 
| [[David Meeks]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 597: Line 862:
 
| [[Andrea Lea]]     
 
| [[Andrea Lea]]     
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 609: Line 874:
 
| [[John Catlett]]         
 
| [[John Catlett]]         
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 615: Line 880:
 
| [[Jon S. Eubanks]]     
 
| [[Jon S. Eubanks]]     
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 627: Line 892:
 
| [[Denny Altes]]       
 
| [[Denny Altes]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 633: Line 898:
 
| [[Stephanie Malone]]   
 
| [[Stephanie Malone]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 645: Line 910:
 
| [[Gary Deffenbaugh]]     
 
| [[Gary Deffenbaugh]]     
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 657: Line 922:
 
| [[Justin T. Harris]]       
 
| [[Justin T. Harris]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 669: Line 934:
 
| [[David L. Branscum]]         
 
| [[David L. Branscum]]         
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 675: Line 940:
 
| [[Charlie Collins]]         
 
| [[Charlie Collins]]         
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 687: Line 952:
 
| [[Greg Leding]]     
 
| [[Greg Leding]]     
 
| {{blue dot}}
 
| {{blue dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 693: Line 958:
 
| [[Jonathan Barnett]]         
 
| [[Jonathan Barnett]]         
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 711: Line 976:
 
| [[Les Carnine]]           
 
| [[Les Carnine]]           
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 723: Line 988:
 
| [[Mary Slinkard]]   
 
| [[Mary Slinkard]]   
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 735: Line 1,000:
 
| [[Debra Hobbs]]       
 
| [[Debra Hobbs]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 747: Line 1,012:
 
| [[Duncan Baird]]           
 
| [[Duncan Baird]]           
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 757: Line 1,022:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|98
 
|98
| [[John Burns]]  
+
| [[John Burris]]  
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 765: Line 1,030:
 
| [[Kelley Linck]]         
 
| [[Kelley Linck]]         
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
Line 771: Line 1,036:
 
| [[Karen Hopper]]       
 
| [[Karen Hopper]]       
 
| {{red dot}}
 
| {{red dot}}
| 2013
+
| 2009
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Standing committees==
 
==Standing committees==
  
Arkansas House of Representatives has ten standing committees:
+
The Arkansas House of Representatives has eleven standing committees:
 +
* [[Advanced Communications and Information Technology, Arkansas House of Representatives|Advanced Communications and Information Technology]]
 
* [[Aging, Children and Youth, Legislative and Military Affairs Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Aging, Children and Youth, Legislative and Military Affairs Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
Line 791: Line 1,057:
 
* [[Management Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Management Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Rules Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 
* [[Rules Committee, Arkansas House of Representatives]]
 +
 +
==History==
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arkansas]]''
 +
[[File:Arkansas legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Arkansas legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Arkansas State House of Representatives for the first 21 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last year. The Arkansas State House is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The final year of the study depicted a shift in the Arkansas House of Representatives which changed to Republican control for the first time.
 +
 +
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Arkansas|Office of the Governor of Arkansas]], the [[Arkansas State Senate]] and the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Arkansas state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Revision as of 10:43, 11 July 2013

Arkansas House of Representatives

Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   3 terms (6 years)
2014 session start:   January 14, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Davy Carter, (R)
Majority Leader:   Bruce Westerman, (R)
Minority leader:   Greg Leding, (D)
Structure
Members:  100
   Democratic Party (

48)
Republican Party (

51)
Green Party(1)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art 5, Arkansas Constitution
Salary:   $15,362/year + $136/day
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (100 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (100 seats)
Redistricting:   Arkansas Board of Apportionment and Arkansas Legislature
The Arkansas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arkansas State Legislature. The House of Representatives consists of 100 members elected from 100 districts, which are apportioned on a one-person, one-vote basis. Each member represents an average of 29,159 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 26,734 residents. [2] The House convenes in regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd-numbered year to begin the legislative session.

In Arkansas, representatives serve two-year terms with a three term limit.

As of April 2014, Arkansas is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article V of the Arkansas Constitution establishes when the Arkansas General Assembly, of which the House is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows). Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year. The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. [3]

Section 17 of Article V limits the length of sessions to sixty days, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of each legislative house.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through May 17.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included an agreement on expanding the Medicaid program by providing private insurance for low-income residents, a two percent increase in per-student funding for public schools and a bill that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls.[4] During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House of Representatives was in session from February 13 to March 13.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House of Representatives was in session from January 10 to April 27.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Arkansas was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]

Elections

2012

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives were held in Arkansas on November 6, 2012. All 100 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for the elections was March 1, 2012 and the primary date was May 22, 2012.

Arkansas state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than three two-year terms. In 2012, there were 23 state representatives who were termed-out.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Representative were held in Arkansas on November 2, 2010. State house seats in all 100 districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates who wished to run in these elections was March 8, 2010, and the primary election day was May 18, 2010.

In 2010, candidates running for the House raised a total of $5,568,912 in campaign contributions. Their top 10 contributors were: [7]

2008

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,071,811. The top 10 contributors were:[8]

2006

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 5, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,666,062. The top 10 contributors were:[9]

2004

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $3,956,366. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2002

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,775,317. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2000

See also: Arkansas House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Arkansas House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,748,032. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

Qualifications

Article 5, Section 4 of the Arkansas Constitution states: No person shall be a Senator or Representative who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States, nor any one who has not been for two years next preceding his election, a resident of this State, and for one year next preceding his election, a resident of the county or district whence he may be chosen. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and Representatives at least twenty-one years of age.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, the Governor must call for a special election in order to fill the vacancy. The election must be called by the Governor without delay[13]. For all special elections involving House seats, the County Board of Election Commissioners representing the vacant district must conduct the election[14]. All special elections must be held on the second Tuesday of each month. The only other dates an election can be held if the second Tuesday of the month falls on a legal holiday or is in June during an even-numbered year[15].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Arkansas

The Arkansas Board of Apportionment is responsible for redistricting at the state legislative level. This is one of 11 commissions nationwide that are responsible for redistricting.

2010 census

The Census Bureau releases population data to Arkansas the week of February 7, 2011. Arkansas' population increased by 9.1 percent to 2,926,229 between 2000 and 2010.[16] On July 29, 2011, the Board of Apportionment approved new state legislative maps by a 2-1 vote along party lines. The number of majority-minority districts in the House was reduced from 13 to 11.

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of April 2014
     Democratic Party 48
     Republican Party 51
     Green Party 1
Total 100


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Arkansas State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Arkansas State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected every two years by the membership. Duties on the Speaker include preserving order and decorum, deciding all questions of order, assigning committee leadership, and naming Members to select committees. The Speaker also appoints a Speaker Pro Tempore and may appoint Assistant Speakers Pro Tempore to assist in leadership duties.[17]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Arkansas House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Davy Carter Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Darrin Williams Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Bruce Westerman Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Leader Greg Leding Electiondot.png Democratic

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Arkansas legislature are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.[18]

The $15,869/year that Arkansas legislators are paid as of 2011 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.[19]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Arkansas legislators assume office on the first day of session. This is on the second Monday of January.

Current members

Current members, Arkansas House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Mary P. Hickerson Ends.png Republican 2011
2 Lane Jean Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Brent Talley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
4 Fonda Hawthorne Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 David Fielding Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
6 Matthew Shepherd Ends.png Republican 2011
7 John Baine Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
8 Jeff R. Wardlaw Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
9 Sheilla E. Lampkin Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
10 Mike Holcomb Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
11 Mark McElroy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
12 Chris Richey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 David Hillman Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
14 Walls McCrary Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
15 Ken Bragg Ends.png Republican 2013
16 James Word Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
17 Henry Wilkins, IV Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
18 Richard Womack Ends.png Republican 2013
19 Nate Steel Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
20 Nate Bell Ends.png Republican 2011
21 Terry Rice Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
22 Bruce Westerman Ends.png Republican 2011
23 Ann Clemmer Ends.png Republican 2009
24 Bruce Cozart Ends.png Republican 2011
25 John T. Vines Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
26 David Kizzia Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 Andy Mayberry Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Kim Hammer Ends.png Republican 2011
29 Fredrick Love Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
30 Charles Armstrong Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
31 Andy Davis Ends.png Republican 2013
32 Allen Kerr Ends.png Republican 2009
33 Warwick Sabin Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
34 John W. Walker Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
35 John Edwards Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
36 Darrin Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
37 Eddie Armstrong, III Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
38 Patti Julian Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
39 Mark Lowery Ends.png Republican 2013
40 Douglas House Ends.png Republican 2013
41 Jim Nickels Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
42 Mark Perry Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
43 Davy Carter Ends.png Republican 2009
44 Joe Farrer Ends.png Republican 2013
45 Jeremy Gillam Ends.png Republican 2011
46 Mark Biviano Ends.png Republican 2011
47 Jody Dickinson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
48 Reginald Murdock Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
49 Marshall Wright Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
50 Fred Smith Begins.png Green Party 2013
51 Deborah Ferguson Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
52 John Hutchison Ends.png Republican 2013
53 Homer Lenderman Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
54 Wes Wagner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
55 Monte Hodges Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
56 Joe Jett Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
57 Mary Broadaway Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
58 Harold Copenhaver Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
59 Butch Wilkins Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
60 James Ratliff Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
61 Scott Baltz Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
62 Tommy Wren Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
63 James McLean Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
64 John Payton Ends.png Republican 2013
65 Tommy Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
66 Josh Miller Ends.png Republican 2013
67 Stephen Meeks Ends.png Republican 2011
68 Robert E. Dale Ends.png Republican 2009
69 Betty Overbey Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
70 David Meeks Ends.png Republican 2011
71 Andrea Lea Ends.png Republican 2009
72 Steve Magie Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
73 John Catlett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
74 Jon S. Eubanks Ends.png Republican 2011
75 Charlotte Vining Douglas Ends.png Republican 2013
76 Denny Altes Ends.png Republican 2011
77 Stephanie Malone Ends.png Republican 2009
78 George McGill Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
79 Gary Deffenbaugh Ends.png Republican 2011
80 Charlene Fite Ends.png Republican 2013
81 Justin T. Harris Ends.png Republican 2011
82 Bill Gossage Ends.png Republican 2013
83 David L. Branscum Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
84 Charlie Collins Ends.png Republican 2011
85 David Whitaker Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
86 Greg Leding Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
87 Jonathan Barnett Ends.png Republican 2009
88 Randy Alexander Ends.png Republican 2013
89 Micah Neal Ends.png Republican 2013
90 Les Carnine Ends.png Republican 2009
91 Dan Douglas Ends.png Republican 2013
92 Mary Slinkard Ends.png Republican 2009
93 Jim Dotson Ends.png Republican 2013
94 Debra Hobbs Ends.png Republican 2009
95 Sue Scott Ends.png Republican 2013
96 Duncan Baird Ends.png Republican 2009
97 Bob Ballinger Ends.png Republican 2013
98 John Burris Ends.png Republican 2009
99 Kelley Linck Ends.png Republican 2011
100 Karen Hopper Ends.png Republican 2009

Standing committees

The Arkansas House of Representatives has eleven standing committees:

It also has two select committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arkansas
Partisan breakdown of the Arkansas legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Arkansas State House of Representatives for the first 21 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last year. The Arkansas State House is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The final year of the study depicted a shift in the Arkansas House of Representatives which changed to Republican control for the first time.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Arkansas, the Arkansas State Senate and the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Arkansas state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References