Difference between revisions of "Arkansas State Senate"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Major issues)
m (Text replace - "<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013]</ref>" to "<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab)
Line 23: Line 23:
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas|Arkansas Board of Apportionment]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas|Arkansas Board of Apportionment]]
 
|Building = Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
 
|Building = Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Arkansas State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Arkansas General Assembly]]. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 83,312 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''www.census.gov/,'' "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 76,383 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013]</ref> Arkansas senators are subject to [[term limits]] of no more than two four-year terms.<ref name=limits>[http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/Summary/ArkansasConstitution1874.pdf ''Arkansas State Constitution'', pg. 16, accessed December 16, 2013]</ref> Service in the state legislature is part-time.
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Arkansas State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Arkansas General Assembly]]. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 83,312 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''www.census.gov/,'' "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 76,383 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau,'' "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001]</ref> Arkansas senators are subject to [[term limits]] of no more than two four-year terms.<ref name=limits>[http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/Summary/ArkansasConstitution1874.pdf ''Arkansas State Constitution'', pg. 16, accessed December 16, 2013]</ref> Service in the state legislature is part-time.
  
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Arkansas|control=None|= 13 states that are under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Arkansas|control=None|= 13 states that are under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}

Revision as of 23:01, 15 May 2014

Arkansas State Senate

Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   2 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   February 10, 2014
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Vacant 
Majority Leader:   Eddie Joe Williams (R)
Minority leader:   Keith Ingram (D)
Structure
Members:  35
  
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art 8, Section 3, Arkansas Constitution
Salary:   $15,362/year + $136/day
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (35 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (17 seats)
Redistricting:  Arkansas Board of Apportionment
Meeting place:
Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
The Arkansas State Senate is the upper house of the Arkansas General Assembly. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of 83,312 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 76,383 residents.[2] Arkansas senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms.[3] Service in the state legislature is part-time.

As of August 2014, Arkansas is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

See also: Arkansas State Legislature, Arkansas House of Representatives, Arkansas Governor

Sessions

Article V of the Arkansas Constitution establishes when the Arkansas General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows). Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year. The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year.[4]

Section 17 of Article V limits the length of sessions to sixty days, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of each legislative house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from February 10 to March 20.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session included private option Medicaid expansion and a $5 billion proposed budget for the coming fiscal year. The legislature also established an entrepreneurship program for college seniors called the Arkansas Fellowship.[5] Due to a 2008 constitutional amendment, sessions held in even-numbered years may only address financial matters.[6]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through May 17.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included an agreement on expanding the Medicaid program by providing private insurance for low-income residents, a two percent increase in per-student funding for public schools and a bill that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls.[7] During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.[8]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session from February 13 to March 13.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 10 to April 27.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.

Role in state budget

See also: Arkansas state budget

The state operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[9][10]

  1. Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in May of the year preceding the start of the new biennium.
  2. State agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in July.
  3. Agency hearings are held from August through October.
  4. Public hearings are held from October through December.
  5. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in November.
  6. The state legislature debates the budget from January through April. The budget must be passed by a three-fourths majority.
  7. The fiscal year begins July 1.

The governor may exercise line item veto, item veto of appropriations, and item veto of selected words.[10]

The Governor is required by statute to submit a balanced budget. The legislature is not legally required to pass a balanced budget, but the Governor is required by statute to sign a balanced budget.[10]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[11] According to the report, Arkansas received a grade of B- and a numerical score of 82, indicating that Arkansas was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[11]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Arkansas was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[12]

Elections

2014

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate will take place in 2014. A primary election took place May 20, 2014; a runoff election will take place where necessary on June 10, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 3, 2014.

2012

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate were held in Arkansas on November 6, 2012. A total of 35 seats were up for election. Although Arkansas senators typically serve four-year terms, they are elected to a two-year term during the first election of the decade. Thus, rather than only half of all senators being up for election, all sitting members were on the ballot in November. The signature filing deadline was March 1, 2012, and the primary election was held on May 22, 2012.

Arkansas State Senators are subject to term limits and may serve no more than 2 four-year terms. In 2012, 10 Arkansas State Senators were termed-out.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senator were held in Arkansas on November 2, 2010. State senate seats in 17 of the 35 districts were on the ballot in 2010. The 17 districts where electoral contests took place in 2010 are: 5, 6, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 34 and 35.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010, and the primary election day was May 18, 2010.

According to Article 5 of the Arkansas Constitution, Arkansas state senators are each elected to four-year terms with term limits.[13] However, in the first election after the census, all 35 seats were up for election. The Senators "shall divide themselves into two classes, by lot, and the first class shall hold their places for two years only, after which all shall be elected for four years."

In 2010, candidates running for senate raised a total of $3,771,126 in campaign funds. Their top 10 contributors were:[14]

2008

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $2,304,660. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2006

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 5, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $1,575,949. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

2004

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $1,284,171. The top 10 contributors were:[17]

2002

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $2,693,862. The top 10 contributors were:[18]

2000

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $1,866,727. The top 10 contributors were:[19]

Qualifications

Article 5, Section 4 of the Arkansas Constitution states: No person shall be a Senator or Representative who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States, nor any one who has not been for two years next preceding his election, a resident of this State, and for one year next preceding his election, a resident of the county or district whence he may be chosen. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and Representatives at least twenty-one years of age.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Senate, the Governor must call for a special election in order to fill the vacancy. The election must be called by the Governor without delay.[20] For all special elections in the Senate, the county that first established the district is responsible for conducting the election.[21]

All special elections must be held on the Second Tuesday of each month. The only other dates an election can be held if the second Tuesday of the month falls on a legal holiday or is in June during an even-numbered year.[22]

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Arkansas legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Arkansas Term Limits Initiative in 1992. That initiative said that Arkansas senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2000.[3]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Arkansas

The Arkansas Board of Apportionment is responsible for redistricting at the state legislative level. This is one of 11 commissions nationwide that are responsible for redistricting.

2010 census

The Census Bureau releases population data to Arkansas the week of February 7, 2011. Arkansas' population increased by 9.1 percent to 2,926,229 between 2000 and 2010.[23] On July 29, 2011, the Board of Apportionment approved new state legislative maps by a 2-1 vote along party lines. Notably, the town of Alpena (pop. 392) was split up among three Senate districts.

Senators

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates


Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 13
     Republican Party 21
     Vacancy 1
Total 35


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor serves as President of the Senate but only casts a vote in the case of a tie. In the absence of the Lieutenant Governor, the President Pro Tempore presides over the daily session who is elected by full senate caucus and is also the chief leadership position in the majority caucus.[24]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Arkansas State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Vacant
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Michael Lamoureux Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 1st District Missy Irvin Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 2nd District Jeremy Hutchinson Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 3rd District Bruce Holland Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 4th District Stephanie Flowers Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Leader Eddie Joe Williams Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Jonathan Dismang Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Keith Ingram Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Whip Bobby Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Arkansas legislature are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.[25]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Arkansas legislators assume office on the first day of session. This is on the second Monday of January.

Current members

Current members, Arkansas State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 Bart Hester Ends.png Republican 2013
2 Jim Hendren Ends.png Republican 2013
3 Cecile Bledsoe Ends.png Republican 2009
4 Uvalde Lindsey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Bryan King Ends.png Republican 2013
6 Gary Stubblefield Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Jon Woods Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Jake C. Files Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Bruce Holland Ends.png Republican 2011
10 Larry Teague Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
11 Jimmy Hickey, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2013
12 Bruce Maloch Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Alan Clark Ends.png Republican 2013
14 Bill Sample Ends.png Republican 2011
15 David J. Sanders Ends.png Republican 2013
16 Michael Lamoureux Ends.png Republican 2009
17 Johnny Key Ends.png Republican 2009
18 Missy Irvin Ends.png Republican 2011
19 David Wyatt Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
20 Robert Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
21 John Cooper Ends.png Republican 2014
22 David Burnett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
23 Ronald Caldwell Ends.png Republican 2013
24 Keith Ingram Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Stephanie Flowers Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
26 Eddie Cheatham Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 Bobby Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
28 Jonathan Dismang Ends.png Republican 2011
29 Eddie Joe Williams Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Linda Chesterfield Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
31 Joyce Elliott Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
32 David Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
33 Jeremy Hutchinson Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Jane English Ends.png Republican 2013
35 Jason Rapert Ends.png Republican 2011

Senate committees

The Arkansas Senate has the following ten standing committees:

It also has two select committees:

History

Women in the Senate

Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas was the first woman to be elected to the Senate. She was appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway. She was then elected in 1932, and again in 1938 and served until 1945. Since then, 38 women have served in the U.S. Senate.[26][27]

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arkansas
Partisan breakdown of the Arkansas legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Arkansas State Senate for 21 years while the Republicans were the majority for one year. The Arkansas State Senate is 1 of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The final year of the study depicted a shift in the Arkansas senate which changed to Republican control.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Arkansas, the Arkansas State Senate and the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Arkansas state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arkansas state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Arkansas has never had a Republican trifecta, but did have two Democratic trifectas, between 1992 and 1996 and also between 2007 and 2011. Arkansas has ranked in the bottom-10 of the SQLI ranking for each year of the study. Its highest ranking (41st) occurred in the early 1990s under a Democratic trifecta, while its worst ranking (47th) occurred in 1999 and 2000 under divided government. 2013 was the first year in which Arkansas’s divided government included a Democratic governor and Republican legislature. In all other years of divided government, Arkansas had a Republican governor and a Democratic legislature.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 43.18
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 45.30
Chart displaying the partisanship of Arkansas government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. www.census.gov/, "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  3. 3.0 3.1 Arkansas State Constitution, pg. 16, accessed December 16, 2013
  4. Arkansas House website
  5. The Arkansas Traveler, "Arkansas State Legislature Creates Entrepreneurship Program for College Seniors," accessed May 9, 2014
  6. akrnasasbusiness.com, "Fiscal Session 2014: A User's Guide to the Arkansas Legislature," February 10, 2014
  7. arkansasbusiness.com, "Sine Die: Arkansas Lawmakers Formally End Legislative Session," May 17, 2013
  8. Arkansas online, " Legislative panel rejects pay rise for elected officials," January 16, 2013
  9. National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  12. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  13. Term limits pg. 16
  14. Follow the Money: "Arkansas Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  15. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2008 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2006 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  17. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2004 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  18. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2002 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  19. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2000 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  20. Arkansas Legislature, "Arkansas Code," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statutes, 10-2-118 and 10-2-119)
  21. Arkansas Legislature, "Arkansas Code," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statutes, 10-2-120(a)(1))
  22. Arkansas Legislature, "Arkansas Code," accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Statutes, 7-11-105 1 (a)-(c))
  23. The City Wire, "Census: Arkansas population up 9.1%," December 21, 2010
  24. Arkansas Senate officers
  25. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  26. Arkansas State Senate, History of the Arkansas State Senate
  27. United States Senate, History of the Arkansas State Senate