Difference between revisions of "Arkansas State Senate"

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{{Chambers infobox
 
{{Chambers infobox
|Partisan = Democrat
+
|Partisan = Republican
 
|Chamber = Arkansas State Senate
 
|Chamber = Arkansas State Senate
 
|Seal = Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
 
|Seal = Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
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|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|2 terms (8 years)]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|2 terms (8 years)]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions|February 13, 2012]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 14, 2013]]
 
|Website = [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/ Official Senate Page]
 
|Website = [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/ Official Senate Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
|Senate president = [[Paul Bookout]], (D)
+
|Senate president = [[Michael Lamoureux]], (R)
|Majority leader = [[Robert Thompson]], (D)
+
|Majority leader = [[Eddie Joe Williams]], (R)
|Minority leader = [[Ruth Whitaker]], (R)
+
|Minority leader = [[Keith Ingram]], (D)
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 35
 
|Members = 35
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|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article 8, Arkansas Constitution#Section 3|Art 8, Section 3, Arkansas Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article 8, Arkansas Constitution#Section 3|Art 8, Section 3, Arkansas Constitution]]
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$15,362/year]]
+
|Salary = [[Comparison of state legislative salaries|$15,362/year + $136/day]]
 
<!-- Level 5-->
 
<!-- Level 5-->
|Next election = [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (35 seats)
+
|Next election = [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]] (17 seats)
|Last election = [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]] (17 seats)
+
|Last election = [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]] (35 seats)
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas|Arkansas Board of Apportionment]]
 
|Redistricting = [[Redistricting in Arkansas|Arkansas Board of Apportionment]]
 
|Building = Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
 
|Building = Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Arkansas State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Arkansas General Assembly]]. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 83,312 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 76,383 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Service in the state legislature is part-time.
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Arkansas State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Arkansas General Assembly]]. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 83,312 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 76,383 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> Service in the state legislature is part-time.
  
The 87th General Assembly convened on [[BC2009#January|January 12, 2009]].
+
{{State trifecta status|state=Arkansas|control=None|= 13 states that are under divided government and do not have state trifectas}}
 
+
In 2010, the Senate convened for its Fiscal Session, and it was [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| in session]] from February 8th to March 4th.<ref>[http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/2009/2010F/Pages/Home.aspx Session dates for Arkansas legislature, 2010]</ref>
+
 
+
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution| Article V of the Arkansas Constitution]] establishes when the [[Arkansas General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows).  Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year.  The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. <ref>[http://www.arkansashouse.org/about-the-house Arkansas House website]</ref>  
 
[[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution| Article V of the Arkansas Constitution]] establishes when the [[Arkansas General Assembly]], of which the Senate is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows).  Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year.  The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. <ref>[http://www.arkansashouse.org/about-the-house Arkansas House website]</ref>  
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Section 17 of Article V limits the length of sessions to sixty days, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of each legislative house.
 
Section 17 of Article V limits the length of sessions to sixty days, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of each legislative house.
  
===2012===
+
===2013===
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
+
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2012, the Senate will be in session from February 13 to March 13.
+
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through May 17.
  
 
====Major issues====
 
====Major issues====
The main issue taken up by legislators will be [[Arkansas Governor|Governor]] [[Mike Beebe]]'s (D) $4.7 billion budget, which includes increases in Medicaid and education funding. Other issues include repealing a tax break for truckers and toughening sentencing guidelines for sex offenders.<ref>[http://arkansasnews.com/2012/02/12/fiscal-session-begins-monday-with-leaders-watching-calendar/ ''Arkansas News,'' "Fiscal session begins Monday with leaders watching calendar," February 12, 2012]</ref>
+
Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included an agreement on expanding the Medicaid program by providing private insurance for low-income residents, a two percent increase in per-student funding for public schools and a bill that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls.<ref>[http://www.arkansasbusiness.com/article/92525/arkansas-lawmakers-to-formally-adjourn-session?page=all ''arkansasbusiness.com'', "Sine Die: Arkansas Lawmakers Formally End Legislative Session," May 17, 2013]</ref> During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.<ref>[http://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2013/jan/16/state-lawmakers-look-officials-pay/ ''Arkansas online,'' " Legislative panel rejects pay rise for elected officials," January 16, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===2012===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
In 2012, the Senate was in session from February 13 to March 13.
  
 
===2011===
 
===2011===
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In 2010, the Senate convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.
 
In 2010, the Senate convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.
  
==Elections==
+
===Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Arkansas|Grade=A}}
  
 +
==Elections==
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012]]''
  
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate will be held in [[Arkansas]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. A '''total of 35 seats''' will be up for election.  Although Arkansas senators typically serve four-year terms, they are elected to a two-year term during the first election of the decade. Thus, rather than only half of all senators being up for election, all sitting members will be on the ballot in November.  The signature filing deadline is March 1, 2012, and the primary election will be held on May 22, 2012.
+
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate were held in [[Arkansas]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. A '''total of 35 seats''' were up for election.  Although Arkansas senators typically serve four-year terms, they are elected to a two-year term during the first election of the decade. Thus, rather than only half of all senators being up for election, all sitting members were on the ballot in November.  The signature filing deadline was March 1, 2012, and the primary election was held on May 22, 2012.
  
Arkansas State Senators are subject to term limits and may serve no more than 2 four-year terms.  In 2012, [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2012 | 10 Arkansas State Senators]] will be termed-out.
+
Arkansas State Senators are subject to term limits and may serve no more than 2 four-year terms.  In 2012, [[Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2012|10 Arkansas State Senators]] were termed-out.
  
===2010===
+
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
  
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:650px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="5" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2012 Margin of Victory, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |District
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Winner
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Margin of Victory
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Total Votes
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Top Opponent
 +
|-
 +
| District 34||{{reddot}} [[Jane English]]||0.8%||36,152||Barry Hyde
 +
|-
 +
| District 27||{{bluedot}} [[Bobby Pierce]]||1%||31,311||Henry L. Firsby, II
 +
|-
 +
| District 26||{{bluedot}} [[Eddie Cheatham]]||1.2%||28,603||Mike Akin
 +
|-
 +
| District 20||{{bluedot}} [[Robert Thompson]]||1.7%||26,785||Blake Johnson
 +
|-
 +
| District 19||{{bluedot}} [[David Wyatt]]||2.4%||30,158||Linda Collins-Smith
 +
|-
 +
| District 11||{{reddot}} [[Jimmy Hickey, Jr.]]||4.9%||27,658||Steve Harrelson
 +
|-
 +
| District 23||{{reddot}} [[Ronald Caldwell]]||6.1%||26,012||Jerry Brown
 +
|-
 +
| District 13||{{reddot}} [[Alan Clark]]||8.2%||30,069||Mike Fletcher
 +
|-
 +
| District 35||{{reddot}} [[Jason Rapert]]||8.5%||29,431||Linda Tyler
 +
|-
 +
| District 28||{{reddot}} [[Jonathan Dismang]]||9.1%||28,820||Tiffany Rogers
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2010===
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010]]''
  
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The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010, and the primary election day was May 18, 2010.  
 
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010, and the primary election day was May 18, 2010.  
  
According to [[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution#Section 3|Article 5 of the Arkansas Constitution]], Arkansas state senators are each elected to [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].<ref>[http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/Summary/ArkansasConstitution1874.pdf Term limits pg. 16]</ref> However, in the first election after the census, all 35 seats''' will be up for election. The Senators "shall divide themselves into two classes, by lot, and the first class shall hold their places for two years only, after which all shall be elected for four years."
+
According to [[Article 5, Arkansas Constitution#Section 3|Article 5 of the Arkansas Constitution]], Arkansas state senators are each elected to [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].<ref>[http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/Summary/ArkansasConstitution1874.pdf Term limits pg. 16]</ref> However, in the first election after the census, all 35 seats''' were up for election. The Senators "shall divide themselves into two classes, by lot, and the first class shall hold their places for two years only, after which all shall be elected for four years."
  
 
In 2010, candidates running for senate raised a total of $3,771,126 in campaign funds.  Their top 10 contributors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=AR&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'': "Arkansas Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
 
In 2010, candidates running for senate raised a total of $3,771,126 in campaign funds.  Their top 10 contributors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=AR&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'': "Arkansas Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
  
{{legislative donor box}}
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="2" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2010 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Greenberg, Daniel
 
| Greenberg, Daniel
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|}
 
|}
  
 +
===2008===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2008]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.
 +
 +
During the 2008 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $2,304,660. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2008 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2008 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2008 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| White, Joe M
 +
| align="right" | $99,824
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| align="right" | $67,190
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| align="right" | $57,186
 +
|-
 +
| Sumpter, Denny
 +
| align="right" | $46,400
 +
|-
 +
| Friedkin Business Services
 +
| align="right" | $36,000
 +
|-
 +
| Wal-Mart
 +
| align="right" | $27,500
 +
|-
 +
| Rural Arkansas Telecommunications Association
 +
| align="right" | $25,000
 +
|-
 +
| Morton, Michael S
 +
| align="right" | $24,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas State Farm Insurance
 +
| align="right" | $21,000
 +
|-
 +
| Cmte to Save Arkansas Jobs
 +
| align="right" | $21,000
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2006===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2006]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 5, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.
 +
 +
During the 2006 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,575,949. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2006 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2006 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2006 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $75,250
 +
|-
 +
| Carver, Joel & Lynn
 +
| Align="Right" | $35,000
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Energy Co
 +
| Align="Right" | $32,750
 +
|-
 +
| Willis, Arnell
 +
| Align="Right" | $28,500
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Medical Society
 +
| Align="Right" | $27,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas State Farm Insurance
 +
| Align="Right" | $26,250
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $25,995
 +
|-
 +
| Simes, Alvin L
 +
| Align="Right" | $22,721
 +
|-
 +
| Crumbly, Jack
 +
| Align="Right" | $22,517
 +
|-
 +
| Rural Arkansas Telecommunications Association
 +
| align="right" | $22,000
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2004===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2004]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.
 +
 +
During the 2004 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,284,171. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2004 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2004 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2004 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $32,000
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $29,000
 +
|-
 +
| Dees, Joyce A
 +
| Align="Right" | $25,200
 +
|-
 +
| Gullett, Brenda
 +
| Align="Right" | $20,853
 +
|-
 +
| Wilkes & Mchugh
 +
| Align="Right" | $18,000
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Medical Society
 +
| Align="Right" | $16,800
 +
|-
 +
| Acxiom Corp
 +
| Align="Right" | $14,500
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $14,500
 +
|-
 +
| Alltel Corp
 +
| Align="Right" | $13,250
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Energy Co
 +
| Align="Right" | $12,200
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2002===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2002]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.
 +
 +
During the 2002 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $2,693,862. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2002 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2002 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2002 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Health Care Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $45,500
 +
|-
 +
| Trusty, Sharon Kathleen
 +
| Align="Right" | $36,500
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Realtors Association
 +
| Align="Right" | $36,250
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $34,500
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $31,500
 +
|-
 +
| Odom, Conrad T
 +
| Align="Right" | $30,465
 +
|-
 +
| Beverly Enterprises
 +
| Align="Right" | $27,750
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $25,500
 +
|-
 +
| Southwestern Bell
 +
| Align="Right" | $24,750
 +
|-
 +
| Young, Dennis
 +
| Align="Right" | $20,500
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2000===
 +
: ''See also: [[Arkansas State Senate elections, 2000]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.
 +
 +
During the 2000 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,866,727. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/state_overview.phtml?s=AR&y=2000 ''Follow the Money'', "Arkansas 2000 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2000 Donors, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Bryles, Steve
 +
| Align="Right" | $56,174
 +
|-
 +
| Whitaker, T J
 +
| Align="Right" | $53,111
 +
|-
 +
| Whiteside, John N
 +
| Align="Right" | $39,460
 +
|-
 +
| Wiley, Dorvan
 +
| Align="Right" | $32,310
 +
|-
 +
| Stephens Group
 +
| Align="Right" | $27,960
 +
|-
 +
| Arkansas Republican Party
 +
| Align="Right" | $25,000
 +
|-
 +
| Simes, Alvin L
 +
| Align="Right" | $21,450
 +
|-
 +
| Whitaker, Ruth
 +
| Align="Right" | $17,916
 +
|-
 +
| Entergy
 +
| Align="Right" | $17,850
 +
|-
 +
| Young, Dennis Ray
 +
| Align="Right" | $15,400
 +
|}
  
 
===Qualifications===
 
===Qualifications===
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===Vacancies===
 
===Vacancies===
 
 
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]'' {{Vacancies map}}
 
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]'' {{Vacancies map}}
  
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==Term limits==
 
==Term limits==
 
 
:: ''See also: [[State legislatures with term limits]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[State legislatures with term limits]]''
  
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==Redistricting==
 
==Redistricting==
 +
:: ''See also: [[Redistricting in Arkansas]]''
  
 
The [http://www.arkansasredistricting.org/Pages/default.aspx Arkansas Board of Apportionment] is responsible for redistricting at the state legislative level. This is one of 11 commissions nationwide that are responsible for redistricting.
 
The [http://www.arkansasredistricting.org/Pages/default.aspx Arkansas Board of Apportionment] is responsible for redistricting at the state legislative level. This is one of 11 commissions nationwide that are responsible for redistricting.
  
 
===2010 census===
 
===2010 census===
 
 
The Census Bureau releases population data to Arkansas the week of February 7, 2011.  Arkansas' population increased by 9.1 percent to 2,926,229 between 2000 and 2010.<ref>[http://www.thecitywire.com/index.php?q=node/13243 ''The City Wire'' "Census: Arkansas population up 9.1%," December 21, 2010]</ref> On July 29, 2011, the Board of Apportionment approved new state legislative maps by a 2-1 vote along party lines.  Notably, the town of Alpena (pop. 392) was split up among three Senate districts.
 
The Census Bureau releases population data to Arkansas the week of February 7, 2011.  Arkansas' population increased by 9.1 percent to 2,926,229 between 2000 and 2010.<ref>[http://www.thecitywire.com/index.php?q=node/13243 ''The City Wire'' "Census: Arkansas population up 9.1%," December 21, 2010]</ref> On July 29, 2011, the Board of Apportionment approved new state legislative maps by a 2-1 vote along party lines.  Notably, the town of Alpena (pop. 392) was split up among three Senate districts.
  
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{{Arsenatepartisan}}
 
{{Arsenatepartisan}}
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate from 1992-2013.<br>
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate.PNG]]
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
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====Current leadership====
 
====Current leadership====
 
+
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:600px;collapsible=Y;"
{| class="wikitable"
+
 
|-
 
|-
!style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" |Office
+
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current Leadership, Arkansas State Senate
!style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" |Representative
+
|-
!style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" |Party
+
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Office
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Representative
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[President Pro Tempore|President Pro Tempore of the Senate]]
 
|[[President Pro Tempore|President Pro Tempore of the Senate]]
|[[Paul Bookout]]
+
|[[Michael Lamoureux]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 1st District]]
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 1st District]]
|[[David Wyatt]]
+
|[[Missy Thomas Irvin|Missy Irvin]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 2nd District]]
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 2nd District]]
|[[Linda Pondexter Chesterfield]]
+
|[[Jeremy Hutchinson]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 3rd District]]
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 3rd District]]
|[[Kim Hendren]]
+
|[[Bruce Holland]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 4th District]]
 
|[[State Senate Assistant President Pro Tempore|Assistant President Pro Tempore - 4th District]]
|[[Jerry Taylor]]
+
|[[Stephanie Flowers ]]
 
|{{blue dot}}
 
|{{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Majority Leader]]
 
|[[State Senate Majority Leader]]
|[[Robert Thompson, Arkansas Senator|Robert Thompson]]
+
|[[Eddie Joe Williams]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Majority Whip]]
 
|[[State Senate Majority Whip]]
|[[Joyce Elliott]]
+
|[[Jonathan Dismang]]
|{{blue dot}}
+
|{{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Minority Leader]]
 
|[[State Senate Minority Leader]]
|[[Ruth Whitaker]]
+
|[[Keith Ingram]]
|{{red dot}}
+
|{{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
|[[State Senate Minority Whip]]
 
|[[State Senate Minority Whip]]
|[[Michael Lamoureux]]
+
|[[Bobby Pierce]]
|{{red dot}}
+
|{{blue dot}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
===Salaries===
 
===Salaries===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Comparison of state legislative salaries]]''
  
As of 2012, members of the Arkansas State Senate are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/default.aspx?tabid=20117 ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"]</ref>
+
As of 2013, members of the Arkansas legislature are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legisdata/2012-ncsl-legislator-compensation-data.aspx ''NCSL.org'', "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013]</ref>
  
The $4,088/month that Arkansas senators are paid as of 2010 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
+
The $15,869/year that Arkansas legislators are paid as of 2011 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.<ref>[http://www.empirecenter.org/html/legislative_salaries.cfm ''Empire Center'', "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"]</ref>
  
 
===When sworn in===
 
===When sworn in===
Line 199: Line 465:
 
Arkansas legislators assume office on the first day of session. This is on the second Monday of January.  
 
Arkansas legislators assume office on the first day of session. This is on the second Monday of January.  
  
===List of current members===
+
===Current members===
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:550px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''Current members, Arkansas State Senate
 +
|-
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | District
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Senator
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Party
 +
! style="background-color:#666; color: white;" | Assumed office
  
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
 
|-
 
|-
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | District
+
| 1
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Senator
+
| [[Bart Hester]]
! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 1st || [[Johnny Key]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 2
 +
| [[Jim Hendren]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2nd || [[Randy Laverty]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 3
 +
| [[Cecile Bledsoe]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 3rd |[[Ruth Whitaker]] |{{red dot}}
+
| 4
 +
| [[Uvalde Lindsey]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 4th || [[Michael Lamoureux]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 5
 +
| [[Bryan King]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 5th || [[Stephanie Flowers]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 6
 +
| [[Gary Stubblefield]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 6th || [[Bruce Holland ]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 7
 +
| [[Jon Woods]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 7th || [[Sue Madison]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 8
 +
| [[Jake C. Files]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 8th || [[Cecile Bledsoe]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 9
+
| [[Bruce Holland]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2011
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 9th || [[Kim Hendren]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 10
 +
| [[Larry Teague]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 10th || [[Missy Thomas Irvin]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 11
 +
| [[Jimmy Hickey, Jr.]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 11th || [[Robert Thompson, Arkansas Senator|Robert Thompson]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 12
 +
| [[Bruce Maloch]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 12th || [[David Wyatt]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 13
 +
| [[Alan Clark]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 13th || [[Jake C. Files]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 14
 +
| [[Bill Sample]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 14th || [[Paul Bookout]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 15
 +
| [[David J. Sanders]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 15th || [[David Burnett]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 16
 +
| [[Michael Lamoureux]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 16th || [[Jack Crumbly]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 17
 +
| [[Johnny Key]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 17th || [[Jim Luker]] || {{blue dot}}   
+
| 18
 +
| [[Missy Irvin]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 18th || [[Jason Rapert]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 19
 +
| [[David Wyatt]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 19th || [[Bill Sample]] || {{red dot}}  
+
| 20
 +
| [[Robert Thompson]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}
 +
| 2007
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 20th || [[Larry Teague]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| 21
 +
| [[Paul Bookout]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2006
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 21st || [[Steve Harrelson]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 22
 +
| [[David Burnett]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 22nd |[[Jeremy Hutchinson]] || {{red dot}}  
+
| 23
 +
| [[Ronald Caldwell]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 23rd || [[Jerry Taylor]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 24
 +
| [[Keith Ingram]]
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 24th || [[Jimmy Jeffress]]|| {{blue dot}}  
+
| 25
 +
| [[Stephanie Flowers]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 25th || [[Harmon Jeffress]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 26
 +
| [[Eddie Cheatham]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 26th || [[Percy Malone]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 27
 +
| [[Bobby Pierce]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 27th || [[Mike Fletcher]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 28
 +
| [[Jonathan Dismang]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 28th || [[Eddie Joe Williams]] || {{red dot}}  
+
| 29
 +
| [[Eddie Joe Williams]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 29th || [[Jonathan Dismang]] || {{red dot}}  
+
| 30
+
| [[Linda Chesterfield]]  
|-
+
| {{blue dot}}  
| 30th || [[Gilbert Baker]] || {{red dot}}
+
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 31st || [[Mary Salmon]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 31
 +
| [[Joyce Elliott]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 32nd || [[David Johnson (Arkansas legislator)|David Johnson]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 32
 +
| [[David Johnson (Arkansas legislator)|David Johnson]]  
 +
| {{blue dot}}  
 +
| 2009
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 33rd || [[Joyce Elliott]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 33
 +
| [[Jeremy Hutchinson]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2011
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 34th || [[Linda Pondexter Chesterfield]] || {{blue dot}}  
+
| 34
 +
| [[Jane English]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}  
 +
| 2013
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 35th || [[Bill Pritchard]] || {{red dot}}   
+
| 35
 +
| [[Jason Rapert]]  
 +
| {{red dot}}   
 +
| 2011
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Senate committees==
 
==Senate committees==
  
The Arkansas Senate has the following nine standing committees:
+
The Arkansas Senate has the following ten standing committees:
  
 
* [[Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Agriculture, Forestry and Economic Development Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 +
* [[Children and Youth Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[City, County and Local Affairs Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[City, County and Local Affairs Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Education Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Education Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
Line 330: Line 704:
 
* [[Rules, Resolutions and Memorials Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Rules, Resolutions and Memorials Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Efficiency Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
* [[Efficiency Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
There is one senate interim committee as well.
 
* [[Children and Youth Committee, Arkansas State Senate]]
 
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Line 339: Line 710:
  
 
Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas was the first woman to be elected to the Senate. She was appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway. She was then elected in 1932, and again in 1938 and served until 1945. Since then, 38 women have served in the U.S. Senate.<ref>[http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/newsroom/index.php?do:newsDetail=1&news_id=220 ''Arkansas State Senate'', History of the Arkansas State Senate]</ref><ref>[http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/women_senators.htm ''United States Senate'', History of the Arkansas State Senate]</ref>
 
Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas was the first woman to be elected to the Senate. She was appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway. She was then elected in 1932, and again in 1938 and served until 1945. Since then, 38 women have served in the U.S. Senate.<ref>[http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/newsroom/index.php?do:newsDetail=1&news_id=220 ''Arkansas State Senate'', History of the Arkansas State Senate]</ref><ref>[http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/women_senators.htm ''United States Senate'', History of the Arkansas State Senate]</ref>
 +
 +
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 +
{{who runs badge|align=left}}
 +
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arkansas]]''
 +
[[File:Arkansas legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Arkansas legislature from 1992-2013]]
 +
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Arkansas State Senate for 21 years while the Republicans were the majority for one year. The Arkansas State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The final year of the study depicted a shift in the Arkansas senate which changed to Republican control.
 +
 +
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
 +
 +
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 +
 +
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Arkansas|Office of the Governor of Arkansas]], the [[Arkansas State Senate]] and the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 +
[[File:Partisan composition of Arkansas state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 344: Line 728:
 
* [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/ Arkansas State Senate]
 
* [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/ Arkansas State Senate]
 
* [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/senators.html Official list of Arkansas state senators]
 
* [http://www.arkansas.gov/senate/senators.html Official list of Arkansas state senators]
* [http://www.votesmart.org/official_state_legislator.php?type=office&state_id=AR&criteria=upper Vote Smart roster of Arkansas state senators]
 
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_Senate Wikipedia:Arkansas Senate]
 
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_Senate Wikipedia:Arkansas Senate]
  

Revision as of 09:24, 25 June 2013

Arkansas State Senate

Seal of Arkansas.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   2 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 14, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Michael Lamoureux, (R)
Majority Leader:   Eddie Joe Williams, (R)
Minority leader:   Keith Ingram, (D)
Structure
Members:  35
   Democratic Party (

13)
Republican Party (

22)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art 8, Section 3, Arkansas Constitution
Salary:   $15,362/year + $136/day
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (35 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (17 seats)
Redistricting:  Arkansas Board of Apportionment
Meeting place:
Arkansas State Senate Chamber.jpg
The Arkansas State Senate is the upper house of the Arkansas General Assembly. There are 35 state senators; each represents an average of 83,312 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 76,383 residents.[2] Service in the state legislature is part-time.

As of July 2014, Arkansas is one of 14 states that is under divided government and is therefore not one of the state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article V of the Arkansas Constitution establishes when the Arkansas General Assembly, of which the Senate is a part, is to convene. Section 5 of Article V establishes the beginning date for regular sessions, but this date has been changed by law (as Section 5 allows). Under the law, the Arkansas legislature convenes its regular session on the second Monday in January of every odd numbered year. The fiscal session is convened on the second Monday in February of every even numbered year. [3]

Section 17 of Article V limits the length of sessions to sixty days, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of each legislative house.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through May 17.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included an agreement on expanding the Medicaid program by providing private insurance for low-income residents, a two percent increase in per-student funding for public schools and a bill that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls.[4] During the first budget negotiations of the year, the Joint Budget Committee rejected a pay increase for elected officials.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session from February 13 to March 13.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 10 to April 27.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate convened for its Fiscal Session, meeting from February 8th to March 4th.

Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Arkansas was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[6]

Elections

2012

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate were held in Arkansas on November 6, 2012. A total of 35 seats were up for election. Although Arkansas senators typically serve four-year terms, they are elected to a two-year term during the first election of the decade. Thus, rather than only half of all senators being up for election, all sitting members were on the ballot in November. The signature filing deadline was March 1, 2012, and the primary election was held on May 22, 2012.

Arkansas State Senators are subject to term limits and may serve no more than 2 four-year terms. In 2012, 10 Arkansas State Senators were termed-out.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senator were held in Arkansas on November 2, 2010. State senate seats in 17 of the 35 districts were on the ballot in 2010. The 17 districts where electoral contests took place in 2010 are: 5, 6, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 34 and 35.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was March 8, 2010, and the primary election day was May 18, 2010.

According to Article 5 of the Arkansas Constitution, Arkansas state senators are each elected to four-year terms with term limits.[7] However, in the first election after the census, all 35 seats were up for election. The Senators "shall divide themselves into two classes, by lot, and the first class shall hold their places for two years only, after which all shall be elected for four years."

In 2010, candidates running for senate raised a total of $3,771,126 in campaign funds. Their top 10 contributors were: [8]

2008

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 20, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $2,304,660. The top 10 contributors were:[9]

2006

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 5, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,575,949. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2004

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 18, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,284,171. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2002

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 21, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $2,693,862. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2000

See also: Arkansas State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Arkansas State Senate consisted of a primary election on May 23, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to Senate candidates was $1,866,727. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

Qualifications

Article 5, Section 4 of the Arkansas Constitution states: No person shall be a Senator or Representative who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States, nor any one who has not been for two years next preceding his election, a resident of this State, and for one year next preceding his election, a resident of the county or district whence he may be chosen. Senators shall be at least twenty-five years of age, and Representatives at least twenty-one years of age.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Senate, the Governor must call for a special election in order to fill the vacancy. The election must be called by the Governor without delay[14]. For all special elections in the Senate, the county that first established the district is responsible for conducting the election[15].

All special elections must be held on the Second Tuesday of each month. The only other dates an election can be held if the second Tuesday of the month falls on a legal holiday or is in June during an even-numbered year[16].

Term limits

See also: State legislatures with term limits

The Arkansas legislature is one of 15 state legislatures with term limits. Voters enacted the Arkansas Term Limits Initiative in 1992. That initiative said that Arkansas senators are subject to term limits of no more than two four-year terms.

The first year that the term limits enacted in 1992 impacted the ability of incumbents to run for office was in 2000.[17]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Arkansas

The Arkansas Board of Apportionment is responsible for redistricting at the state legislative level. This is one of 11 commissions nationwide that are responsible for redistricting.

2010 census

The Census Bureau releases population data to Arkansas the week of February 7, 2011. Arkansas' population increased by 9.1 percent to 2,926,229 between 2000 and 2010.[18] On July 29, 2011, the Board of Apportionment approved new state legislative maps by a 2-1 vote along party lines. Notably, the town of Alpena (pop. 392) was split up among three Senate districts.

Senators

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates


Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 13
     Republican Party 22
Total 35


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Arkansas State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Lieutenant Governor serves as President of the Senate but only casts a vote in the case of a tie. In the absence of the Lieutenant Governor, the President Pro Tempore presides over the daily session who is elected by full senate caucus and is also the chief leadership position in the majority caucus.[19]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Arkansas State Senate
Office Representative Party
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Michael Lamoureux Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 1st District Missy Irvin Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 2nd District Jeremy Hutchinson Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 3rd District Bruce Holland Ends.png Republican
Assistant President Pro Tempore - 4th District Stephanie Flowers Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Leader Eddie Joe Williams Ends.png Republican
State Senate Majority Whip Jonathan Dismang Ends.png Republican
State Senate Minority Leader Keith Ingram Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Whip Bobby Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Arkansas legislature are paid $15,869 per year. They are also given per diem of $136 per day (in voucher form) plus mileage tied to the federal rate.[20]

The $15,869/year that Arkansas legislators are paid as of 2011 is an increase over the $14,765/year that they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. The per diem has also increased from 2007 levels of $130 per day.[21]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Arkansas legislators assume office on the first day of session. This is on the second Monday of January.

Current members

Current members, Arkansas State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 Bart Hester Ends.png Republican 2013
2 Jim Hendren Ends.png Republican 2013
3 Cecile Bledsoe Ends.png Republican 2009
4 Uvalde Lindsey Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Bryan King Ends.png Republican 2013
6 Gary Stubblefield Ends.png Republican 2013
7 Jon Woods Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Jake C. Files Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Bruce Holland Ends.png Republican 2011
10 Larry Teague Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
11 Jimmy Hickey, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2013
12 Bruce Maloch Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Alan Clark Ends.png Republican 2013
14 Bill Sample Ends.png Republican 2011
15 David J. Sanders Ends.png Republican 2013
16 Michael Lamoureux Ends.png Republican 2009
17 Johnny Key Ends.png Republican 2009
18 Missy Irvin Ends.png Republican 2011
19 David Wyatt Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
20 Robert Thompson Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
21 Paul Bookout Electiondot.png Democratic 2006
22 David Burnett Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
23 Ronald Caldwell Ends.png Republican 2013
24 Keith Ingram Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
25 Stephanie Flowers Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
26 Eddie Cheatham Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 Bobby Pierce Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
28 Jonathan Dismang Ends.png Republican 2011
29 Eddie Joe Williams Ends.png Republican 2011
30 Linda Chesterfield Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
31 Joyce Elliott Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
32 David Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
33 Jeremy Hutchinson Ends.png Republican 2011
34 Jane English Ends.png Republican 2013
35 Jason Rapert Ends.png Republican 2011

Senate committees

The Arkansas Senate has the following ten standing committees:

It also has two select committees:

History

Women in the Senate

Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas was the first woman to be elected to the Senate. She was appointed in 1931 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway. She was then elected in 1932, and again in 1938 and served until 1945. Since then, 38 women have served in the U.S. Senate.[22][23]

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Arkansas
Partisan breakdown of the Arkansas legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Arkansas State Senate for 21 years while the Republicans were the majority for one year. The Arkansas State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. The final year of the study depicted a shift in the Arkansas senate which changed to Republican control.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Arkansas, the Arkansas State Senate and the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Arkansas state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2000 of the American states
  3. Arkansas House website
  4. arkansasbusiness.com, "Sine Die: Arkansas Lawmakers Formally End Legislative Session," May 17, 2013
  5. Arkansas online, " Legislative panel rejects pay rise for elected officials," January 16, 2013
  6. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  7. Term limits pg. 16
  8. Follow the Money: "Arkansas Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  9. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2008 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  10. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2006 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  11. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2004 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  12. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2002 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "Arkansas 2000 Candidates," Accessed May 28, 2013
  14. Arkansas Legislature "Arkansas Code"(Referenced Statutes, 10-2-118 and 10-2-119)
  15. Arkansas Legislature "Arkansas Code"(Referenced Statutes, 10-2-120(a)(1))
  16. Arkansas Legislature "Arkansas Code"(Referenced Statutes, 7-11-105 1 (a)-(c))
  17. State legislative term limits
  18. The City Wire "Census: Arkansas population up 9.1%," December 21, 2010
  19. Arkansas Senate officers
  20. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  21. Empire Center, "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"
  22. Arkansas State Senate, History of the Arkansas State Senate
  23. United States Senate, History of the Arkansas State Senate