Difference between revisions of "Arkansas down ballot state executive elections, 2014"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Candidates)
m (Text replace - "{{arprimaryvoting2014}}" to "{{arprimarytype}}")
 
(8 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{Arelecbanner14}}{{ardowntoc14}}{{tnr}}'''Three down ballot state executive positions''' are up for election in the state of [[Arkansas]] in 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014.
 
{{Arelecbanner14}}{{ardowntoc14}}{{tnr}}'''Three down ballot state executive positions''' are up for election in the state of [[Arkansas]] in 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014.
{{arprimaryvoting2014}}
 
  
{{ARdownballotbox2014}}
+
{{arprimarytype}}
  
 +
{{ARdownballotbox2014}}
 +
==Key Dates==
 +
{{ARKeyDates2014SEO}}
 
==Treasurer==
 
==Treasurer==
 
===Current incumbent===
 
===Current incumbent===
 
*[[Charles Robinson]] ''(Ineligible)''
 
*[[Charles Robinson]] ''(Ineligible)''
===Candidates===
+
===Primary Election Results===
 +
*'''Republican primary'''
 +
{{ARRepPrimaryTreas2014electbox}}
 +
*'''Democratic primary''' - ''Uncontested''
 +
===General Election Candidates===
 
{{bluedot}} [[Karen Sealy Garcia]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17770 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Karen Sealy Garcia," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{bluedot}} [[Karen Sealy Garcia]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17770 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Karen Sealy Garcia," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
{{reddot}} [[Duncan Baird]] - District 96 Representative in the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]]<ref name=Baird>[http://www.arktimes.com/ArkansasBlog/archives/2013/07/31/rep-duncan-baird-announces-for-state-treasurer ''Arkansas Times,'' "Rep. Duncan Baird announces for state treasurer," July 31, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
 
 
{{reddot}} [[Dennis Milligan]] - Saline County Circuit Clerk<ref name=Baird/><br>
 
{{reddot}} [[Dennis Milligan]] - Saline County Circuit Clerk<ref name=Baird/><br>
 
{{yellowdot}} [[Chris Hayes]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17352 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Chris Hayes," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{yellowdot}} [[Chris Hayes]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17352 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Chris Hayes," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 +
 +
===Lost in the Primary===
 +
{{reddot}} [[Duncan Baird]] - District 96 Representative in the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]]<ref name=Baird>[http://www.arktimes.com/ArkansasBlog/archives/2013/07/31/rep-duncan-baird-announces-for-state-treasurer ''Arkansas Times,'' "Rep. Duncan Baird announces for state treasurer," July 31, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
 
===Duties===
 
===Duties===
The office of treasurer acts as the state's "bank"; it accepts and processes all receipts in the form of taxes, fees and other payments to the state, and disburses that money from over 400 fund accounts to over 200 state agencies. In fiscal year 2010, the treasurer's office processed $16.2 billion in receipts and $16.4 billion in state warrants (outlays). The treasurer is also responsible for providing state aid to local governments, which amounted to $1.3 billion in FY 2010. It also supervises the $894 million Arkansas state investment fund, which earned $43.6 million in interest in 2010. The treasurer makes a report "to the governor every biennium on the condition of the treasury and its operations."<ref>[http://www.artreasury.gov/?page_id=2 ''Arkansas State Treasury'', "About," accessed June 17, 2011.]</ref>
+
The office of treasurer acts as the state's "bank;" it accepts and processes all receipts in the form of taxes, fees and other payments to the state, and disburses that money from over 400 fund accounts to over 200 state agencies. In fiscal year 2010, the treasurer's office processed $16.2 billion in receipts and $16.4 billion in state warrants (outlays). The treasurer is also responsible for providing state aid to local governments, which amounted to $1.3 billion in FY 2010. It also supervises the $894 million Arkansas state investment fund, which earned $43.6 million in interest in 2010. The treasurer makes a report "to the governor every biennium on the condition of the treasury and its operations."<ref>[http://www.artreasury.gov/?page_id=2 ''Arkansas State Treasury'', "About," accessed June 17, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Auditor==
 
==Auditor==
 
===Current incumbent===
 
===Current incumbent===
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Charlie Daniels]] ''(retiring)''<ref>[http://www.thecitywire.com/node/27697#.UZEPN4a6Sjs ''thecitywire.com'', "Arkansas’ Charlie Daniels to retire from politics," May 6, 2013]</ref>
 
*{{bluedot}} [[Charlie Daniels]] ''(retiring)''<ref>[http://www.thecitywire.com/node/27697#.UZEPN4a6Sjs ''thecitywire.com'', "Arkansas’ Charlie Daniels to retire from politics," May 6, 2013]</ref>
===Candidates===
+
===Primary Election Results===
 +
*'''Republican primary'''
 +
{{ARRepPrimaryAudit2014electbox}}
 +
*'''Democratic primary''' - ''Uncontested''
 +
===General Election Candidates===
 
{{bluedot}} [[Regina Stewart Hampton]] - State Auditor's Office Employee in the Unclaimed Property Division<ref>[http://talkbusiness.net/2013/07/regina-hampton-to-seek-state-auditors-post/ ''Talk Business Arkansas,'' "Regina Hampton To Seek State Auditor’s Post," July 7, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
 
{{bluedot}} [[Regina Stewart Hampton]] - State Auditor's Office Employee in the Unclaimed Property Division<ref>[http://talkbusiness.net/2013/07/regina-hampton-to-seek-state-auditors-post/ ''Talk Business Arkansas,'' "Regina Hampton To Seek State Auditor’s Post," July 7, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
 
{{reddot}} [[Andrea Lea]] - District 71 Representative in the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]]<ref name=learun>[http://swtimes.com/sections/news/politics/state-representative-announces-candidate-arkansas-auditor.html ''Times Record,'' "State Representative Announces As Candidate For Arkansas Auditor," July 2, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
 
{{reddot}} [[Andrea Lea]] - District 71 Representative in the [[Arkansas House of Representatives]]<ref name=learun>[http://swtimes.com/sections/news/politics/state-representative-announces-candidate-arkansas-auditor.html ''Times Record,'' "State Representative Announces As Candidate For Arkansas Auditor," July 2, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013]</ref><br>
{{reddot}} [[Ken Yang]] - former campaign manager for [[Mark Martin|Mark Martin's]] election to [[Arkansas Secretary of State]]<ref name=learun/><br>
 
 
{{yellowdot}} [[Brian Leach]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17798 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Brian Leach," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{yellowdot}} [[Brian Leach]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17798 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Brian Leach," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 +
 +
===Lost in the Primary===
 +
{{reddot}} [[Ken Yang]] - former campaign manager for [[Mark Martin|Mark Martin's]] election to [[Arkansas Secretary of State]]<ref name=learun/><br>
 
===Duties===
 
===Duties===
 
The auditor acts as the state's general accountant and supervises "all fund and appropriation balances of all state agencies,"<ref name="General"/> in addition to writing the warrants, or checks, used to pay the state's liabilities. The auditor's office ensures the solvency of each state agency and "makes sure each agency appropriation has a sufficient balance before the warrants are released."<ref name="General"/> It also acts as disbursing officer for some federal funds destined for state judicial or legislative actors, including judges, the [[Arkansas House of Representatives|House of Representatives]] and the [[Arkansas Senate|Senate]].
 
The auditor acts as the state's general accountant and supervises "all fund and appropriation balances of all state agencies,"<ref name="General"/> in addition to writing the warrants, or checks, used to pay the state's liabilities. The auditor's office ensures the solvency of each state agency and "makes sure each agency appropriation has a sufficient balance before the warrants are released."<ref name="General"/> It also acts as disbursing officer for some federal funds destined for state judicial or legislative actors, including judges, the [[Arkansas House of Representatives|House of Representatives]] and the [[Arkansas Senate|Senate]].
Line 33: Line 47:
 
===Current incumbent===
 
===Current incumbent===
 
*{{reddot}} [[John Thurston]]<ref>[http://www.fox16.com/news/story/Ark-candidates-already-preparing-for-2014-races/3eCakrKHPU2IGKsLlp40Yg.cspx ''Fox 16,'' "Ark. candidates already preparing for 2014 races," accessed August 13, 2013]</ref>
 
*{{reddot}} [[John Thurston]]<ref>[http://www.fox16.com/news/story/Ark-candidates-already-preparing-for-2014-races/3eCakrKHPU2IGKsLlp40Yg.cspx ''Fox 16,'' "Ark. candidates already preparing for 2014 races," accessed August 13, 2013]</ref>
 
+
===Primary Election Results===
===Candidates===
+
*'''Republican primary''' - ''Uncontested''
 +
*'''Democratic primary''' - ''Uncontested''
 +
===General Election Candidates===
 
{{reddot}} [[John Thurston]] - ''Incumbent''<ref name=lands14>[http://swtimes.com/news/politics/election-2014-elvis-presley-files-arkansas-land-commissioner ''Arkansas News Bureau,'' "Elvis Presley files for Arkansas Land Commissioner," February 27, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{reddot}} [[John Thurston]] - ''Incumbent''<ref name=lands14>[http://swtimes.com/news/politics/election-2014-elvis-presley-files-arkansas-land-commissioner ''Arkansas News Bureau,'' "Elvis Presley files for Arkansas Land Commissioner," February 27, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{bluedot}} [[Mark Robertson]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17341 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Mark A. Robertson," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
 
{{bluedot}} [[Mark Robertson]]<ref>[https://www.ark.org/arelections/index.php?ac:show:cand_search=1&candid=17341 ''Arkansas Secretary of State,'' "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Mark A. Robertson," accessed March 3, 2014]</ref><br>
Line 44: Line 60:
 
Additionally, the commissioner has duties pertaining to historical preservation. This includes being in charge of materials (including books, maps, plats, etc.) pertaining to "all internal improvement, seminary, saline, and swamp and overflowed lands." The commissioner also has the responsibility to produce township maps for any township including the previously mentioned land types. These maps can be used by anyone "interested in state lands or desiring to purchase any state lands."<ref>[http://web.lexisnexis.com/research/xlink?app=00075&view=full&interface=1&docinfo=off&searchtype=get&search=A.C.A.+%A7+22-5-208 ''Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition,'' "A.C.A. § 22-5-208  (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013]</ref>
 
Additionally, the commissioner has duties pertaining to historical preservation. This includes being in charge of materials (including books, maps, plats, etc.) pertaining to "all internal improvement, seminary, saline, and swamp and overflowed lands." The commissioner also has the responsibility to produce township maps for any township including the previously mentioned land types. These maps can be used by anyone "interested in state lands or desiring to purchase any state lands."<ref>[http://web.lexisnexis.com/research/xlink?app=00075&view=full&interface=1&docinfo=off&searchtype=get&search=A.C.A.+%A7+22-5-208 ''Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition,'' "A.C.A. § 22-5-208  (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013]</ref>
  
 +
==Ballot access for political parties==
 +
::''See also: [[Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Arkansas#Process to establish a political party]]''
 +
In [[Arkansas]], the process to establish a political party is tied to the votes cast in a presidential or gubernatorial election. In order to initially put candidates on the ballot, political parties must submit a petition with 10,000 signatures. Then, in order to maintain that status beyond the election year in which they submit such a petition, their candidate for governor or president must receive at least three percent of the votes cast for that office.<ref>[http://felonvoting.procon.org/sourcefiles/Arkansas_Voting_Code.pdf ''Arkansas Code'', "Title 7, Section 1-101-21," accessed December 3, 2013]</ref><ref name=hb2036>[ftp://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/acts/2013/Public/ACT1356.pdf ''Arkansas House Bill 2036'', "An Act To Amend the Law Concerning Certain Procedural Dates In Election; To Amend the Law Concerning Certain Petitions; And For Other Purposes," Approved April 18, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
In 2012, both the [[Libertarian Party|Libertarian]] and [[Green Party|Green]] parties of Arkansas qualified to put candidates on the ballot, but then their candidates did not receive enough votes for the parties to maintain their ballot status. In the fall of 2013, both parties submitted new petitions and were qualified to put candidates on the 2014 ballot.<ref>[http://lpar.org/about-the-lpar/history-of-the-arkansas-libertarian-party/ ''Libertarian Party of Arkansas Website'', "History of the Libertarian Party of Arkansas," accessed December 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.greenpartyofarkansas.org/candidates/ballot-access/ ''Green Party of Arkansas Website'', "Ballot Access," accessed December 5, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://www.arktimes.com/media/pdf/jenkins-11062013.pdf ''Arkansas Secretary of State Mark Martin'', "New Political Party Petition--Green Party," November 6, 2013]</ref> In order to maintain their status as political parties without needing to petition for the 2016 elections, their candidates for [[Arkansas Gubernatorial election, 2014|governor]] must receive at least three percent of the vote.<ref>[http://ualrpublicradio.org/post/poll-ross-hutchinson-virtual-dead-heat-governor-s-race ''UALR Public Radio'', "Poll: Ross, Hutchinson In Virtual Dead Heat In Governor’s Race," April 6, 2014]</ref>
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Arkansas state executive official elections, 2014]]
 
*[[Arkansas state executive official elections, 2014]]
Line 49: Line 70:
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
{{2014 state executive election}}
+
{{2014 state executive election expand}}
 
{{Arkansas}}
 
{{Arkansas}}
 
[[Category:State executive official elections, 2014]]
 
[[Category:State executive official elections, 2014]]

Latest revision as of 13:49, 5 June 2014



StateExecLogo.png

Arkansas Down Ballot State Executive Elections

Primary Date
May 20, 2014

General Election Date:
November 4, 2014


Arkansas State Executive Elections
Top Ballot
GovernorLieutenant Governor
Secretary of StateAttorney General
Down Ballot
Treasurer, Auditor, Commissioner of State Lands

744px-Flag of Arkansas.svg.png
Three down ballot state executive positions are up for election in the state of Arkansas in 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014.

Arkansas is one of 14 states that uses an open primary system, in which registered voters do not have to be members of a party to vote in that party's primary.[1][2][3]

Office Incumbent Assumed Office Incumbent running?
Treasurer Charles Robinson
Charles Robinson.jpg
2013 Ineligible
Auditor Charlie Daniels
Charlie Daniels.jpg
2011 No[4]
Commissioner of State Lands John Thurston
John Thurston.jpg
2011 Yes[5][6]

Key Dates

Deadline Event
March 3 Candidate filing deadline
May 20 Primary election
June 10 Primary runoff election
November 4 General election

Treasurer

Current incumbent

Primary Election Results

  • Republican primary
Arkansas Treasurer, Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Duncan Baird 46.5% 75,142
Green check mark transparent.pngDennis Milligan 53.5% 86,443
Total Votes 161,585
Election Results Via:Arkansas Secretary of State. Vote totals above are unofficial and reflect 100% precincts reporting.
  • Democratic primary - Uncontested

General Election Candidates

Democratic Party Karen Sealy Garcia[7]
Republican Party Dennis Milligan - Saline County Circuit Clerk[8]
Libertarian Party Chris Hayes[9]

Lost in the Primary

Republican Party Duncan Baird - District 96 Representative in the Arkansas House of Representatives[8]

Duties

The office of treasurer acts as the state's "bank;" it accepts and processes all receipts in the form of taxes, fees and other payments to the state, and disburses that money from over 400 fund accounts to over 200 state agencies. In fiscal year 2010, the treasurer's office processed $16.2 billion in receipts and $16.4 billion in state warrants (outlays). The treasurer is also responsible for providing state aid to local governments, which amounted to $1.3 billion in FY 2010. It also supervises the $894 million Arkansas state investment fund, which earned $43.6 million in interest in 2010. The treasurer makes a report "to the governor every biennium on the condition of the treasury and its operations."[10]

Auditor

Current incumbent

Primary Election Results

  • Republican primary
Arkansas Auditor, Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngAndrea Lea 68.2% 111,250
Ken Yang 31.8% 51,956
Total Votes 163,206
Election Results Via:Arkansas Secretary of State. Vote totals above are unofficial and reflect 100% precincts reporting.
  • Democratic primary - Uncontested

General Election Candidates

Democratic Party Regina Stewart Hampton - State Auditor's Office Employee in the Unclaimed Property Division[12]
Republican Party Andrea Lea - District 71 Representative in the Arkansas House of Representatives[13]
Libertarian Party Brian Leach[14]

Lost in the Primary

Republican Party Ken Yang - former campaign manager for Mark Martin's election to Arkansas Secretary of State[13]

Duties

The auditor acts as the state's general accountant and supervises "all fund and appropriation balances of all state agencies,"[15] in addition to writing the warrants, or checks, used to pay the state's liabilities. The auditor's office ensures the solvency of each state agency and "makes sure each agency appropriation has a sufficient balance before the warrants are released."[15] It also acts as disbursing officer for some federal funds destined for state judicial or legislative actors, including judges, the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The auditor also sits on the State Board of Finance, the Commercial Mobile Radio Services/Emergency Telephone Services Board and the Boards of Continuing Education for County and Circuit Clerks, County Treasurers and County Collectors. He or she is also an ex- officio board member of the Arkansas Public Employees Retirement System and the Arkansas Teachers Retirement System.

In addition to his or her other duties, the auditor also manages the state's unclaimed property division; it holds such property for three years before depositing that property in the state's general fund.

Commissioner of State Lands

Current incumbent

Primary Election Results

  • Republican primary - Uncontested
  • Democratic primary - Uncontested

General Election Candidates

Republican Party John Thurston - Incumbent[17]
Democratic Party Mark Robertson[18]
Libertarian Party Elvis D. Presley - Elvis Presley impersonator and auto-mechanic[17]

Duties

The Arkansas Commissioner of State Lands controls all landed interests of the state of Arkansas.[19] This includes all lands forfeited to the state for payment of taxes.[20] These lands can be sold, or they may be donated to state agencies, state colleges and universities and local governments for public use.[21] If the state claims land and there is dispute about the accuracy of the claim location, the Commissioner of State Lands is in charge of surveying those lands to make an accurate claim for the state.[22] The Commissioner's office also is in charge of mineral leasing for most state owned lands and waterways. The Commissioner serves as the chairperson for the Natural Resources Commission. The Commission seeks to benefit the state through land leases while also protecting the environment.[21]

Additionally, the commissioner has duties pertaining to historical preservation. This includes being in charge of materials (including books, maps, plats, etc.) pertaining to "all internal improvement, seminary, saline, and swamp and overflowed lands." The commissioner also has the responsibility to produce township maps for any township including the previously mentioned land types. These maps can be used by anyone "interested in state lands or desiring to purchase any state lands."[23]

Ballot access for political parties

See also: Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Arkansas#Process to establish a political party

In Arkansas, the process to establish a political party is tied to the votes cast in a presidential or gubernatorial election. In order to initially put candidates on the ballot, political parties must submit a petition with 10,000 signatures. Then, in order to maintain that status beyond the election year in which they submit such a petition, their candidate for governor or president must receive at least three percent of the votes cast for that office.[24][25]

In 2012, both the Libertarian and Green parties of Arkansas qualified to put candidates on the ballot, but then their candidates did not receive enough votes for the parties to maintain their ballot status. In the fall of 2013, both parties submitted new petitions and were qualified to put candidates on the 2014 ballot.[26][27][28] In order to maintain their status as political parties without needing to petition for the 2016 elections, their candidates for governor must receive at least three percent of the vote.[29]

See also

References

  1. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  2. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  3. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013 through January 3, 2014 researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  4. thecitywire.com, "Arkansas’ Charlie Daniels to retire from politics," May 6, 2013
  5. Arkansas News Bureau, "Elvis Presley files for Arkansas Land Commissioner," February 27, 2014
  6. Fox 16, "Ark. candidates already preparing for 2014 races," accessed August 13, 2013
  7. Arkansas Secretary of State, "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Karen Sealy Garcia," accessed March 3, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 Arkansas Times, "Rep. Duncan Baird announces for state treasurer," July 31, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013
  9. Arkansas Secretary of State, "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Chris Hayes," accessed March 3, 2014
  10. Arkansas State Treasury, "About," accessed June 17, 2011
  11. thecitywire.com, "Arkansas’ Charlie Daniels to retire from politics," May 6, 2013
  12. Talk Business Arkansas, "Regina Hampton To Seek State Auditor’s Post," July 7, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 Times Record, "State Representative Announces As Candidate For Arkansas Auditor," July 2, 2013, accessed August 12, 2013
  14. Arkansas Secretary of State, "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Brian Leach," accessed March 3, 2014
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named General
  16. Fox 16, "Ark. candidates already preparing for 2014 races," accessed August 13, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 Arkansas News Bureau, "Elvis Presley files for Arkansas Land Commissioner," February 27, 2014
  18. Arkansas Secretary of State, "2014 Preferential Primary Elections & Non Partisan General Election, Candidate Information: Mark A. Robertson," accessed March 3, 2014
  19. Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition, "A.C.A. § 22-5-206 (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013
  20. Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition, "A.C.A. § 22-5-207 (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 A Snapshot of Excellence, Year One, "Donations," accessed August 13, 2013
  22. Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition,"A.C.A. § 22-5-304 (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013
  23. Arkansas Code of 1987 Annotated Official Edition, "A.C.A. § 22-5-208 (2012)," accessed August 13, 2013
  24. Arkansas Code, "Title 7, Section 1-101-21," accessed December 3, 2013
  25. Arkansas House Bill 2036, "An Act To Amend the Law Concerning Certain Procedural Dates In Election; To Amend the Law Concerning Certain Petitions; And For Other Purposes," Approved April 18, 2013
  26. Libertarian Party of Arkansas Website, "History of the Libertarian Party of Arkansas," accessed December 5, 2013
  27. Green Party of Arkansas Website, "Ballot Access," accessed December 5, 2013
  28. Arkansas Secretary of State Mark Martin, "New Political Party Petition--Green Party," November 6, 2013
  29. UALR Public Radio, "Poll: Ross, Hutchinson In Virtual Dead Heat In Governor’s Race," April 6, 2014