Article X, Rhode Island Constitution

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Rhode Island Constitution
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Articles
PreambleIIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXV
Article X of the Rhode Island Constitution is entitled of the Judicial Power and consists of seven sections.

Section 1

Text of Section 1:

Power Vested in Court

The judicial power of this state shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the general assembly may, from time to time, ordain and establish.

Section 2

Text of Section 2:

Jurisdiction of Supreme and Inferior Courts -- Quorum of Supreme Court

The supreme court shall have final revisory and appellate jurisdiction upon all questions of law and equity. It shall have power to issue prerogative writs, and shall also have such other jurisdiction as may, from time to time, by prescribed by law. A majority of its judges shall always be necessary to constitute a quorum. The inferior courts shall have such jurisdiction as may, from time to time, be prescribed by law.

Section 3

Text of Section 3:

Advisory Opinions by Supreme Court

The judges of the supreme court shall give their written opinion upon any question of law whenever requested by the governor or by either house of the general assembly.

Section 4

Text of Section 4:

State Court Judges -- Judicial Selection

The governor shall fill any vacancy of any justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court by nominating, on the basis of merit, a person from a list submitted by an independent nonpartisan judicial nominating commission, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, and by and with the separate advice and consent of the house of representatives, shall appoint said person as a justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court. The governor shall fill any vacancy of any judge of the Rhode Island Superior Court, Family Court, District, Workers' Compensation Court, Administrative Adjudication Court, or any other state court which the general assembly may from time to time establish by nominating on the basis of merit, a person from a list submitted by the aforesaid judicial nominating commission, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint said person to the court where the vacancy occurs. The powers, duties, and composition of the judicial nominating commission shall be defined by statute.

Section 5

Text of Section 5:

Tenure of Supreme Court Justices

Justices of the supreme court shall hold office during good behavior.

Section 6

Text of Section 6:

Judges of Supreme Court -- Compensation

The judges of the supreme court shall receive a compensation for their services, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Section 7

Text of Section 7:

Wardens and Justices of the Peace

The towns of New Shoreham and Jamestown may continue to elect their wardens as heretofore. The other towns and the city of Providence may elect such number of justices of the peace, resident therein, as they may deem proper. The jurisdiction of said justices and wardens shall be regulated by law. The justices shall be commissioned by the governor.

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