Difference between revisions of "Article X, Utah Constitution"

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'''Free nonsectarian schools.'''
 
'''Free nonsectarian schools.'''
  
The Legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of the state's education systems including: (a) a public education system, which shall be open to all children of the state; and (b) a higher education system. Both systems shall be free from sectarian control.  
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The Legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of the state's education systems including: (a) a public education system, which shall be open to all children of the state; and (b) a higher education system. Both systems shall be free from sectarian control.<ref name="ut">[http://le.utah.gov/UtahCode/chapter.jsp?code=Constitution ''Utah.gov'', "Utah Constitution," accessed March 30, 2014]</ref>
  
 
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'''Defining what shall constitute the public school system.'''
 
'''Defining what shall constitute the public school system.'''
  
The public education system shall include all public elementary and secondary schools and such other schools and programs as the Legislature may designate. The higher education system shall include all public universities and colleges and such other institutions and programs as the Legislature may designate. Public elementary and secondary schools shall be free, except the Legislature may authorize the imposition of fees in the secondary schools.  
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The public education system shall include all public elementary and secondary schools and such other schools and programs as the Legislature may designate. The higher education system shall include all public universities and colleges and such other institutions and programs as the Legislature may designate. Public elementary and secondary schools shall be free, except the Legislature may authorize the imposition of fees in the secondary schools.<ref name="ut"/>
 
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'''State Board of Education.'''
 
'''State Board of Education.'''
  
The general control and supervision of the public education system shall be vested in a State Board of Education. The membership of the board shall be established and elected as provided by statute. The State Board of Education shall appoint a State Superintendent of Public Instruction who shall be the executive officer of the board.  
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The general control and supervision of the public education system shall be vested in a State Board of Education. The membership of the board shall be established and elected as provided by statute. The State Board of Education shall appoint a State Superintendent of Public Instruction who shall be the executive officer of the board.<ref name="ut"/> 
 
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'''Control of higher education system by statute -- Rights and immunities confirmed.'''
 
'''Control of higher education system by statute -- Rights and immunities confirmed.'''
  
The general control and supervision of the higher education system shall be provided for by statute. All rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments originally established or recognized by the constitution for any public university or college are confirmed.  
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The general control and supervision of the higher education system shall be provided for by statute. All rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments originally established or recognized by the constitution for any public university or college are confirmed.<ref name="ut"/> 
  
 
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:(4) The Uniform School Fund shall be maintained and used for the support of the state's public education system as defined in Article X, Section 2 of this constitution and apportioned as the Legislature shall provide.
 
:(4) The Uniform School Fund shall be maintained and used for the support of the state's public education system as defined in Article X, Section 2 of this constitution and apportioned as the Legislature shall provide.
 
:(5) (a) Notwithstanding Article VI, Section 29, the State may guarantee the debt of school districts created in accordance with Article XIV, Section 3, and may guarantee debt incurred to refund the school district debt. Any debt guaranty, the school district debt guaranteed thereby, or any borrowing of the state undertaken to facilitate the payment of the state's obligation under any debt guaranty shall not be included as a debt of the state for purposes of the 1.5% limitation of Article XIV, Section 1.
 
:(5) (a) Notwithstanding Article VI, Section 29, the State may guarantee the debt of school districts created in accordance with Article XIV, Section 3, and may guarantee debt incurred to refund the school district debt. Any debt guaranty, the school district debt guaranteed thereby, or any borrowing of the state undertaken to facilitate the payment of the state's obligation under any debt guaranty shall not be included as a debt of the state for purposes of the 1.5% limitation of Article XIV, Section 1.
::(b) The Legislature may provide that reimbursement to the state shall be obtained from monies which otherwise would be used for the support of the educational programs of the school district which incurred the debt with respect to which a payment under the state's guaranty was made.  
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::(b) The Legislature may provide that reimbursement to the state shall be obtained from monies which otherwise would be used for the support of the educational programs of the school district which incurred the debt with respect to which a payment under the state's guaranty was made.<ref name="ut"/> 
  
 
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'''Proceeds of land grants constitute permanent funds.'''
 
'''Proceeds of land grants constitute permanent funds.'''
  
The proceeds from the sale of lands reserved by Acts of Congress for the establishment or benefit of the state's universities and colleges shall constitute permanent funds to be used for the purposes for which the funds were established. The funds' principal shall be safely invested and held by the state in perpetuity. Any income from the funds shall be used exclusively for the support and maintenance of the respective universities and colleges. The Legislature by statute may provide for necessary administrative costs. The funds shall be guaranteed by the state against loss or diversion.  
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The proceeds from the sale of lands reserved by Acts of Congress for the establishment or benefit of the state's universities and colleges shall constitute permanent funds to be used for the purposes for which the funds were established. The funds' principal shall be safely invested and held by the state in perpetuity. Any income from the funds shall be used exclusively for the support and maintenance of the respective universities and colleges. The Legislature by statute may provide for necessary administrative costs. The funds shall be guaranteed by the state against loss or diversion.<ref name="ut"/> 
  
 
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'''No religious or partisan tests in schools.'''
 
'''No religious or partisan tests in schools.'''
  
No religious or partisan test or qualification shall be required as a condition of employment, admission, or attendance in the state's education systems.  
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No religious or partisan test or qualification shall be required as a condition of employment, admission, or attendance in the state's education systems.<ref name="ut"/> 
  
 
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'''Public aid to church schools forbidden.'''
 
'''Public aid to church schools forbidden.'''
  
Neither the state of Utah nor its political subdivisions may make any appropriation for the direct support of any school or educational institution controlled by any religious organization.  
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Neither the state of Utah nor its political subdivisions may make any appropriation for the direct support of any school or educational institution controlled by any religious organization.<ref name="ut"/> 
  
 
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==See also==
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[[File:StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg|right|175px]]
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* [[State constitution]]
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* [[Constitutional article]]
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* [[Constitutional amendment]]
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* [[Constitutional revision]]
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* [[Constitutional convention]]
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* [[Amendment|Amendments]]
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** [[Initiated constitutional amendment]]
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** [[Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment]]
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** [[Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments]]
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** [[Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions]]
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** [[State constitutional articles governing state legislatures]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
[http://le.utah.gov/UtahCode/chapter.jsp?code=Constitution Utah Constitution]
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{{submit a link}}
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* [http://le.utah.gov/UtahCode/chapter.jsp?code=Constitution ''Utah.gov'', "Utah Constitution"]
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* [http://www.uvu.edu/ccs/ ''Utah Valley University'', "Center for Constitutional Studies"]
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* [http://archivesresearch.wordpress.com/2011/01/19/utah-state-constitution-online/ ''Researching the Utah State archives'', "Utah State Constitution Online"]
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* [http://mwdl.org/collections/1834.php ''Mountain West Digital Library'', "Collection: Utah Statehood Constitutional Convention (1895) Records"]
 +
 
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* [http://www.xmission.com/~wake/section27.html Paul Wake, Fundamental Principles, Individual Rights, and Free Government: Do Utahns Remember How to Be Free?]
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* [http://www.xmission.com/~wake/section27.html Paul Wake, Fundamental Principles, Individual Rights, and Free Government: Do Utahns Remember How to Be Free?]
 +
 
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==Additional reading==
 +
* [http://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-utah-state-constitution-9780199779284?cc=us&lang=en& White, Jean Bickmore. (2011). ''The Utah State Constitution'', New York, New York: Oxford University Press]
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Utah-State-Constitution-Reference-Constitutions/dp/0313293511 White, Jean Bickmore. (1998). ''Utah State Constitution: A Reference Guide'', Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing]
 +
* [http://www.amazon.com/Charter-Statehood-Constitution-Centennial-Series/dp/0874805295 White, Jean Bickmore. (1996). ''Charter for Statehood: The Story of Utah's State Constitution'', Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah]
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{Utah Constitution}}
 
{{Utah Constitution}}
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{{State constitutions}}
 +
{{Utah}}

Latest revision as of 19:49, 11 April 2014

Utah Constitution
Flag of Utah.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIXVIIIXXXXIIXXIIIXXIV
Article X of the Utah Constitution is entitled Education and consists of eight sections.

Section 1

Text of Section 1:

Free nonsectarian schools.

The Legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of the state's education systems including: (a) a public education system, which shall be open to all children of the state; and (b) a higher education system. Both systems shall be free from sectarian control.[1]

Section 2

Text of Section 2:

Defining what shall constitute the public school system.

The public education system shall include all public elementary and secondary schools and such other schools and programs as the Legislature may designate. The higher education system shall include all public universities and colleges and such other institutions and programs as the Legislature may designate. Public elementary and secondary schools shall be free, except the Legislature may authorize the imposition of fees in the secondary schools.[1]

Section 3

Text of Section 3:

State Board of Education.

The general control and supervision of the public education system shall be vested in a State Board of Education. The membership of the board shall be established and elected as provided by statute. The State Board of Education shall appoint a State Superintendent of Public Instruction who shall be the executive officer of the board.[1]

Section 4

Text of Section 4:

Control of higher education system by statute -- Rights and immunities confirmed.

The general control and supervision of the higher education system shall be provided for by statute. All rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments originally established or recognized by the constitution for any public university or college are confirmed.[1]

Section 5

Text of Section 5:

State School Fund and Uniform School Fund -- Establishment and use -- Debt guaranty.

(1) There is established a permanent State School Fund which shall consist of revenue from the following sources:
(a) proceeds from the sales of all lands granted by the United States to this state for the support of the public elementary and secondary schools;
(b) 5% of the net proceeds from the sales of United States public lands lying within this state;
(c) all revenues derived from nonrenewable resources on state lands, other than sovereign lands and lands granted for other specific purposes;
(d) all revenues derived from the use of school trust lands;
(e) revenues appropriated by the Legislature; and
(f) other revenues and assets received by the fund under any other provision of law or by bequest or donation.
(2) (a) The State School Fund principal shall be safely invested and held by the state in perpetuity.
(b) Only the interest and dividends received from investment of the State School Fund may be expended for the support of the public education system as defined in Article X, Section 2 of this constitution.
(c) The Legislature may make appropriations from school trust land revenues to provide funding necessary for the proper administration and management of those lands consistent with the state's fiduciary responsibilities towards the beneficiaries of the school land trust. Unexpended balances remaining from the appropriation at the end of each fiscal year shall be deposited in the State School Fund.
(d) The State School Fund shall be guaranteed by the state against loss or diversion.
(3) There is established a Uniform School Fund which shall consist of revenue from the following sources:
(a) interest and dividends from the State School Fund;
(b) revenues appropriated by the Legislature; and
(c) other revenues received by the fund under any other provision of law or by donation.
(4) The Uniform School Fund shall be maintained and used for the support of the state's public education system as defined in Article X, Section 2 of this constitution and apportioned as the Legislature shall provide.
(5) (a) Notwithstanding Article VI, Section 29, the State may guarantee the debt of school districts created in accordance with Article XIV, Section 3, and may guarantee debt incurred to refund the school district debt. Any debt guaranty, the school district debt guaranteed thereby, or any borrowing of the state undertaken to facilitate the payment of the state's obligation under any debt guaranty shall not be included as a debt of the state for purposes of the 1.5% limitation of Article XIV, Section 1.
(b) The Legislature may provide that reimbursement to the state shall be obtained from monies which otherwise would be used for the support of the educational programs of the school district which incurred the debt with respect to which a payment under the state's guaranty was made.[1]

Section 7

Text of Section 7:

Proceeds of land grants constitute permanent funds.

The proceeds from the sale of lands reserved by Acts of Congress for the establishment or benefit of the state's universities and colleges shall constitute permanent funds to be used for the purposes for which the funds were established. The funds' principal shall be safely invested and held by the state in perpetuity. Any income from the funds shall be used exclusively for the support and maintenance of the respective universities and colleges. The Legislature by statute may provide for necessary administrative costs. The funds shall be guaranteed by the state against loss or diversion.[1]

Section 8

Text of Section 8:

No religious or partisan tests in schools.

No religious or partisan test or qualification shall be required as a condition of employment, admission, or attendance in the state's education systems.[1]

Section 9

Text of Section 9:

Public aid to church schools forbidden.

Neither the state of Utah nor its political subdivisions may make any appropriation for the direct support of any school or educational institution controlled by any religious organization.[1]

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

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Suggest a link

Additional reading

References