Article XII, Illinois Constitution
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| Text of Section 1:
The State militia consists of all able-bodied persons residing in the State except those exempted by law.
| Text of Section 2:
Subordination of Military Power
The military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power.
| Text of Section 3:
Organization, Equipment and Discipline
The General Assembly shall provide by law for the organization, equipment and discipline of the militia in conformity with the laws governing the armed forces of the United States.
| Text of Section 4:
Commander-In-Chief and Officers
(a) The Governor is commander-in-chief of the organized militia, except when they are in the service of the United States. He may call them out to enforce the laws, suppress insurrection or repel invasion.
(b) The Governor shall commission militia officers who shall hold their commissions for such time as may be provided by law.
| Text of Section 5:
Privilege from Arrest
Except in cases of treason, felony or breach of peace, persons going to, returning from or on militia duty are privileged from arrest.
- Source: Illinois Constitution(see pg 105)