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Difference between revisions of "Article XIII, Alaska Constitution"

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{{TOCnestright}}'''Article 13''' of the [[Alaska Constitution]] is labelled '''Amendment and Revision.'''  It has four sections which together lay out the process for [[Amending state constitutions|amending the constitution]].  Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:
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{{TOCnestright}}'''Article 13''' of the [[Alaska Constitution]] is labelled '''Amendment and Revision.'''  It has four sections which together lay out the process for [[Amending state constitutions|amending the constitution]].   
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Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:
  
 
* In 1970, when the [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)|Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment]] was passed.  This amendment simply substituted "Lieutenant Governor" in the Article for references to "Secretary of State".
 
* In 1970, when the [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)|Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment]] was passed.  This amendment simply substituted "Lieutenant Governor" in the Article for references to "Secretary of State".
  
 
* In 1974, when the [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)|Votes on Constitutional Amendments Act]] passed.  This amendment said that votes on proposed [[constitutional amendment]]s are to take place at the time of general elections not, as was previously the case, during primary elections.
 
* In 1974, when the [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)|Votes on Constitutional Amendments Act]] passed.  This amendment said that votes on proposed [[constitutional amendment]]s are to take place at the time of general elections not, as was previously the case, during primary elections.
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The Article lays out these methods of altering the constitution:
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* It can be done via a {{lrcafull}}.  Placing such a proposed amendment on the ballot must be approved by a two-thirds vote of each chamber of the [[Alaska State Legislature]].
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* The constitution can also be amended via a [[constitutional convention]].  Article 13 says that an [[automatic ballot referral]] to ask the voters of the state whether they wish to convene a statewide constitutional convention must be placed on the statewide ballot every ten years.
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* Article 13 also allows the state legislature to call constitutional conventions whenever they wish.
  
 
==Text==
 
==Text==

Revision as of 11:43, 6 June 2009

Article 13 of the Alaska Constitution is labelled Amendment and Revision. It has four sections which together lay out the process for amending the constitution.

Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:

The Article lays out these methods of altering the constitution:

Text

Section 1. Amendments

Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature. The lieutenant governor shall prepare a ballot title and proposition summarizing each proposed amendment, and shall place them on the ballot for the next general election. If a majority of the votes cast on the proposition favor the amendment, it shall be adopted. Unless otherwise provided in the amendment, it becomes effective thirty days after the certification of the election returns by the lieutenant governor.

(Amended 1970, 1974.)

Section 2. Convention

The legislature may call constitutional conventions at any time.

Section 3. Call by Referendum

If during any ten-year period a constitutional convention has not been held, the lieutenant governor shall place on the ballot for the next general election the question: "Shall there be a Constitutional Convention?" If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the negative, the question need not be placed on the ballot until the end of the next ten-year period. If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the affirmative, delegates to the convention shall be chosen at the next regular statewide election, unless the legislature provides for the election of the delegates at a special election. The lieutenant governor shall issue the call for the convention. Unless other provisions have been made by law, the call shall conform as nearly as possible to the act calling the Alaska Constitutional Convention of 1955, including, but not limited to, number of members, districts, election and certification of delegates, and submission and ratification of revisions and ordinances. The appropriation provisions of the call shall be self-executing and shall constitute a first claim on the state treasury.

(Amended 1970.)

Section 4. Powers

Constitutional conventions shall have plenary power to amend or revise the constitution, subject only to ratification by the people. No call for a constitutional convention shall limit these powers of the convention.

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