Difference between revisions of "Article XIII, Alaska Constitution"

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{{TOCnestright}}'''Article 13''' of the [[Alaska Constitution]] is labelled '''Amendment and Revision.'''  It has four sections which together lay out the process for [[Amending state constitutions|amending the constitution]].   
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{{AKConstitution}}{{tnr}}'''Article XIII''' of the [[Alaska Constitution]] is entitled '''Amendment and Revision.'''  It has four sections which together lay out the process for [[Amending state constitutions|amending the constitution]].  Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:
  
Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:
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==Amendments to Article XIII==
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* [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)]]
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* [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)]]
  
* In 1970, when the [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)|Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment]] was passed. This amendment simply substituted "Lieutenant Governor" in the Article for references to "Secretary of State".
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==Section 1==
 
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* In 1974, when the [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)|Votes on Constitutional Amendments Act]] passed.  This amendment said that votes on proposed [[constitutional amendment]]s are to take place at the time of general elections not, as was previously the case, during primary elections.
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The Article lays out these methods of altering the constitution:
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|
 
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| '''Text of Section 1:'''
* It can be done via a {{lrcafull}}.  Placing such a proposed amendment on the ballot must be approved by a two-thirds vote of each chamber of the [[Alaska State Legislature]].
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'''Amendments'''
* The constitution can also be amended via a [[constitutional convention]].  Article 13 says that an [[automatic ballot referral]] to ask the voters of the state whether they wish to convene a statewide constitutional convention must be placed on the statewide ballot every ten years.
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* Article 13 also allows the state legislature to call constitutional conventions whenever they wish.
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==Text==
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===Section 1. Amendments===
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Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature. The lieutenant governor shall prepare a ballot title and proposition summarizing each proposed amendment, and shall place them on the ballot for the next general election. If a majority of the votes cast on the proposition favor the amendment, it shall be adopted. Unless otherwise provided in the amendment, it becomes effective thirty days after the certification of the election returns by the lieutenant governor.  
 
Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature. The lieutenant governor shall prepare a ballot title and proposition summarizing each proposed amendment, and shall place them on the ballot for the next general election. If a majority of the votes cast on the proposition favor the amendment, it shall be adopted. Unless otherwise provided in the amendment, it becomes effective thirty days after the certification of the election returns by the lieutenant governor.  
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(Amended [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)|1970]], [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)|1974]].)
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===Amendments===
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* The [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)]] ballot question, approved by the voters in [[1970 ballot measures#Alaska|1970]], changed the title of the Secretary of State to Lieutenant Governor.
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* The [[Alaska Votes on Constitutional Amendments (1974)]] ballot question, approved by the voters in [[1974 ballot measures#Alaska|1974]], put proposed amendments to the constitution on general election ballots.
  
===Section 2. Convention===
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==Section 2==
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|-
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| '''Text of Section 2:'''
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'''Convention'''
  
 
The legislature may call constitutional conventions at any time.
 
The legislature may call constitutional conventions at any time.
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|}
  
===Section 3. Call by Referendum===
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==Section 3==
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|-
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| '''Text of Section 3:'''
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'''Call by Referendum'''
  
 
If during any ten-year period a constitutional convention has not been held, the lieutenant governor shall place on the ballot for the next general election the question: "Shall there be a Constitutional Convention?" If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the negative, the question need not be placed on the ballot until the end of the next ten-year period. If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the affirmative, delegates to the convention shall be chosen at the next regular statewide election, unless the legislature provides for the election of the delegates at a special election. The lieutenant governor shall issue the call for the convention. Unless other provisions have been made by law, the call shall conform as nearly as possible to the act calling the Alaska Constitutional Convention of 1955, including, but not limited to, number of members, districts, election and certification of delegates, and submission and ratification of revisions and ordinances. The appropriation provisions of the call shall be self-executing and shall constitute a first claim on the state treasury.  
 
If during any ten-year period a constitutional convention has not been held, the lieutenant governor shall place on the ballot for the next general election the question: "Shall there be a Constitutional Convention?" If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the negative, the question need not be placed on the ballot until the end of the next ten-year period. If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the affirmative, delegates to the convention shall be chosen at the next regular statewide election, unless the legislature provides for the election of the delegates at a special election. The lieutenant governor shall issue the call for the convention. Unless other provisions have been made by law, the call shall conform as nearly as possible to the act calling the Alaska Constitutional Convention of 1955, including, but not limited to, number of members, districts, election and certification of delegates, and submission and ratification of revisions and ordinances. The appropriation provisions of the call shall be self-executing and shall constitute a first claim on the state treasury.  
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(Amended [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)|1970]].)
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===Amendments===
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* The [[Alaska Lieutenant Governor/Secretary of State Amendment (1970)]] ballot question, approved by the voters in [[1970 ballot measures#Alaska|1970]], changed the title of the Secretary of State to Lieutenant Governor.
  
===Section 4. Powers===
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==Section 4==
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| '''Text of Section 4:'''
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'''Powers'''
  
 
Constitutional conventions shall have plenary power to amend or revise the constitution, subject only to ratification by the people. No call for a constitutional convention shall limit these powers of the convention.
 
Constitutional conventions shall have plenary power to amend or revise the constitution, subject only to ratification by the people. No call for a constitutional convention shall limit these powers of the convention.
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|}
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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* [http://ltgov.state.ak.us/constitution.php?section=1 Alaska Constitution, Article XIII]
  
* [http://ltgov.state.ak.us/constitution.php?section=13 Section 13 of the Alaska Constitution]
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==Navigation==
 
{{Alaska Constitution}}
 
{{Alaska Constitution}}
{{state constitutions}}
 

Revision as of 10:39, 9 July 2009

Alaska Constitution
Seal of Alaska.jpg
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXV
Ordinances
123
Amendments
Article XIII of the Alaska Constitution is entitled Amendment and Revision. It has four sections which together lay out the process for amending the constitution. Article 13 has been amended two times since the original 1956 Alaska Constitutional Convention:

Amendments to Article XIII

Section 1

Text of Section 1:

Amendments

Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature. The lieutenant governor shall prepare a ballot title and proposition summarizing each proposed amendment, and shall place them on the ballot for the next general election. If a majority of the votes cast on the proposition favor the amendment, it shall be adopted. Unless otherwise provided in the amendment, it becomes effective thirty days after the certification of the election returns by the lieutenant governor.

Amendments

Section 2

Text of Section 2:

Convention

The legislature may call constitutional conventions at any time.

Section 3

Text of Section 3:

Call by Referendum

If during any ten-year period a constitutional convention has not been held, the lieutenant governor shall place on the ballot for the next general election the question: "Shall there be a Constitutional Convention?" If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the negative, the question need not be placed on the ballot until the end of the next ten-year period. If a majority of the votes cast on the question are in the affirmative, delegates to the convention shall be chosen at the next regular statewide election, unless the legislature provides for the election of the delegates at a special election. The lieutenant governor shall issue the call for the convention. Unless other provisions have been made by law, the call shall conform as nearly as possible to the act calling the Alaska Constitutional Convention of 1955, including, but not limited to, number of members, districts, election and certification of delegates, and submission and ratification of revisions and ordinances. The appropriation provisions of the call shall be self-executing and shall constitute a first claim on the state treasury.

Amendments

Section 4

Text of Section 4:

Powers

Constitutional conventions shall have plenary power to amend or revise the constitution, subject only to ratification by the people. No call for a constitutional convention shall limit these powers of the convention.

External links

Navigation