Attorney General of Alabama
|Alabama Attorney General|
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2013 FY Budget:||$21,000,366|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014|
|Last election:||November 2, 2010|
|Other Alabama Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Superintendent of Education • Agriculture Commissioner • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Commissioner • Labor Commissioner • Public Service Commission|
The current and 49th attorney general of Alabama is Luther Strange, a Republican. Strange was first elected on November 2, 2010, and assumed office on January 17, 2011. His first four year term will expire on January 19, 2015.
Prior to becoming attorney general, Strange operated his own practice in Birmingham. Before that, he worked for the lobbying firm Bradley Arant Boult Cummings, LLC.
|The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, and a sheriff for each county.|
Qualifications for the office of attorney general are described in Article V, Section 132 of the state constitution. Candidates for the office must have been a citizen of the United States for seven years, a resident of Alabama for five years, and at least 25 years of age.
|No person shall be eligible to the office of attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, or commissioner of agriculture and industries unless he shall have been a citizen of the United States at least seven years, and shall have resided in this state at least five years next preceding his election, and shall be at least twenty-five years old when elected.|
Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its attorneys general during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018). Section 116 sets the attorney general's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election. Thus, January 17, 2011 and January 19, 2015 are inaugural days.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.|
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.|
Per Amendment 282 to Article V, Section 116 of the Alabama Constitution, attorneys general are limited to two terms in office.
Article V, Section 136 of the Alabama Constitution requires the governor to appoint a replacement if the office of attorney general becomes vacant or if the incumbent "shall become of unsound mind." The replacement serves until the next scheduled election.
|Should the office of attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, or commissioner of agriculture and industries become vacant from any cause, the governor shall fill such vacancy until the disability is removed or a successor elected and qualified. In case any of said officers shall become of unsound mind, such unsoundness shall be ascertained by the supreme court upon the suggestion of the governor.|
Section 137 of the Alabama Constitution provides that "attorney general may be required to defend suits against state, political subdivisions, officers, etc." The attorney general's other duties are prescribed by law. Besides representing the state in court, the incumbent is required to give legal advice to state and county officers or agencies and represent the state before the Supreme Court or Courts of Criminal or Civil Appeals. He may also represent municipalities before appeals courts in cases where the constitutionality of a municipal ordinance is questioned.
The attorney general's office issues an annual report including "suggestions for the suppression of crime and the improvement of criminal administration." He is also required to report on laws held invalid by state courts and give his opinion on the constitutional validity and clarity of bills being considered by the legislature.
Alabama state law requires the attorney general to fulfill several other minor duties, including keeping an official record of all of his correspondence and approving extradition forms.
The attorney general's office includes the following divisions:
- Administrative Services
- Capital Litigation
- Constitutional Defense
- Consumer Affairs*
- Criminal Appeals
- General Civil and Administrative Law
- Legislative Affairs
- Medicaid Fraud
- Public Corruption & White Collar Crime
- Public Information
- Violent Crimes
The budget for the Attorney General's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $21,000,366.
- See also: Compensation of state executive officers
In 2012, the Alabama Attorney General was paid an estimated $160,002. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments. He or she receives the same compensation as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama. Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.
|The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.|
|List Alabama Attorneys General 1819-present|
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Office of the Attorney General
500 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36130
Phone: (334) 242-7300
- State of Alabama Attorney General's Office, "About Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange," accessed May 20, 2011.
- WTVY.com, "Alabama AG Luther Strange Sworn In," January 17, 2011.
- Constitution of Alabama, "Amendment 282 to Section 116," accessed June 1, 2011.
- Constitution of Alabama, "Article V, Section 136," accessed May 20, 2011.
- Code of Alabama, "Section 36-15-1, Duties generally," accessed May 20, 2011.
- State of Alabama Attorney General's Office, "Contacting Us," accessed May 20, 2011.
- Alabama Government Website "State of Alabama General Fund, 2013 FY Appropriations," Accessed March 29, 2013
- Code of Alabama, "Section 36-15-3, Salary," accessed May 20, 2011.
- State of Alabama AG history, "AG history", accessed February 7, 2012