Difference between revisions of "Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Colorado"

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* 65 seats in the [[Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2014|Colorado House of Representatives]]
 
* 65 seats in the [[Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2014|Colorado House of Representatives]]
  
The deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party in time for the 2014 elections was January 10, 2014. Major and minor parties nominating candidates by assembly must have held those assemblies by April 12, 2014. If major and minor party candidates are running by petition method instead, they had to file those petitions by March 31, 2014. Write-in candidates running in the primary election had to file an Affidavit of Intent by April 18, 2014, and those running in the general election must file by July 17, 2014. Qualified political organization candidates and unaffiliated candidates must file their petitions by July 10, 2014 in order to gain ballot access.<ref name=cocall>Ballotpedia phone call with Colorado Secretary of State Office, September 9, 2013</ref><ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/docs/2014ElectionCalendar.pdf ''Colorado Secretary of State'', "2014 Election Calendar," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref>  
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The deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party in time for the 2014 elections was January 10, 2014. Major and minor parties nominating candidates by assembly must have held those assemblies by April 12, 2014. Major and minor party petition candidates had to file their petitions by March 31, 2014. Write-in candidates running in the primary election had to file an Affidavit of Intent by April 18, 2014, and those running in the general election must file by July 17, 2014. Qualified political organization candidates and unaffiliated candidates had to file their petitions by July 10, 2014 in order to gain ballot access.<ref name=cocall>Ballotpedia phone call with Colorado Secretary of State Office, September 9, 2013</ref><ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/docs/2014ElectionCalendar.pdf ''Colorado Secretary of State'', "2014 Election Calendar," accessed January 29, 2014]</ref>  
  
 
These dates, along with campaign finance reporting deadlines, are included in the table below.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/CampaignFinance/calendars/stateFrequent.html ''Colorado Secretary of State Website'', "2014 State Frequent Filing Calendar," accessed January 30, 2014]</ref>
 
These dates, along with campaign finance reporting deadlines, are included in the table below.<ref>[http://www.sos.state.co.us/pubs/elections/CampaignFinance/calendars/stateFrequent.html ''Colorado Secretary of State Website'', "2014 State Frequent Filing Calendar," accessed January 30, 2014]</ref>

Revision as of 11:32, 14 July 2014

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See also
This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Colorado. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Colorado. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: Colorado elections, 2014

Colorado had a primary election on June 24, 2014 and will have a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party in time for the 2014 elections was January 10, 2014. Major and minor parties nominating candidates by assembly must have held those assemblies by April 12, 2014. Major and minor party petition candidates had to file their petitions by March 31, 2014. Write-in candidates running in the primary election had to file an Affidavit of Intent by April 18, 2014, and those running in the general election must file by July 17, 2014. Qualified political organization candidates and unaffiliated candidates had to file their petitions by July 10, 2014 in order to gain ballot access.[1][2]

These dates, along with campaign finance reporting deadlines, are included in the table below.[3]

Legend:      Ballot Access     Campaign Finance     Election Date




Dates and Requirements for Candidates in 2014
Deadline Event Type Event Description
January 2, 2014 Ballot Access Last day for candidates to register their affiliation status
January 10, 2014 Ballot Access Deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party
February 3, 2014 Ballot Access First day to circulate major and minor party candidate petitions
March 31, 2014 Ballot Access Last day to file major and minor party candidate petitions
April 12, 2014 Ballot Access Last day to hold major and minor party assemblies to nominate candidates
April 16, 2014 Ballot Access Last day for major and minor parties to file certificates of nomination
April 18, 2014 Ballot Access Filing deadline for write-in candidates running in the primary election
May 5, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering December 1, 2013 - April 30, 2014
May 15, 2014 Ballot Access First day to circulate qualified political organization or unaffiliated candidate petitions
May 19, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering May 1, 2014 - May 14, 2014
June 2, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering May 15, 2014 - May 28, 2014
June 16, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering May 28, 2014 - June 11, 2014
June 24, 2014 Election Date Primary election date
July 1, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering June 12, 2014 - June 25, 2014
July 10, 2014 Ballot Access Last day to file qualified political organization or unaffiliated candidate petitions
July 17, 2014 Ballot Access Filing deadline for write-in candidates running in the general election
August 1, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering June 26, 2014 - July 26, 2014
September 2, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering July 27, 2014 - August 27, 2014
September 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering August 28, 2014 - September 10, 2014
September 29, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering September 11, 2014 - September 24, 2014
October 14, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering September 25, 2014 - October 8, 2014
October 27, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering October 9, 2014 - October 22, 2014
November 4, 2014 Election Date General election
December 4, 2014 Campaign Finance Deadline to file report covering October 23, 2014 - November 30, 2014

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of January 2014, Colorado officially recognizes five political parties.[1][4] In order to be recognized by the state, a political party must fulfill certain requirements, which are detailed below in "Process to establish a political party."

Party Website link By-laws/Platform link
American Constitutional Party http://www.americanconstitutionparty.com/ Party platform
Democratic http://www.coloradodems.org/home Party platform
Green http://www.coloradogreenparty.org/ Party by-laws
Libertarian http://lpcolorado.org/ Party platform
Republican http://www.cologop.org/ Party platform

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Colorado[5] does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.{{{Reference}}}

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[6]

Process to establish a political party

Figure 1: This is a sample page from the Colorado minor party qualifying petition.

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 1, Article 4 of the Colorado Revised Statutes

There are three types of political entities in Colorado: qualified political organizations (QPOs), minor parties and major parties. The qualifications for each of these political entities are outlined below.

Qualified Political Organizations (QPOs)

  • Requirements to be a recognized QPO:
    • Must file Proof of Organization form with the Colorado Secretary of State. This form must include the organization's bylaws.[7][8]
    • Must meet as an organization at least once a year. At meetings during odd-numbered years they must elect leaders of the organization, and at meetings during even-numbered years they must select candidates who will try to petition for ballot access.[8]
    • Must certify at least one candidate on the general election ballot every two years. QPO candidates must petition to gain ballot access.[8] A write-in candidate alone is not enough to fulfill this requirement.[7]
  • If any of the above requirements are not met, the QPO's recognized status will be revoked.[8]
  • Once the QPO has filed the Proof of Organization, met as an organization and certified a candidate to the general election ballot, the QPO will be considered qualified. At this point, registered voters are allowed to register affiliation with the QPO.[8]
  • The process of establishing a QPO is considered a stepping stone to qualifying as a minor party.[7]

Minor parties

  • Requirements to be a recognized minor party:
    • Must file a set of bylaws or a party constitution with the Colorado Secretary of State.[9]
    • Must file any amendments to the party bylaws or constitution no later than 15 days after adopting them.[9]
    • The name of the minor party may not contain more than three words in addition to the word "party." The name must also not use, in whole or in part, the name of any existing political party.[9]
    • There are three ways to qualify as a minor party:
      • A QPO may qualify as a minor party if any of its candidates for statewide office received at least five percent of the total votes cast for that office in either of the last two elections.[7][10]
      • A QPO may also qualify as a minor party if 1,000 or more registered voters designate affiliation with it by July 1 of the election year.[7][10]
      • A group may petition to become a minor party. The petition must contain 10,000 registered voters' signatures in Colorado and must be submitted to the Colorado Secretary of State by the second Friday in January of the year of the election.[7]
  • A minor party may maintain its status if one of its candidates for statewide office receives at least one percent of the total votes cast in either of the last two elections, or if 1,000 or more registered voters have affiliated with the minor party prior to July 1 before either of the last two elections.[10]
  • A qualified minor party may nominate candidates for the general election just as a major party does. Minor parties are also allowed to nominate candidates by petition or by assembly.[7]

Major parties

  • To be considered a major party, a QPO or minor party candidate must receive at least 10 percent of the total vote cast in a gubernatorial election.[11][12][13]
  • Major parties must hold primary elections to elect general election candidates.[12]

For an example of the number of votes required to qualify as a minor or major party, look to the table below.

Total votes cast for governor in 2010 Number of votes needed for a QPO to qualify as a minor party Number of votes needed for a minor party to maintain its status Number of votes needed for a minor party or QPO to qualify as a major party
1,793,148[14] 89,657 17,931 179,315

Process to become a candidate

See also: Colorado signature requirements
Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors
  • 45 states have Lt. governors, 43 of them fill the office by election
  • 21 states, including Colorado, elect Lt. governors on a single ticket with the governor at both the primary and general elections
  • 5 states elect Lt. governors separately from Governors at the primary and then put the top two vote-getters together on the general election ballot
  • 17 states elect Lt. governors separately from the Governor

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 1, Article 4 of the Colorado Revised Statutes

The process to run for elected office in Colorado is governed by Title 1, Article 4 of the Colorado Revised Statutes. There are many types of candidates in Colorado: major party candidates, minor party candidates, qualified political organization candidates, unaffiliated candidates and write-in candidates. Depending on which type of candidate they are, candidates can gain ballot access in a number of different ways, as outlined below.

All candidates

There are a number of requirements all candidates must follow, no matter which type of candidate they are, including:

  • Candidates must publicly announce their intention to run for office by means of a speech, advertisement, or other communication reported or appearing in public media or in any place accessible to the public. This includes a stated intention to explore the possibility of seeking office.[15][16]
  • All candidates must submit an audio recording of the correct pronunciation of their name. If nominated by assembly, this must be submitted to the Colorado Secretary of State within 10 days after the close of the convention, and if nominated by petition, this must be submitted by the end of the petition filing period.[17]
  • The qualification of any candidate may be challenged by any eligible elector within five days after the candidate has been qualified to be placed on the ballot.[18]

Major party candidates

  • Must have been affiliated with the party by the first business day in January of the year of the election, unless party rules say otherwise.[19][20]
  • Must be elected in the primary election to move on to the general election.[12]
  • There are two ways a major party can place candidates on the primary election ballot:[19]
    • Nomination by assembly
      • Major parties may hold party assemblies to nominate candidates. At these assemblies, delegates vote on possible candidates and may place up to two candidates per office on the primary ballot.[20] Delegates to party assemblies are chosen at yearly precinct caucuses. The process by which assemblies are held is determined in the major party's bylaws.[21]
      • The major party must hold the assembly no later than 73 days before the primary election.[1][20]
      • A candidate must receive 30 percent of votes cast by assembly delegates for that office. If no one receives 30 percent, a second vote will be taken. If no one receives 30 percent again, the top two vote-getters will be the ones nominated.[19][1][20]
      • Within 4 days of the assembly, successful candidates must file a written acceptance of candidacy with the presiding office of the assembly.[20]
      • The presiding officer of the assembly shall then file a certificate of designation by assembly, along with the written acceptance of candidacies, with the Colorado Secretary of State.[22] This certificate shall state the name of the political party, the name and address of each candidate and the office they are seeking. It shall also certify that the candidates have been members of the political party for the required amount of time.[20]
    • Nomination by petition
      • Candidates who attempted to be nominated by assembly and failed to receive at least 10 percent of the delegates' votes may not be nominated by petition for that same party.[19][23]
      • The nominating petition must be signed by eligible electors who have been registered with the political party for at least 29 days and who reside in the district the candidate seeks to represent.[19][23]
      • Candidates who successfully collect the required number of signatures are placed on the primary election ballot.[19] The signature requirements are as follows:[23]
Office sought Number of signatures required
Member of the Colorado State Legislature or U.S. House of Representatives 1,000 or 30 percent of the votes cast in the district in the most recent primary election for the same party and the same office, whichever is fewer. If there was no primary election, general election numbers should be used.
Member of the United States Senate or state executive office 1,500 from each congressional district

Minor party candidates

  • Must have been affiliated with the party by the first business day in January of the year of the election, unless party rules say otherwise.[5]
  • Minor parties nominate their candidates to be on the general election ballot, unless there is more than one candidate nominated for that office. In that case, those candidates are placed on the primary ballot.[19][24]
  • There are two ways minor parties can nominate candidates to be placed on the ballot:
    • Nomination by assembly
      • The minor party must hold an assembly no later than 73 days before the primary election.[24]
      • A successful candidate must receive at least 30 percent of the delegates' votes for that office.[19]
    • Nomination by petition
      • The petition must be signed by eligible electors in the same district the candidate seeks to represent.[5]
      • The signature requirements are as follows:[5]
Office sought Number of signatures required
President or Vice President 5,000
Member of the United States Senate or state executive office 1,000 or two percent of the total votes cast for that office in the last general election, whichever is fewer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives 800 or two percent of the total votes cast for that office in that congressional district in the last general election, whichever is fewer
Member of the Colorado State Senate 600 or two percent of the total votes cast for that office in that senate district in the last general election, whichever is fewer
Member of the Colorado House of Representatives 400 or two percent of the total votes cast for that office in that house district in the last general election, whichever is fewer

Qualified Political Organization (QPO) candidates

  • Must have been affiliated with the QPO for one year, or, if the organization has not been qualified for one year, the candidate must have been registered as unaffiliated for one year.[8]
  • Must petition to be placed on the general election ballot.[7]
  • Each petition must contain an affidavit signed under oath by the chairperson and secretary of the QPO and approved by the Colorado Secretary of State.[8]
  • Signature requirements are the same as those for minor party candidates, which are shown above.[8][5]

Unaffiliated candidates

  • Must be registered as unaffiliated by the first business day in January of the year of the election.[5]
  • Must petition to be placed on the general election ballot.[19]
  • Signature requirements are the same as those for minor party candidates, which are shown above.[19][5]

Write-in candidates

  • Are allowed in both the primary and general elections.[25]
  • Must file an Affidavit of Intent with the Colorado Secretary of State no later than the close of business on the 67th day before a primary election and 110 days before a general election.[19][1][25][26]
  • No write-in vote will be counted unless that candidate filed an Affidavit of Intent.[26]

Petition requirements

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain ballot access. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Colorado.

Circulators

Circulators are governed by Title 1, Article 4, Section 905 of the Colorado Revised Statutes. They must be at least 18 years of age, a U.S. citizen, and a resident of Colorado. If circulating a petition for a party candidate, the circulator must also be registered as affiliated with the same party as the candidate at the time the petition is circulated.[27] In order to be accepted by the Colorado Secretary of State, each petition must contain a notarized affidavit, signed and dated by the circulator, that includes:[27]

  • The circulator's printed name
  • The circulator's address
  • A statement that the circulator fulfilled all requirements to be a circulator
  • A statement that the circulator circulated the corresponding sections of the petition
  • A statement that every signature on the petition belongs to who it purports to be
  • A statement that to the best of the circulator's knowledge and belief, every signer of the petition was an eligible elector at the time of signing
  • A statement that the circulator did not, nor will in the future, pay any signer to sign the petition and that he or she believes no one else did either

Petitions

In Colorado, petitions can be used to establish a minor party or to place any type of candidate on the ballot. All petition formats must be approved by the Colorado Secretary of State prior to circulation.[28][29]

Petitions for candidates may consist of one or more sheets fastened together into one petition section, but each sheet must contain the same heading and each petition section must contain the sworn affidavit of the circulator. Except for joint candidates, such as president and vice president or governor and lieutenant governor, no petition may contain the name of more than one person for the same office.[30]

Unless physically unable, all signers must include with their signature: their printed names, residence addresses, and the date they signed the petition. Any person, except the circulator, may assist a signer who is physically unable to complete the information on the petition as required by law. On the petition, immediately following the name of the disabled signer, the person providing assistance must sign and also state that assistance was given. If possible, all signatures should be signed in black ink.[31]

Every petition to nominate party candidates must include the name and address of the candidate, the office sought, and the name of the major party, minor party or qualified political organization with which the candidate is affiliated, unless the candidate is unaffiliated in which case that must be designated instead.[32][33] Signers of major party candidate petitions must be affiliated with the same major party as the candidate. Before signing the petition, they must state to the circulator that they have been affiliated with that major party for at least 29 days prior to signing and that they have not signed any other candidate's petition for the same office. Petitions of minor party, qualified political organization or unaffiliated candidates may be signed by any eligible elector, as long as they have not signed any other petition for a candidate running for the same office.[31]

Campaign finance

Figure 2: This is the form candidates file to accept voluntary campaign spending limits in Colorado.

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 1, Article 45 of the Colorado Revised Statutes

In Colorado, candidates seeking state office must file campaign finance reports with the Colorado Secretary of State. These reports must be filed electronically through a system called TRACER, which stands for Transparency in Contribution and Expenditure Reporting.[34] Filing is done here.

Candidates seeking federal office must file with the Federal Election Commission. Reporting details for federal candidates are not included in this section.

Getting started

Becoming a candidate

Candidates are considered candidates for the purposes of campaign finance reporting after they have publicly announced their candidacies and thereafter received a contribution or made an expenditure in support of the candidacy.[34] Once the candidacy has been established, candidates must do the following:

  • File a candidate affidavit within 10 days of becoming a candidate. This form states that the candidate is familiar with the state's campaign finance laws and regulations.[15] If candidates choose to accept voluntary spending limits, the acceptance of voluntary spending limits form must be filed with the candidate affidavit.[19]
  • File a personal financial disclosure form within 10 days of filing the candidate affidavit. Incumbents must file a new personal financial disclosure form or an update to a former one by January 10 of each year, unless they are seeking re-election or election to a new office. Then the form is due within 10 days of filing the candidate affidavit for that office.[34]
  • Choose between forming a candidate committee to accept and spend money on the candidate's behalf or running as a stand-alone candidate without a committee. If a candidate committee is formed, it must be registered with the Colorado Secretary of State through TRACER.[15]

Stand-alone candidates

If a candidate chooses not to form a candidate committee, no money may be accepted from any other person or entity for the candidate's campaign. A candidate's personal funds must be used for any campaign expenditures. All expenditures must still be reported to the Colorado Secretary of State. If no expenditures are made, stand-alone candidates do not have to file reports, though they may file a report showing a zero balance if they wish.[34]

If a stand-alone candidate loses an election, he or she is no longer considered a candidate. These individuals do not need to take any additional action to end their candidacy and do not have to file any reports after the election.[34]

Candidate committees

Candidate committees must include the candidate but do not need to include any other members. Candidate committees may only have one committee at a time, and joint candidates, such as governor and lieutenant governor, must have only one committee together.[34] When registering a candidate committee, the following information must be included:

  • The name of the candidate[35]
  • The office sought[35]
  • The name of the financial institution, including the separate account titled with the name of the committee, where all contributions will be deposited.[34]
  • The name of the registered agent[34][36]
    • Registered agents are similar to treasurers. They keep track of all contributions and expenditures and can file the committee’s reports.[34][36]
    • Candidates may serve as their own registered agents or appoint someone else to serve that role.[36]
    • Candidate committees must always have a registered agent.[36] If a registered agent resigns, a new registered agent must be appointed before the former one files a resignation letter with the Colorado Secretary of State.[34]
  • The name of the designated filing agent (if desired)
    • Designated filing agents may be appointed to file all reports for the committee, but they are not required.[34]

Candidates remain candidates as long as they have an active candidate committee. While the candidate committee is active, all assigned disclosure reports must be filed. To terminate a candidate committee, a candidate must file a termination report that shows campaign finances at a zero balance.[34][37]

Reporting

Campaign finance reports are scheduled to be filed based on an election cycle. The election cycle starts the 31st day after the general election for a particular office and ends the 30th day after the next general election for that office. Because an election cycle encompasses both an election year and a non-election year, reporting may vary within the election cycle.[34][38] After a general election in which a candidate committee received contributions, the candidate committee must maintain all financial records for 180 days.[39]

How to report contributions

Candidate committees must report all contributions received, including non-monetary contributions. Non-monetary contributions may include goods, equipment, supplies, services, and any third party expenditures made on behalf of the candidate that are not reimbursed by the candidate committee. Additional reporting information may be required depending on the amount of the contribution. See the table below for details on these requirements.[34][40]

Amount of contribution Reporting requirements
$20 or less Must be reported but does not need to be itemized.
$20 or more Must report and itemize, meaning each contribution must be listed individually with the name and address of the contributor.
$100 or more Must report, itemize and include the occupation and employer of the contributor.
$1,000 or more If received within 30 days of the primary or general election, it is considered a Major Contribution and must be reported on a supplemental report within 24 hours of receipt.

How to report expenditures

All expenditures related to a candidate's campaign must be reported. This includes mileage as well as reimbursements by the campaign to candidates, staff and volunteers. To report mileage as an expenditure, the IRS rate should be used. See the table below for details on expenditure reporting.[34][41]

Amount of expenditure Reporting requirements
$20 or less Must be reported but does not need to be itemized.
$20 or more Must be reported and itemized individually.
Smaller amounts that add up to $20 or more to the same payee during one reporting period Must be reported and itemized individually.

Reporting schedule Reports must be filed as follows:[38]

  • During non-election years quarterly reports are required. These are due by the 15th day after the applicable quarter.
  • During election years, the following reports are required:
    • Biweekly reports are due on the first Monday in May and on each Monday every two weeks thereafter until the primary election.
    • Monthly reports begin the sixth full month before the general election. These are due on the first day of each following month, except for the month the general election is held.
    • Biweekly reports are due on the first Monday in September and on each Monday every two weeks thereafter until the general election.
    • A final report must be filed 30 days after the general election.

Contribution and expenditure limits

Contribution limits

Contribution limits are based on the office the candidate is seeking as well as who the contributor is. Limits apply separately to both the primary and general elections. See the tables below for details.[34][42]

  • Contributions from persons and political committees:
Office sought Contribution limit
Colorado state executive offices $550
Member of the Colorado State Senate or Colorado House of Representatives $200
  • Contributions from small donor committees:
Office sought Contribution limit
Colorado state executive offices $5,675
Member of the Colorado State Senate or Colorado House of Representatives $2,250
  • Contributions from political parties:
Office sought Contribution limit
Governor and Lieutenant Governor (one candidate committee) $569,530
Secretary of State, Attorney General and Treasurer $113,905
Member of the Colorado State Senate $20,500
Member of the Colorado House of Representatives $14,805

Contribution limits do not apply to loans from financial institutions, but the candidate committee does have to report the loan as a contribution. Loans from any other entity are prohibited, except in the case of a candidate making a loan to his or her own committee.[34][43]

Additional contribution limits include:

  • Cash or coin contributions cannot exceed $100.[34]
  • Anonymous donations of $20 or more are prohibited.[44]
  • No person may act as a conduit for another entity to make a contribution to a candidate committee.[34]
  • Contributions may not be accepted from:[34]
    • Corporations
    • Foreign citizens, corporations or governments
    • Lobbyists, principals of lobbyists, or political committees who retain a lobbyist, as long as the Colorado State Legislature is in session
    • Limited Liability Companies (LLCs) if any members of the LLC are a corporation or labor organization, not a U.S. citizen, a foreign government, professional or volunteer lobbyist or a principal of a lobbyist, or if the LLC is considered a corporation by the IRS or has publicly traded shares.
  • Major party candidates and minor party candidates whose names will be on the primary election ballot may accept contributions for both the primary and general elections. Contribution limits apply once for the primary and once for the general, though candidate committees may accept and spend contributions for the primary or general election at any time during the election cycle. Minor party, qualified political organization and unaffiliated candidates who do not appear on the primary ballot can accept contributions only for the general election.

Expenditure limits

  • No candidate is allowed to:[34]
    • Spend more than $100 in cash on any one expenditure.
    • Make a contribution to any other candidate.
  • If a candidate filed an acceptance of voluntary spending limits:[34][45]
    • Contributions by a candidate to his or her own campaign is considered the same as a contribution from a political party, and therefore must remain within the political party contribution limit. Combined contributions from the candidate and the political party may not exceed that limit.
    • If another candidate enters the race, does not accept voluntary spending limits and raises more than 10 percent of the limit, the candidate who did accept voluntary spending limits may accept double the listed limits. However, political party contributions may not be doubled.
    • A candidate who has accepted voluntary spending limits may withdraw that acceptance within 10 days of a new candidate entering the same political race if the new candidate does not accept voluntary spending limits. This option is available each time a new candidate enters the race and does not accept voluntary spending limits. At any other time this acceptance is irrevocable.
    • The voluntary spending limits are as follows:[42][45]
Office sought Voluntary spending limit
Governor and Lieutenant Governor (one candidate committee) $2,847,650
Secretary of State, Attorney General and Treasurer $569,525
Member of the Colorado State Senate $102,500
Member of the Colorado House of Representatives $74,025

Election-related agencies

See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office will require interaction with the Colorado Secretary of State, which oversees candidate filing and reporting and all election procedures.

Secretary of State Office
Colorado Department of State
700 Broadway
Denver, CO 80290
Telephone: 303-894-2200
Fax: 303-869-4861
Email: elections@sos.state.co.us
http://www.sos.state.co.us/

Term limits

Colorado state executives and legislators are term limited. These limits were established by the Colorado Term Limits Amendment, which voters passed in 1990.

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits, States with gubernatorial term limits and Colorado state executive official elections, 2014

The state executive term limits in Colorado are as follows:[46]

The state executive who is term-limited in 2014 is:

Name Party Office
John W. Suthers Ends.png Republican Attorney General

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

Politicians in Colorado may serve for eight years in either the Colorado State Senate or the Colorado House of Representatives, meaning senators may serve two four-year terms and representatives four two-year terms.[47]

2014

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2014 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2014

A total of 12 state legislators will be termed out in 2014.

They are:

Name Party Chamber District
Gail Schwartz Electiondot.png Democratic State Senate District 5
Bill Cadman Ends.png Republican State Senate District 10
Scott Renfroe Ends.png Republican State Senate District 23
Ted Harvey Ends.png Republican State Senate District 30
Jeanne Labuda Electiondot.png Democratic State House District 1
Mark Ferrandino Electiondot.png Democratic State House District 2
Claire Levy Electiondot.png Democratic State House District 13
Cherylin Peniston Electiondot.png Democratic State House District 35
Spencer Swalm Ends.png Republican State House District 37
Frank McNulty Ends.png Republican State House District 43
Randy Fischer Electiondot.png Democratic State House District 53
Jerry Sonnenberg Ends.png Republican State House District 65

2012

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2012 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2012

A total of 15 state legislators were termed out in 2012.

2010

See also: Impact of term limits on state senate elections in 2010 and Impact of term limits on state representative elections in 2010

A total of 11 state legislators were termed out in 2010.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from Colorado and List of United States Senators from Colorado

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Colorado:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Colorado
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 2 3 5
     Republican Party 0 4 4
TOTALS as of September 2014 2 7 9

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Colorado:

State Senate

Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 18
     Republican Party 17
Total 35

State House

Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 37
     Republican Party 28
Total 65


See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

News

Other information

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Ballotpedia phone call with Colorado Secretary of State Office, September 9, 2013
  2. Colorado Secretary of State, "2014 Election Calendar," accessed January 29, 2014
  3. Colorado Secretary of State Website, "2014 State Frequent Filing Calendar," accessed January 30, 2014
  4. Colorado Secretary of State Website, "Political Party Information," accessed January 27, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 802," accessed January 29, 2014
  6. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Colorado Secretary of State Website, "Minor Parties and Qualified Political Organizations FAQs," accessed January 27, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Colorado Election Rules, "Rule 3: Rules Concerning Qualified Political Organizations," accessed January 27, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Section 1-4-1301," accessed January 27, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Section 1-4-1303
  11. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Section 1-1-104," accessed January 27, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Colorado Secretary of State Website, "Major Political Parties FAQs," accessed January 27, 2014
  13. Colorado Department of State, "Quick Reference Guide: Major Political Parties," Revised December 4, 2013
  14. Colorado Secretary of State, "2010 Abstract of Votes Cast," accessed January 27, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Colorado Secretary of State Website, "State Candidates," accessed January 29, 2014
  16. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 1: Definitions," accessed January 29, 2014
  17. Colorado Secretary of State, "Governor 2014 Candidate Qualification Guide," accessed January 29, 2014
  18. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 501," accessed January 29, 2014
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 Colorado Secretary of State, "How to Run for Office: Candidate Information Guide," accessed January 29, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 601," accessed January 29, 2014
  21. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 602," accessed February 17, 2014
  22. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 604," accessed January 29, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 801," accessed January 29, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 1304," accessed January 29, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 1102," accessed January 29, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 1101," accessed January 29, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 905," accessed January 29, 2014
  28. Colorado Secretary of State, "How to Run for Office: Candidate Information Guide," accessed January 29, 2014
  29. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 903," accessed January 29, 2014
  30. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 901," accessed January 29, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 904," accessed January 29, 2014
  32. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 801," accessed January 29, 2014
  33. Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 4, Section 802," accessed January 29, 2014
  34. 34.00 34.01 34.02 34.03 34.04 34.05 34.06 34.07 34.08 34.09 34.10 34.11 34.12 34.13 34.14 34.15 34.16 34.17 34.18 34.19 34.20 34.21 Colorado Secretary of State, "Colorado Campaign and Political Finance Manual," Revised December 2013
  35. 35.0 35.1 Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 8.1.1," accessed January 30, 2014
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 9," accessed January 30, 2014
  37. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 12.3," accessed January 30, 2014
  38. 38.0 38.1 Colorado Revised Statutes, "Title 1, Article 45, Section 108," accessed January 30, 2014
  39. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.4," accessed January 30, 2014
  40. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.1," accessed January 30, 2014
  41. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.2," accessed January 30, 2014
  42. 42.0 42.1 Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.14," accessed January 30, 2014
  43. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.10," accessed January 30, 2014
  44. Colorado Secretary of State Rules Concerning Campaign and Political Finance, "Rule 10.6," accessed January 30, 2014
  45. 45.0 45.1 Colorado Constitution, "Article XXVIII, Section 4," accessed January 30, 2014
  46. Colorado Constitution, "Article IV, Section 1," accessed November 5, 2013
  47. Colorado Legislative Council, "Ballot History," accessed November 5, 2013