Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Illinois

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This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Illinois. Offices included are:

This page will contain information on specific filing dates each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Illinois. Information on running for election to county and municipal offices are not included.

Year-specific dates


See also: Illinois elections, 2014 and Illinois state executive official elections, 2014

Illinois will have a primary election on March 18, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The filing deadline for established party candidates to run for office in Illinois is December 2, 2013. The filing deadline for new political party candidates and independent candidates is June 23, 2013. The deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party is also June 23, 2013.[1]

Deadline Event
December 2, 2013 Established party candidate filing deadline
March 18, 2014 Primary election date
June 23, 2013 Filing deadline for new political party candidates, independent candidates and to create a new political party
November 4, 2013 General election

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

There is a difference between the official recognition of a political party and a party designation in some states. These political designations are not officially recognized political parties. Designations are often formed around a particular cause or ideology.[2]

Candidates can sometimes appear on the ballot under a political designation while other times appearing under a political party. This may involve a particular state's law regarding by-law requirements, petitions, or other factors. In some cases, official parties may receive state funding or the right to a state-sanctioned primary. Other states, for example, may require a candidate to run as a member of a political group before it is recognized as a full party, requiring that candidate to earn a certain percentage of the votes cast in that election for the identified group to be considered a party.

As of November 2013, there are two recognized political parties in Illinois.[3]

Party Website link By-laws/Platform link
Democratic National party platform
Republican Party by-laws

Election-related agencies

Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

See also: State election agencies

Illinois State Board of Elections

Springfield Office:
2329 S. MacArthur Blvd., Springfield, IL 62704
Telephone: 217-782-4141
Fax: 217-782-5959

Chicago Office:
100 W. Randolph,Suite 14-100, Chicago, IL 60601
Telephone: 312-814-6440
Fax: 312-814-6485

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

Illinois does not place term limits on state executive offices.

State legislatures

See also: State legislatures with term limits

Illinois does not place term limits on state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

See also: List of United States Representatives from Illinois and List of United States Senators from Illinois

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Illinois:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Illinois
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 1 10 11
     Republican Party 1 7 8
Vacancies 0 1 1
TOTALS as of May 2015 2 18 20

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Illinois:

State Senate

Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 20
Total 59

State house

Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 71
     Republican Party 47
Total 118

See also

Figure 1: This is a reporting form for campaign contributions and expenditures for candidates running for election in Illinois.

External links



  1. State of Illinois Candidate's Guide 2014, Amended August 21, 2013
  2. Based on research conducted by Ballotpedia staff in October 2013. This included phone calls to the 50 states and analysis of the state political party websites.
  3. Illinois State Board of Elections Website, "Party Officials," accessed November 11, 2013