Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Illinois

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This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Illinois. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Illinois. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates


See also: Illinois elections, 2014

Illinois had a primary election on March 18, 2014 and will have a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The filing deadline for established party candidates to run for office in Illinois was December 2, 2013. The filing deadline for new political party candidates and independent candidates is June 23, 2013. The deadline to file paperwork to create a new political party is also June 23, 2013.[1]

Legend:      Ballot Access     Campaign Finance     Election Date

Dates and Requirements for Candidates in 2014
Deadline Event Type Event Description
December 2, 2013 Ballot Access Established party candidate filing deadline
March 18, 2014 Election Date Primary election date
June 23, 2013 Ballot Access Filing deadline for new party candidates, independent candidates and to create a new political party
November 4, 2013 Election Date General election

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of November 2013, Illinois officially recognized two political parties.[2]

Party Website link By-laws/Platform link
Democratic National party platform
Republican Party by-laws

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Illinois does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.{{{Reference}}}

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[3]

Election-related agencies

See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office may require some form of interaction with the following agency:

Illinois State Board of Elections
Why: This agency is the authority on all laws, information and procedures dealing with elections.

Springfield Office:
2329 S. MacArthur Blvd., Springfield, IL 62704
Telephone: 217-782-4141
Fax: 217-782-5959
Chicago Office:
100 W. Randolph,Suite 14-100, Chicago, IL 60601
Telephone: 312-814-6440
Fax: 312-814-6485

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

Illinois does not place term limits on state executive offices.

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

Illinois does not place term limits on state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

See also: List of United States Representatives from Illinois and List of United States Senators from Illinois

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Illinois:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Illinois
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 1 10 11
     Republican Party 1 7 8
Vacancies 0 1 1
TOTALS as of May 2015 2 18 20

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Illinois:

State Senate

Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 20
Total 59

State House

Party As of May 2015
     Democratic Party 71
     Republican Party 47
Total 118

See also

Figure 1: This is a reporting form for campaign contributions and expenditures for candidates running for election in Illinois.

External links

Official state and federal links


Additional reading

Other information