Difference between revisions of "Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Virginia"

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m (Text replace - "*[http://www.directdemocracy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=41 National Voter Outreach]" to "*[http://www.campaignfreedom.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2013-11-19_Handbook_Smith_Election-Law-Handbook.pdf ''Cent)
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{{Candidate access VNT}}{{tnr}}This page contains extensive '''information about [[Ballot access|ballot access]] requirements''' for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of [[Virginia]]. Offices included are:
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{{PLP banner|State=Virginia||EP=Y|EnP=Y|F=Y|PE=Y|SC=Y|PP=Y|SB=Y|TP=Y|VP=Y|BAR=Y|}}{{Candidate access VNT}}{{tnr}}This page contains extensive '''information about [[Ballot access|ballot access]] requirements''' for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of [[Virginia]]. Offices included are:
 
*[[United States Congress]]
 
*[[United States Congress]]
 
*[[Virginia state executive offices]] (e.g. [[Governor of Virginia|Governor]], etc.)
 
*[[Virginia state executive offices]] (e.g. [[Governor of Virginia|Governor]], etc.)
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::''See also: [[Virginia elections, 2014]]''
 
::''See also: [[Virginia elections, 2014]]''
  
Virginia held a primary election for certain city and town municipal offices on March 4, 2014 and a general election for those offices will be held on May 6, 2014. Virginia will also have a primary for [[U.S. House]], [[U.S. Senate]], and certain local offices on June 10, 2014 and a general election for those offices on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following federal offices:  
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Virginia held a primary election for certain city and town municipal offices on March 4, 2014 and a general election for those offices was held on May 6, 2014. Virginia also held a primary for [[U.S. House]], [[U.S. Senate]], and certain local offices on June 10, 2014 and a general election for those offices on November 4, 2014. Voters elected candidates to serve in the following federal offices:  
  
 
*11 [[United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2014|seats]] in the [[U.S. House of Representatives]]
 
*11 [[United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2014|seats]] in the [[U.S. House of Representatives]]
 
*1 [[United States Senate elections in Virginia, 2014|seat]] in the [[U.S. Senate]]
 
*1 [[United States Senate elections in Virginia, 2014|seat]] in the [[U.S. Senate]]
  
The 2014 filing deadline for partisan candidates running in local primaries was December 19, 2013.<ref name="town and local">[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/BecomingACandidate/CandidateBulletins/May2014_City%20and%20Town%20Offices.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections, Accessed October 9, 2013</ref> The filing deadline for third party and independent candidates for those local offices was March 4, 2014.<ref name="town and local" /> The requirement to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 elections, through the nomination of a [[U.S. Senate]] candidate, is a "pre-existence" status six months prior to the filing deadline for the November 2014 general election. The filing deadline for partisan candidates running for [[U.S. House]] or [[U.S. Senate]] was March 27, 2014, while the filing deadline for independent candidates running for those offices is June 10, 2014.<ref name="federal office">[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/BecomingACandidate/CandidateBulletins/2014Nov_USH.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections'' "Federal Candidates Bulletin," Accessed February 8, 2014]</ref>
+
The 2014 filing deadline for partisan candidates running in local primaries was December 19, 2013.<ref name="vatown and local">[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/BecomingACandidate/CandidateBulletins/May2014_City%20and%20Town%20Offices.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections, accessed October 9, 2013</ref> The filing deadline for third party and independent candidates for those local offices was March 4, 2014.<ref name="vatown and local" /> The requirement to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 elections, through the nomination of a [[U.S. Senate]] candidate, is a "pre-existence" status six months prior to the filing deadline for the November 2014 general election. The filing deadline for partisan candidates running for [[U.S. House]] or [[U.S. Senate]] was March 27, 2014, while the filing deadline for independent candidates running for those offices was June 10, 2014.<ref name="vafederal office">[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/BecomingACandidate/CandidateBulletins/2014Nov_USH.pdf ''Virginia State Board of Elections'', "Federal Candidates Bulletin," accessed February 8, 2014]</ref>
<div style="float:left; margin-top: 0.0em; margin-bottom:3px; background-color: padding: .2em .6em; font-size: 100%; border:1px solid #A3B1BF;"><big>'''Legend:'''</big> {{legend|#8DB600|'''Ballot Access'''}}{{legend|#FFBF00|'''Campaign Finance'''}}{{legend|#926239|'''Election Date'''}}</div><br><br><br><br>
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<div style="float:left; margin-top: 0.0em; margin-bottom:3px; background-color: padding: .2em .6em; font-size: 100%; border:1px solid #A3B1BF;"><big>'''Legend:'''</big> {{legend|#8DB600|'''Ballot access'''}}{{legend|#FFBF00|'''Campaign finance'''}}{{legend|#926239|'''Election date'''}}</div><br><br><br><br>
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:70%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:70%;"
! colspan="4" valign="bottom" style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" | Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
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! colspan="4" valign="bottom" style="background-color:#bd1d27; color: white;" | Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
 
|-
 
|-
 
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | Deadline
 
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | Deadline
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==Political parties==
 
==Political parties==
 
::''See also: [[List of political parties in the United States]]''
 
::''See also: [[List of political parties in the United States]]''
As of October 2013, there are two recognized political parties in [[Virginia]].<ref>Ballotpedia e-mail correspondence with Virginia State Board of Elections Office, September 23, 2013</ref>
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As of October 2013, there were two recognized political parties in [[Virginia]].<ref>Ballotpedia e-mail correspondence with Virginia State Board of Elections Office, September 23, 2013</ref>
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width:75%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width:75%;"
 
|-
 
|-
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Party
+
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#bd1d27; color: white;" | Party
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Website link
+
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#bd1d27; color: white;" | Website link
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | By-laws/Platform link
+
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#bd1d27; color: white;" | By-laws/platform link
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Republican Party]] || [http://www.rpv.org/ Official party website] || [http://www.rpv.org/node/281 Party by-laws]
+
| [[Republican Party]] || [http://www.rpv.org/ Official party website] || [https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.rpv.org/node/281 Party by-laws]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Democratic Party]] || [http://www.vademocrats.org/ Official party website] || [http://www.vademocrats.org/party-platform Party platform]
 
| [[Democratic Party]] || [http://www.vademocrats.org/ Official party website] || [http://www.vademocrats.org/party-platform Party platform]
 
|}
 
|}
{{political party designation final|State=Virginia<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-101 ''Election Code of Virginia'' "Section 24.2-101," Accessed February 11, 2014]</ref>|allow=Y}}
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{{political party designation final|State=Virginia|allow=Y|Reference=<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-101 ''Election Code of Virginia'', "Section 24.2-101," accessed February 11, 2014]</ref>}}
 
===Events===
 
===Events===
In [[Virginia's 10th congressional district]], Virginia [[Republican Party|Republicans]] opted for a "firehouse primary" to fill the seat vacated by [[U.S. House of Representatives|Rep.]] [[Frank Wolf]]. A firehouse primary, also called a "party canvass," means the party will run its own election at 10 designated locations throughout the district.<ref>[http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/mar/3/races-for-open-seats-in-va-shaping-up-differently/?page=all ''Washington Times'' "Races for open seats in Va. shaping up differently," Accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> Party officials voted for the firehouse primary instead of a convention or state-run primary. If the party had chosen a state-run primary, the primary would have been held on June 10, the regular primary date for all other elections in [[Virginia]].<ref>[http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/GOP-Opts-for-Firehouse-Primary-in-Wolfs-District-241852021.html ''NBC Washington'' "GOP Opts for Firehouse Primary in Wolf's District," Accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> According to Virginia statutes, each political party is allowed to provide for the nomination of its candidates as well as make its own rules and regulations.<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-508 ''Election Code of Virginia'' "Section 24.2-508," accessed February 11, 2014]</ref>
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In [[Virginia's 10th congressional district]], Virginia [[Republican Party|Republicans]] opted for a "firehouse primary" to fill the seat vacated by [[U.S. House of Representatives|Rep.]] [[Frank Wolf]]. A firehouse primary, also called a "party canvass," means the party will run its own election at 10 designated locations throughout the district.<ref>[http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/mar/3/races-for-open-seats-in-va-shaping-up-differently/?page=all ''Washington Times'', "Races for open seats in Va. shaping up differently," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> Party officials voted for the firehouse primary instead of a convention or state-run primary. If the party had chosen a state-run primary, the primary would have been held on June 10, the regular primary date for all other elections in [[Virginia]].<ref>[http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/GOP-Opts-for-Firehouse-Primary-in-Wolfs-District-241852021.html ''NBC Washington'', "GOP Opts for Firehouse Primary in Wolf's District," accessed March 14, 2014]</ref> According to Virginia statutes, each political party is allowed to provide for the nomination of its candidates as well as make its own rules and regulations.<ref>[http://leg1.state.va.us/cgi-bin/legp504.exe?000+cod+24.2-508 ''Election Code of Virginia'', "Section 24.2-508," accessed February 11, 2014]</ref>
  
==Process to become a political party==
+
==Process to establish a political party==
 
{{vapoliticalpartyprocess}}
 
{{vapoliticalpartyprocess}}
 +
 
==Process to become a candidate==
 
==Process to become a candidate==
 
{{vacandidateprocess}}
 
{{vacandidateprocess}}
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*'''Virginia State Board of Elections'''<br>
 
*'''Virginia State Board of Elections'''<br>
:''Why: To obtain and file nominating petitions and declaration of candidacy forms; To obtain and file campaign finance forms
+
:''Why: This agency provides and processes nominating petitions, declaration of candidacy forms and campaign finance forms.''
 
::Washington Building, First Floor<br>
 
::Washington Building, First Floor<br>
 
::1100 Bank Street<br>
 
::1100 Bank Street<br>
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*'''Clerk of the House of Delegates'''<br>
 
*'''Clerk of the House of Delegates'''<br>
:''Why: For state house candidates''
+
:''Why: This office oversees filing processes for state house candidates.''
 
::P.O. Box 406<br>
 
::P.O. Box 406<br>
 
::Richmond, Virginia 23218<br>
 
::Richmond, Virginia 23218<br>
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*'''Clerk of the Virginia Senate'''<br>
 
*'''Clerk of the Virginia Senate'''<br>
:''Why: For state senate candidates''
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:''Why: This office oversees filing processes for state senate candidates.''
 
::P.O. Box 396<br>
 
::P.O. Box 396<br>
 
::Richmond, Virginia 23218<br>
 
::Richmond, Virginia 23218<br>
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===Counties===
 
===Counties===
 
::''See also: [[Counties in Virginia]]''
 
::''See also: [[Counties in Virginia]]''
Some candidates running for local office may have some contact with county offices for filing purposes. Individual county contact information can be found below. To provide information in this table, please [mailto:geoff.pallay@ballotpedia.org email us].
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Some candidates running for local office may have some contact with county offices for filing purposes. Individual county contact information can be found below. To provide information in this table, please [mailto:geoff.pallay@lucyburns.org email us].
{| class="wikitable collapsible" style="background:none; text-align:center; width:85%;"
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{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed" style="background:none; text-align:center; width:85%;"
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="8" style="background-color:#008000; color:white" align="center" | Virginia County Contact Information
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! colspan="8" style="background-color:#bd1d27; color:white" align="center" | Virginia County Contact Information
 
|-
 
|-
 
! County
 
! County
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| Middlesex||govote119@co.middlesex.va.us||804-758-4420||||804-758-3950||||865 General Puller Hwy. Saluda, VA 23149||PO Box 358 Saluda, VA 23149
 
| Middlesex||govote119@co.middlesex.va.us||804-758-4420||||804-758-3950||||865 General Puller Hwy. Saluda, VA 23149||PO Box 358 Saluda, VA 23149
 
|-
 
|-
| Montgomery||govote121@montgomerycountyva.gov||540-382-5741||||540-381-6811||[http://www.montva.com/departments/vote/ Link]||755 Roanoke St., Suite 1F Christiansburg, VA 24073  ||
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| Montgomery||govote121@montgomerycountyva.gov||540-382-5741||||540-381-6811||[http://www.montva.com/departments/vote/ Link] ''([[dead link]])''||755 Roanoke St., Suite 1F Christiansburg, VA 24073  ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Nelson||jbritt@nelsoncounty.org||434-263-4068||||434-263-8601||||571 Front Street Lovingston, VA 22949||PO Box 292 Lovingston, VA 22949
 
| Nelson||jbritt@nelsoncounty.org||434-263-4068||||434-263-8601||||571 Front Street Lovingston, VA 22949||PO Box 292 Lovingston, VA 22949
 
|-
 
|-
| New Kent||vote@newkent-va.us||804-966-9699||||804-966-8536||[http://www.co.new-kent.va.us/registrar/ Link]||7911 Courthouse Way, Suite 400 New Kent, VA 23124 ||PO Box 128 New Kent, VA 23124
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| New Kent||vote@newkent-va.us||804-966-9699||||804-966-8536||[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.co.new-kent.va.us/registrar/ Link]||7911 Courthouse Way, Suite 400 New Kent, VA 23124 ||PO Box 128 New Kent, VA 23124
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Northampton||vote@co.northampton.va.us||757-678-0480||||757-678-0453||[http://www.co.northampton.va.us/gov/registrar/ Link]||16404 Courthouse Rd. Eastville, VA 23347||PO Box 510 Eastville, VA 23347
 
| Northampton||vote@co.northampton.va.us||757-678-0480||||757-678-0453||[http://www.co.northampton.va.us/gov/registrar/ Link]||16404 Courthouse Rd. Eastville, VA 23347||PO Box 510 Eastville, VA 23347
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| Nottoway||govote135@gcronline.com||434-645-8148||||434-645-1636||||PO Box 24 Nottoway, VA 23955||
 
| Nottoway||govote135@gcronline.com||434-645-8148||||434-645-1636||||PO Box 24 Nottoway, VA 23955||
 
|-
 
|-
| Orange||vote@orangecountyva.gov||540-672-5262||||540-672-4872||[http://orangecountyva.gov/voter Link]||146 Madison Rd., Suite 204 Orange, VA 22960 ||
+
| Orange||vote@orangecountyva.gov||540-672-5262||||540-672-4872||[http://orangecountyva.gov/voter Link] ''([[dead link]])''||146 Madison Rd., Suite 204 Orange, VA 22960 ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Page||cgaunt@pagecounty.virginia.gov||540-743-3986||||540-743-1988|| ||551 Mechanic St. Luray, VA 22835||
 
| Page||cgaunt@pagecounty.virginia.gov||540-743-3986||||540-743-1988|| ||551 Mechanic St. Luray, VA 22835||
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| Prince George||ktyler@princegeorgeva.org||804-722-8748||||804-733-2793||||6602 Courts Drive, Suite 243 Prince George, VA 23875 ||PO Box 34 Prince George, VA 23875
 
| Prince George||ktyler@princegeorgeva.org||804-722-8748||||804-733-2793||||6602 Courts Drive, Suite 243 Prince George, VA 23875 ||PO Box 34 Prince George, VA 23875
 
|-
 
|-
| Prince William||pwcvote@pwcgov.org||703-792-6470||||703-792-6461||[http://www.pwcgov.org/vote Link]||9250 Lee Avenue, Suite 1 Manassas, VA 20110||
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| Prince William||pwcvote@pwcgov.org||703-792-6470||||703-792-6461||[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.pwcgov.org/vote Link]||9250 Lee Avenue, Suite 1 Manassas, VA 20110||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Pulaski||kwebb@pulaskicounty.org||540-980-2111||||540-994-5883||[http://www.pulaskicounty.org/ Link]||87 Commerce St. Pulaski, VA 24301||
 
| Pulaski||kwebb@pulaskicounty.org||540-980-2111||||540-994-5883||[http://www.pulaskicounty.org/ Link]||87 Commerce St. Pulaski, VA 24301||
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| Scott||Michael.Edwards@dmv.virginia.gov||276-386-3843||||276-386-3741||||382 Jones St., Suite 102 Gate City, VA 24251 ||PO Box 1892 Gate City, VA 24251
 
| Scott||Michael.Edwards@dmv.virginia.gov||276-386-3843||||276-386-3741||||382 Jones St., Suite 102 Gate City, VA 24251 ||PO Box 1892 Gate City, VA 24251
 
|-
 
|-
| Shenandoah||lmcdonald@shenandoahcountyva.us||540-459-6195||||540-459-6196||[https://www.shenandoahcountyva.us/voter Link]||600 N. Main Street, Suite 103 Woodstock, VA 22664 ||
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| Shenandoah||lmcdonald@shenandoahcountyva.us||540-459-6195||||540-459-6196||[https://web.archive.org/web/2/https://www.shenandoahcountyva.us/voter Link]||600 N. Main Street, Suite 103 Woodstock, VA 22664 ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Smyth||registrar@smythcounty.org||276-783-7000||||276-783-9055|| ||121 Bagley Circle, Suite 108 Marion, VA 24354||
 
| Smyth||registrar@smythcounty.org||276-783-7000||||276-783-9055|| ||121 Bagley Circle, Suite 108 Marion, VA 24354||
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::''See also: [[State executives with term limits]]'' and ''[[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
 
::''See also: [[State executives with term limits]]'' and ''[[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
 
The state executive term limits in [[Virginia]] are as follows:
 
The state executive term limits in [[Virginia]] are as follows:
*The [[Governor of Virginia|Governor]] cannot serve consecutive terms, but after a 4-year respite can seek re-election.
+
*The [[Governor of Virginia|Governor]] cannot serve consecutive terms, but after a four-year respite can seek re-election.
  
There are no state executive elections or term limits in [[Virginia]] in 2014.
+
There were no state executive elections or term limits in [[Virginia]] in 2014.
  
 
===State legislators===
 
===State legislators===
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===State House===
 
===State House===
 
{{vahousepartisan}}
 
{{vahousepartisan}}
 +
 +
==Recent news==
 +
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "'''Virginia + ballot + access'''"
 +
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 +
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Virginia+ballot+access&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Virginia ballot access news feed}}
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[http://www.fec.gov/ Official Website of the Federal Election Commission]
 
*[http://www.fec.gov/ Official Website of the Federal Election Commission]
 
*[http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2014/2014pdates.pdf FEC 2014 Primary Election Dates and Candidate Filing Deadlines]
 
*[http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2014/2014pdates.pdf FEC 2014 Primary Election Dates and Candidate Filing Deadlines]
*[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/electionlaw.html Virginia and Federal Election Laws]
+
*[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/electionlaw.html Virginia and Federal Election Laws]
*[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/BecomeACandidate.html Becoming a Candidate Guide]
+
*[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/BecomeACandidate.html Becoming a Candidate Guide]
 
===Forms===
 
===Forms===
 
*[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/Forms/Candidates/CAN_DECLARATION.pdf Declaration of Candidacy]
 
*[http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/Forms/Candidates/CAN_DECLARATION.pdf Declaration of Candidacy]
Line 382: Line 388:
 
*[http://www.americasthirdparty.com/Virginia America's Third Party] - includes ballot access information for each state
 
*[http://www.americasthirdparty.com/Virginia America's Third Party] - includes ballot access information for each state
 
*[http://rangevoting.org/BallAccess.html RangeVoting.org] - a listing of notably restrictive ballot access requirements
 
*[http://rangevoting.org/BallAccess.html RangeVoting.org] - a listing of notably restrictive ballot access requirements
*[http://www.campaignfreedom.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2013-11-19_Handbook_Smith_Election-Law-Handbook.pdf ''Center for Competitive Politics'' "Election Law Handbook" Winter 2013]
+
*[http://www.campaignfreedom.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2013-11-19_Handbook_Smith_Election-Law-Handbook.pdf ''Center for Competitive Politics'', "Election Law Handbook" Winter 2013]
 
*[http://www.directdemocracy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=41 National Voter Outreach] - a political consulting firm that specializes in organizing petition signature drives
 
*[http://www.directdemocracy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=41 National Voter Outreach] - a political consulting firm that specializes in organizing petition signature drives
  

Latest revision as of 09:28, 17 December 2014


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See also
This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Virginia. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Virginia. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: Virginia elections, 2014

Virginia held a primary election for certain city and town municipal offices on March 4, 2014 and a general election for those offices was held on May 6, 2014. Virginia also held a primary for U.S. House, U.S. Senate, and certain local offices on June 10, 2014 and a general election for those offices on November 4, 2014. Voters elected candidates to serve in the following federal offices:

The 2014 filing deadline for partisan candidates running in local primaries was December 19, 2013.[1] The filing deadline for third party and independent candidates for those local offices was March 4, 2014.[1] The requirement to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 elections, through the nomination of a U.S. Senate candidate, is a "pre-existence" status six months prior to the filing deadline for the November 2014 general election. The filing deadline for partisan candidates running for U.S. House or U.S. Senate was March 27, 2014, while the filing deadline for independent candidates running for those offices was June 10, 2014.[2]

Legend:      Ballot access     Campaign finance     Election date




Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
Deadline Event type Event description
December 19, 2013 Ballot access Filing deadline for partisan candidates participating in local primaries for city and town municipal offices
March 4, 2014 Election date City and Town Municipal Primary Date
March 4, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for third party and independent candidates participating in city and town municipal general election
March 27, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for partisan candidates participating in primary for federal office and certain local office
April 15, 2014 Campaign finance 1st campaign finance report due for May and November general election candidates
April 28, 2014 Campaign finance 2nd campaign finance report due for May general election candidates
May 6, 2014 Election date City and Town Municipal General Election
June 2, 2014 Campaign finance 2nd campaign finance report due for November general election candidates
June 10, 2014 Election date Primary for Federal Office
June 10, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for third party and independent candidates participating in general election for federal office
June 27, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for unaffiliated candidates seeking county, state, and federal office
July 15, 2014 Campaign finance 3rd campaign finance report due for May and November general election candidates
September 15, 2014 Campaign finance 4th campaign finance report due for November general election candidates
October 15, 2014 Campaign finance 5th campaign finance report due for November general election candidates
October 27, 2014 Campaign finance 6th campaign finance report due for November general election candidates
November 4, 2014 Election date General Election
December 4, 2014 Campaign finance 7th campaign finance report due for November general election candidates
January 15, 2015 Campaign finance Year-end campaign finance report due for May and November general election candidates

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of October 2013, there were two recognized political parties in Virginia.[3]

Party Website link By-laws/platform link
Republican Party Official party website Party by-laws
Democratic Party Official party website Party platform

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Virginia does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.[4]

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[5]

Events

In Virginia's 10th congressional district, Virginia Republicans opted for a "firehouse primary" to fill the seat vacated by Rep. Frank Wolf. A firehouse primary, also called a "party canvass," means the party will run its own election at 10 designated locations throughout the district.[6] Party officials voted for the firehouse primary instead of a convention or state-run primary. If the party had chosen a state-run primary, the primary would have been held on June 10, the regular primary date for all other elections in Virginia.[7] According to Virginia statutes, each political party is allowed to provide for the nomination of its candidates as well as make its own rules and regulations.[8]

Process to establish a political party

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 24.2, Chapter 5, of the Election Code of Virginia.

A "party" or "political party" means an organization of citizens of Virginia which, at either of the two preceding statewide general elections, received at least 10 percent of the total vote cast for any statewide office filled in that election. The organization shall have a state central committee and an office of elected state chairman which have been continually in existence for the six months preceding the filing of a nominee for any office.[9]

Process to achieve officially recognized status
A political party becomes "officially recognized" when a statewide candidate for office receives at least 10 percent of the votes cast. Before this, however, there are organizational steps a party must take:

  • A group of petitioners may utilize a selected party name on the ballot. The petitioners must organize a state central committee composed of registered voters from each congressional district in Virginia, a party plan and bylaws, and a duly designated chairman and secretary in existence and holding office for at least six months prior to filing the petition.[10]
  • The party name shall not be identical with or substantially similar to the name of any qualified, officially recognized political party.[11]
  • After achieving a state central committee, party plan and bylaws, and a chairman and secretary holding office for at least six months, this non-recognized political party can have their party label appear next to the name of a candidate running for federal or state office.[12]
  • In order to nominate a candidate for statewide office to achieve 10% of the vote for "officially recognized" status, a petition must be signed by 10,000 qualified voters. The petition must also include signatures of at least 200 qualified voters from each congressional district. The petition shall be signed by petitioners on and after January 1 of the year of the election only and contain the residence address of each petitioner.[12]
  • The petition shall be filed with the State Board of Elections by noon of the seventy-fourth day before the election.
  • The petition shall state the names of the electors selected by the petitioners, the party name under which they desire the named electors to be listed on the ballot, and the names of the candidates. The persons filing the petition shall file with it a copy of a subscribed and notarized oath by each elector.[13]
  • After meeting these organizational requirements, to become an officially "recognized political party" for purposes of Section 24.2-101 of the Election Code, this group of petitioners can gain ballot recognition with a U.S. Senate candidate, candidate for Governor, or any other candidate for statewide office by receiving 10 percent of the total vote cast for any statewide office filled in that election.[14]
  • Once a political party is officially recognized by the state of Virginia, candidates nominated by that party either through a convention or a primary will automatically achieve ballot access for all partisan races extending three election cycles.[15][12]

Party organization and bylaws

  • Each political party shall have the power to perform the following:
    • (i) Make its own rules and regulations
    • (ii) Call conventions to proclaim a platform, ratify a nomination, or for any other purpose,
    • (iii) Provide for the nomination of its candidates, including the nomination of its candidates for office in case of any vacancy,
    • (iv) Provide for the nomination and election of its state, county, city, and district committees, and
    • (v) Perform all other functions inherent in political party organizations.[16]

Nomination of candidates

  • The duly constituted authorities of the state political party, as stated in a party's rules and bylaws, shall have the right to determine the method by which a party nomination for a member of the United States Senate or for any statewide office shall be made.
  • The duly constituted authorities of the political party, as stated in its rules and bylaws, have the right determine the method by which the party nominates for an office within a congressional, General Assembly district, county, city, or town in which an office is to be filled.
    • For the nomination of candidates for the General Assembly where there is an incumbent, the party shall nominate its candidate where by the method designated by that incumbent, or absent any designation by him, by the method of nomination determined by the party.
    • For the nomination of candidates for the General Assembly where there is more than one incumbent of that party, there will be a primary unless all the incumbents consent to a different method of nomination.
  • A party that has adopted the method of making a nomination for an office by primary is not allowed to nominate by a convention any candidate to be voted for at that primary.[17]
  • For any office, nominations by political parties by methods other than a primary shall be made and completed in the manner prescribed according to the following schedule:
    • For a general election in November, by 7:00 p.m. on the second Tuesday in June
    • For a general election in May, by 7:00 p.m. on the first Tuesday in March
  • In the case of all general elections, a party shall nominate its candidate for any office by a non-primary method only within the 47 days immediately preceding the primary date established for nominating candidates for the office in question.[18]

For informational purposes, the table below provides examples for the total votes cast for statewide office in 2013 and the required amount of votes needed for a political party to become an officially recognized party.[19]

Statewide Office Total votes cast (2013)[20] 10% of total votes cast
Governor 2,240,314 224,032
Lieutenant Governor 2,200,844 220,085
Attorney General 2,212,281 221,229

Process to become a candidate

Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors
  • 45 states have Lt. governors, 43 of them fill the office by election
  • 21 states elect Lt. governors on a single ticket with the governor at both the primary and general elections
  • 5 states elect Lt. governors separately from Governors at the primary and then put the top two vote-getters together on the general election ballot
  • 17 states, including Virginia, elect Lt. governors separately from the Governor

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 24.2, Chapter 5 of the Election Code of Virginia

For partisan candidates

  • All candidates must file a Statement of Organization form within 10 days of meeting any of the following:
    • Acceptance of a contribution;
    • Expenditure of any funds;
    • The payment of a filing fee for any party nomination method;
    • The filing of a candidate statement of qualification; or
    • The appointment of a campaign treasurer, designation of a campaign committee, or designation of a campaign depository.
  • Candidates for statewide office shall file the statement with the State Board. Candidates for the General Assembly shall file the statement with the State Board and a copy of the statement with the local electoral board of the candidate's residence. Candidates for local or constitutional office shall file the statement with the local electoral board and, if the statement indicates that the candidate committee will be filing electronically, a copy with the State Board.[21]
  • Candidates must also complete the Certificate of Candidate Qualification form for the office sought. The form is a written statement under oath that states the candidate is qualified to vote for and hold the office for which he is a candidate.[22] The form must be filed before a candidate can purchase a Registered Voter's list from which to gather signatures.
  • Every candidate for election to statewide office, U.S. House, or the General Assembly shall file the statement with the State Board of Elections. Every candidate for any other office shall file the statement with the general registrar of the county or city where he resides.[23]
  • Candidates must also file a written Statement of Economic Interests if running for General Assembly, statewide office, school board in a town/city with population in excess of 3,500, or for constitutional office with the general registrar for a county or city.[24]
  • The Certificate of Qualification and Statement of Economic Interests must be filed at the same time by primary candidates not later than the filing deadline for the primary.[25]
  • Candidates must file also a Declaration of Candidacy form and submit a Petition of Qualified Voters form together on or before the filing deadline for the election. The petition must contain the required amount of signatures for the office sought.
  • Candidates seeking participation in a primary election must also pay a primary filing fee. The filing fee is 2% of the minimum annual salary for the office sought in effect in the year in which the candidate files.[26]
  • For more and information and links to the forms, see the bottom of the page.

Signature requirements

Office Signature requirements
Governor, U.S. Senate and other statewide offices 10,000, including 400 qualified voters from each congressional district
U.S. House 1,000
State Senate 250
State House 125

Filing fees

Office Salary Filing fee (2% of salary)
Governor $175,000 $3,500
State Senate $18,000 $360.00
State House $17,640 $352.80
U.S. House $174,000 $3,480.00
U.S. Senate $174,000 $3,480.00
Local offices Varies (check with the specific office for more information) Varies

For independent candidates

  • Independent candidates for the U.S. House and U.S. Senate must file a Declaration of Candidacy form, Petitions of Qualified Voters, and a Certificate of Candidate Qualification form with the State Board of Elections (more links to the forms, see the bottom of the page).[27]
    • Independent candidates for those federal offices must submit the required forms by 7:00 p.m. on the second Tuesday in June.[25]
  • Independent candidates for local office must file a Declaration of Candidacy form, Petitions of Qualified Voters, a Statement of Economic Interests form, a Certificate of Candidate Qualification form, and a Statement of Organization form with the local authority in the county or city for which an office is sought.[28][27]
    • Independent candidates for local offices must submit the required forms by 7:00 p.m. on the second Tuesday in June.[25]
  • Independent candidates for the General Assembly must file a Declaration of Candidacy form, Petitions of Qualified Voters, a Statement of Economic Interests form, a Certificate of Candidate Qualification form, and a Statement of Organization form.[29][27]
    • Independent candidates for the state legislature must file the required forms by 7:00 p.m. on the second Tuesday in June.[25]
  • Independent candidates must gather the same required signatures as partisan candidates. There are no filing fees for independent candidates.[30]

For write-in candidates

Write-in votes are permitted in all elections but primaries. A voter may cast a write-in vote for any person other than the candidates for the given office listed on the ballot. Write-in candidates are not required to file any special forms in advance in order to have their votes tallied (except in the case of presidential and vice-presidential candidates, who must file declarations of intent).[31]

Petition requirements

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Section 24.2-506 of the Election Code of Virginia

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain access to the ballot. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Virginia.

Each signature on the petition shall have been witnessed by a person who is himself a legal resident of Virginia and who is not a minor or a felon whose voting rights have not been restored, and whose affidavit to that effect appears on each page of the petition.[32] If an election district includes more than one county or city, the State Board of Elections suggests that the circulator use a separate petition form for qualified voters in each county or city to facilitate the processing of the filing.[33]

Petitions may be circulated beginning January 1.[32] The statutes do not stipulate whether the circulator is allowed to sign the petition.

Campaign finance

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 24.2, Chapter 9.3 of the Election Code of Virginia

  • Candidates must file a Statement of Organization form for the purpose of setting up a candidate committee. This form must be filed within 10 days of accepting contributions, spending any funds, paying a filing fee, or filing the certificate of candidate qualification form.
  • The form must include:
    • a. The full name and residence address of the candidate;
    • b. The full name and mailing address for the campaign committee;
    • c. The full name, residence address, and daytime phone number of the treasurer;
    • d. The office being sought and district, if any, for the office;
    • e. The recognized political party affiliation of the candidate for statewide office or the General Assembly. In the absence of any political party affiliation, independent shall be used;
    • f. The name of the financial institution for his campaign depository; and
    • g. Such other information as shall be required by the State Board except that the account number for a designated depository account shall not be required.[34]
  • Candidates must designate a campaign depository, which shall be maintained in a financial institution within Virginia, in an account properly identifying the name of and the existence of the political candidacy.[35]

Campaign treasurer

  • Candidates must appoint a single campaign treasurer who must be a registered voter in Virginia. Every treasurer so appointed shall accept the appointment, in writing on the statement of organization, prior to the filing thereof.
  • All contributions and expenditures received or made by any candidate, or received or made on his behalf or in relation to his candidacy by any person, except independent expenditures, shall be paid over or delivered to the candidate's treasurer or shall be reported to the treasurer.
  • The candidate or his treasurer shall keep detailed and accurate accounts of all contributions turned over to and expenditures made by the candidate or his treasurer on behalf of the candidate or his campaign committee, or reported to any candidate or his treasurer.
  • Such account shall set forth the date of the contribution or expenditure, its amount or value, the name and address of the person or committee making the contribution or to whom the expenditure was made, and the object or purpose of the contribution or expenditure.[36]

Large pre-election contributions

  • Any single contribution of $5,000 or more for a statewide office, $1,000 or more for the General Assembly, or $500 or more for any other office, knowingly received or reported by the candidate or his treasurer on behalf of his candidacy on and after the twelfth day preceding a primary and before the primary date, on and after the twelfth day preceding a general election and before the general election date, or on and after the eleventh day preceding any other election in which the individual is a candidate and before the election day, must be reported in writing or electronically to the State Board of Elections.[37]

Contribution limits
No statutory limits are placed on campaign contributions in Virginia.

Campaign finance reports

  • Candidates for statewide office shall file the reports required with the State Board of Elections.
  • Candidates for the General Assembly may file reports required with the State Board of Elections by computer or electronic means. Nonelectronic reports for the General Assembly shall be filed with the State Board and with the electoral board of the locality where the candidate resides.
  • Candidates for any other office who file reports in non-electronic format shall file with the electoral board of the locality in which the candidate resides.[38]

Each campaign finance report shall include:

  • 1. The total number of contributors, each of whom has contributed an aggregate of $100 or less, including cash and in-kind contributions, as of the date of the report, and the total amount of contributions from all such contributors;
  • 2. For each contributor who has contributed an aggregate of more than $100, including cash and in-kind contributions, as of the ending date of the report, the campaign committee shall itemize each contributor on the report and list the following information:
    • a. the name of the contributor, listed alphabetically,
    • b. the mailing address of the contributor,
    • c. the amount of the contribution,
    • d. the aggregate amount of contributions from the contributor to date,
    • e. the date of the contribution,
    • f. the occupation of the contributor,
    • g. the name of his employer or principal business, and
    • h. the city and state where employed or where his business is located.
    • For each such contributor, other than an individual, the principal type of business and place of business of the contributor shall be reported. For each such contributor other than an individual, it shall be sufficient to list the address of the contributor one time on the report of receipts.
  • 3. For each designated contribution received by the campaign committee from a political committee, out-of-state political committee, or federal political action committee, the candidate's campaign committee shall list the name of the person who designated the contribution and provide the information required by this subsection.[39]

Campaign finance reports shall also include all expenditures and give:

  • a. The name and address of the person paid;
  • b. A brief description of the purpose of the expenditure;
  • c. The name of the person contracting for or arranging the expenditure;
  • d. The amount of the expenditure; and
  • e. The date of the expenditure.[39]

Independent expenditures

  • An Independent Expenditure is an expenditure made by a candidate campaign committee (i) that is not related to the candidate's own campaign and (ii) that is not made to, controlled by, coordinated with, or made with the authorization of a different candidate, his campaign committee, or an agent of that candidate or his campaign committee.[40][27]
  • An Independent Expenditure report is required if the campaign committee makes independent expenditures that support, oppose or benefit a different candidate, in excess of $1,000 or more to a candidate for statewide office or in excess of $200 or more to any other candidate in the aggregate during an election cycle.[40][27]
  • Independent Expenditure reports are due within 24 hours after the committee has made the expenditure or when the advertisement supporting or opposing the clearly identified candidate is disseminated, whichever is first.[40][27]

Reporting schedule
Candidates whose office will be up for election in the November general election, which include federal office and certain local offices, will follow a particular reporting schedule. Candidates participating in the May general election for other local offices will follow the second schedule.

Campaign finance report dates for November 2014 election[40]
Deadline Report Report end date
April 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report March 31, 2014
June 2, 2014 Campaign Finance Report May 28, 2014
July 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report June 30, 2014
September 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report August 31, 2014
October 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report September 30, 2014
October 27, 2014 Campaign Finance Report October 22, 2014
December 4, 2014 Campaign Finance Report November 27, 2014
January 15, 2015 Final Campaign Finance Report December 31, 2014
Campaign finance report dates for May 2014 local elections[40]
Deadline Report Report end date
April 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report March 31, 2014
April 28, 2014 Campaign Finance Report April 25, 2014
June 16, 2014 Campaign Finance Report June 10, 2014
July 15, 2014 Campaign Finance Report June 30, 2014
January 15, 2015 Final Campaign Finance Report December 31, 2014

Election-related agencies

Figure 1: This is the Declaration of Candidacy Form for candidates.
See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

  • Virginia State Board of Elections
Why: This agency provides and processes nominating petitions, declaration of candidacy forms and campaign finance forms.
Washington Building, First Floor
1100 Bank Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219-3497
Telephone: 804.864.8901
Toll Free: 1.800.552.9745
Fax: 804.371.0194
Website: http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/cms/Index.html
Email: info@sbe.virginia.gov
  • Clerk of the House of Delegates
Why: This office oversees filing processes for state house candidates.
P.O. Box 406
Richmond, Virginia 23218
Telephone: (804) 698-1619
Website: http://virginiageneralassembly.gov
Email: GPNardo@house.virginia.gov
  • Clerk of the Virginia Senate
Why: This office oversees filing processes for state senate candidates.
P.O. Box 396
Richmond, Virginia 23218
Telephone: (804) 698-7400
Website: http://sov.state.va.us
Email: sschaar@senate.virginia.gov

Counties

See also: Counties in Virginia

Some candidates running for local office may have some contact with county offices for filing purposes. Individual county contact information can be found below. To provide information in this table, please email us.

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

The state executive term limits in Virginia are as follows:

  • The Governor cannot serve consecutive terms, but after a four-year respite can seek re-election.

There were no state executive elections or term limits in Virginia in 2014.

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

There are no term limits placed on Virginia state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from Virginia and List of United States Senators from Virginia

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Virginia:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Virginia
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 2 3 5
     Republican Party 0 8 8
TOTALS as of December 2014 2 11 13

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Virginia:

State Senate

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 18
     Republican Party 21
     Vacancy 1
Total 40

State House

Party As of December 2014
     Democratic Party 32
     Republican Party 67
     Vacancy 1
Total 100


Recent news

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See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

Other information

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 [http://www.sbe.virginia.gov/Files/BecomingACandidate/CandidateBulletins/May2014_City%20and%20Town%20Offices.pdf Virginia State Board of Elections, accessed October 9, 2013
  2. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Federal Candidates Bulletin," accessed February 8, 2014
  3. Ballotpedia e-mail correspondence with Virginia State Board of Elections Office, September 23, 2013
  4. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-101," accessed February 11, 2014
  5. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  6. Washington Times, "Races for open seats in Va. shaping up differently," accessed March 14, 2014
  7. NBC Washington, "GOP Opts for Firehouse Primary in Wolf's District," accessed March 14, 2014
  8. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-508," accessed February 11, 2014
  9. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-101," accessed February 11, 2014
  10. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-543," accessed February 11, 2014
  11. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-543," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in February 2014
  13. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-543," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-613," accessed February 11, 2014
  15. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-506," accessed February 16, 2014
  16. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-508," accessed February 11, 2014
  17. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-509," accessed February 11, 2014
  18. Virginia Code of Election, "Section 24.2-510," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Official General Election Results - November 2013," accessed February 11, 2014
  20. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Official General Election Results - November 2013," accessed February 11, 2014
  21. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.1," accessed February 11, 2014
  22. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-501," accessed February 12, 2014
  23. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named vaqualifications
  24. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-502," accessed February 10, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-503," accessed February 10, 2014
  26. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidate Bulletins: November 2014," accessed February 13, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-505," accessed February 10, 2014
  28. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidate Bulletins: Local Office, November 2014," accessed February 13, 2014
  29. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidate Bulletin: General Assembly Candidates (2013)," accessed February 13, 2014
  30. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Candidate Bulletin: U.S. House Candidates (2014)," accessed February 13, 2014
  31. Code of Virginia, "Title 24.2, Section 24.2-644," accessed June 11, 2014
  32. 32.0 32.1 Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-506," accessed February 7, 2014
  33. Virginia State Board of Elections, "Petition of Qualified Voters Form," accessed February 12, 2014
  34. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.1," accessed February 10, 2014
  35. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.2," accessed February 10, 2014
  36. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.3," accessed February 10, 2014
  37. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.9," accessed February 11, 2014
  38. Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.5," accessed February 11, 2014
  39. 39.0 39.1 Election Code of Virginia, "Section 24.2-947.4," accessed February 11, 2014
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 Virginia State Board of Elections, "2014 Candidate Reporting Deadlines," accessed February 11, 2014