Difference between revisions of "Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Wisconsin"

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{{Candidate access VNT}}{{tnr}}This page contains extensive information about '''ballot access requirements''' for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of [[Wisconsin]]. Offices included are:
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{{Candidate access VNT}}{{tnr}}This page contains extensive '''information about [[Ballot access|ballot access]] requirements''' for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of [[Wisconsin]]. Offices included are:
 
*[[United States Congress]]
 
*[[United States Congress]]
*[[Wisconsin State Senate]]
+
*[[Wisconsin state executive offices|State executive offices]] (e.g., [[Governor of Wisconsin|Governor]], [[Secretary of State of Wisconsin|Secretary of State]], [[Wisconsin Treasurer|Treasurer]], etc.)
*[[Wisconsin State Assembly]]
+
*[[Wisconsin State Legislature]]
*[[Wisconsin state executive offices|State executive offices]]
+
  
This page also contains information on specific filing dates each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Wisconsin. Information on running for election to county and municipal offices are not included.
+
{{Ballot access intro|State=Wisconsin}}
  
 
==Year-specific dates==
 
==Year-specific dates==
 
===2014===
 
===2014===
::''See also: [[Wisconsin elections, 2014]]'' and ''[[Wisconsin state executive official elections, 2014]]''
+
::''See also: [[Wisconsin elections, 2014]]''  
  
[[Wisconsin]] will have a primary for judicial candidates on February 18, 2014 and a general election for judicial candidates on April 1, 2014. A primary for statewide and legislative offices will be held on August 12, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:  
+
[[Wisconsin]] will hold a primary election for statewide and legislative offices on August 12, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:  
 
* [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|Governor of Wisconsin]]
 
* [[Wisconsin gubernatorial election, 2014|Governor of Wisconsin]]
 
* [[Wisconsin lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014|Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]]
 
* [[Wisconsin lieutenant gubernatorial election, 2014|Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin]]
Line 21: Line 20:
 
*99 [[Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2014|seats]] in the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]]
 
*99 [[Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2014|seats]] in the [[Wisconsin State Assembly]]
  
The 2014 filing deadline for all candidates running for statewide and legislative office is June 2, 2014 (for filing nomination papers and declaration of candidacy) and June 5, 2014 (for filing a Statement of Economic Interest).<ref name="calendar">[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/gab_forms/3/gabis_9_ball_acc_const_leg_rev_2013_05_pdf_14622.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'' "Ballot Access Checklist for 2014 Statewide and Legislative Candidates," Accessed November 7, 2013]</ref> The deadline for filing a petition to become a Ballot Status Party is April 1, 2014.<ref name="new party">[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/gab_forms/3/gab_171_petition_for_ballot_status_rev_2012_01_p_66763.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'' "Ballot Petition Form for Parties," Accessed November 7, 2013]</ref>
+
The 2014 filing deadline for all candidates is June 2, 2014. Candidates must file Statements of Economic Interest by June 5, 2014. The deadline for filing a petition to become a ballot status party is April 1, 2014.
 
+
<div style="float:left; margin-top: 0.0em; margin-bottom:3px; background-color: padding: .2em .6em; font-size: 100%; border:1px solid #A3B1BF;"><big>'''Legend:'''</big> {{legend|#8DB600|'''Ballot Access'''}}{{legend|#FFBF00|'''Campaign Finance'''}}{{legend|#926239|'''Election Date'''}}</div><br><br><br><br>
{| class="wikitable" style="width:60%;"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="background:none; width:70%;"
 +
! colspan="4" valign="bottom" style="background-color:#008000; color: white;" | Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
 
|-
 
|-
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#8DB600; color: white;" | Deadline
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | Deadline
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#8DB600; color: white;" | Event
+
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | Event type
 +
! style="background-color:#444; color: white;" | Event description
 
|-
 
|-
| '''January 7, 2014''' || Deadline for judicial candidates to register their campaign committees
+
 
 +
| '''April 1, 2014''' || style="background-color:#8DB600;"|Ballot access || Filing deadline for new parties seeking ballot status
 
|-
 
|-
| '''January 7, 2014''' || Deadline for judicial candidates to file a Nomination Paper for Nonpartisan Office form
+
| '''June 2, 2014''' || style="background-color:#8DB600;"|Ballot access || Deadline for candidates to file Declarations of Candidacy and nomination papers
 
|-
 
|-
| '''January 7, 2014''' || Deadline for judicial candidates to file a Declaration of Candidacy form
+
| '''June 5, 2014''' || style="background-color:#8DB600;"|Ballot access || Deadline for statewide and state legislative candidates to file Statements of Economic Interests
 
|-
 
|-
| '''January 10, 2014''' || Deadline for judicial candidates to file a Statement of Economic Interests (SEI) form
+
| '''July 21, 2014''' || style="background-color:#FFBF00;"|Campaign finance || July continuing report due**
 
|-
 
|-
| '''February 18, 2014''' || Primary Date for non-partisan judicial offices
+
| '''August 4, 2014''' || style="background-color:#FFBF00;"|Campaign finance || Fall pre-primary report due**
 
|-
 
|-
| '''April 1, 2014''' || General election for judicial candidates
+
| '''August 12, 2014''' || style="background-color:#926239;"|Election date || State primary date
 
|-
 
|-
| '''April 1, 2014''' || Deadline to file petition for a new political party to become a Ballot Status Party
+
| '''October 27, 2014''' || style="background-color:#FFBF00;"|Campaign finance || Fall pre-election report due**
 
|-
 
|-
| '''June 2, 2014''' || Deadline for statewide and legislative candidates to register their campaign committees
+
| '''November 4, 2014''' || style="background-color:#926239;"|Election date || General election
 
|-
 
|-
| '''June 2, 2014''' || Deadline for statewide and legislative candidates to file their Nomination Paper for Partisan Office form
+
| '''February 2, 2014''' || style="background-color:#FFBF00;"|Campaign finance || January continuing report due**
 
|-
 
|-
| '''June 2, 2014''' || Deadline for statewide and legislative candidates to file their Declaration of Candidacy form
+
| colspan="4" | <small>** Campaign finance reporting requirements vary according to the candidate's level of participation in each election. For more detailed information, see [[Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Wisconsin#Campaign finance|"Campaign finance"]] below.</small>
|-
+
| '''June 5, 2014''' || Deadline for statewide and legislative candidates to file their Statement of Economic Interest (SEI) form
+
|-
+
| '''August 12, 2014''' || State Primary Date
+
|-
+
| '''November 4, 2014''' || General election
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
==Political parties==
 
==Political parties==
As of October 2013, there are three recognized political parties in [[Wisconsin]].
+
::''See also: [[List of political parties in the United States]]''
 +
As of October 2013, there are three recognized political parties in [[Wisconsin]].<ref>Ballotpedia e-mail correspondence with Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, September 23, 2013</ref>
 +
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width:75%;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="width:75%;"
 
|-
 
|-
Line 63: Line 61:
 
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | By-laws/Platform link
 
! valign="bottom" style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | By-laws/Platform link
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Republican Party]] || [http://www.wisgop.org/ Official party website] || [http://www.wisgop.org/about/gop-principles/ Party platform]
+
| [[Constitution Party]] || [http://www.constitutionpartywi.com/ Official party website] || [http://www.constitutionpartywi.com/platform/2011-platform/ Party platform]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Democratic Party]] || [http://wisdems.org/ Official party website] || [http://webiva-downton.s3.amazonaws.com/477/05/0/1666/DPW_Bylaws_updated_04.21.2013.pdf Party by-laws]
 
| [[Democratic Party]] || [http://wisdems.org/ Official party website] || [http://webiva-downton.s3.amazonaws.com/477/05/0/1666/DPW_Bylaws_updated_04.21.2013.pdf Party by-laws]
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Constitution Party]] || [http://www.constitutionpartywi.com/ Official party website] || [http://www.constitutionpartywi.com/platform/2011-platform/ Party platform]
+
| [[Republican Party]] || [http://www.wisgop.org/ Official party website] || [http://www.wisgop.org/about/gop-principles/ Party platform]
 
|}
 
|}
  
==Process to become a political party==
+
{{political party designation final|State=Wisconsin<ref>[https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/8/20 ''Wisconsin State Statutes'' "Section 8.20(2)(a)," Accessed December 4, 2013]</ref><ref>[http://test.gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/gab_forms/3/gab_162_declaration_of_candidacy_rev_fillable_7_09_20916.pdf ''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'' "Declaration of Candidacy Form for Partisan Office," Accessed December 4, 2013]</ref>|allow=Y}}
{{wipoliticalpartyprocess}}
+
 
 +
==Process to establish a political party==
 +
{{Wipoliticalpartyprocess}}
  
 
==Process to become a candidate==
 
==Process to become a candidate==
{{wicandidateprocess}}
+
[[File:WI Declaration of Candidacy Form.PNG|thumb|300px|''Figure 1:'' This is the Declaration of Candidacy form.]]
 +
{{Wicandidateprocess}}
 +
 
 +
==Petition requirements==
 +
{{Wiballotpetitions}}
  
 
==Campaign finance==
 
==Campaign finance==
{{wicandidatecampaignfinance}}
+
{{Wicandidatecampaignfinance}}
  
 
==Election-related agencies==
 
==Election-related agencies==
Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:
 
 
::''See also: [[State election agencies]]''
 
::''See also: [[State election agencies]]''
'''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'''<br>
+
Candidates running for office may require some form of interaction with the following agencies:
212 East Washington Avenue, Third Floor<br>
+
 
PO Box 7984<br>
+
*'''Wisconsin Government Accountability Board'''<br>
Madison, Wisconsin  53707-7984<br>
+
:''Why: To obtain and submit nomination papers and candidate filing forms; to register campaign committees; to obtain and file campaign finance documents and reports
Phone:  608-266-8005<br>
+
::212 East Washington Avenue, Third Floor<br>
Toll-free: 1-866-VOTE-WIS <br>
+
::PO Box 7984<br>
FAX:  608-267-0500<br>
+
::Madison, Wisconsin  53707-7984<br>
website: http://gab.wi.gov/<br>
+
::Phone:  608-266-8005<br>
Contact website: http://gab.wi.gov/contact<br>
+
::Toll-free: 1-866-VOTE-WIS <br>
Email: gab@wi.gov
+
::Fax:  608-267-0500<br>
 +
::Website: http://gab.wi.gov/<br>
 +
::Email: gab@wi.gov
  
 
==Term limits==
 
==Term limits==
 
===State executives===  
 
===State executives===  
 
{{seo badge}}
 
{{seo badge}}
::*''See also: [[State executives with term limits]] and [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
+
::''See also: [[State executives with term limits]] and [[States with gubernatorial term limits]]''
There are no term limits for Wisconsin state executive positions and no officeholders term-limited in 2014.  
+
There are no term limits placed on Wisconsin state executives.  
===State legislatures===
+
===State legislators===
::*''See also: [[State legislatures with term limits]]''
+
::''See also: [[State legislatures with term limits]]''
 
There are no term limits placed on Wisconsin state legislators.
 
There are no term limits placed on Wisconsin state legislators.
  
Line 113: Line 118:
 
===State Senate===
 
===State Senate===
 
{{wisenatepartisan}}
 
{{wisenatepartisan}}
===State house===
+
===State House===
 
{{wihousepartisan}}
 
{{wihousepartisan}}
  
Line 130: Line 135:
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
===Official state and federal links===
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/ Official Website of the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board Office]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/ Official Website of the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board Office]
 
*[http://www.fec.gov/ Official Website of the Federal Election Commission]
 
*[http://www.fec.gov/ Official Website of the Federal Election Commission]
 +
*[http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2014/2014pdates.pdf FEC 2014 Primary Election Dates and Candidate Filing Deadlines]
 
*[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/rsb/stats.html Wisconsin State Statutes]
 
*[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/rsb/stats.html Wisconsin State Statutes]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/guideline/26/1249_campaign_fundraising_pdf_14405.pdf Campaign Fundraising Guide]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/sites/default/files/guideline/26/1249_campaign_fundraising_pdf_14405.pdf Campaign Fundraising Guide]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/elections-voting/candidates/state/partisan Partisan Ballot Access Documents]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/elections-voting/candidates/state/partisan Partisan Ballot Access Documents]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/elections-voting/candidates/state/non-partisan Non-Partisan Ballot Access Documents]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/elections-voting/candidates/state/non-partisan Non-Partisan Ballot Access Documents]
*[http://www.politics1.com/ca.htm Politics1]
 
 
===Forms===
 
===Forms===
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/GAB-1 Campaign Registration Statement]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/GAB-1 Campaign Registration Statement]
Line 146: Line 152:
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/GABIS-10 Campaign Finance Checklist - Statewide Constitutional & Legislative Candidates]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/GABIS-10 Campaign Finance Checklist - Statewide Constitutional & Legislative Candidates]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/gab-901 Statement of Economic Interests]
 
*[http://gab.wi.gov/forms/gab-901 Statement of Economic Interests]
 +
===Other information===
 +
*[http://www.ballot-access.org/ Ballot Access News] -- News updates and analysis of ballot access issues
 +
*[http://www.politics1.com/ca.htm Politics1]
 +
*[http://thirdpartypolitics.us/blog/category/ballot-access/ ThirdPartyPolitics.us] - a blog about American third party and independent politics
 +
*[http://www.americasthirdparty.com/Wisconsin America's Third Party] - includes ballot access information for each state
 +
*[http://rangevoting.org/BallAccess.html RangeVoting.org] - a listing of notably restrictive ballot access requirements
 +
*[http://www.campaignfreedom.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/2013-11-19_Handbook_Smith_Election-Law-Handbook.pdf ''Center for Competitive Politics'' "Election Law Handbook" Winter 2013]
 +
*[http://www.directdemocracy.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84&Itemid=41 National Voter Outreach] - a political consulting firm that specializes in organizing petition signature drives
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
{{Wisconsin}}
 
 
{{state political parties}}
 
{{state political parties}}
 +
{{Wisconsin}}
  
 
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
 
[[Category:Wisconsin]]
[[Category:List of political parties by state]]
+
[[Category:Ballot access requirements for political candidates by state]]

Revision as of 22:25, 31 March 2014

Policypedia
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Ballot access for major and minor party candidates
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See also
This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Wisconsin. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Wisconsin. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: Wisconsin elections, 2014

Wisconsin will hold a primary election for statewide and legislative offices on August 12, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The 2014 filing deadline for all candidates is June 2, 2014. Candidates must file Statements of Economic Interest by June 5, 2014. The deadline for filing a petition to become a ballot status party is April 1, 2014.

Legend:      Ballot Access     Campaign Finance     Election Date




Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
Deadline Event type Event description
April 1, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for new parties seeking ballot status
June 2, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for candidates to file Declarations of Candidacy and nomination papers
June 5, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for statewide and state legislative candidates to file Statements of Economic Interests
July 21, 2014 Campaign finance July continuing report due**
August 4, 2014 Campaign finance Fall pre-primary report due**
August 12, 2014 Election date State primary date
October 27, 2014 Campaign finance Fall pre-election report due**
November 4, 2014 Election date General election
February 2, 2014 Campaign finance January continuing report due**
** Campaign finance reporting requirements vary according to the candidate's level of participation in each election. For more detailed information, see "Campaign finance" below.

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of October 2013, there are three recognized political parties in Wisconsin.[1]

Party Website link By-laws/Platform link
Constitution Party Official party website Party platform
Democratic Party Official party website Party by-laws
Republican Party Official party website Party platform

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Wisconsin[2][3] does allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.{{{Reference}}}

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[4]

Process to establish a political party

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, Chapter 5, Section 62

In Wisconsin, political parties entitled to primary and general election ballot position are called "ballot status parties." In order to qualify for ballot status, a political party must meet one of the following criteria:[5][6]

  • At the last gubernatorial election, one of the party's candidates for any statewide office must have received at least one percent of the total vote cast for that office. In 2010, for example, a total of 2,062,661 votes were cast for Treasurer, meaning that a party's candidate for that office would have had to win at least 20,627 in order for the party to have ballot status.[7] Alternatively, if the last general election was also a presidential election, the party's candidate for president must have won at least one percent of the total vote cast that for that office in the state. In 2012, for example, a total of 3,068,434 votes were cast for president, meaning that a party's candidate for that office would have had to win at least 30,685 votes in order for the party to have ballot status.[8]
  • A political organization that was listed as "independent" at the last general election and whose candidate met the above qualifications can receive ballot status by requesting such status from the Government Accountability Board. The request must include the party's name, which cannot be the same as that of an existing party, and must be submitted by 5:00 p.m. on April 1 of the election year.
  • A political organization may petition for ballot status. The organization must file with the Government Accountability Board a petition containing the signatures of at least 10,000 qualified electors, including at least 1,000 from each of at least three separate congressional districts. The petition must be submitted by 5:00 p.m. on April 1 of the election year and will entitle the organization to ballot status for the period ending with the general election.[9]

Selecting candidates

Ballot status parties nominate their candidates by primary.[5]

Maintaining party status

In order to maintain ballot status, one of the party's candidates for any statewide office at the last gubernatorial election must have received at least one percent of the total vote cast for that office. Alternatively, if the last general election was also a presidential election, the party's candidate for president must have won at least one percent of the total vote cast for that office in the state.[5]

Process to become a candidate

Figure 1: This is the Declaration of Candidacy form.
Quick facts about Lieutenant Governors
  • 45 states have Lt. governors, 43 of them fill the office by election
  • 21 states, including Wisconsin, elect Lt. governors on a single ticket with the governor at both the primary and general elections
  • 5 states elect Lt. governors separately from Governors at the primary and then put the top two vote-getters together on the general election ballot
  • 17 states elect Lt. governors separately from the Governor

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, Chapter 8

The filing process for both ballot status party candidates and other candidates (e.g., independents, non-recognized parties, etc.) is the same. The filing procedure, however, does vary somewhat according to the type of office sought. Please note that while the filing requirements are the same, only ballot status party candidates can participate in primaries.[10]

For federal candidates

Candidates for federal office must file a Declaration of Candidacy with the Government Accountability Board. The Declaration of Candidacy must state the following:[10][11]

  • That the individual is a candidate for the office named on the form
  • That the individual meets the qualifications for office, or will meet the qualifications by the time he or she assumes office if elected
  • That the individual will otherwise qualify for office if nominated and elected

The Declaration of Candidacy must be sworn before an individual authorized to administer oaths.[11] The Declaration of Candidacy must be filed by 5:00 p.m. on June 1 preceding the election (if June 1 falls on non-business day, the form will be due on the next preceding business day).[10][12][13]

In addition to the Declaration of Candidacy, the candidate must submit a Nomination Paper for Partisan Office to the Government Accountability Board. The number of signatures required varies according to the office sought:[10][12][13]

Nomination paper signature requirements for federal candidates
Office Minimum signatures Maximum signatures
United States Senator 2,000 4,000
United States Representative 1,000 2,000

Nomination papers must be submitted by 5:00 p.m. on June 1 preceding the election (if June 1 falls on non-business day, the form will be due on the next preceding business day).[10][12][13]

For state candidates

Candidates for statewide and state legislative office must file a Declaration of Candidacy (the same as that filed by federal candidates). Like federal candidates, candidates for state-level office must also file nomination papers. Signature requirements vary according to the office sought:[12][13][14]

Nomination paper signature requirements for state-level candidates
Office Minimum signatures Maximum signatures
Statewide offices (e.g., Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, etc.) 2,000 4,000
State Senator 400 800
State Representative 200 400

Declarations of Candidacy and nomination papers must be filed with the Government Accountability Board by 5:00 p.m. on June 1 preceding the election (if June 1 falls on non-business day, the form will be due on the next preceding business day).[12][13][14]

In addition to these documents, state-level candidates must also submit a Statement of Economic Interests to the Government Accountability Board by 4:30 p.m. on the third day following the last day for filing nomination papers.[12][13][14]

Write-in candidates

On April 2, 2014, Governor Scott Walker signed into law AB 419, which requires that write-in candidates file campaign finance statements in order to have their votes tallied.[15]

Petition requirements

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, Chapter 8, Section 40

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain access to the ballot. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Wisconsin.

General petition requirements

Each sheet of a petition must include the word "PETITION" at the top in boldface type. Any individual signing a petition must include his or her signature, address, and date of signing.[16]

Nomination papers

Nomination papers cannot be circulated prior to April 15 in the year of the election. Nomination papers for ballot status party candidates must include the following text at the top:[17]

I, the undersigned, request that the name of (insert candidate's last name plus first name, nickname or initial, and middle name, former legal surname, nickname or middle initial or initials if desired, but no other abbreviations or titles) residing at (insert candidate's street address) be placed on the ballot at the (general or special) election to be held on (date of election) as a candidate representing the (name of party) so that voters will have the opportunity to vote for (him or her) for the office of (name of office). I am eligible to vote in (name of jurisdiction or district in which candidate seeks office). I have not signed the nomination paper of any other candidate for the same office at this election.[18]

Similarly, nomination papers for independent or non-recognized party candidates participating in the general election must include the following text at the top:[19]

I, the undersigned, request that the name of (insert candidate's last name plus first name, nickname or initial, and middle name, former legal surname, nickname or middle initial or initials if desired, but no other abbreviations or titles), residing at (insert candidate's street address) be placed on the ballot at the (general or special) election to be held on (date of election) as a candidate [(representing the (name of party)) or (representing the principle(s) of (statement of principles))] so that voters will have the opportunity to vote for (him or her) for the office of (name of office). I am eligible to vote in the (name of jurisdiction or district in which candidate seeks office). I have not signed the nomination paper of any other candidate for the same office at this election.[18]

Ballot status qualification petitions

No specific format is mandated by statute for ballot status qualification petitions.[20]

Circulator requirements

A circulator certification statement must be included at the bottom of each sheet of a petition. This certification must state the following:[16]

  • That the circulator personally circulated the petition and personally obtained each signature included in the petition;
  • That the circulator knows that the signers are qualified electors of the jurisdiction or district in which the petition was circulated;
  • That the circulator knows that the individuals signed the petition with full knowledge of its contents;
  • That the circulator knows the residences provided by the petition signers;
  • That the circulator knows that each signer signed on the date indicated;
  • That the circulator is a qualified elector of the state, or if not a qualified elector of the state, is a United States citizen age 18 or older who would be eligible to vote were he or she a resident of the state; and
  • That the circulator is aware that falsifying the certification is a punishable offense.

Campaign finance

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, Chapter 11

Organizational requirements

A candidate is required to file a campaign registration form when he or she develops the intent to become a candidate and before circulating nomination papers, receiving contributions, or making expenditures. The campaign registration must include the following information:[21][22]

1.) Information identifying the candidate committee, including party affiliation (if applicable), office sought, and date of the election
There are two types of candidate campaign committees: personal campaign committees (organized by the candidate for campaign purposes) and support committees (a committee organized on the candidate's behalf, with the candidate's approval, to support a potential candidacy). In order to appear on the ballot, the candidate must register a personal campaign committee.
2.) Information identifying the campaign treasurer[23]
The candidate is entitled to serve as his or her own treasurer. The treasurer's name, address, email address, and telephone number must be provided. All notices and forms for campaign finance reports will be delivered to the treasurer.
3.) Information identifying the committee's principal officers (if applicable)
4.) Information identifying the committee's financial depository[23]
All candidates must have a single depository account into which all contributions will be deposited and from which all expenditures will be made.

The candidate and the committee treasurer must sign the form and send it to the Government Accountability Board.[21][22]

A candidate may be exempted from reporting requirements if he or she meets all of the following requirements:[21]

  • The candidate expects that his or her campaign will not accept contributions, make expenditures, or incur obligations in an aggregate amount exceeding $1,000 per calendar year (including the candidate's own contributions).
  • The candidate expects that his or her campaign will not accept any contribution or cumulative contributions from a single source exceeding $100 per calendar year (excluding the candidate's own contributions).

Regardless of exemption status, the candidate or treasurer must keep detailed financial records.[21][24]

Reporting requirements

Candidate committees must file regular disclosure reports until the committee terminates its registration. Reports generally include the following types of information:[21][24]

  • Receipts
    • Receipts of $20 or less are reported as aggregate totals. A single contribution or cumulative contributions from the same source exceeding $20 must be itemized. The contributor's name and address must be included, as well as the date amount of the contribution. A single contribution or cumulative contribution from the same source exceeding $100 must also include the contributor's occupation and the name and address of his or her principal place of employment.
  • Expenditures
    • Expenditures totaling $20 or less are reported as aggregate totals. An expenditure greater than $20 must be itemized. The name and address of the person or business to whom the expenditure was made must be noted, as well as the date, amount and purpose of the payment.
  • Incurred obligations
    • Any incurred obligation must be reported when an enforceable agreement has been reached and must continue to be reported until the obligation has been reduced to zero.
  • Loans
    • Loans from individuals or political committees must be reported as contributions. Loans from financial institutions are reported as other income and as a loan. Each loan payment must be reported as an expenditure, and the cumulative amount of the payments made must also be noted.

Candidates must file pre-primary and pre-general election reports, each due eight days before the applicable election. Committees must also file continuing reports in January and July of each year until they dissolve. For informational purposes, the reporting schedule for 2014 is provided in the table below:[21][25]

2014 campaign finance reporting schedule
Report type Filing deadline Reporting period
July continuing report July 21, 2014 Date of committee registration - June 30, 2014
Fall pre-primary report August 4, 2014 July 1, 2014 - July 28, 2014
Fall pre-election report October 27, 2014 July 29, 2014 - October 20, 2014
January continuing report February 2, 2015 October 21, 2014 - December 31, 2014

Candidates must file special reports within 24 hours of receipt for contributions of $500 or more (or contributions from a single source totaling $500 of more) received in the 14-day period before the primary or general election (including a candidate's own contributions).[21]

A committee with receipts of $20,000 or more during a campaign period must file both electronic and paper copies of their reports. Paper reports must be submitted to the Government Accountability Board. Electronic reports are filed with the state through the Wisconsin Campaign Finance Information System.[21]

A candidate committee can terminate its registration only if it meets all of the following criteria:[21][26]

  • The committee determines that all financial activity will stop and that the committee will no longer receive contributions, make disbursements, or incur obligations.
  • The committee files a termination report showing that all obligations have been paid or satisfied and that the campaign's cash balance has been eliminated.
  • The committee completes the requisite termination request form.

Candidate committees can dispose of surplus campaign funds in the following ways:[21][26]

  • Returning money to contributors
  • Donating money to tax-exempt charitable organizations, the Common School Fund, the Wisconsin Election Campaign Fund, or any other government entity.
  • Transferring money to another registrant, provided the transfer is within the permitted contribution limit.

Contribution limits

Individual contribution limits apply to the entire primary and general election campaign in which the candidate is participating. Limits vary according to the office being sought.[21][27]

Individual contribution limits
Office Contribution limit
Statewide executive offices (e.g., Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, etc.) $10,000
State Senator $1,000
State Representative $500

An individual cannot contribute more than $10,000 in a calendar year to any combination of state candidates or political committees.[21][27]

Election-related agencies

See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office may require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

  • Wisconsin Government Accountability Board
Why: To obtain and submit nomination papers and candidate filing forms; to register campaign committees; to obtain and file campaign finance documents and reports
212 East Washington Avenue, Third Floor
PO Box 7984
Madison, Wisconsin 53707-7984
Phone: 608-266-8005
Toll-free: 1-866-VOTE-WIS
Fax: 608-267-0500
Website: http://gab.wi.gov/
Email: gab@wi.gov

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

There are no term limits placed on Wisconsin state executives.

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

There are no term limits placed on Wisconsin state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from Wisconsin and List of United States Senators from Wisconsin

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Wisconsin:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Wisconsin
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 1 3 4
     Republican Party 1 5 6
TOTALS as of October 2014 2 8 10

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Wisconsin:

State Senate

Party As of October 2014
     Democratic Party 15
     Republican Party 17
     Vacancy 1
Total 33

State House

Party As of October 2014
     Democratic Party 38
     Republican Party 60
     Independent 1
Total 99

See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

Other information

References

  1. Ballotpedia e-mail correspondence with Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, September 23, 2013
  2. Wisconsin State Statutes "Section 8.20(2)(a)," Accessed December 4, 2013
  3. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board "Declaration of Candidacy Form for Partisan Office," Accessed December 4, 2013
  4. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 5, Section 62," accessed March 27, 2014
  6. Correspondence with Wisconsin Government Accountability Board in October 2013.
  7. Government Accountability Board, "2010 General Election Results," accessed March 27, 2014
  8. Government Accountability Board, "2012 General Election Results," accessed March 27, 2014
  9. Government Accountability Board, "Petition for Ballot Status," accessed March 27, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Government Accountability Board, "Ballot Access Checklist for 2014 Federal Candidates in Wisconsin," accessed March 27, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 21," accessed March 27, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 20," accessed March 27, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 15," accessed March 27, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Government Accountability Board, "Ballot Access Checklist for 2014 Legislative and Statewide Constitutional Office Candidates," accessed March 27, 2014
  15. Ballot Access News, "Wisconsin Will No Longer Count Write-in Votes Unless Write-in Candidate Files Paperwork," May 17, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 40," accessed March 27, 2014
  17. Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 15," accessed March 27, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  19. Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 8, Section 20," accessed March 27, 2014
  20. Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 5, Section 62," accessed March 27, 2014
  21. 21.00 21.01 21.02 21.03 21.04 21.05 21.06 21.07 21.08 21.09 21.10 21.11 Government Accountability Board, "Campaign Finance Overview: State Candidates," accessed March 27, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 11, Section 5," accessed March 27, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 11, Section 10," accessed March 27, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 11, Section 6," accessed March 27, 2014
  25. Government Accountability Board, "Campaign Finance Report Dates," accessed March 27, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations Chapter 11, Section 19," accessed March 27, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations, "Chapter 11, Section 26," accessed March 27, 2014