Difference between revisions of "Ballot access requirements for political candidates in Wyoming"

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*15 [[Wyoming State Senate elections, 2014|seats]] in the [[Wyoming State Senate]]
 
*15 [[Wyoming State Senate elections, 2014|seats]] in the [[Wyoming State Senate]]
  
The 2014 filing deadline for all partisan candidates, including those participating in the state primary and seeking a party's nomination by convention, is May 30, 2014.<ref name="calendar">[http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/KeyDates.aspx ''Wyoming Secretary of State'' "2014 Key Election Dates," Accessed November 7, 2013]</ref> The filing deadline for independent candidates is August 25, 2014.<ref name="calendar" /> The deadline to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 general election is June 2, 2014.<ref name="calendar" /> Write-in candidates must submit an application to have their write-in votes counted by November 6, 2014.<ref name="calendar" />
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The 2014 filing deadline for all partisan candidates, including those participating in the state primary and seeking a party's nomination by convention, is May 30, 2014.<ref name="wycalendar">[http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/KeyDates.aspx ''Wyoming Secretary of State'' "2014 Key Election Dates," Accessed November 7, 2013]</ref> The filing deadline for independent candidates is August 25, 2014.<ref name="wycalendar" /> The deadline to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 general election is June 2, 2014.<ref name="wycalendar" /> Write-in candidates must submit an application to have their write-in votes counted by November 6, 2014.<ref name="wycalendar" />
  
 
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<div style="float:left; margin-top: 0.0em; margin-bottom:3px; background-color: padding: .2em .6em; font-size: 100%; border:1px solid #A3B1BF;"><big>'''Legend:'''</big> {{legend|#8DB600|'''Ballot Access'''}}{{legend|#FFBF00|'''Campaign Finance'''}}{{legend|#926239|'''Election Date'''}}</div><br><br><br><br>

Revision as of 09:55, 9 April 2014

Ballot Access Requirements for Candidates
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

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Information about Ballot Access and Voting
Election DatesState election agenciesBallot accessPoll Opening and Closing Times
Absentee voting • Early voting
Open Primary •
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U.S. House requirements for Independents in 2014
This page contains extensive information about ballot access requirements for state and federal candidates running for elected office in the state of Wyoming. Offices included are:

This page contains information on specific filing dates for each election year, how to become a candidate, how to create a political party, campaign finance requirements, state agency contacts involved in the election process, and term limits in Wyoming. Information on running for election as a presidential candidate or for county and municipal offices is not included. This page reflects research completed in April 2014.

Note: If you have any questions or comments about this page, email us.

Year-specific dates

2014

See also: Wyoming elections, 2014

Wyoming will have a primary election on August 19, 2014 and a general election on November 4, 2014. Voters will elect candidates to serve in the following state and federal offices:

The 2014 filing deadline for all partisan candidates, including those participating in the state primary and seeking a party's nomination by convention, is May 30, 2014.[1] The filing deadline for independent candidates is August 25, 2014.[1] The deadline to qualify as a political party in time for the 2014 general election is June 2, 2014.[1] Write-in candidates must submit an application to have their write-in votes counted by November 6, 2014.[1]

Legend:      Ballot Access     Campaign Finance     Election Date




Dates and requirements for candidates in 2014
Deadline Event type Event description
May 30, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for all partisan candidates participating in the primary or seeking nomination by convention
June 2, 2014 Ballot access Deadline to file for the creation of a new provisional political party
August 12, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-primary report due**
August 19, 2014 Election date Primary Date
August 25, 2014 Ballot access Filing deadline for independent candidates participating in the general election
August 29, 2014 Campaign finance Primary report due**
October 28, 2014 Campaign finance Pre-general report due**
November 4, 2014 Election date General election
November 6, 2014 Ballot access Deadline for write-in candidates to file application to have write-in votes counted for the candidate
November 14, 2014 Campaign finance General report due**
For more information, see "Campaign finance" below.

Political parties

See also: List of political parties in the United States

As of October 2013, there are four recognized political parties in Wyoming. Two parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party, are major political parties. Two parties, the Libertarian Party and the Constitution Party, are minor political parties.[2]

Party Website link By-laws/Platform link
Constitution Party Official party website Party platform
Democratic Party Official party website Party platform and by-laws
Libertarian Party Official party website Party by-laws
Republican Party Official party website Party platform

In some states, a candidate may choose to have a label other than that of an officially recognized party appear alongside his or her name on the ballot. Such labels are called political party designations. A political party designation would be used when a candidate qualifies as an independent, but prefers to use a different label. Wyoming[3] does not allow candidates to identify in this way. A total of 25 states allow candidates to use political party designations in non-presidential elections.

The 11 states listed below (and Washington, D.C.) do not provide a process for political organizations to gain qualified status in advance of an election. Instead, in these states, an aspirant party must first field candidates using party designations. If the candidate or candidates win the requisite votes, the organization may then be recognized as an official political party. In these states, a political party can be formed only if the candidate in the general election obtains a specific number of votes. The number of votes required and type of race vary from state to state. Details can be found on the state-specific requirements pages.[4]

Process to become a political party

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 22-4 of the Wyoming Election Code

Definitions

  • A "major political party" is a party whose candidate for either the office of U.S. House, Governor or Secretary of State received 10 percent of the total votes cast in the preceding general election. Only major parties are allowed to nominate by primary.
  • A "minor political party" is a party whose candidate for any one of the offices of the U.S. House, Governor or Secretary of State, received not less than 2 percent nor more than 10 percent of the total votes cast for that office in the most recent general election.
  • A "provisional party" means a political organization which has filed a legally valid petition. The filing of a legally valid petition entitles the provisional party to participate in the next general election.[5]

A major political party is allowed to nominate its candidates by primary election with its own party ballot, while minor and provisional political parties must nominate by convention.[6]

Requirements
Any group of persons desiring to form a new political party in Wyoming must file a petition with the Secretary of State not later than June 1 in any general election year in which the party seeks to qualify for the general election ballot.[7] The petition must be approved by the Secretary of State prior to circulation. To be valid, a petition shall contain the names and signatures of registered electors equal in number to not less than 2 percent of the total number of votes cast for the office of U.S. Representative in the last general election.[7]

The name of the party printed on the petition must consist of not more than 2 words and shall not be identical to, nor similar to, the name of any existing qualified political party as determined by the Secretary of State, nor include the word "independent."[7]

Signature requirements for a provisional party petition
Total votes cast for U.S. Representative in 2012 Signature requirements (2% of total votes cast)
241,205 4,833

Party organization and convention
Each provisional party must provide for a sufficient number of officers to govern the party and shall have at least a state party chairman and a state party secretary. Each officer shall be a registered elector in the party. Officers shall be elected or appointed in accordance with party rules and bylaws.[8]

The party's rules and bylaws, including the party's nominees for office, will be voted upon at a state political convention. The state party chairman and state party secretary shall certify all rules and bylaws that were promulgated or amended at the state convention and must file them with the Secretary of State within 30 days after the adjournment of the state convention.[9]

Nomination of candidates
The chairman and secretary of the state political convention shall certify to the Secretary of State the names of its party's nominees for U.S. Senate, U.S. House, all elective state offices, and legislative offices.

The names certified to the Secretary of State shall be filed no later than the day before the primary election. Persons certified as nominees shall be members of that party, as shown by their affidavits of registration, at the time their names are certified to the Secretary of State.[10]

Candidates seeking the nomination of a provisional party must submit the same application and fee that are required for the same office of a candidate seeking nomination by primary election.[11]

Process to become a candidate

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 22-5 of the Wyoming Election Code

Nominations of candidates for all offices filled at a general election may be made by primary election (for major party candidates), by petition for nomination as an independent candidate, or by party convention (for minor and provisional party candidates).[12]

Major party candidates
A candidate seeking the nomination of a major party for state or federal office must be registered in the party whose nomination he or she seeks and must submit an Application for Nomination form to the Secretary of State.[13]

Figure 1: This is the Federal and State Offices Application for Nomination by Party Primary Form for candidates running for federal or state office.
  • If running for state legislative office, candidates must be residents of the district in which they seek election for at least 12 months preceding the election.[14]
  • If running for Governor, candidates must be residents of the state five years prior to the election.[15]
  • If running for other statewide office, candidates must be a registered elector in the state.[15]

Applications must also be accompanied by a filing fee. No application will be considered valid without a filing fee. Candidates must file an application and filing fee no later than 81 days preceding the primary election.[16]

Filing fees by office
Office Filing fee
Governor
U.S. Senator
Secretary of State
State Auditor
State Treasurer
$200
State House
State Senate
$25

Minor and provisional party candidates
Candidates seeking the nomination of a minor or provisional party will be nominated by party convention. Candidates to be certified as the nominees of a minor or provisional party at a party's state convention must submit an Application for Nomination form to the Secretary of State along with the required filing fee for the office sought in the same manner as major party candidates, including submitting the required paperwork no later than 81 days prior the primary election.[17]

Independent candidates
Independent candidates for partisan public offices may be nominated by filing a signed petition. The petition must be approved by the Secretary of State prior to circulation.[18] Petitions must also be accompanied by the same fee required for the same office of candidates seeking nomination by primary election. A petition not accompanied by the fee is not valid.[19] Petitions must be filed with the Secretary of State no later than 70 days before a general election.[20]

  • For a statewide office, a petition shall be signed by registered electors, which are residents in the state and eligible to vote for the petitioner, numbering not less than 2 percent of the total number of votes cast for U.S. Representative in the last general election for the entire state.[21]
  • For a state legislative office, a petition shall be signed by registered electors, which are residents in the district and eligible to vote for the petitioner, numbering not less than 2 percent of the total number of votes cast for the office in that particular district in the last general election.[21]

For informational purposes, the table below provides examples for signature requirements past upon previous election data:

Signature requirements for state office
Office Total votes cast in last general election Required signatures for petition (2% of total votes cast)
Statewide office 241,205 4,825
State House District 10 3,882 78
State Senate District 15 4,611 93

Write-in candidates
Each person who requests to have all votes cast for him or her as a write-in candidate counted must file an application for candidacy together with the appropriate filing fee with Secretary of State no later than 2 days after the election in which the person desires to have the write-in votes counted.[22]

Petition requirements

In some cases, political parties and/or candidates may need to obtain signatures via the petition process to gain access to the ballot. This section outlines the laws and regulations pertaining to petitions and circulators in Wyoming.

Petitions may only be circulated for signatures during the calendar year in which the election for the office sought is to be held.[23] A petition circulator must also complete a declaration stating that he or she personally circulated a petition, that all signatures appearing on the petition were made in his or her presence, and that to the best of his or her knowledge, the signatures are the names they purport to be and are registered electors.[24]

Petitions for a new political party
Petitions for the creation of a provisional party must include the following language:

PETITION FOR A PROVISIONAL PARTY

I know the contents of this petition including the names of the provisional party officers and request that the ________ party be printed on the ballot for the next general election. I am a registered elector for the next primary and general election. (This statement shall appear at the head of each petition page.)

PROVISIONAL PARTY OFFICERS

__________________________________________________________

NAME & ADDRESS

CHAIRPERSON __________________________________________

TREASURER __________________________________________.[25][26]

The petition must also contain the signatures of registered electors in the state and in the following format:

PETITIONERS

(Signature) (Printed Name) (Residence) (Date)

1. ___________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________.[25][26]

Petitions containing signatures must also be verified by circulators in the following format:

VERIFICATION BY CIRCULATORS

I, ...., do hereby certify that I am a circulator of this petition, and I solely and personally circulated this petition, that all the signatures appearing herein were made in my presence from ....(month) ....(day), ....(year) through ....(month) ....(day), ....(year), and to the best of my knowledge and belief such signatures are those of the persons whose names they purport to be.

.... (signature)

.... (residence address)[25][26]

Petition for independent candidates
Independent candidates for office will complete and submit a petition containing the required signatures for the office sought. The petition must include a declaration including the language below:

PETITION FOR NOMINATION (INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES)

I, ...., swear or affirm that I was born on ...., ....(year), that I have been a resident of the State of Wyoming since ...., and that I am a registered voter of Election District No. ...., in Precinct No. ...., County of ...., residing at ...., (if for the office of state senator or representative, commissioner or other district office) in Senate (House) (Commissioner or other) District ...., State of Wyoming, and having obtained the number of signatures required by law for nomination by petition, I hereby request that my name be printed on the official ballot at the next general election as an independent candidate for the office of .... and declare that if nominated and elected, I will qualify for the office.

Dated the .... day of ...., ....(year).

....................... (Signature)

............... (Residence Address)

The eligible, registered electors supporting my nomination, and numbering not less than the number required, are as follows:

(Signature) (Printed Name) (Residence) (Date)

1._____________________________________________

2._____________________________________________.[27][26]

Petitions containing signatures must also be verified by circulators in the following format:

VERIFICATION BY CIRCULATORS

I, ...., do hereby certify that I am a circulator of this petition, and I solely and personally circulated this petition, that all the signatures appearing herein were made in my presence from .... (month) .... (day), ....(year) through .... (month) .... (day), ....(year), and to the best of my knowledge and belief such signatures are those of the persons whose names they purport to be.

............... (Signature)

........(Residence Address)[27][26]

Campaign finance

DocumentIcon.jpg See statutes: Title 22-25 of the Wyoming Election Code

Candidates seeking to collect contributions and make expenditures for the purpose of an election must form a candidate campaign committee. Candidates must file a statement of formation within 10 days of filing for office. This statement is required when any candidate's campaign committee is formed, whether before an election to aid in the campaign, or formed after an election to defray campaign debts incurred. The committee must also include a chairman and treasurer, who must be separate individuals. Campaign finance reports must be filed electronically through the Wyoming Campaign Finance Information System.

For candidates seeking state office, the statement of formation must be filed with the Secretary of State and contain the following:

  1. The name and mailing address of the committee.
  2. The name and address of the committee chairman and treasurer.
  3. The date the committee was formed.
  4. The purpose of the committee.[28]

Statutory filing dates
After formation of a campaign committee, candidates are required to file campaign finance reports throughout the election year.

  • Every candidate shall file a fully itemized statement of receipts at least 7 days before any primary, general or special election.
  • Every candidate, whether successful or not, shall file a fully itemized statement of receipts and expenditures within 10 days after any general or special election.
  • Every candidate in any primary election shall file a fully itemized statement of receipts and expenditures within 10 days after the primary election.[29]
Statutory campaign finance statement schedule
Report type Closing date of statement Due date
Pre-primary report 14 days before the primary election 7 days before the primary election
Primary report Within 10 days of the primary election 10 days after the primary election
Pre-general report 14 days before the general election 7 days before the general election
General report Within 14 days of the general election 10 days after the general election

Campaign finance reports
Campaign finance statements must set forth the full and complete record of receipts, including cash, goods or services. They must also include a fully itemized statement of receipts, including actual and promised expenditures.[30] Receipts that exceed the $25.00 threshold must be itemized.

All candidates and committees shall continue to make the reports until the campaign committee terminates and the candidate or committee files a statement of termination with the Secretary of State. A statement of termination may be filed upon retirement of all debts.[30]

Contribution limits

  • Until December 31, 2014, all candidates for political office may not receive more than $1,000 per election from an individual contributor.[31]
  • Effective January 1, 2015, candidates for statewide political office may not receive more than $2,500 per election from an individual contributor.[31]
  • Effective January 1, 2015, candidates for non-statewide office may not receive more than $1,500 per election from an individual contributor.[31]

Election-related agencies

See also: State election agencies

Candidates running for office will require some form of interaction with the following agencies:

Wyoming Secretary of State[32]

Why: To obtain and file applications for nomination forms; to pay filing fees; to file campaign finance reports
Elections Division
State Capitol Building
200 West 24th Street
Cheyenne, WY 82002-0020
Phone: 307.777.7186
Fax: 307.777.7640
Email: elections@state.wy.us
website: http://soswy.state.wy.us/Elections/Elections.aspx

Term limits

State executives

Portal:State Executive Officials
See also: State executives with term limits and States with gubernatorial term limits

The state executive term limits in Wyoming are as follows:

  • The Governor is eligible for 8 out of 16 years.
  • The Comptroller is limited to a total of 2 terms.
  • The Treasurer is limited to a total of 2 terms.

There are no state executive officials term-limited in 2014.

State legislators

See also: State legislatures with term limits

There are no term limits placed on Wyoming state legislators.

Congressional partisanship

Portal:Congress
See also: List of United States Representatives from Wyoming and List of United States Senators from Wyoming

Here is the current partisan breakdown of the congressional members from Wyoming:

Congressional Partisan Breakdown from Wyoming
Party U.S. Senate U.S. House Total
     Democratic Party 0 0 0
     Republican Party 2 1 3
TOTALS as of July 2014 2 1 3

State legislative partisanship

Portal:State legislatures

Here is the current partisan breakdown of members of the state legislature of Wyoming:

State Senate

Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 4
     Republican Party 26
Total 30

State House

Party As of July 2014
     Democratic Party 8
     Republican Party 52
Total 60

See also

External links

Official state and federal links

Forms

Other information

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Wyoming Secretary of State "2014 Key Election Dates," Accessed November 7, 2013
  2. Wyoming Secretary of State "Political Party Information," Accessed November 25, 2013
  3. Wyoming Election Statutes "Article 3, Section 22-5-301," Accessed December 4, 2013
  4. E-mail consultation with ballot access expert Richard Winger in January 2014.
  5. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-1-102," accessed March 25, 2014
  6. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-202," accessed March 29, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-402," accessed March 26, 2014
  8. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-303," accessed March 26, 2014
  9. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-305," accessed March 26, 2014
  10. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-305," accessed March 26, 2014
  11. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-304," accessed March 26, 2014
  12. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-101," accessed March 26, 2014
  13. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-204," accessed March 26, 2014
  14. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-102(a)," accessed March 26, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 Wyoming Secretary of State, "Federal and State Offices," accessed March 26, 2014
  16. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-209," accessed March 26, 2014
  17. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-304," accessed March 26, 2014
  18. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-301," accessed March 26, 2014
  19. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-306," accessed March 26, 2014
  20. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-307," accessed March 26, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-304," accessed March 26, 2014
  22. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-501," accessed March 26, 2014
  23. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-305," accessed March 26, 2014
  24. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-301," accessed March 26, 2014
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-4-402," accessed March 26, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  27. 27.0 27.1 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-5-301," accessed March 26, 2014
  28. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-25-101," accessed March 26, 2014
  29. Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-25-105," accessed March 26, 2014
  30. 30.0 30.1 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-25-106," accessed March 26, 2014
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 Wyoming Election Code, "Title 22-25-102," accessed March 26, 2014
  32. Wyoming Secretary of State: Elections