Ballotpedia's 2013 ballot measure coverage plan
Welcome to Ballotpedia! On this page you'll find everything you need to know about Ballotpedia's ballot measure election coverage for 2013. This includes state and local ballot measures as well as recall efforts. Additionally, below you'll find a preliminary list of unique election reports to expect for the year.
If you have any questions about election coverage or any of the projects please contact the Ballot Measures team.click here. For Local Ballot Measures, click here.
For the fifth consecutive year, Ballotpedia will cover all statewide ballot measures across the country, and local measures for 11 states.
If you are interested in volunteering to expand our local ballot measure coverage, we'd love to have you! Click here for more information.
In addition to election coverage, we are always working to build our database of historical statewide measures, as well as recall efforts. To read more about those projects click here for state measures and here to read about recall efforts.
Statewide ballot measures
Historically, elections on odd-numbered years see about forty-five measures on average; there were thirty-four in 2011.
This page features election results for all 31 ballot questions that were on the November 5, 2013 general election ballot in 6 states. Additionally, results are listed below for some of the most notable local measures and local recall measures on the November 5 ballot.
Of the 31 ballot measures voters faced in 2013, only 3 were petitioned onto the ballot.
Though the official number of ballot measures was 31, five of the seven measures that were on the ballot in Washington were non-binding advisory questions. A provision of a 2007 ballot measure, Initiative 960, directly led to the placement of these advisory votes on the ballot. Under that approved measure, a statewide advisory vote is required on all tax increases passed by the state legislature. Initiative 960 was sponsored by Tim Eyman and originally required a two-thirds supermajority in the legislature or a legally binding vote of the people to approve any tax increases or eliminations of tax credits. Though the supermajority requirement was struck down by the Washington State Supreme Court in 2013, the advisory vote clause was left intact.
Colorado had the latest signature petition deadline in 2013, which fell on Monday, August 5. However, finalizing the ballot was delayed by several weeks due to an extended signature confirmation effort for Colorado's Amendment 66. Supporters turned in 165,706 signatures by the deadline, nearly double the number required. However, after taking a random sample of 8,286 signatures, 3,641 were determined to be invalid. Supporters needed to attain a verification rate of at least 110 percent per any random sample; the sample rate from the signatures selected yielded only 107.88 percent. This triggered the tedious process of reviewing the signatures "line-by-line," delaying the official certification of the measure. Secretary of State Scott Gessler ultimately determined that 89,820 signatures were valid, thus allowing voters to decide whether or not to raise taxes in order to collect approximately $950 million for public education funding.
Seven states were identified as having the potential to see measures on the ballot in 2013: Colorado, Maine, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Texas, and Washington. Louisiana is another state which often features ballot measures during odd-numbered election years. Some ballot measures were slated for the 2013 ballot, but the legislature was unable to create a special election for this year. Therefore, those ballot measures were moved to the 2014 ballot.
To read week-by-week reports detailing how the 2013 ballot came together, see the archive of Tuesday Count reports.
Throughout the year, Ballotpedia staff tracks all proposals including legislative referrals and those made via the initiative & referendum process. This includes tracking filed initiatives, providing updates following petition drive deadlines, maintaining an up-to-date list of potential measures in each state and keeping track of measures that did not qualify for the ballot.
Every Tuesday at 4 pm CT, Ballotpedia publishes a report called The Tuesday Count that provides the latest in ballot measure (state and local), recall, lawsuit and ballot measure legislation news. That report highlights the current certification number for the year. On Ballotpedia's Tuesday Count for 2012 you can find a weekly breakdown of when statewide certifications occurred.
To view a more detailed picture of currently certified state ballot measures, take a look at the Ballot Measure Scorecard. This page highlights when certified measures will appear on the ballot as well as the type of measure.
Throughout the year, we'll be covering efforts to support and oppose ballot measure campaigns, including campaign ads, campaign finance totals, controversies and much more.
- For questions about statewide coverage contact the Ballot Measures Team.
Ballot measure law
In addition to covering campaign details for all certified measures, Ballotpedia staff tracks lawsuits filed against certified measures and proposals. You can find a list of such lawsuits for 2013 here.
Just as in 2012, we will continue monthly tracking of proposed changes to ballot measure law (the Ballot Law Update). These proposals can, for example, amend the constitution to permit initiatives or raise the number of signatures required to get a measure on the ballot.
- For questions about ballot law contact Eric Veram.
Local ballot measures
Ballotpedia currently tracks a total of 11 states at the local level, based on the availability of comprehensive online election information. Those 11 states include: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Missouri, Michigan, Ohio, Oregon, Washington and Wisconsin. When additional information in other states is made available, it is added to the growing local database.
Every year, Ballotpedia keeps track of all locally held ballot measure elections. You can find the list for 2013 here. That page provides a big picture overview of all of the local elections covered by Ballotpedia and summarizes election results.
In addition to the big picture overview, elections are categorized by date and county. For example: March 6, 2012 ballot measures in Ohio and Brown County, Ohio ballot measures. County pages provide readers a historical look at past measures that appeared on ballots in that particular county.
- For questions about local coverage contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
For 2013, much like our state and local ballot measure coverage, we are covering scheduled recalls as well as proposed efforts. You can find a list of upcoming recalls here.
Leading up to the November 5, 2013 general election, Ballotpedia ballot measure coverage will include a series of reports and analyses providing readers with a preview of what's to appear on ballots across the United States. (See below for more details).
On the night of November 5, coverage for state and local ballot measures as well as recalls will include:
- real-time results for all statewide measures scheduled to appear on November 5 ballots
- real-time results for statewide recall efforts (this includes state representatives and state executives)
- real-time results for 15 local ballot measures that featured noteworthy local campaigns
For an example of election coverage, take a look at 2011. 2011 ballot measure election results features election results for state and local measures only. November 8, 2011 election results features results for all elections covered by Ballotpedia. In 2011, that included state and local ballot measures, state legislatures, state executive officials and recalls.
2013 General election coverage will include:
- state and local ballot measures
- statewide recalls
- state legislatures
- state executive officials
A variety of election-related reports are produced throughout the year for state and local ballot measures, ballot law and recall. Some of those reports include:
- "The Breakdown" series - published prior to the general election. It provides a regional breakdown and summary of certified ballot measures.
- A series of about 5 reports that analyze various features about statewide measures including a look at lawsuits and political topics.
- A two-part look at local school bond and tax measures.
- An annual look at approval rates for all proposed local measures.
- The Ballot Law Update: Year in review - a look at ballot legislation and lawsuits.
2013 statewide ballot measures • Local ballot measure elections in 2013
Petition drive deadlines
|State||Filing deadline for 2013 ballot||Signatures for amendment||Signatures for statute||Signatures for veto referendum|
|Colorado||August 5 ||86,105||86,105||86,105|
|Washington||January 4 (ITL), July 5 (ITP)||N/A||246,372||123,186|
- Due to the large number of local measures generally scheduled to appear on ballots on the night of the General election, only 15 will be selected. ALL local measure results will be available in the days following the General election.
- Veto referendums, in most states, require a deadline of a certain amount of days after a targeted law is passed. Therefore, the deadlines in this chart do not apply to veto referendums. Deadlines can be found in a proposed veto referendum's article on Ballotpedia.
- Colorado Secretary of State, "Signature Requirements for Statewide Initiative Petitions", Retrieved January 2, 2013
- Ohio uses both direct and indirect initiated statues. For the Legislature to consider an indirect statute, 115,574 signatures is needed, which equals to three percent of the total number of ballots casted in the 2010 Governor's election. If the Legislature fails to qualify the statute, a sponsor must collect an additional 115,574 signatures.