Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Hawaii

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
In April 2013, the Ballotpedia staff created a report titled Who Runs the States, which analyzed partisan breakdown of government control in the 50 states and overlaid that with quality of life indices.

This page takes a specific look at how Hawaii performed in the study.

Hawaii breakdown

  • Over the past 22 years, the Hawaii government has been divided for eight years and under Democratic trifectas for 14 years including the last three years.
  • There have been 14 years of Democratic governors and eight of Republican governors during this period.
  • The Hawaii legislature was under Democratic control for all 22 years.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Specific reports

Partisan control changes

There were two partisan control changes in Hawaii during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Hawaii lower than the average.

Quality of life results

Hawaii’s average ranking among all quality of life indices was 33. During the 14 years when Hawaii had a Democratic trifecta, the average ranking was 29.46. During the eight years when Hawaii had divided government, the average ranking was 33.88, indicating a slightly better outcome under Democratic trifectas than divided government.

Correlation of partisanship with quality of life

Using a panel data regression with fixed effects, we explored the correlations between Hawaii’s partisanship and the performance of the state relative to other states over time. To indicate partisanship, we used our coding of one to nine (1 to 9) based on the specific combination of party control of institutions outlined in the “Overall Partisanship” section of the main report. The performance of the state was determined by the composite ranking of state “Quality of Life” relative to other states described in the “Quality of Life” section of the main report. In our regression analysis, the “Quality of Life” performance ranking served as the dependent variable and the partisan coding of the government two years prior (i.e., a two-year lag) was the independent variable. We introduced the two-year lag to allow some time for the policies of the party governments to influence state’s performance, although the implementation time for many state policies vary widely. These analyses were not designed to definitively show a causal relationship between partisanship and a state’s performance, but rather to explore trends and encourage further research.

This regression analysis shows no statistically significant, non-zero correlation between the partisanship of the government in Hawaii and Hawaii’s performance in the composite, “Quality of Life” rankings two years later. For more information, see Appendix C: Key Values for Individual State Regressions.

See also

External links

  • [Full Dataset on Google Docs]