Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Maine
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Maine performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for six years, including the last three.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maine State Senate for 16 years while the Republicans were the majority for four years.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Maine House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Maine State House of Representatives for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Maine State House of Representatives is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 and 2013.
Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were six partisan control changes in Maine during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Maine higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Maine’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 34.95, which puts it at 38 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Maine had the highest ranking was 2012, in which it ranked 27th.
- The year that Maine had the lowest ranking was 2007, in which it ranked 45th.
- The index type that Maine had the highest ranking in was Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 2nd.
- The index type that Maine had the lowest ranking in was Forbes’ Best States, in which it ranked 46th.
|Maine SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||17||14||35|
|America's Health Rankings||20||17||16||14||18||19||12||11||13||12||16||16||13||10||14||14||12||9||8||10||9|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||34||36||38||35||33||37||36||32|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||42||44||40||39||40||35|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||46||48||46||41||50||30||50|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||25||25||23||22||21||20||20||23||26||28||28||29||30||30||30||30||30||30||29||26||29|
|Personal Income Per Capita||35||35||35||35||36||35||35||35||34||32||31||31||31||35||33||35||33||29||29||29||28|
|Real GDP per capita||40||41||43||44||44||43||41||42||40||41||40||40||41||41||42||42||41||41||41||42||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||38||36||36||36||40||41||43||24||26||26||28||29|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||44||45||45||43||44||43||42||41||41||41||42||44||44||45||45||45||42||41||42||41||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||43||44||42||44||45||45||47||45||45||49||49||47||45||40||46||42||43||42||42||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||10|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||40||42||35||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Maine state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between 1992 and 2002, the state experienced divided government until electing a Democratic trifecta, which occurred between 2003 and 2011. For two years (2011 and 2012), the state had a Republican trifecta before reverting back to divided government. Maine hit the bottom-10 in the SQLI ranking in 2006 and 2007 (42nd and 45th, respectively). Its highest ranking in the SQLI ranking occurred in 2012 (27th) under a Republican trifecta. The state rose seven points in the SQLI ranking between the years 2010 and 2011.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 38.38
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 28.00
- SQLI average with divided government: 33.73
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Maine
- Maine State Senate
- Maine House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Maine
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Commissioner of Education | Superintendent of Insurance | Commissioner of Agriculture | Commissioner of Conservation | Commissioner of Labor | Chairman of Public Utilities |