Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how Michigan performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years, including the last three. Michigan was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State Senate. The Michigan State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
Michigan House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State House of Representatives for 13 years while the Democrats were the majority for seven years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were six partisan control changes in Michigan during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Michigan higher than the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
Michigan’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 30.86, which puts it at 32 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The year that Michigan had the highest ranking was 1999, in which it ranked 17th.
- The years that Michigan had the lowest ranking were 2009 and 2010, in which it ranked 47th.
- The index type that Michigan had the highest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 5th.
- The index type that Michigan had the lowest ranking in was Unemployment Rate, in which it ranked 50th.
|Michigan SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||47||48||31|
|America's Health Rankings||32||33||33||32||30||28||28||30||28||28||30||29||35||32||30||33||31||30||28||33||37|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||45||47||46||48||48||48||46||46|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||41||40||41||41||34||33|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||45||46||47||49||47||47||47|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||10||11||7||5||5||6||7||7||9||8||7||7||7||7||5||5||5||6||5||5||5|
|Personal Income Per Capita||20||20||17||17||19||19||18||17||18||20||21||21||26||30||35||37||39||40||39||36||35|
|Real GDP per capita||25||21||19||22||23||23||24||23||24||29||28||29||34||37||39||38||40||42||42||40||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||1||1||10||10||17||20||43||46||45||45||45||45|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||24||20||21||37||38||32||30||28||33||33||31||33||36||35||37||36||37||40||40||38||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||26||31||28||25||30||30||30||31||31||28||28||29||28||29||29||26||29||37||33||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||24|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||23||31||37||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Massachusetts state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Michigan has had spurts of divided government and a Republican trifecta. The state had a Republican trifecta during three separate periods (1995-1996, 1999-2002, and 2011-2013) and divided government during three separate periods (1992-1994, 1997-1998, and 2003-2010). The state’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1999 under a Republican trifecta (19th). Beginning in 2007, Michigan has slipped into the bottom-10 of the SQLI ranking and has remained there since. Michigan saw its most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking between 2001 and 2002 and again between 2003 and 2004, under both a Republican trifecta and divided government, respectively. The state had not had a Democratic trifecta.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 26.88
- SQLI average with divided government: 33.31
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of Michigan
- Michigan State Senate
- Michigan House of Representatives
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of Michigan
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