Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, New Jersey
- 1 Background about the study
- 2 Part 1: Partisanship analysis
- 3 Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
- 4 Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 Footnotes
The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?
At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.
This page takes a specific look at how New Jersey performed in the study.
Background about the study
- See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States
Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.
Part 1: Partisanship analysis
New Jersey Governor
From 1992 to 2013, New Jersey had Democratic governors in office for 10 years while there were Republican governors in office for 12 years, including the last four.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
New Jersey Senate
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Jersey State Senate for the first 10 years and the Republicans were the majority for the last 10 years.
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
New Jersey House of Representatives
From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Jersey House of Representatives for the last 12 years and the Republicans were the majority for the first 10 years.
Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
Partisan control changes
There were four partisan control changes in New Jersey during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting New Jersey equal to the average.
Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)
New Jersey’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 16.33, which puts it at 14 in the overall SQLI ranking.
- The years that New Jersey had the highest ranking were 1999 and 2000, in which it ranked 6th.
- The year that New Jersey had the lowest ranking was 2012, in which it ranked 36th.
- The index type that New Jersey had the highest ranking in was Personal Income Per Capita and Poverty Rate, in which it ranked 2nd.
- The index type that New Jersey had the lowest ranking in was State/Local Tax Burden, in which it ranked 49th.
|New Jersey SQLI 1992-2012|
|24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||21||37||46|
|America's Health Rankings||24||23||24||22||21||25||24||23||22||21||21||21||16||19||15||18||15||18||17||17||8|
|Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||37||45||45||46||47||47||47||45|
|CNBC Top States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||15||18||24||22||30||41|
|Forbes Best States for Business||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||16||19||34||45||40||44||36|
|Govt. Employment Share Population||19||18||17||16||13||14||13||12||12||13||15||17||18||20||21||21||19||19||16||16||18|
|Personal Income Per Capita||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||3||3||2||2||3||3||3||3|
|Real GDP per capita||5||5||5||4||4||4||5||5||6||6||6||6||6||7||7||7||7||7||7||8||N/A|
|S&P Credit Rating||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||11||21||20||36||17||20||21||24||26||26||45||45|
|State Govt. Spending/GDP||32||22||23||30||22||14||18||13||11||14||17||20||21||24||25||22||20||21||26||27||N/A|
|State & local tax burden||49||48||49||48||48||46||46||48||46||48||48||49||49||49||49||49||49||49||49||N/A||N/A|
|Tax Freedom Day||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||48|
|Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||N/A||46||39||44||N/A|
Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay
New Jersey was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.
The chart below depicts the partisanship of New Jersey state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. New Jersey had Republican trifectas from 1994-2011 and Democratic trifectas from 2004-2009. There were four years when New Jersey finished in the top-10, all of those years with Republican trifectas.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.67
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 9.75
- SQLI average with divided government: 21.86
- Ballotpedia:Who runs the states
- Governor of New Jersey
- New Jersey State Senate
- New Jersey General Assembly
- Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.
State of New Jersey
|State executive officer||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Commissioner of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Commissioner of Environmental Protection | Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development | President of Public Utilities |