Difference between revisions of "Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, South Dakota"

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{{tnr}}{{who runs states vnt}}In April 2013, the Ballotpedia staff created a report titled ''Who Runs the States'', which analyzed partisan breakdown of government control in the 50 states and overlaid that with quality of life indices.
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{{tnr}}{{who runs states vnt}}{{who runs the states intro}}
  
This page takes a specific look at how South Dakota performed in the study.
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This page takes a specific look at how South Dakota performed in the [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States|study]].
 
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==South Dakota breakdown==
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*Over the past 22 years, the South Dakota government has been divided for two years and under a Republican trifecta for 20 years. 
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*Republican governors were in office for all 22 years of the study period. 
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*The South Dakota legislature was split for two years and under Republican control for 20 years, including the last 19.
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==Background about the study==
 
==Background about the study==
{{Ballotpedia: Who runs the states}}
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{{Who runs the states summary}}
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==Part 1: Partisanship analysis==
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===South Dakota Governor===
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During every year from 1992 to 2013 there were Republican governors in office for South Dakota.  South Dakota is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 to 2013.  South Dakota was under Republican [[trifectas]] for the final 19 years of the study.
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Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
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Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
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===South Dakota Senate===
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From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Dakota State Senate for two years while the Republicans were the majority for 20 years. The South Dakota State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
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Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
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===South Dakota House of Representatives===
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During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the South Dakota State House of Representatives. The South Dakota House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.
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Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.
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The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of South Dakota|Office of the Governor of South Dakota]], the [[South Dakota State Senate]] and the [[South Dakota House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
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[[File:Partisan composition of South Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
  
==Specific reports==
 
 
===Partisan control changes===
 
===Partisan control changes===
There were two partisan control changes in South Dakota during the study period.  The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting South Dakota lower than the average.
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There were two partisan control changes in South Dakota during the study period.  The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting South Dakota less than the average.
  
===Quality of life results===
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{|
South Dakota’s average ranking among all quality of life indices was eight. During the 20 years when South Dakota had a Republican trifecta, the average ranking was 8.95.  During the two years when South Dakota had divided government, the average ranking was 10.
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|----- valign="right"
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|[[File:South Dakota legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|right|250px]]
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|[[File:South Dakota government pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|right|250px]]
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|[[File:South Dakota gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|right|250px]]
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|}
  
===Correlation of partisanship with quality of life===
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==Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)==
Using a panel data regression with fixed effects, we explored the correlations between South Dakota’s partisanship and the performance of the state relative to other states over time. To indicate partisanship, we used our coding of one to nine (1 to 9) based on the specific combination of party control of institutions outlined in the “Overall Partisanship” section of the main report. The performance of the state was determined by the composite ranking of state “Quality of Life” relative to other states described in the “Quality of Life” section of the main report. In our regression analysis, the “Quality of Life” performance ranking served as the dependent variable and the partisan coding of the government two years prior (i.e., a two-year lag) was the independent variable. We introduced the two-year lag to allow some time for the policies of the party governments to influence state’s performance, although the implementation time for many state policies vary widely. These analyses were not designed to definitively show a causal relationship between partisanship and a state’s performance, but rather to explore trends and encourage further research.
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South Dakota’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 9.05, which puts it at 8 in the overall SQLI ranking.<ref>Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.</ref>
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*The year that South Dakota had the highest ranking was 2010, in which it ranked 5th.
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*The year that South Dakota had the lowest ranking was 1997, in which it ranked 15th.
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*The index type that South Dakota had the highest ranking in was Unfunded Pension Liabilities Per Capita, in which it ranked 2nd.
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*The index type that South Dakota had the lowest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 46th.
  
This regression analysis shows no statistically significant, non-zero correlation between the partisanship of the government in South Dakota and South Dakota’s performance in the composite, “Quality of Life” rankings two years later. Notably, South Dakota had the same type of government (a Republican trifecta) for all but two years of the study period. As such, the available data to evaluate the relationship between performance and party control is very limited. For more information, see Appendix C: Key Values for Individual State Regressions.
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{{South Dakota SQLI}}
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==Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay==
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The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Dakota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. For all but two years of the study, South Dakota had Republican trifectas. For over half the years of the study South Dakota was ranked in the top-10. Its best ranking, finishing 5th, occurred in 2010, and its worst, finishing 14th, occurred in 2000.
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[[File:South Dakota SQLI visualization.PNG|thumb|center|1000px|Chart displaying the partisanship of the South Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).]]
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Ballotpedia:Who runs the states]]
 
*[[Ballotpedia:Who runs the states]]
 
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**[[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Part One: State Partisanship]]
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**[[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Part Two: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)]]
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*[[Governor of South Dakota]]
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*[[South Dakota State Senate]]
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*[[South Dakota House of Representatives]]
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[Full Dataset on Google Docs]
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*[https://docs.google.com/a/ballotpedia.org/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0Arq5YjCoT1vndEkyN1FGN1JlWTBtQVVIWDZjTHV1SEE Full Dataset on Google Docs]
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==Footnotes==
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{who runs the states hnt}}
 
{{who runs the states hnt}}
 
{{South Dakota}}
 
{{South Dakota}}
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[[Category:Who runs the states project, state pages]]

Revision as of 06:50, 6 December 2013


WhoRunsTheStates Badge.png

Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how South Dakota performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

South Dakota Governor

During every year from 1992 to 2013 there were Republican governors in office for South Dakota. South Dakota is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992 to 2013. South Dakota was under Republican trifectas for the final 19 years of the study.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

South Dakota Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the South Dakota State Senate for two years while the Republicans were the majority for 20 years. The South Dakota State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

South Dakota House of Representatives

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the South Dakota State House of Representatives. The South Dakota House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of South Dakota, the South Dakota State Senate and the South Dakota House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of South Dakota state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were two partisan control changes in South Dakota during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting South Dakota less than the average.

South Dakota legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
South Dakota government pie chart 1992-2013.png
South Dakota gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

South Dakota’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 9.05, which puts it at 8 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that South Dakota had the highest ranking was 2010, in which it ranked 5th.
  • The year that South Dakota had the lowest ranking was 1997, in which it ranked 15th.
  • The index type that South Dakota had the highest ranking in was Unfunded Pension Liabilities Per Capita, in which it ranked 2nd.
  • The index type that South Dakota had the lowest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 46th.
South Dakota SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 13 10 7
America's Health Rankings 12 14 18 12 11 9 11 14 14 17 12 11 19 17 16 16 20 20 20 19 27
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 26 21 20 17 21 13 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 28 23 20 18 13 14 15 19
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18 7 12 7 13 7
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 17 25 23 16 17 17 12
Govt. Employment Share Population 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 45 45 45 46 47 46
Graduation Rate 6 6 6 1 1 1 3 7 15 25 18 25 17 14 8 8 11 6 9 6 12
Personal Income Per Capita 37 37 36 38 35 37 36 36 36 35 36 28 24 24 31 25 22 22 20 12 18
Poverty Rate 30 30 34 33 23 43 23 9 27 11 29 33 36 26 24 12 30 33 22 27 N/A
Real GDP per capita 37 32 34 35 35 40 37 35 32 28 20 23 23 22 25 24 18 15 22 23 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20 21 24 26 26 13 14
State Govt. Spending/GDP 13 13 16 14 14 19 20 18 12 15 8 8 6 9 14 9 4 9 9 8 N/A
State & local tax burden 4 3 4 4 4 3 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 4 3 3 2 2 2 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5
Unemployment Rate 2 2 2 2 3 3 7 4 3 2 1 1 3 8 6 4 1 3 3 3 3
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 3 2 N/A
Voter Turnout 8 1 1 5 5 7 7 18 18 2 2 8 8 2 2 23 23 4 4 27 27
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31 19 7 11 11

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the South Dakota state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. For all but two years of the study, South Dakota had Republican trifectas. For over half the years of the study South Dakota was ranked in the top-10. Its best ranking, finishing 5th, occurred in 2010, and its worst, finishing 14th, occurred in 2000.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the South Dakota government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.