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Difference between revisions of "Ben Cardin"

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|Pension =
 
|Pension =
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012
 
|Last election = November 6, 2012
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|Cost per vote 2012 = $4.27
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
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|Prior office = U.S. House of Representatives
 
|Prior office = U.S. House of Representatives
 
|Prior office years = 1987-2007
 
|Prior office years = 1987-2007
|Prior office 2 =  
+
|Prior office 2 = Maryland State House of Delegates
|Prior office 2 years =  
+
|Prior office 2 years = 1966-1986
 
|Prior office 3 =
 
|Prior office 3 =
 
|Prior office 3 years =
 
|Prior office 3 years =
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|Place of birth = Baltimore, Maryland
 
|Place of birth = Baltimore, Maryland
 
|Profession = Attorney
 
|Profession = Attorney
|Net worth = $2,707,037
+
|Net worth = $5,276,037.50
 
|Religion = Jewish
 
|Religion = Jewish
 
|Office website = http://cardin.senate.gov/
 
|Office website = http://cardin.senate.gov/
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|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
 
|Campaign logo =Ben Cardin logo.jpg
 
|Campaign logo =Ben Cardin logo.jpg
}}{{tnr}}'''Benjamin Louis "Ben" Cardin''' (b. December 11, 1943) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Maryland]]. Cardin was first elected to the Senate in 2006.
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Benjamin Louis "Ben" Cardin''' (b. October 5, 1943, in Baltimore, [[Maryland|MD]]) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Maryland]]. Cardin was first elected to the Senate in 2006.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000141 ''Congress Biographical Guide'', "Ben Cardin," accessed August 21, 2013]</ref>
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cardin is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Democrat]]".<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/person.xpd?id=400064 ''Gov Track'' "Ben Cardin," Accessed March 3, 2012]</ref>
+
Cardin ran for re-election in 2012. [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Eighteen other candidates]] ran in the primary election on April 3, 2012.<ref>[http://baltimore.citybizlist.com/1/2012/1/15/Eighteen-Challengers-Vie-for-Cardins-Senate-Seat.aspx ''City Biz List'', "Eighteen Challengers Vie for Cardin's Senate Seat," accessed February 18, 2012]</ref> Cardin defeated [[Raymond Blagmon]], [[C. Anthony Muse]], [[J.P. Cusick]], [[Christopher Garner]], [[Ralph Jaffe]], [[Blaine Taylor]], [[Ed Tinus]] and [[Lih Young]] in the [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Democratic primary]].<ref name="primary">[http://mdimap.us/elections/ ''Maryland State Board of Elections'', "Primary Election Results 2012," accessed April 3, 2012]</ref>
 
+
Cardin ran for re-election in 2012. [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Eighteen other candidates]] ran in the April 3, 2012 primary election.<ref>[http://baltimore.citybizlist.com/1/2012/1/15/Eighteen-Challengers-Vie-for-Cardins-Senate-Seat.aspx ''City Biz List'' "Eighteen Challengers Vie for Cardin's Senate Seat," Accessed February 18, 2012]</ref> Cardin defeated [[Raymond Blagmon]], [[C. Anthony Muse]], [[J.P. Cusick]], [[Christopher Garner]], [[Ralph Jaffe]], [[Blaine Taylor]], [[Ed Tinus]], [[Lih Young]] in the [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Democratic primary]].<ref name="primary">[http://mdimap.us/elections/ ''Maryland State Board of Elections'' "Primary Election Results 2012" Accessed April 3, 2012]</ref>
+
 
   
 
   
Incumbent Cardin won re-election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, Maryland"]</ref>
+
Cardin won re-election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/House/2012/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, Maryland" accessed 2012]</ref>
  
 +
{{Introanalysis
 +
|Party=Democratic
 +
|Rating=Reliable
 +
|Pronoun=she
 +
|Fullname=Ben Cardin
 +
|Lastname=Cardin
 +
}}
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Cardin was born in 1943 in Baltimore, [[Maryland]], where he also attended high school. After graduating from Baltimore City College in 1961, he went on to earn his B.A. at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964 and his J.D. at the University of Maryland in 1967. Cardin has also worked as a lawyer.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000141 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'' "Benjamin Louis Cardin," Accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>
+
Cardin was born in 1943 in Baltimore, [[Maryland|MD]], where he also attended high school. After graduating from Baltimore City College in 1961, he went on to earn his B.A. at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964 and his J.D. at the University of Maryland in 1967. Cardin has also worked as a lawyer.<ref name="bioguide">[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000141 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'', "Benjamin Louis Cardin," accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cardin's political career<ref name="bioguide"/>:
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Cardin's political career:<ref name="bioguide"/>
*Maryland State House of Delegates, 1966-1986
+
*[[Maryland House of Representatives|Maryland State House of Delegates]], 1966-1986
*U.S. House of Representatives, 1987-2007
+
*[[U.S. House of Representatives]], 1987-2007
*U.S. Senate, 2007-Present
+
*[[U.S. Senate]], 2007-Present
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Cardin serves on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'' "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
+
Cardin serves on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref><ref>[https://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm ''United States Senate'', "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014]</ref>
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Water and Wildlife
 
**Subcommittee on Water and Wildlife
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Cardin served on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm ''U.S. Senate Official Website'' "Committee Assignments," Accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>:
+
Cardin served on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_assignments/assignments.htm ''U.S. Senate Official Website'', "Committee Assignments," accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
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*[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Foreign Relations Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship|Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship]]
 +
 +
==Key votes==
 +
===113th Congress===
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Cardin
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=9272
 +
|SenTotal=15834
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 +
===National security===
 +
====Committee vote on Syria====
 +
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 +
 +
{{Dem Foreign Relations Committee Yes|Name=Cardin}}
 +
 +
====John Brennan CIA nomination====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cardin voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.<ref name="votes">[http://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/26888/ben-cardin#.Ul_73lN0I7I ''Project Vote Smart'', "Ben Cardin Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
===Economy===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BenjaminLCardin-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
 +
====Farm bill====
 +
{{Senate Farm Bill Dem Yes|Name=Cardin}}
 +
 +
====2014 Budget====
 +
{{Senate Budget 2014 Dem Yes|Name=Cardin}}
 +
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
 +
{{Yea vote}} During the shutdown in October 2013, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from [[Republican]] members. Cardin voted with the [[Democratic Party]] for the bill.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=113&session=1&vote=00219#top ''Senate.gov'', "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
====No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cardin voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
===Immigration===
 +
====Mexico-U.S. border====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Cardin voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
===Social issues===
 +
====Violence Against Women (2013)====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cardin voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.<ref name="votes"/>
 +
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal Cliff====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Cardin voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 
==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Senate Judiciary Committee===
+
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s070_020.gif|right|290px|thumb|Ben Cardin's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cardin is a '''Populist-Leaning Liberal.''' Cardin received a score of 66 percent on social issues and 24 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
  
Senator Cardin is a former member of the Senate Judiciary Committee.  He was appointed to the Senate Judiciary Committee shortly after he was first sworn into the Senate in 2007.<ref name="membership">[http://judiciary.senate.gov/about/PreviousCommitteeMembership.cfm "Senate Judiciary Committee" List of past members]</ref>  When Cardin was in the US House, he served in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary|House Judiciary Committee]].  While on the committee, Cardin served as one of the managers for the impeachment proceedings of former federal judge Walter Nixon in 1989.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000141 "Congress Bio Guide" Cumulative biography of Senator Cardin]</ref>   
+
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Cardin|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Ben_Cardin.htm ''On The Issues'', "Ben Cardin Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Favors
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
 +
|God= Strongly Opposes
 +
|ObamaCare=Favors
 +
|Social Security=Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Animals=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Crime= Opposes
 +
|Guns= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Taxes=Favors
 +
|Citizenship=Favors
 +
|Free Trade= Favors
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Opposed
 +
|Military=Favors
 +
|Campaign Funds=Favors
 +
|Iran=Favors
 +
|Energy=Favors
 +
|Marijuana=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
====American response in Syria====
 +
: ''See also: [[United States involvement in Syria]]''
 +
 
 +
Cardin, a member of the [[United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations|Senate Foreign Relations Committee]], told [[John Kerry]] and Gen. Martin Dempsey that he supported the president’s objectives in Syria, but believed the military response should be limited.<ref name="syria">[http://www.wbal.com/article/102479/21/template-story/President-Gathers-Congressional-Support-For-Syria-Action-Cardin-Raises-Questions-On-Support ''WBAL.com'', "President Gathers Congressional Support For Syria Action; Cardin Raises Questions On Support," accessed September 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
"We understand that America would be in the lead, but it does not seem like we have a growing list of countries that are joining us in the military operation," Cardin said during a hearing on September 3, 2013.<ref name="syria"/>
 +
 
 +
====Russian proposal====
 +
Cardin said September 9, 2013, that the Russian proposal to put Syria’s chemical weapons under international control would be the “best possible outcome” of the debate over the use of the weapons by Syrian President Bashar Assad.<ref name="russian">[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/09/ben-cardin-syria-plan-russia-96495.html#ixzz2eUjMgeeQ ''Politico'', "Ben Cardin: Plan ‘best possible outcome’," accessed September 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
When asked by ''MSNBC'' host Ed Schultz if he was skeptical of the Russian offer Cardin answered, “Absolutely, but I would like to pursue it because I think if we can achieve international control of the chemical weapons, that’s the best possible outcome right now of the weapons that are in, the chemical weapons that are in Syria.”<ref name="russian"/>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
====Minimum wage====
 +
In February 2014, Cardin led a roundtable discussion on minimum wage that included two dozen public officials, local business owners and community leaders.<ref name="minwagetable">[http://www.somdnews.com/article/20140214/NEWS/140219527/1057/cardin-hosts-roundtable-on-minimum-wage&template=southernMarylandMobile ''So Md News'', "Cardin hosts roundtable on minimum wage," accessed February 27, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
“You can’t have a healthy economy without a growing middle class...If you make the minimum wage and you work 40 hours a week, there’s not a state in this country where you can afford quality housing. If you believe in a minimum wage, then it needs to be adjusted to be real, and this is not an adequate minimum wage,” Cardin said.<ref name="minwagetable"/>
 +
 
 +
===Senate Judiciary Committee===
 +
Cardin is a former member of the Senate Judiciary Committee.  He was appointed to the Senate Judiciary Committee shortly after he was first sworn into the Senate in 2007.<ref name="membership">[http://web.archive.org/web/20130513015339/http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/about/PreviousCommitteeMembership.cfm ''United States Senate'', "Senate Judiciary Committee," accessed 2012]</ref>  When Cardin was in the US House, he served in the [[United States House of Representatives Committee on Judiciary|House Judiciary Committee]].  While on the committee, Cardin served as one of the managers for the impeachment proceedings of former federal judge Walter Nixon in 1989.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000141 ''Congressional BioGuide'', "Cumulative biography of Senator Cardin," accessed 2012]</ref>   
  
 
====''Ricci v. DeStefano'' witness panel====
 
====''Ricci v. DeStefano'' witness panel====
 +
Cardin presided on the witness panel during Sonia Sotomayor's confirmation hearing to the [[Supreme Court of the United States]] in 2009 over the ''[[Wikipedia:Ricci v. DeStefano|Ricci v. DeStefano]]'' case.  New Haven, Connecticut, firefighters Frank Ricci and Lieutenant Ben Vargas who were a couple of the plaintiffs in the case were invited to testify as witnesses for the Republicans on the committee.<ref name="list">[http://www.judiciary.senate.gov/hearings ''Senate Judiciary Committee'', "Sotomayor Hearing Witness Panel List" accessed July 15, 2009]</ref>
  
Senator Cardin presided in the witness panel during Sonia Sotomayor's confirmation hearing to the [[Supreme Court of the United States]] in 2009 over the ''[[Wikipedia:Ricci v. DeStefano|Ricci v. DeStefano]]'' case.  New Haven, Connecticut firefighters Frank Ricci and Lieutenant Ben Vargas who were a couple of the plaintiffs in the case were invited to testify as witnesses for the Republicans on the committee.<ref name="list">[http://judiciary.senate.gov/hearings/hearing.cfm?id=3986 "Senate Judiciary Committee" Sotomayor Hearing Witness Panel List, July 15, 2009]</ref>  
+
When the case was discussed during the discussion panel, both Vargas and Ricci testified with Wade Henderson from The Leadership Council on Civil Rights and [[Attorney General of Arkansas| Arkansas Attorney General]] [[Dustin McDaniel]] who were witnesses for the Democratic members on the committee.<ref name="list"/>
  
When the case was discussed during the discussion panel, both Vargas and Ricci testified with Wade Henderson from The Leadership Council on Civil Rights and [[Attorney General of Arkansas| Arkansas Attorney General]] [[Dustin McDaniel]] who were witnesses for the Democrat members on the committee.<ref name="list"/>
+
During the witness panel, Attorney General McDaniel defended the ruling the Second Circuit issued in ''Ricci v. DeStefano''. Judge Sotomayor was one of three judges who heard oral arguments in the case.  McDaniel defended the three sentence summary order the Second Circuit issued claiming that the appeals court was consistent in its ruling citing 28 years of previous rulings in similar cases involving discrimination on civil service examinations.  Also, McDaniel said that the ruling was in line with the doctrine of stare decisis.<ref name=day>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/07/sotomayor-hearings-the-complete-transcript-day-4-part-5.html ''LA Times'', "Day 4 Sotomayor Hearing Transcripts," accessed July 16, 2009]</ref>  McDaniel was one of five state Attorneys general to file an Amicus brief in support of the Second Circuit ruling when the U.S. Supreme Court granted certorati.<ref name=day/>
  
During the witness panel, Attorney General McDaniel defended the ruling the Second Circuit issued in ''Ricci v. DeStefano''. Judge Sotomayor was one of three judges who heard oral arguments in the case.  McDaniel defended the three sentence summary order the Second Circuit issued claiming that the appeals court was consistent in its ruling citing 28 years of previous rulings in similar cases involving discrimination on civil service examinationsAlso, McDaniel said that the ruling was in line with the doctrine of stare decisis.<ref name=day>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/07/sotomayor-hearings-the-complete-transcript-day-4-part-5.html "LA Times" Day 4 Sotomayor Hearing Transcripts, July 16, 2009]</ref>  McDaniel was one of five state Attorneys general to file an Amicus brief in support of the Second Circuit ruling when the U.S. Supreme Court granted certorati.<ref name=day/>
+
However, both Lt. Vargas and Ricci countered with McDaniel's testimony and said that the case took a personal and emotional toll on themselves and their familiesRicci who suffers from dyslexia gave up a second job to study thirteen hours a day on a promotion test in the New Haven Fire DepartmentRicci said to the committee that he was an "absentee father" sacrificing time from his kids and wife to secure the promotion.<ref name=a>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/07/sotomayor-hearings-the-complete-transcript-day-4-part-5.html ''LA Times'', "Sotomayor Hearings, Day 4-Part 5," accessed July 16, 2009]</ref>   
  
However, both Lt. Vargas and Ricci countered with McDaniel's testimony and said that the case took a personal and emotional toll on themselves and their families.  Ricci who suffers from dyslexia gave up a second job to study thirteen hours a day on a promotion test in the New Haven Fire Department.  Ricci said to the committee that he was an "absentee father" sacrificing time from his kids and wife to secure the promotion.<ref name=a>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/07/sotomayor-hearings-the-complete-transcript-day-4-part-5.html "LA Times" Sotomayor Hearings, Day 4-Part 5, July 16, 2009]</ref>
+
Lt. Vargas is Puerto Rican and said that the case focused too much on race and too little on who was qualified to be promoted to the New Haven Fire Department.  Vargas said to Senator Cardin after the Second Circuit issued its ruling "that I was penalized for my hard work" as his reaction to the ruling.<ref name=a/>
  
Lt. Vargas is Puertan Rican and said that the case focused too much on race and too little on who was qualified to be promoted to the New Haven Fire Department.  Vargas said to Senator Cardin after the Second Circuit issued its ruling "that I was penalized for my hard work" as his reaction to the ruling.<ref name=a/>
+
===Endorsements===
===Fiscal Cliff===
+
 
{{Support vote}}
+
===2012===
Cardin voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Cardin was endorsed by the organization [http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in the race for [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|U.S. Senate]].<ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/gov/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis'', "Political Notes: Maryland gets C+ on transparency," accessed March 26, 2012]</ref> Cardin was also endorsed by President [[Barack Obama|Obama]], County Executive Rushern Baker and [[Maryland Governor|Governor]] [[Martin O'Malley]].<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/muse-faces-uphill-battle-in-primary-against-cardin/2012/03/28/gIQAZTEQhS_story.html ''Washington Post'', "Muse faces uphill battle in primary against Cardin," accessed March 29, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
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:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012]]''
  
Cardin ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], representing [[Maryland]]. <ref>[http://www.abc2news.com/dpp/news/political/senator-ben-cardin-will-announce-his-re-election-campaign-this-weekend ''ABC 2 News'' "Senator Ben Cardin will announce his re-election campaign this weekend," Accessed January 5, 2012]</ref> Cardin defeated [[Dan Bongino]] in the general election. In the primary, Cardin defeated [[Raymond Blagmon]], [[C. Anthony Muse]], [[J.P. Cusick]], [[Christopher Garner]], [[Ralph Jaffe]], [[Blaine Taylor]], [[Ed Tinus]], [[Lih Young]] in the [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Democratic primary]].<ref name="primary"/>  
+
Cardin ran in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], representing [[Maryland]].<ref>[http://www.abc2news.com/dpp/news/political/senator-ben-cardin-will-announce-his-re-election-campaign-this-weekend ''ABC 2 News'', "Senator Ben Cardin will announce his re-election campaign this weekend," accessed January 5, 2012]</ref> Cardin defeated [[Dan Bongino]] in the general election. Cardin defeated [[Raymond Blagmon]], [[C. Anthony Muse]], [[J.P. Cusick]], [[Christopher Garner]], [[Ralph Jaffe]], [[Blaine Taylor]], [[Ed Tinus]] and [[Lih Young]] in the [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|Democratic primary]].<ref name="primary"/>  
  
 
====General election====
 
====General election====
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====Primary Election====
 
====Primary Election====
 
{{Primary election box 2012
 
{{Primary election box 2012
|Chamber=  U.S. Senate-Maryland
+
|Chamber=  U.S. Senate, Maryland
 
|party= Democratic
 
|party= Democratic
 
|winner1 =Ben Cardin
 
|winner1 =Ben Cardin
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===2006===
 
===2006===
On November 7, 2006, Cardin won election to the [[United States Senate]]. He defeated Michael S. Steele (R), Kevin Zeese (G), and Lih Young (D, Write-In) in the general election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2006/2006Stat.htm ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'' "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006" Accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>
+
On November 7, 2006, Cardin won election to the [[United States Senate]]. He defeated Michael S. Steele (R), Kevin Zeese (G) and Lih Young (D, Write-In) in the general election.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2006/2006Stat.htm ''U.S. Congress House Clerk'', "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed October 29, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Election box 2008
 
{{Election box 2008
Line 188: Line 292:
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 +
===Fundraising events===
 +
The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/30/Benjamin-L-Cardin Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Cardin attends.
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BenjaminLCardin-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
 +
<br>
 +
 +
===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Ben Cardin
 
|Name=Ben Cardin
 
|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate= April 24, 2013
 
|Editdate= April 24, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001955&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Donor history for Ben Cardin" April 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00001955&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Donor history for Ben Cardin," accessed April 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|totalraised2012=6908143
 
|totalraised2012=6908143
Line 207: Line 317:
 
|office2002=U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3)
 
|office2002=U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3)
 
|totalraised2000=740708
 
|totalraised2000=740708
|result2000=
+
|result2000=Won
 
|office2000=U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3)
 
|office2000=U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3)
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BenjaminLCardin-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
 +
 
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Ben_Cardin-2012_donor_breakdown.png|thumb|right|375px|Breakdown of the source of Cardin's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Cardin won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of  $6,908,143 and spent  $6,281,916.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001955''Open Secrets'', "Ben Cardin 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 2013]</ref>
Cardin won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of  $6,908,143 and spent  $6,281,916.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00001955''Open Secrets'' "Ben Cardin 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 2013]</ref>
+
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Cardin spent $4.27 per vote received in 2012.
 +
 
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
Line 242: Line 357:
 
|inddonor5 = $267,060
 
|inddonor5 = $267,060
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Ben_Cardin-2012_donor_breakdown.png|thumb|left|375px|Breakdown of the source of Cardin's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2006===
 
===2006===
[[File:Ben Cardin 2006 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cardin's campaign funds before the 2006 election.]]
+
Cardin won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of $8,739,737 and spent $8,799,604.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2006&type=I&cid=N00001955&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'', "Ben Cardin 2006 Election Cycle," accessed October 29 2011]</ref>
Cardin won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of $8,739,737 and spent $8,799,604.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cycle=2006&type=I&cid=N00001955&newMem=N ''Open Secrets'' "Ben Cardin 2006 Election Cycle," Accessed October 29 2011]</ref>
+
  
 
{{congress donor box 2006
 
{{congress donor box 2006
Line 275: Line 390:
 
|inddonor5 = $376,908
 
|inddonor5 = $376,908
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Ben Cardin 2006 Donor Breakdown.PNG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Cardin's campaign funds before the 2006 election.]]}}
  
==Endorsements==
+
==Personal Gain Index==
===2012===
+
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
Cardin was endorsed by the organization [http://progressivemaryland.org/page.php?id=2534 Progressive Maryland] in the race for [[United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012|U.S. Senate]]. <ref>[http://www.hometownannapolis.com/news/gov/2012/03/22-46/Political-Notes-Maryland-gets-C-on-transparency.html ''Hometown Annapolis'' "Political Notes: Maryland gets C+ on transparency" Accessed March 26, 2012]</ref> Cardin has also been endorsed by President [[Barack Obama|Obama]], County Executive Rushern Baker and [[Maryland Governor|Governor]] [[Martin O'Malley]].<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/muse-faces-uphill-battle-in-primary-against-cardin/2012/03/28/gIQAZTEQhS_story.html ''Washington Post'' "Muse faces uphill battle in primary against Cardin" Accessed March 29, 2012]</ref>
+
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
 
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
 
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]  
 +
 
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Cardin's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,164,075 and $7,388,000. That averages to '''$5,276,037.50''', which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Cardin ranked as the 28th most wealthy senator in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001955&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Cardin, (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Cardin's calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.</ref> increased by an average of 9 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=N
 +
|Name =Ben Cardin
 +
|Political Party =Democratic
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 3078108
 +
|2010 = 3477540
 +
|2011 =2707037
 +
|2012 =5276037
 +
}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 +
===Ideology and leadership===
 +
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 +
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Cardin is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|moderate Democratic leader]]" as of July 22, 2014. This was the same rating Cardin received in June 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/benjamin_cardin/400064 ''GovTrack'', "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cardin missed 6 of 1,935 roll call votes from Jan 2007 to Apr 2013, which is 0.3% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/benjamin_cardin/400064 ''GovTrack,'' "Ben Cardin" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Cardin missed 9 of 2,363 roll call votes from January 2007 to July 2014, which is 0.4% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/benjamin_cardin/400064 ''GovTrack'', "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400064_Benjamin_Cardin ''OpenCongress'', "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cardin most often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Chuck Schumer]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Susan Collins]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Cardin least often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Joe Manchin]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Jim Risch]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BenjaminLCardin-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cardin paid his congressional staff a total of $2,838,620 in 2011.  He ranked 15th on the list of the highest paid Democratic Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranked 19th overall of the highest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Maryland]] ranked 33rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/162/Sen_Ben_Cardin.html LegiStorm "Ben Cardin"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cardin paid his congressional staff a total of $2,838,620 in 2011.  He ranked 15th on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 19th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011.  Overall, [[Maryland]] ranked 33rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/162/Sen_Ben_Cardin.html ''LegiStorm'', "Ben Cardin" accessed 2012]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cardin's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,416,074 and $3,998,000. This averages to $2,707,037, which is a 22.16% decrease since 2010. This is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senators in 2011 of $20,795,450.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001955&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Cardin, (D-Maryland), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Cardin's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $1,900,080 and $5,055,000. That averages to $3,477,540, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic Senators in 2010 of $19,383,524.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00001955&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Cardin, (D-Maryland), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
 
Each year, ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Cardin ranked 5th in the liberal rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 22, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, Cardin was ranked the 10th most liberal senator during 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
Cardin ranked 10th in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
According to the data released in 2012, Ben Cardin was ranked the tenth most liberal senator during 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Cardin ranked 10th in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====March 2012====
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
====2014====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Ben Cardin
+
|name=Cardin
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
|percent=96%
+
|percent=98.8 percent
|rank=5
+
|rank=2nd
 +
|total=53
 +
|chamber=Senate
 +
|year=July 2014
 +
|DSen=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====2012====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Cardin
 +
|party=Democratic
 +
|percent=96 percent
 +
|rank=5th
 
|total=51
 
|total=51
 
|chamber=Senate
 
|chamber=Senate
Line 319: Line 486:
 
|DSen=Y
 
|DSen=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
==Personal==
 +
Cardin has been married to his wife Myrna (nee Edelman) since 1964. They have a daughter and two grandchildren.<ref>[http://cardin.senate.gov/about/ben/ ''Official Site'', "About Ben," accessed October 29 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Ben+Cardin+Maryland+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Ben Cardin News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Ben+Cardin+Maryland+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Ben Cardin News Feed}}
  
==Personal==
+
==See also==
Cardin has been married to his wife Myrna (nee Edelman) since 1964. They have a daughter and two grandchildren.<ref>[http://cardin.senate.gov/about/ben/ ''Official Site'' "About Ben," Accessed October 29 2011]</ref>
+
*[[Maryland]]
 +
*[[United States Senate]]
 +
*[[U.S. Senate delegation from Maryland]]
 +
*[[United States Senate elections, 2014]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/sen-benjamin-cardin/26888|Name=Benjamin Cardin}}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = c000141 | rollcall = 228 | votesmart = 26888 | govtrack = 400064 | opencong = 400064 | cspan = 4004 | rose = | imdb = nm2439090 | ontheissues = Senate/Ben_Cardin.htm | congress = benjamin-cardin/174 | natjournal = 84 | legistorm = 162/Sen_Ben_Cardin_MD.html | fec = S6MD03177 | opensecrets = N00001955 | followthemoney = | factcheck = | politifact = | bloomberg = | nyt = c/benjamin_l_cardin | wsj = | washpo = gIQAGMu99O | worldcat = lccn-no2005-27106 | findagrave = | fb = senatorbencardin | flickr = senatorbencardin | twitter = SenatorCardin | youtube = SenatorCardin | nndb = 094/000035986 | wikipedia = Ben_Cardin | merge=MDJR}}
 
{{CongLinks | congbio = c000141 | rollcall = 228 | votesmart = 26888 | govtrack = 400064 | opencong = 400064 | cspan = 4004 | rose = | imdb = nm2439090 | ontheissues = Senate/Ben_Cardin.htm | congress = benjamin-cardin/174 | natjournal = 84 | legistorm = 162/Sen_Ben_Cardin_MD.html | fec = S6MD03177 | opensecrets = N00001955 | followthemoney = | factcheck = | politifact = | bloomberg = | nyt = c/benjamin_l_cardin | wsj = | washpo = gIQAGMu99O | worldcat = lccn-no2005-27106 | findagrave = | fb = senatorbencardin | flickr = senatorbencardin | twitter = SenatorCardin | youtube = SenatorCardin | nndb = 094/000035986 | wikipedia = Ben_Cardin | merge=MDJR}}
  
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{{start box}}
 
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{{s-off}}
 
{{s-off}}
{{succession box | before =  Paul Sarbanes |title = [[U.S. Senate]] - Maryland | years = 2007-Present | after = -}}
+
{{succession box | before =  Paul Sarbanes |title = [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] - Maryland | years = 2007-Present | after = -}}
 +
{{succession box | before =  |title = [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House]] - Maryland | years = 1987-2007| after = -}}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
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{{Maryland congress}}
 
{{Maryland congress}}
 
{{Maryland}}
 
{{Maryland}}

Latest revision as of 16:28, 11 September 2014

Ben Cardin
Ben Cardin.jpg
U.S. Senate, Maryland
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2007-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 7
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorPaul Sarbanes (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$4.27 in 2012
First electedNovember 7, 2006
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$18,157,133
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives
1987-2007
Maryland State House of Delegates
1966-1986
Education
Associate'sBaltimore City College
Bachelor'sUniversity of Pittsburgh
J.D.University of Maryland, Baltimore
Personal
BirthdayOctober 5, 1943
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$5,276,037.50
ReligionJewish
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ben Cardin campaign logo
Benjamin Louis "Ben" Cardin (b. October 5, 1943, in Baltimore, MD) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Maryland. Cardin was first elected to the Senate in 2006.[1]

Cardin ran for re-election in 2012. Eighteen other candidates ran in the primary election on April 3, 2012.[2] Cardin defeated Raymond Blagmon, C. Anthony Muse, J.P. Cusick, Christopher Garner, Ralph Jaffe, Blaine Taylor, Ed Tinus and Lih Young in the Democratic primary.[3]

Cardin won re-election on November 6, 2012.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cardin is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Biography

Cardin was born in 1943 in Baltimore, MD, where he also attended high school. After graduating from Baltimore City College in 1961, he went on to earn his B.A. at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964 and his J.D. at the University of Maryland in 1967. Cardin has also worked as a lawyer.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Cardin's political career:[1]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Cardin serves on the following Senate committees:[5][6]

2011-2012

Cardin served on the following Senate committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Cardin's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

Committee vote on Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Yea3.png On September 4, 2013, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee narrowly approved an authorization for President Obama to use limited force against Syria. It was approved by a 10-7 vote.[10][11]

The vote came after a three-hour briefing with top Obama administration officials, including Secretary of State John Kerry and James Clapper, the director of national intelligence.[10]

Of the nine Democratic members and eight Republican members that made up the committee, seven Democrats and three Republicans voted in favor, while five Republicans and two Democrats opposed the authorization.[12] A single "present" vote was cast by Ed Markey (D). Cardin was one of the seven Democrats who approved the authorization.[13]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Cardin voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[14]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[15] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in if or when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[16] Cardin joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[17][18] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[18] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[19] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Cardin voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[17][18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Cardin voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[21]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Cardin voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[14]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Cardin voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[14]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Cardin voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[14]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Cardin voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Ben Cardin's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cardin is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Cardin received a score of 66 percent on social issues and 24 percent on economic issues.[23]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[24]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposed
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[23]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Cardin, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told John Kerry and Gen. Martin Dempsey that he supported the president’s objectives in Syria, but believed the military response should be limited.[25]

"We understand that America would be in the lead, but it does not seem like we have a growing list of countries that are joining us in the military operation," Cardin said during a hearing on September 3, 2013.[25]

Russian proposal

Cardin said September 9, 2013, that the Russian proposal to put Syria’s chemical weapons under international control would be the “best possible outcome” of the debate over the use of the weapons by Syrian President Bashar Assad.[26]

When asked by MSNBC host Ed Schultz if he was skeptical of the Russian offer Cardin answered, “Absolutely, but I would like to pursue it because I think if we can achieve international control of the chemical weapons, that’s the best possible outcome right now of the weapons that are in, the chemical weapons that are in Syria.”[26]


Economy

Minimum wage

In February 2014, Cardin led a roundtable discussion on minimum wage that included two dozen public officials, local business owners and community leaders.[27]

“You can’t have a healthy economy without a growing middle class...If you make the minimum wage and you work 40 hours a week, there’s not a state in this country where you can afford quality housing. If you believe in a minimum wage, then it needs to be adjusted to be real, and this is not an adequate minimum wage,” Cardin said.[27]

Senate Judiciary Committee

Cardin is a former member of the Senate Judiciary Committee. He was appointed to the Senate Judiciary Committee shortly after he was first sworn into the Senate in 2007.[28] When Cardin was in the US House, he served in the House Judiciary Committee. While on the committee, Cardin served as one of the managers for the impeachment proceedings of former federal judge Walter Nixon in 1989.[29]

Ricci v. DeStefano witness panel

Cardin presided on the witness panel during Sonia Sotomayor's confirmation hearing to the Supreme Court of the United States in 2009 over the Ricci v. DeStefano case. New Haven, Connecticut, firefighters Frank Ricci and Lieutenant Ben Vargas who were a couple of the plaintiffs in the case were invited to testify as witnesses for the Republicans on the committee.[30]

When the case was discussed during the discussion panel, both Vargas and Ricci testified with Wade Henderson from The Leadership Council on Civil Rights and Arkansas Attorney General Dustin McDaniel who were witnesses for the Democratic members on the committee.[30]

During the witness panel, Attorney General McDaniel defended the ruling the Second Circuit issued in Ricci v. DeStefano. Judge Sotomayor was one of three judges who heard oral arguments in the case. McDaniel defended the three sentence summary order the Second Circuit issued claiming that the appeals court was consistent in its ruling citing 28 years of previous rulings in similar cases involving discrimination on civil service examinations. Also, McDaniel said that the ruling was in line with the doctrine of stare decisis.[31] McDaniel was one of five state Attorneys general to file an Amicus brief in support of the Second Circuit ruling when the U.S. Supreme Court granted certorati.[31]

However, both Lt. Vargas and Ricci countered with McDaniel's testimony and said that the case took a personal and emotional toll on themselves and their families. Ricci who suffers from dyslexia gave up a second job to study thirteen hours a day on a promotion test in the New Haven Fire Department. Ricci said to the committee that he was an "absentee father" sacrificing time from his kids and wife to secure the promotion.[32]

Lt. Vargas is Puerto Rican and said that the case focused too much on race and too little on who was qualified to be promoted to the New Haven Fire Department. Vargas said to Senator Cardin after the Second Circuit issued its ruling "that I was penalized for my hard work" as his reaction to the ruling.[32]

Endorsements

2012

Cardin was endorsed by the organization Progressive Maryland in the race for U.S. Senate.[33] Cardin was also endorsed by President Obama, County Executive Rushern Baker and Governor Martin O'Malley.[34]

Elections

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Maryland, 2012

Cardin ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Maryland.[35] Cardin defeated Dan Bongino in the general election. Cardin defeated Raymond Blagmon, C. Anthony Muse, J.P. Cusick, Christopher Garner, Ralph Jaffe, Blaine Taylor, Ed Tinus and Lih Young in the Democratic primary.[3]

General election

U.S. Senate, Maryland General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBen Cardin Incumbent 56% 1,474,028
     Republican Dan Bongino 26.3% 693,291
     Libertarian Dean Ahmad 1.2% 32,252
     Independent Rob Sobhani 16.4% 430,934
     Democratic Lih Young (Write-in) 0% 163
     Republican Mary Podlesak (Write-in) 0% 21
     Independent Brandy Baker 0% 151
     Independent Ed Tinus 0% 48
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 2,346
Total Votes 2,633,234
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "U.S. Senator"

Primary Election

U.S. Senate, Maryland Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBen Cardin Incumbent 74.2% 240,704
Raymond Blagmon 1.8% 5,909
C. Anthony Muse 15.7% 50,807
J.P. Cusick 1.5% 4,778
Christopher Garner 2.9% 9,274
Ralph Jaffe 1% 3,313
Blaine Taylor 1.3% 4,376
Ed Tinus 0.3% 1,064
Lih Young 1.2% 3,993
Total Votes 324,218

Full history


2006

On November 7, 2006, Cardin won election to the United States Senate. He defeated Michael S. Steele (R), Kevin Zeese (G) and Lih Young (D, Write-In) in the general election.[37]

U.S. Senate General Election, Maryland, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBen Cardin 54.2% 965,477
     Republican Michael S. Steele 44.2% 787,182
     Green Kevin Zeese 1.5% 27,564
     Democratic, Write-In Lih Young 0% 120
     Independent Write-In 0% 796
Total Votes 1,781,139

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cardin attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Ben Cardin is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Ben Cardin raised a total of $18,157,133 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 24, 2013.[38]

Ben Cardin's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Maryland) Won $6,908,143
2006 U.S. Senate (Maryland) Won $8,739,737
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3) Won $941,126
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3) Won $827,419
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (Maryland District 3) Won $740,708
Grand Total Raised $18,157,133


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012

Cardin won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of $6,908,143 and spent $6,281,916.[39]

Cost per vote

Cardin spent $4.27 per vote received in 2012.


2006

Cardin won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Cardin's campaign committee raised a total of $8,739,737 and spent $8,799,604.[40]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Cardin's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,164,075 and $7,388,000. That averages to $5,276,037.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Cardin ranked as the 28th most wealthy senator in 2012.[41] Between 2004 and 2012, Cardin's calculated net worth[42] increased by an average of 9 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[43]

Ben Cardin Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$3,078,108
2012$5,276,037
Growth from 2004 to 2012:71%
Average annual growth:9%[44]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[45]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cardin is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of July 22, 2014. This was the same rating Cardin received in June 2013.[46]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cardin missed 9 of 2,363 roll call votes from January 2007 to July 2014, which is 0.4% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.[47]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[48]

Cardin most often votes with:

Cardin least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Cardin paid his congressional staff a total of $2,838,620 in 2011. He ranked 15th on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 19th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 33rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[49]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2013

Cardin ranked 5th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[50]

2012

Cardin ranked 10th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[51]

2011

Cardin ranked 10th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[52]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Cardin voted with the Democratic Party 98.8 percent of the time, which ranked 2nd among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.[53]

2012

Cardin voted with the Democratic Party 96 percent of the time, which ranked 5th among the 51 Senate Democratic members as of March 2012.[54]

Personal

Cardin has been married to his wife Myrna (nee Edelman) since 1964. They have a daughter and two grandchildren.[55]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Ben + Cardin + Maryland + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Ben Cardin News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Congress Biographical Guide, "Ben Cardin," accessed August 21, 2013
  2. City Biz List, "Eighteen Challengers Vie for Cardin's Senate Seat," accessed February 18, 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 Maryland State Board of Elections, "Primary Election Results 2012," accessed April 3, 2012
  4. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland" accessed 2012
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  6. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  7. U.S. Senate Official Website, "Committee Assignments," accessed October 29, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Politico, "Senate panel approves Syria measure," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. USA Today, "Senate committee approves Syria attack resolution," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named syriacommitteevote
  13. Politico, "How Senate Foreign Relations Committee members voted on Syria," accessed September 5, 2013
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Project Vote Smart, "Ben Cardin Key Votes," accessed October 17, 2013
  15. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. 23.0 23.1 On The Issues, "Ben Cardin Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014
  24. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  25. 25.0 25.1 WBAL.com, "President Gathers Congressional Support For Syria Action; Cardin Raises Questions On Support," accessed September 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 Politico, "Ben Cardin: Plan ‘best possible outcome’," accessed September 10, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 So Md News, "Cardin hosts roundtable on minimum wage," accessed February 27, 2014
  28. United States Senate, "Senate Judiciary Committee," accessed 2012
  29. Congressional BioGuide, "Cumulative biography of Senator Cardin," accessed 2012
  30. 30.0 30.1 Senate Judiciary Committee, "Sotomayor Hearing Witness Panel List" accessed July 15, 2009
  31. 31.0 31.1 LA Times, "Day 4 Sotomayor Hearing Transcripts," accessed July 16, 2009
  32. 32.0 32.1 LA Times, "Sotomayor Hearings, Day 4-Part 5," accessed July 16, 2009
  33. Hometown Annapolis, "Political Notes: Maryland gets C+ on transparency," accessed March 26, 2012
  34. Washington Post, "Muse faces uphill battle in primary against Cardin," accessed March 29, 2012
  35. ABC 2 News, "Senator Ben Cardin will announce his re-election campaign this weekend," accessed January 5, 2012
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed October 29, 2011
  38. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Ben Cardin," accessed April 2013
  39. Open Secrets, "Ben Cardin 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 2013
  40. Open Secrets, "Ben Cardin 2006 Election Cycle," accessed October 29 2011
  41. OpenSecrets, "Cardin, (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  42. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  43. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  44. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  45. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  46. GovTrack, "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014
  47. GovTrack, "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014
  48. OpenCongress, "Ben Cardin," accessed July 22, 2014
  49. LegiStorm, "Ben Cardin" accessed 2012
  50. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 22, 2014
  51. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  52. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  53. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  55. Official Site, "About Ben," accessed October 29 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Sarbanes
U.S. Senate - Maryland
2007-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
'
U.S. House - Maryland
1987-2007
Succeeded by
-