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Difference between revisions of "Bernie Sanders"

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|Position = U.S. Senate, Vermont
 
|Position = U.S. Senate, Vermont
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
|Tenure = 2006-Present
+
|Tenure = January 3, 2007-Present
 
|Term ends = January 3, 2019
 
|Term ends = January 3, 2019
 
|Assumed office = 2007
 
|Assumed office = 2007
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|Pension =
 
|Pension =
 
|Last election =[[United States Senate elections in Vermont, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 
|Last election =[[United States Senate elections in Vermont, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 =$15.62
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
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|Prior office 3 =
 
|Prior office 3 =
 
|Prior office 3 years =
 
|Prior office 3 years =
|High school = James Madison High School, Brooklyn NY
+
|High school = James Madison High School, Brooklyn, NY
 
|Associate's =
 
|Associate's =
 
|Bachelor's = University of Chicago
 
|Bachelor's = University of Chicago
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|Place of birth = Brooklyn, NY
 
|Place of birth = Brooklyn, NY
 
|Profession =
 
|Profession =
|Net worth=$308,005
+
|Net worth=$460,506
 
|Religion =
 
|Religion =
 
|Office website =http://www.sanders.senate.gov/
 
|Office website =http://www.sanders.senate.gov/
 
|Campaign website =http://www.bernie.org/
 
|Campaign website =http://www.bernie.org/
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
}}{{tnr}}'''Bernard "Bernie" Sanders''' (b. September 8, 1941) is an [[Independent]] member of the [[U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Vermont]]. Sanders was first elected to the Senate in 2006. While he considers himself a Socialist<ref>[http://sanders.senate.gov/newsroom/news/?id=7b6eba9b-67f5-4d8f-bc75-ce63a07035d2 ''Official Senate website'' "Newsroom," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref> and ran as an Independent, he is a member of the Senate Democratic Caucus.<ref>http://democrats.senate.gov/members/</ref>
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Bernard "Bernie" Sanders''' (b. September 8, 1941, in Brooklyn, [[New York|NY]]) is an [[Independent]] member of the [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] from the state of [[Vermont]]. Sanders was first elected to the Senate in 2006. While he considers himself a socialist, and ran as an Independent, he is a member of the Senate Democratic Caucus.<ref name=socialist>[http://democrats.senate.gov/members/ ''Senate.gov'', "Members"]</ref><ref>[http://sanders.senate.gov/newsroom/news/?id=7b6eba9b-67f5-4d8f-bc75-ce63a07035d2 ''Official Senate website'', "Newsroom," accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>  
  
Sanders won re-election in 2012.<ref>[http://blogs.burlingtonfreepress.com/politics/2011/11/07/sen-bernie-sanders-wins-democratic-endorsement-for-re-election/ ''Burlington Free Press blog'' "Sen. Bernie Sanders wins Democratic endorsement for re-election," November 7, 2011]</ref> Primary elections were held on August 28, 2012.
+
Sanders won re-election in 2012.<ref>[http://blogs.burlingtonfreepress.com/politics/2011/11/07/sen-bernie-sanders-wins-democratic-endorsement-for-re-election/ ''Burlington Free Press blog'', "Sen. Bernie Sanders wins Democratic endorsement for re-election," November 7, 2011]</ref>  
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Sanders was born in 1941 in Brooklyn, NY, where he also attended high school. He earned his B.S. from the University of Chicago in 1964 and went on to serve on to lecture at Harvard University and Hamilton College in New York. Sanders has also worked as a carpenter and journalist.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000033 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'' "Bernie Sanders," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
+
Sanders was born in 1941 in Brooklyn, [[New York]], where he also attended high school. He earned his B.S. from the University of Chicago in 1964 and went on to lecture at Harvard University and Hamilton College in New York. Sanders has also worked as a carpenter and journalist.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000033 ''Biographical Guide to Members of Congress'', "Bernie Sanders," accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
  
In January 2012, Sanders was named a "Top-20 US Progressive" according to ''The New Statesman'', a magazine based in the United Kingdom. Other members of the list include Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky and Rachel Maddow.<ref>[http://www.newstatesman.com/north-america/2012/01/barack-obama-socialist ''New Statesman'' "Who's left? The top 20 US progressives," January 11, 2012]</ref>
+
In January 2012, Sanders was named a "Top-20 US Progressive" according to ''The New Statesman'', a magazine based in the United Kingdom. Other members of the list included Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky and Rachel Maddow.<ref>[http://www.newstatesman.com/north-america/2012/01/barack-obama-socialist ''New Statesman'', "Who's left? The top 20 US progressives," January 11, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Below is an abbreviated outline of Sanders's academic, professional and political career:<ref name="about">[http://sanders.senate.gov/about/ ''Official Senate website'' "About page," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Sanders's political career:<ref name="about">[http://sanders.senate.gov/about/ ''Official Senate website'', "About page," accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
*Mayor of Burlington, VT, 1981-1989
+
*Mayor of Burlington, [[Vermont]], 1981-1989
 
*U.S. House of Representatives, 1991-2007
 
*U.S. House of Representatives, 1991-2007
  
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===U.S. Senate===
 
===U.S. Senate===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Sanders serves on the following Senate committees<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'' "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
+
Sanders serves on the following Senate committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/index.php?chamber=senate ''Congressional Quarterly'', "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013]</ref>:
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs|Veterans' Affairs Committee]] ''Chairman''
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs|Veterans' Affairs Committee]] ''Chairman''
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Budget|Budget Committee]]
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Sanders served on the following Senate committees<ref name="about"/>:
+
Sanders served on the following Senate committees:<ref name="about"/>:
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works|Environment and Public Works Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources|Energy and Natural Resources Committee]]
 
*[[United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources|Energy and Natural Resources Committee]]
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*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
 
*[[United States Congress Joint Economic Committee|Joint Economic Committee]]
  
==Issues==
+
==Key votes==
===Political positions===
+
===113th Congress===
Sanders is a self-described democratic socialist.<ref>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/12/socialist-senator-schemes-to-fire-fed-chair-bernanke.html ''Los Angeles Times'' "Social Senator schemes to fire fed chair Bernanke," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://sanders.senate.gov/newsroom/news/?id=7b6eba9b-67f5-4d8f-bc75-ce63a07035d2 ''Official Senate website'' "Newsroom," Accessed October 12, 2011]</ref>
+
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
===Fiscal Cliff===
+
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Sanders
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=9272
 +
|SenTotal=15834
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
=====NSA=====
 +
Sanders wrote a letter to the director of the NSA in January 2014. Sanders asked the director, "Has the NSA spied, or is the NSA currently spying, on members of Congress or other American elected officials?" Sanders said he was concerned after hearing reports the NSA spied on U.S. citizens and foreign governments. He acknowledged, "We must be vigilant and aggressive in protecting the American people from the very real danger of terrorist attacks." He also stressed the importance of not ."..undermining the constitutional rights that make us a free country."<ref>[http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/194370-sen-sanders-asks-nsa-if-it-spies-on-congress ''The Hill'', "Sanders: NSA spies on Congress?," accessed January 3, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====John Brennan CIA nomination=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Sanders voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/43133?s=party#.UkRU1D_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Economy===
 +
=====No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Sanders voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42338?s=party ''Project Vote Smart'', "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
 
 +
{{support vote}} During the shutdown in October 2013, the [[United States Senate|Senate]] rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from [[Republican]] members. Sanders voted with the [[Democratic Party]] for the bill.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=113&session=1&vote=00219#top ''Senate.gov,'' "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Immigration===
 +
=====Mexico-U.S. border=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Sanders voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/45516#.UkRPsD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Social issues===
 +
=====Violence Against Women (2013)=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Sanders voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/bill/votes/42501#.UkRXCD_TCgQ ''Project Vote Smart'', "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Fast food worker strikes=====
 +
In December 2013, Sanders tweeted his support for raising the minimum wage for fast food workers. He tweeted, "Starvation wages for fast food workers," with a link to a speech he gave on the Senate floor on the topic.<ref>[http://www.politico.com/story/2013/12/pols-back-fastfoodstrikes-100728.html?hp=r14 ''Politico'', "Pols back #FastFoodStrikes," accessed December 6, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 +
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
{{Support vote}}
 
{{Support vote}}
Sanders voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89/8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Sanders voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=112&session=2&vote=00251 ''U.S. Senate'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
  
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s070_020.gif|right|290px|thumb|Sanders' Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/Quiz/Quiz2012.asp?quiz=Pres2012 VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Sanders is a '''Populist-Leaning Liberal.''' Sanders received a score of 68 percent on social issues and 16 percent on economic issues.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Sanders|Date=2014|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Bernie_Sanders.htm ''On The Issues'', "Sanders Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Favors
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
 +
|God= Strongly Opposes
 +
|ObamaCare=Favors
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Animals=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Crime= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Guns= Opposes
 +
|Taxes=Favors
 +
|Citizenship=Opposes
 +
|Free Trade= Strongly Opposes
 +
|United Nations=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Military=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Campaign Funds= Favors
 +
|Iran=Favors
 +
|Energy=Favors
 +
|Marijuana=Strongly Opposes
 +
|Stimulus=Opposes
 +
}}
 +
 +
===Political positions===
 +
Sanders is a self-described democratic socialist.<ref>[http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2009/12/socialist-senator-schemes-to-fire-fed-chair-bernanke.html ''Los Angeles Times'', "Social Senator schemes to fire fed chair Bernanke," accessed October 12, 2011]</ref><ref name=socialist/>
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2016===
 +
{{Sanders2016}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Vermont, 2012]]''
 
::''See also: [[United States Senate elections in Vermont, 2012]]''
  
Sanders ran for re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], representing [[Vermont]].  Sanders ran unopposed in the August 28, 2012 Democratic primary.  He is also running as an Independent. He faces [[John MacGovern]] (R), [[Cris Ericson]] (United States Marijuana Party), [[Laurel LaFramboise]] (VoteKISS), [[Pete Diamondstone]] (Liberty Union), and [[Peter Moss]] (Peace and Prosperity) in the general election on November 6, 2012. <ref>[http://vermont-elections.org/PrimaryCandidateListing6.18.2012.3pm.pdf Official primary candidate list]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/VT_US_Senate_0828.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS Associated Press primary results]</ref>
+
Sanders ran for re-election in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2012|2012 election]] for the [[U.S. Senate elections, 2012|U.S. Senate]], representing [[Vermont]].  Sanders ran unopposed in the August 28, 2012, Democratic primary.  He also ran as an Independent. He defeated [[John MacGovern]] (R), [[Cris Ericson]] (United States Marijuana Party), [[Laurel LaFramboise]] (VoteKISS), [[Pete Diamondstone]] (Liberty Union), and [[Peter Moss]] (Peace and Prosperity) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://vermont-elections.org/PrimaryCandidateListing6.18.2012.3pm.pdf ''VermontElections.org'', "Official primary candidate list"]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/VT_US_Senate_0828.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "primary results"]</ref>
 +
 
 
{{Election box 2012
 
{{Election box 2012
 
|Chamber=U.S. Senate, Vermont, General Election
 
|Chamber=U.S. Senate, Vermont, General Election
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|votes6=2511
 
|votes6=2511
 
|Inc1=Y
 
|Inc1=Y
|ref=[http://vermont-elections.org/elections1/2012ElectionResults/2012GeneralElectionResults/2012GEStatewideCanvass.pdf ''Vermont Board of Elections'' "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"]
+
|ref=[http://vermont-elections.org/elections1/2012ElectionResults/2012GeneralElectionResults/2012GEStatewideCanvass.pdf ''Vermont Board of Elections'', "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"]
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 
===Full history===
 
===Full history===
 
{{Collapsible history section
 
{{Collapsible history section
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|year=2012
 
|year=2012
 
|Editdate= April 25, 2013
 
|Editdate= April 25, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=Career ''Open Secrets'' "Donor history for Bernie Sanders" Accessed April 25, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=Career ''Open Secrets'', "Donor history for Bernie Sanders," accessed April 25, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Independent
 
|party=Independent
 
|totalraised2012=7229492
 
|totalraised2012=7229492
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|totalraised2004=836307
 
|totalraised2004=836307
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's at-large congressional district{{!}}At-large District]])
+
|office2004=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's At-large Congressional District{{!}}At-large District]])
 
|totalraised2002=657070
 
|totalraised2002=657070
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's at-large congressional district{{!}}At-large District]])
+
|office2002=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's At-large Congressional District{{!}}At-large District]])
 
|totalraised2000=656270
 
|totalraised2000=656270
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's at-large congressional district{{!}}At-large District]])
+
|office2000=US House (Vermont, [[Vermont's At-large Congressional District{{!}}At-large District]])
 
}}
 
}}
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Sanders 2012 Donors.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Sanders's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
[[File:Sanders 2012 Donors.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Sanders' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
Bonner won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Sanders's campaign committee raised a total of $7,229,492 and spent $3,247,555.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Sanders 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
+
Sanders won re-election to the [[U.S. Senate]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Sanders' campaign committee raised a total of $7,229,492 and spent $3,247,555.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Sanders 2012 Election Cycle," accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Sanders spent $15.62 per vote received in 2012.
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
Line 233: Line 311:
  
 
===2006===
 
===2006===
[[File:Bernie Sanders 2006 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Sanders's campaign funds before the 2006 election.]]
+
[[File:Bernie Sanders 2006 Donor Breakdown.PNG|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Sanders' campaign funds before the 2006 election.]]
Sanders won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Sanders's campaign committee raised a total of $5,554,466 and spent $6,596,060.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=2006 ''Open Secrets'' "Bernie Sanders 2006 Election Cycle," Accessed November 26, 2011]</ref>
+
Sanders won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Sanders' campaign committee raised a total of $5,554,466 and spent $6,596,060.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00000528&cycle=2006 ''Open Secrets'', "Bernie Sanders 2006 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011]</ref>
 
{{Congress donor box 2006
 
{{Congress donor box 2006
 
|Chamber = U.S. Senate, Vermont
 
|Chamber = U.S. Senate, Vermont
Line 263: Line 341:
 
|inddonor5 = $74,600
 
|inddonor5 = $74,600
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants.<br>
 +
It consists of four different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The K-Street Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The K-Street Metric]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
*[[The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Sanders' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $116,014 to $804,998. That averages to '''$460,506''', which is lower than the average net worth of Independent Senate members in 2012 of $8,096,792.50.  Sanders ranked as the 84th most wealthy senator in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000528&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Sanders, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Sanders' calculated net worth<ref>This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.</ref> increased by an average of 29 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=
 +
|Name =Bernie Sanders
 +
|Political Party =Independent
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = 140383
 +
|2010 = 429004
 +
|2011 =308005
 +
|2012 =460506
 +
}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400357_Bernard_Sanders ''OpenCongress'', "Bernie Sanders," accessed August 8, 2013]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Sanders most often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Mazie Hirono]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Sanders is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|left leaning independent]]," as of July 3, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/bernard_sanders/400357 ''Gov Track'' "Bernie Sanders," Accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
+
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Sanders is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|left leaning independent]]," as of July 3, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/bernard_sanders/400357 ''GovTrack'', "Bernie Sanders," accessed July 3, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Sanders missed 32 of 1,933 roll call votes from January 2007 to April 2013.  This amounts to 1.7%, which is equal to the median of 1.7% among current senators as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/bernard_sanders/400357 ''GovTrack,'' "Sanders," Accessed April 11, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Sanders missed 32 of 1,933 roll call votes from January 2007 to April 2013.  This amounts to 1.7 percent, which is equal to the median of 1.7 percent among current senators as of April 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/bernard_sanders/400357 ''GovTrack'', "Sanders," accessed April 11, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Sanders paid his congressional staff a total of $2,395,679 in 2011. He ranks 2nd on the list of the lowest paid Independent Senatorial Staff Salaries and he ranks 26th overall of the lowest paid Senatorial Staff Salaries in 2011. Overall, [[Vermont]] ranks 45th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/460/Sen_Bernie_Sanders.html LegiStorm "Bernie Sanders"]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Sanders paid his congressional staff a total of $2,395,679 in 2011. He ranks 2nd on the list of the lowest paid Independent senatorial staff salaries and ranked 26th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, [[Vermont]] ranks 45th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/460/Sen_Bernie_Sanders.html ''LegiStorm'', "Bernie Sanders"]</ref>
 
+
===Net worth===
+
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
====2011====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Sanders' net worth as of 2011 was estimated between -$18,986 and $634,996. That averages to $308,005, which is lower than the average net worth of Independent Senators in 2011 of $6,099,707. His average net worth decreased by 28.20% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000528&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Sanders, (R-Vermont), 2011"]</ref>
+
 
+
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Sanders' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $-56,988 and $914,996 . That averages to $429,004, which is lower than  the average net worth of Independent Senators in 2010 of $1,205,273.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00000528&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Sanders, (I-Vermont), 2010"]</ref>
+
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 32nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013]</ref>
+
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 32nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 29th in the liberal rankings.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-senate-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 29th in the liberal rankings.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-senate-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Personal==
 +
Sanders lives in Burlington, [[Vermont]] with his wife Jane O’Meara. Sanders and his wife have four children.<ref name="about"/>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 297: Line 407:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Bernie+Sanders+Vermont+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Bernie Sanders News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Bernie+Sanders+Vermont+Senate&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Bernie Sanders News Feed}}
  
==Personal==
+
==See also==
Sanders lives in Burlington, VT, with his wife Jane O’Meara Sanders and his four children.<ref name="about"/>
+
*[[United States Senate]]
 +
*[[U.S. Senate delegation from Vermont]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{s-off}}
 
{{s-off}}
{{succession box | before =  Jim Jeffords |title = [[U.S. Senate]] - Vermont | years = 2007-Present | after = -}}
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{{succession box | before =  Jim Jeffords |title = [[United States Senate|U.S. Senate]] - Vermont | years = 2007-Present | after = -}}
 
{{end box}}
 
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{{Vermont congress}}
 
{{Vermont congress}}

Latest revision as of 13:42, 24 July 2014

Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders.jpg
U.S. Senate, Vermont
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2007-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 7
PartyIndependent
PredecessorJames M. Jeffords (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$15.62 in 2012
Next generalNovember 2018
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House of Representatives
1991-2007
Education
High schoolJames Madison High School, Brooklyn, NY
Bachelor'sUniversity of Chicago
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 8, 1941
Place of birthBrooklyn, NY
Net worth$460,506
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Bernard "Bernie" Sanders (b. September 8, 1941, in Brooklyn, NY) is an Independent member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Vermont. Sanders was first elected to the Senate in 2006. While he considers himself a socialist, and ran as an Independent, he is a member of the Senate Democratic Caucus.[1][2]

Sanders won re-election in 2012.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Sanders is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Sanders was born in 1941 in Brooklyn, New York, where he also attended high school. He earned his B.S. from the University of Chicago in 1964 and went on to lecture at Harvard University and Hamilton College in New York. Sanders has also worked as a carpenter and journalist.[4]

In January 2012, Sanders was named a "Top-20 US Progressive" according to The New Statesman, a magazine based in the United Kingdom. Other members of the list included Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky and Rachel Maddow.[5]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Sanders's political career:[6]

  • Mayor of Burlington, Vermont, 1981-1989
  • U.S. House of Representatives, 1991-2007

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Sanders serves on the following Senate committees:[7]:

2011-2012

Sanders served on the following Senate committees:[6]:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Sanders's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NSA

Sanders wrote a letter to the director of the NSA in January 2014. Sanders asked the director, "Has the NSA spied, or is the NSA currently spying, on members of Congress or other American elected officials?" Sanders said he was concerned after hearing reports the NSA spied on U.S. citizens and foreign governments. He acknowledged, "We must be vigilant and aggressive in protecting the American people from the very real danger of terrorist attacks." He also stressed the importance of not ."..undermining the constitutional rights that make us a free country."[10]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "No" Sanders voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[11]

Economy

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Sanders voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Sanders voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[14]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Voted "No" Sanders voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[15]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Voted "Yes" Sanders voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[16]

Fast food worker strikes

In December 2013, Sanders tweeted his support for raising the minimum wage for fast food workers. He tweeted, "Starvation wages for fast food workers," with a link to a speech he gave on the Senate floor on the topic.[17]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Sanders voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[18]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Sanders' Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Sanders is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Sanders received a score of 68 percent on social issues and 16 percent on economic issues.[19]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[20]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Favors Expand the military Strongly Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[19]

Political positions

Sanders is a self-described democratic socialist.[21][1]

Elections

2016

Presidential rumblings

Sanders commented in The Nation in March 2014 that he was “prepared to run for President” in 2016.[22][23]

“This country today faces more serious problems than in any time since the Great Depression. If you throw in the huge issue of climate change and the survival of the planet, you could argue that this is one of the most pivotal moments in the history of our country. What we need in a presidential campaign and what we need in politics in general is a serious debate about the serious issues facing America and the world. And I do not believe for one moment that I’m the only person who can raise the issues, but I think these are issues that have to be raised and if other people are not prepared to talk about the most important issues, I’m certainly prepared to do that,” Sanders said in an interview with Vermont Public Radio.[22]

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Vermont, 2012

Sanders ran for re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Vermont. Sanders ran unopposed in the August 28, 2012, Democratic primary. He also ran as an Independent. He defeated John MacGovern (R), Cris Ericson (United States Marijuana Party), Laurel LaFramboise (VoteKISS), Pete Diamondstone (Liberty Union), and Peter Moss (Peace and Prosperity) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[24][25]

U.S. Senate, Vermont, General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Independent Green check mark transparent.pngBernie Sanders Incumbent 71.1% 207,848
     Republican John MacGovern 24.9% 72,898
     Third Cris Ericson 2% 5,924
     Third Laurel LaFramboise 0.3% 877
     Third Peter Moss 0.8% 2,452
     Third Pete Diamondstone 0.9% 2,511
Total Votes 292,510
Source: Vermont Board of Elections, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Sanders is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Sanders raised a total of $14,933,605 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[35]

Bernie Sanders's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Vermont) Won $7,229,492
2006 U.S. Senate (Vermont) Won $5,554,466
2004 US House (Vermont, At-large District) Won $836,307
2002 US House (Vermont, At-large District) Won $657,070
2000 US House (Vermont, At-large District) Won $656,270
Grand Total Raised $14,933,605

2012

Breakdown of the source of Sanders' campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Sanders won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Sanders' campaign committee raised a total of $7,229,492 and spent $3,247,555.[36]

Cost per vote

Sanders spent $15.62 per vote received in 2012.

2006

Breakdown of the source of Sanders' campaign funds before the 2006 election.

Sanders won election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that election cycle, Sanders' campaign committee raised a total of $5,554,466 and spent $6,596,060.[37]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Sanders' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $116,014 to $804,998. That averages to $460,506, which is lower than the average net worth of Independent Senate members in 2012 of $8,096,792.50. Sanders ranked as the 84th most wealthy senator in 2012.[38] Between 2004 and 2012, Sanders' calculated net worth[39] increased by an average of 29 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[40]

Bernie Sanders Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$140,383
2012$460,506
Growth from 2004 to 2012:228%
Average annual growth:29%[41]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[42]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[43]

Sanders most often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Sanders is a "left leaning independent," as of July 3, 2013.[44]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Sanders missed 32 of 1,933 roll call votes from January 2007 to April 2013. This amounts to 1.7 percent, which is equal to the median of 1.7 percent among current senators as of April 2013.[45]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Sanders paid his congressional staff a total of $2,395,679 in 2011. He ranks 2nd on the list of the lowest paid Independent senatorial staff salaries and ranked 26th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Vermont ranks 45th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[46]

National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 32nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.[47]

2011

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Sanders ranked 29th in the liberal rankings.[48]

Personal

Sanders lives in Burlington, Vermont with his wife Jane O’Meara. Sanders and his wife have four children.[6]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Bernie + Sanders + Vermont + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Bernie Sanders News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Senate.gov, "Members"
  2. Official Senate website, "Newsroom," accessed October 12, 2011
  3. Burlington Free Press blog, "Sen. Bernie Sanders wins Democratic endorsement for re-election," November 7, 2011
  4. Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Bernie Sanders," accessed October 12, 2011
  5. New Statesman, "Who's left? The top 20 US progressives," January 11, 2012
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Official Senate website, "About page," accessed October 12, 2011
  7. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. The Hill, "Sanders: NSA spies on Congress?," accessed January 3, 2014
  11. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  17. Politico, "Pols back #FastFoodStrikes," accessed December 6, 2013
  18. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 On The Issues, "Sanders Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  20. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  21. Los Angeles Times, "Social Senator schemes to fire fed chair Bernanke," accessed October 12, 2011
  22. 22.0 22.1 Vermont Public Radio, "Senator Bernie Sanders Is 'Prepared' To Run For President," accessed March 10, 2014
  23. The Nation, "Bernie Sanders: ‘I Am Prepared to Run for President of the United States’," accessed March 10, 2014
  24. VermontElections.org, "Official primary candidate list"
  25. Associated Press, "primary results"
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Bernie Sanders," accessed April 25, 2013
  36. Open Secrets, "Sanders 2012 Election Cycle," accessed July 3, 2013
  37. Open Secrets, "Bernie Sanders 2006 Election Cycle," accessed November 26, 2011
  38. OpenSecrets, "Sanders, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  39. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  40. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  41. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  42. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  43. OpenCongress, "Bernie Sanders," accessed August 8, 2013
  44. GovTrack, "Bernie Sanders," accessed July 3, 2013
  45. GovTrack, "Sanders," accessed April 11, 2013
  46. LegiStorm, "Bernie Sanders"
  47. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  48. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Jeffords
U.S. Senate - Vermont
2007-Present
Succeeded by
-