Difference between revisions of "Bill Clinton"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m
(Analysis)
(24 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Office holder |
+
{{Polinfobox
name                = Bill Clinton |
+
|Project =
birthdate          = August 19, 1946 |
+
|Name = Bill Clinton
profile image      = Bill Clinton.jpg |
+
|Profile picture = Bill Clinton.jpg
political position  =  |
+
|Position = President of the United States
incumbency          = |
+
|Status = Former officeholder
assumed office      =  |
+
|Tenure = January 20, 1993 - January 20, 2001
Past position      = 42nd President of the United States|
+
|Term ends =
past term          = January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 |
+
|Assumed office = January 1993
preceded by        = George H. W. Bush |
+
|Political party = Democratic | Party dot = {{bluedot|size=10px}}
succeeded by       = George W. Bush|
+
|Predecessor = George H.W. Bush
political party    = [[Democratic Party|Democratic]] |
+
|Leadership =
  profession          = Politician, Lawyer |
+
|Years leadership =
website             = [http://www.clintonlibrary.gov/ Clinton Presidential Library] |
+
|Leadership 2 =
Transparency        =  |
+
|Years leadership 2 =
}}
+
|Leadership 3 =
 +
|Years leadership 3 =
 +
|Leadership 4 =
 +
|Years leadership 4 =
 +
|Leadership 5 =
 +
|Years leadership 5 =
 +
|Base salary =
 +
|Per diem =
 +
|Pension =
 +
|Last election =
 +
|Nominated =
 +
|Confirmed =
 +
|Appointed =
 +
|Appointed by =
 +
|First elected =
 +
|Term limits =
 +
|Next election =
 +
|Campaign $  =
 +
|Prior office =Governor of [[Arkansas]]
 +
|Prior office years =1978-1980, 1982-1993
 +
|Prior office 2 =Arkansas State Attorney General
 +
|Prior office 2 years =1976-1978
 +
|Prior office 3 =
 +
|Prior office 3 years =
 +
|High school =Hot Springs High School
 +
|Associate's =
 +
|Bachelor's =Georgetown University
 +
|Master's =
 +
|J.D. =Yale Law School
 +
|Ph.D. =
 +
|M.D. =
 +
|Other =
 +
|Military =
 +
|Years of service =
 +
|Military 2 =
 +
|Years of service 2 =
 +
|Citations =
 +
|Birthday =August 19, 1946
 +
|Place of birth = Hope, Arkansas
 +
|Profession = Politician, Lawyer
 +
|Net worth =
 +
|Religion =
 +
|Office website =
 +
|Campaign website =
 +
|Personal website = http://www.clintonlibrary.gov/
 +
}}{{tnr}}'''William Jefferson''' "'''Bill'''" '''Clinton''' (b. William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946, in Hope, Arkansas) was the 42nd President of the United States. He served from 1993 to 2001.
  
'''William Jefferson''' "'''Bill'''" '''Clinton''' (born '''William Jefferson Blythe III'''; August 19, 1946) was elected the 42nd President of the United States and served from 1993 to 2001. Inaugurated at age 46, he was the third-youngest president. He took office at the end of the Cold War, and was the first president of the baby boomer generation. Clinton has been described as a New Democrat. Many of his policies have been attributed to a centrist philosophy of governance.
+
Clinton was the second president to be impeached, on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice in a scandal involving a White House intern. However, he was acquitted by the [[United States Senate|Senate]] and served his complete term of office.<ref>[http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/history/johnson/clintontimeline.htm The Clinton Impeachment, a Basic Chronology--with links to some video on the affair]</ref>
  
Born and raised in Arkansas, Clinton became both a student leader and a skilled musician. He is an alumnus of Georgetown University where he was Phi Beta Kappa and earned a Rhodes Scholarship to attend the University of Oxford. He is married to [[Hillary Rodham Clinton]], who has served as the United States Secretary of State since 2009 and was the [[List of United States Senators from New York|Senator from New York]] from 2001 to 2009. Both Clintons received law degrees]] from Yale Law School, where they met and began dating. As Governor of Arkansas, Clinton overhauled the state's education system, and served as Chair of the National Governors Association.
+
Prior to serving as president, Clinton was the governor of Arkansas.<ref name="biobio">[http://www.biography.com/people/bill-clinton-9251236?page=1 ''Biography.com'', "Bill Clinton biography," accessed November 25, 2013]</ref>
  
Clinton was elected president in 1992, defeating incumbent president George H.W. Bush. As president, Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history. He signed into law the North American Free Trade Agreement. He implemented "Don't ask, don't tell", a controversial intermediate step to full gay military integration. After a failed health care reform attempt, Republicans won control of Congress in 1994, for the first time in forty years. Two years later, the re-elected Clinton became the first member of the Democratic Party since Franklin D. Roosevelt to win a second full term as president. He successfully passed welfare reform and the State Children's Health Insurance Program, providing health coverage for millions of children. Later, he was impeached for perjury and obstruction of justice in a scandal involving a White House intern, but was acquitted by the U.S. Senate and served his complete term of office. The Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus between the years 1998 and 2000, the last three years of Clinton's presidency.
+
==Biography==
 +
Clinton was born in Hope, Arkansas. His father, William Jefferson Blythe, died in a car accident before his son's birth. His mother, Virginia Blythe, earned a nursing degree in 1950 in order to support him. She married Roger Clinton later that year. Clinton attended a baptist church and gained an interest in the saxophone while growing up.<ref name="biobio"/> He changed his name from Blythe to Clinton, the last name of his step-father.<ref name="fastfacts"/> Roger Clinton developed a drinking problem and was abusive toward Blythe, leading her to divorce him in 1962. Clinton attended a segregated, all-white school, Hot Springs High School. As a representative of the American Legion's Boys Nation, Clinton met President John F. Kennedy in 1963.<ref name="biobio"/>
  
Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. president since World War II. Since then, he has been involved in public speaking and humanitarian work. Based on his philanthropic worldview, Clinton created the William J. Clinton Foundation to promote and address international causes such as prevention of AIDS and global warming. In 2004, he released his autobiography ''My Life'', and was involved in his wife's and then [[Barack Obama]]'s campaigns for president in 2008. In 2009, he was named United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti, and after the 2010 earthquake he teamed with George W. Bush to form the Clinton-Bush Haiti Fund. Since leaving office, Clinton has been rated highly in public opinion polls of U.S. presidents.
+
During his first two years at Georgetown University, he served as class president. He won a Rhodes Scholarship after graduating from Georgetown, but initially his studies were cut short when received his draft notice. He joined the ROTC program at the University of Arkansas but instead resumed his Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford University. He also resubmitted his name to the draft board but was not selected to serve during the Vietnam War. He attended Yale Law School after finishing his time at Oxford where he met [[Hillary Clinton|Hillary Rodham]]. The couple moved to Arkansas upon graduation and married in 1975.<ref name="biobio"/>
  
 +
==Career==
 +
Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:<ref name="biobio"/><ref name="fastfacts">[http://www.cnn.com/2013/02/01/us/bill-clinton-fast-facts/ ''CNN'', "Bill Clinton Fast Facts," November 25, 2013]</ref>
 +
*1968: Graduated from Georgetown University
 +
*1968-70: Awarded Rhodes Scholarship and studied at Oxford University
 +
*1972: Directed Texas campaign for George McGovern's presidential candidacy
 +
*1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
 +
*1973-1976: Professor at University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
 +
*1974: Ran unsuccessfully for [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House]] seat
 +
*1976-78: Arkansas State Attorney General
 +
*1978-1980: Governor of Arkansas
 +
*1982-1993: Governor of Arkansas
 +
*1993-2001: President of the United States of America
 +
*2004: Released memoir titled ''My Life''
 +
*2005: Paired with President George H.W. Bush to raise money for tsunami and Hurricane Katrina reconstruction projects
 +
*2007: Released the book ''Giving''
 +
*2009: Appointed U.S. Special Envoy for Haiti
 +
*2011: Released the book ''Back to Work''
 +
*2013: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President [[Barack Obama]]
  
<small>This article was taken and modified from [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton Wikipedia], the free encyclopedia under the GNU license.</small>
+
==Elections==
{{Arkansas}}
+
===1996 presidential election===
 +
In 1996, Clinton defeated Republican challenger Bob Dole for the United States presidency.
 +
{{1996PresResults}}
 +
===1992 presidential election===
 +
In 1992, Clinton defeated incumbent President George H.W. Bush for the United States presidency.
 +
{{1992PresResults}}
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===Impeachment===
 +
Clinton was the second president in U.S. history to be impeached. He faced four charges from the [[United States House of Representatives|House]], two of which passed on December 20, 1998.  The two charges that passed were perjury before a federal grand jury and obstruction of justice, both stemming from Clinton lying about an affair he had with then-White House intern Monica Lewinsky. Two other charges regarding a sexual harassment lawsuit by Paula Jones and abuse of power, failed in the House.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/1998/12/20/us/impeachment-overview-clinton-impeached-he-faces-senate-trial-2d-history-vows-job.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm ''New York Times'', "IMPEACHMENT: THE OVERVIEW -- CLINTON IMPEACHED; HE FACES A SENATE TRIAL, 2D IN HISTORY; VOWS TO DO JOB TILL TERM'S 'LAST HOUR'," December 20, 1998]</ref> On February 12, 1999, Clinton was acquitted by the [[United States Senate|Senate]] on both charges.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/stories/impeach021399.htm ''Washington Post'', "The Senate Acquits President Clinton," February 13, 1999]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Analysis==
 +
The [[Congressional Budget Office]] reported a budget surplus between the years 1998 and 2000, the last three years of Clinton's presidency.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jun/27/news/mn-45265 Citing a Record Budget Surplus, Clinton Offers Congress a Deal]</ref> Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. president since World War II.<ref>[http://www.gallup.com/poll/116584/presidential-approval-ratings-bill-clinton.aspx Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton]</ref><ref>[http://uspolitics.about.com/od/polls/l/bl_historical_approval.htm Historical Presidential Approval Ratings]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Personal==
 +
Clinton is married to [[Hillary Clinton|Hillary Rodham Clinton]], with whom he has a daughter, Chelsea.<ref name="biobio"/>
 +
==Recent news==
 +
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term '''Bill + Clinton'''.
 +
 
 +
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 +
 
 +
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Bill+Clinton&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Bill Clinton News Feed}}
 +
==External links==
 +
*[http://www.clintonfoundation.org/ Clinton Foundation]
 +
*[https://twitter.com/billclinton Official Twitter page]
 +
*[https://www.facebook.com/billclinton Official Facebook page]
 +
*[http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjclinton Official White House biography]
 +
 
 +
==References==
 +
{{reflist}}
 +
[[Category:1992 presidential candidate]]
 +
[[Category:1996 presidential candidate]]
 +
[[Category:U.S. presidents]]
 +
[[Category:Democratic Party]]
 +
{{federal affairs}}

Revision as of 08:25, 8 May 2014

Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton.jpg
President of the United States
Former officeholder
In office
January 20, 1993 - January 20, 2001
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorGeorge H.W. Bush
Prior offices
Governor of Arkansas
1978-1980, 1982-1993
Arkansas State Attorney General
1976-1978
Education
High schoolHot Springs High School
Bachelor'sGeorgetown University
J.D.Yale Law School
Personal
BirthdayAugust 19, 1946
Place of birthHope, Arkansas
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer
Websites
Personal website
William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (b. William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946, in Hope, Arkansas) was the 42nd President of the United States. He served from 1993 to 2001.

Clinton was the second president to be impeached, on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice in a scandal involving a White House intern. However, he was acquitted by the Senate and served his complete term of office.[1]

Prior to serving as president, Clinton was the governor of Arkansas.[2]

Biography

Clinton was born in Hope, Arkansas. His father, William Jefferson Blythe, died in a car accident before his son's birth. His mother, Virginia Blythe, earned a nursing degree in 1950 in order to support him. She married Roger Clinton later that year. Clinton attended a baptist church and gained an interest in the saxophone while growing up.[2] He changed his name from Blythe to Clinton, the last name of his step-father.[3] Roger Clinton developed a drinking problem and was abusive toward Blythe, leading her to divorce him in 1962. Clinton attended a segregated, all-white school, Hot Springs High School. As a representative of the American Legion's Boys Nation, Clinton met President John F. Kennedy in 1963.[2]

During his first two years at Georgetown University, he served as class president. He won a Rhodes Scholarship after graduating from Georgetown, but initially his studies were cut short when received his draft notice. He joined the ROTC program at the University of Arkansas but instead resumed his Rhodes Scholarship at Oxford University. He also resubmitted his name to the draft board but was not selected to serve during the Vietnam War. He attended Yale Law School after finishing his time at Oxford where he met Hillary Rodham. The couple moved to Arkansas upon graduation and married in 1975.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Clinton's academic, professional and political career:[2][3]

  • 1968: Graduated from Georgetown University
  • 1968-70: Awarded Rhodes Scholarship and studied at Oxford University
  • 1972: Directed Texas campaign for George McGovern's presidential candidacy
  • 1973: Earned J.D. from Yale Law School
  • 1973-1976: Professor at University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
  • 1974: Ran unsuccessfully for U.S. House seat
  • 1976-78: Arkansas State Attorney General
  • 1978-1980: Governor of Arkansas
  • 1982-1993: Governor of Arkansas
  • 1993-2001: President of the United States of America
  • 2004: Released memoir titled My Life
  • 2005: Paired with President George H.W. Bush to raise money for tsunami and Hurricane Katrina reconstruction projects
  • 2007: Released the book Giving
  • 2009: Appointed U.S. Special Envoy for Haiti
  • 2011: Released the book Back to Work
  • 2013: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama

Elections

1996 presidential election

In 1996, Clinton defeated Republican challenger Bob Dole for the United States presidency.

U.S. presidential election, 1996
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBill Clinton/Al Gore Incumbent 49.3% 47,402,357 379
     Republican Bob Dole/Jack Kemp 40.8% 39,198,755 159
     Independent Ross Perot/Pat Choate 8.4% 8,085,402 0
     Green Ralph Nader/Winona LaDuke 0.7% 685,128 0
     Libertarian Harry Browne/Jo Jorgensen 0.5% 485,798 0
     U.S. Taxpayers Howard Phillips/Herbert Titus 0.2% 184,820 0
     Natural Law John Hagelin/Mike Tompkins 0.1% 113,670 0
Total Votes 96,155,930 538
Election Results Via: 1996 official election results


Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. Those candidates included: Monica Moorehead, Marsha Feinland, Charles Collins, James Harris, Dennis Peron, Mary Cal Hollis, Jerome White, Diane Beall Templin, Earl F. Dodge, A. Peter Crane, Justice Ralph Forbes, John Birrenbach, Isabell Masters and Steve Michael.[4]

1992 presidential election

In 1992, Clinton defeated incumbent President George H.W. Bush for the United States presidency.

U.S. presidential election, 1992
Party Candidate Vote % Votes Electoral votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBill Clinton/Al Gore 43.1% 44,909,889 370
     Republican George H.W. Bush/Dan Quayle Incumbent 37.5% 39,104,545 168
     Independent Ross Perot/James Stockdale 19% 19,742,267 0
     Libertarian Andre Marrou/Nancy Lord 0.3% 291,628 0
     Populist James "Bo" Gritz 0.1% 107,002 0
Total Votes 104,155,331 538
Election Results Via: 1992 official election results

Other candidates that appeared on the ballot received less than 0.1% of the vote. Those candidates included: Lenora Fulani, Howard Phillips, John Hagelin, Ron Daniels, Lyndon LaRouche, James Mac Warren, Drew Bradford, Jack Herer, John Quinn Brisben, Helen Halyard, John Yiamouyiannis, Delbert Ehlers, Earl Dodge, Jim Boren, Eugene Hem, Isabelle Masters, Robert J. Smith and Gloria Estella La Riva.[5]

Issues

Impeachment

Clinton was the second president in U.S. history to be impeached. He faced four charges from the House, two of which passed on December 20, 1998. The two charges that passed were perjury before a federal grand jury and obstruction of justice, both stemming from Clinton lying about an affair he had with then-White House intern Monica Lewinsky. Two other charges regarding a sexual harassment lawsuit by Paula Jones and abuse of power, failed in the House.[6] On February 12, 1999, Clinton was acquitted by the Senate on both charges.[7]

Analysis

The Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus between the years 1998 and 2000, the last three years of Clinton's presidency.[8] Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. president since World War II.[9][10]

Personal

Clinton is married to Hillary Rodham Clinton, with whom he has a daughter, Chelsea.[2]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Bill + Clinton.

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Bill Clinton News Feed

  • Loading...

External links

References