Bill Nelson (Florida)

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Bill Nelson
Bill Nelson.jpg
U.S. Senate, Florida
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2000-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 14
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorConnie Mack III (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.79 in 2012
First elected2000
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$41,372,539
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Treasurer, Insurance Commissioner, Fire Marshall in Florida Cabinet
1994-2000
U.S. House of Representatives
1978-1991
Florida House of Representatives
1972-1978
Education
High schoolMelbourne High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Florida, Yale University
J.D.University of Virginia
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Army
Years of service1965-1971
Personal
BirthdaySeptember 29, 1942
Place of birthMiami, Florida
Net worth$3,432,503
ReligionChristian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Clarence William "Bill" Nelson (b. September 29, 1942, in Miami, Florida) is a Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Florida. Nelson was first elected to the Senate in 2000.

He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

Nelson previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1978 to 1991 and a member of the Florida House of Representatives from 1972 to 1978.[2] Between 1994 and 2000 Nelson served as treasurer, insurance commissioner and fire marshall in the Florida Cabinet.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Nelson is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Nelson was born in Miami and spent his youth in Melbourne, Florida, where he attended Melbourne High School.

Nelson attended the University of Florida before transferring to Yale University. He subsequently received a law degree from the University of Virginia.[3]In 1965, he joined the U.S. Army Reserve; he served on active duty from 1968 to 1970, attaining the rank of captain, and he remained in the Army until 1971. Nelson was admitted to the Florida bar in 1968, and began practicing law in Melbourne in 1970.[4]

In 1986, Nelson became the second sitting member of U.S. Congress (and the first member of the House) to travel into space. He went through NASA training with Senator Jake Garn of Utah. He was a Payload Specialist on Space Shuttle Columbia's STS-61-C mission from January 12 to 18, 1986.

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Nelson serves on the following Senate committees[6]:

2011-2012

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Nelson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Nelson released a statement on September 1, 2013, following President Barack Obama's decision to seek Congress' approval to take military action in Syria.[10]

"The president wants to put to rest any doubt the American people may have," Nelson said. "I support the president's decision. But as far as I'm concerned, we should strike in Syria today. The use of chemical weapons was inhumane, and those responsible should be forced to suffer the consequences."[10]

John Brennan CIA nomination

Voted "Yes" Nelson voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[11]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[12] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Nelson voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[13]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Nelson voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspended the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[11]

2013 Senate Budget Proposal

Voted "Yes" Nelson voted in favor of the 2013 Senate Budget Proposal.[11] On March 23, after an all-night debate that ended just before 5 a.m., by a 50 to 49 vote the Democratically controlled Senate approved its first budget in four years. No Republicans voted for the Senate plan, and four Democrats opposed it. All four are from red states and are up for re-election in 2014. Nelson was one of the four Democrats who voted against the budget proposal.[11]

The approved plan is a $3.7 trillion budget for 2014 and would provide a fast track for passage of tax increases, trim spending modestly and leave the government still deeply in the red for the next decade.

The approval of a budget in the Senate began the process of setting up contentious, and potentially fruitless, negotiations with the Republican-controlled House starting in April to reconcile two vastly different plans for dealing with the nation’s economic and budgetary problems.

The House plan would have brought the government’s taxes and spending into balance by 2023 with cuts to domestic spending even below the levels of automatic across-the-board cuts for federal programs now, and it orders up dramatic and controversial changes to Medicare and the tax code.

The Senate plan differed greatly, and included $100 billion in upfront infrastructure spending to bolster the economy and calls for special fast-track rules to overhaul the tax code and raise $975 billion over 10 years in legislation that could not be filibustered. Even with that tax increase and prescribed spending cuts, the plan approved by the Senate would leave the government with a $566 billion annual deficit in 10 years, and $5.2 trillion in additional debt over that window.

Immigration

Completion of fence along Mexico border

Voted "No" Nelson voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[11]

Social Issues

Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013

Voted "Yes" Nelson voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[11]

Gay Marriage

Bill Nelson previously expressed the opinion that a marriage was between a man and a woman, but supported civil rights efforts for same-sex couples.[14] On April 4, 2013 Nelson reversed his prior opinion on same-sex marriage, speaking out in favor.[15] He became the 51st Senator to speak out in support of same-sex marriage.[15]

In a statement to the Tampa Bay Times, Nelson cited his faith as a reason for changing his standing on the issue, saying, "It is generally accepted in American law and U.S. society today... that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness. I believe that. The civil rights and responsibilities for one must pertain to all. Thus, to discriminate against one class and not another is wrong for me. If we are endowed by our Creator with rights, then why shouldn't those be attainable by Gays and Lesbians? Simply put, if The Lord made homosexuals as well as heterosexuals, why should I discriminate against their civil marriage? I shouldn't, and I won't. So I will add my name to the petition of senators asking the Supreme Court to declare the law that prohibits gay marriage unconstitutional."[16]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Nelson voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[17]

Elections

2014

See also: Florida gubernatorial election, 2014

Nelson is a potential, although unlikely, candidate for Governor of Florida in 2014.[18] Reports that Nelson was considering a gubernatorial bid emerged following the entry of ex-Gov. Charlie Crist into the Democratic primary race. In mid-November 2013, Nelson said, cryptically, that while he had no current plans to seek the governor's office, that could change in the event Crist, "gets into trouble."[19] Crist was previously elected Florida governor on the Republican ticket, and later became an Independent. In early 2013, he switched his party affiliation to Democrat, a move widely accepted as a strategic attempt to unseat unpopular GOP incumbent Rick Scott in the 2014 election.

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Florida, 2012

Nelson ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Florida. Nelson sought re-election on the Democratic ticket.[20] The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run was May 7, 2012. The primary elections were held on August 14, 2012. Bill Fisher Jr., Adam Hasner, George LeMieux, Connie Mack, Mike McCalister, Ron McNeil, Craig Miller, and Marielena Stuart were seeking the Republican nomination. Nelson defeated Glenn Burkett in the Democratic primary on August 14, 2012.[21] He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[22]

The University of Virginia's Center for Politics published an article called Sabato's Crystal Ball on March 22, 2012 detailing the 8 races in the Senate in 2012 that will decide the political fate of which party will end up with control in 2013.[23] The Senate seat in Florida is the toss up state ranked second in likelihood of ending up Democratic, behind New Mexico's Senate seat.[23] Incumbent Nelson's mediocre approval rating is the reasoning behind the "toss-up" classification of the Senate seat, but Nelson is expected to gain Democratic support in time for the election.[23] Nelson is expected to face significant opposition from Connie Mack in the general election on November 6, 2012.[23]

U.S. Senate, Florida General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBill Nelson Incumbent 55.2% 4,523,451
     Republican Connie Mack 42.2% 3,458,267
     Independent Bill Gaylor 1.5% 126,079
     Independent Chris Borgia 1% 82,089
     N/A Write-ins 0% 60
Total Votes 8,189,946
Source: Florida Election Watch "U.S. Senator"

Endorsements

Former Governor Charlie Crist confirmed his support for Nelson’s re-election bid against Republican Representative [[Connie Mack|Connie Mack IV] on August 1, 2012.[24] Not only did Crist announce that he planned to to donate to Nelson, but he said he'd also appear at an August 1 fundraiser for the incumbent, headlined by former President Bill Clinton.[24]

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Nelson is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Nelson raised a total of $41,372,539 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 3, 2013.[27]

Bill Nelson (Florida)'s Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. Senate (Florida) Won $16,803,512
2006 U.S. Senate (Florida) Won $18,031,681
2000 U.S. Senate (Florida) Won $6,537,346
Grand Total Raised $41,372,539

2012

Breakdown of the source of Nelson's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Nelson won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Nelson's campaign committee raised a total of $16,803,512 and spent $17,125,413.[28] This is more than the average $10.2 million spent by Senate winners in 2012.[29]

Cost per vote

Nelson spent $3.79 per vote received in 2012.

2006

Breakdown of the source of Nelson's campaign funds before the 2006 election.

Nelson won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2006. During that re-election cycle, Nelson's campaign committee raised a total of $18,031,681 and spent $16,718,881.[30]


Polls

2012

General Election candidates for U.S. Senate seat
Poll Bill Nelson Connie MackOther candidateUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports
(August 15, 2012)
47%40%3%10%+/-4.5500
Quinnipiac University
(August 15-21, 2012)
50%41%0%9%+/-2.81,241
Rasmussen Reports
(September 16, 2012)
47%40%5%8%+/-4.5500
Mason-Dixon Polling
(September 19, 2012)
48%40%1%11%+/-3.5800
Quinnipiac University
(September 26, 2012)
53%39%0%8%+/-2.81,196
Rasmussen Reports
(October 8, 2012)
52%41%1%6%+/-4.5500
Rasmussen Reports
(October 15, 2012)
46%45%5%5%+/-4.5500
Sunshine State News
(October 22-24, 2012)
49%44%0%7%+/-3.11,001
Rasmussen Reports
(October 25, 2012)
49%46%2%3%+/-4750
Public Policy Polling
(October 26-28, 2012)
50%42%0%9%+/-6.7687
AVERAGES 49.1% 41.8% 1.7% 7.6% +/-4.09 767.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Nelson is a "rank-and-file Democrat," as of June 20, 2013.[31]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[32]

Nelson most often votes with:

Nelson least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Nelson missed 56 of 3,884 roll call votes from Jan 2001 to Mar 2013. This amounts to 1.4%, which is better than the median of 1.7% among currently serving senators as of March 2013.[33]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Nelson paid his congressional staff a total of $3,454,635 in 2011. He ranks 3rd on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranks 98th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Florida ranks 2nd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[34]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Nelson's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,265,006 and $5,600,000. That averages to $3,432,503, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2011 of $20,795,450. His average net worth decreased by 8.84% from 2010.[35]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Nelson's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $1,480,007 and $6,051,000. That averages to $3,765,503.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2010 of $19,383,524.[36]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Nelson ranked 28th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[37]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Nelson ranked 46th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators.[38]

Voting with party

2013

Bill Nelson voted with the Democratic Party 95.9% of the time, which ranked 18th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[39]

Personal

In 1972, Nelson married Grace Cavert. The couple has two adult children: Bill Nelson, Jr., and Nan Ellen Nelson.[5]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Bill + Nelson + Florida + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links


References

  1. ABC News "2012 General Election Results"
  2. 2.0 2.1 Project Votesmart "Biography" Accessed June 20, 2013
  3. Bill Nelson: (D-FL) "Path to Power" Accessed October 13, 2011
  4. Bill Nelson: (D-FL) "Path to Power" Accessed October 13, 2011
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 http://billnelson.senate.gov/about/biography.cfm Bill Nelson, U.S. Senator from Florida "Biography" Accessed October 13, 2011]
  6. Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Bill Nelson: U.S. Senator from Florida "Committee Assignments" Accessed October 13, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 First Coast News, "Florida Senators react to Syria debate," accessed September 2, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Project Votesmart, "Richard Nelson Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  12. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  13. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Huffingtonpost.com "Gay Marriage Rights: The 10 Democratic Senators Who Still Say No" March 2013
  15. 15.0 15.1 Metro Weekly "Bill Nelson becomes 51st senator to support same-sex marriage" Accessed April 5, 2013
  16. Tampa Bay Times " Bill Nelson reverses opposition to gay marriage" Accessed April 5, 2013
  17. U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  18. The Miami Herald, "Marc Caputo: Bill Nelson for governor could endanger Charlie Crist, U.S. Senate seat and Democrats," November 17, 2013
  19. Politico, "Bill Nelson: Charlie Crist 'trouble' could spur run for governor," November 19, 2013
  20. Washington Post Blog "The Fix" "Florida Sen. Bill Nelson in same spot as Obama," Accessed January 5, 2012
  21. AP Results "Election Results" Accessed August 14, 2012
  22. ABC News "2012 General Election Results"
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Center for Politics "Tilting the Toss Ups – the Eight Races That Will Decide the Senate" Accessed April 9, 2012
  24. 24.0 24.1 Tampa Bay Online "Charlie Crist backing Bill Nelson in Senate race" Accessed August 3, 2012
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. Open Secrets "Bill Nelson" Accessed April 3, 2013
  28. Open Secrets "Bill Nelson 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 19, 2013
  29. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  30. Open Secrets "Bill Nelson 2006 Election Cycle," Accessed November 7, 2011
  31. Gov Track "Bill Nelson," Accessed June 20, 2013
  32. OpenCongress, "Rep. Bill Nelson," Accessed August 2, 2013
  33. GovTrack, "Bill Nelson," Accessed March 29, 2013
  34. LegiStorm "Bill Nelson"
  35. OpenSecrets.org, "Bill Nelson, (D-FL), 2011"
  36. OpenSecrets.org, "Nelson, (D-FL), 2010"
  37. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  38. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," February 23, 2012
  39. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Connie Mack III
U.S. Senate - Florida
2000-Present
Succeeded by
-