Billy Long

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Billy Long
Billy Long.jpg
U.S. House, Missouri, District 7
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PredecessorRoy Blunt (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.14 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next primaryAugust 5, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,184,158
Term limitsN/A
Bachelor'sUniversity of Missouri (incomplete)
OtherMissouri Auction School
BirthdayAugust 11, 1955
Place of birthSpringfield, Missouri
ProfessionAuctioneer, Realtor
Net worth$2,731,018
Office website
Personal website
Campaign website
Billy Long campaign logo
William H. "Billy" Long II (b. August 11, 1955, in Springfield, Missouri) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing Missouri's 7th Congressional District. Long was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012, by a margin of 33 percentage points.[1]

This is Long's first seat in political office.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Long is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Long is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.


Long was born in Springfield, Missouri. He attended the University of Missouri from 1973 to 1976, but did not finish his degree, later going back to school at the Missouri Auction School.[3]


Long owns Billy Long Auctions, LLC, and was voted best auctioneer in the Ozarks for seven years in a row. Long is also a former talk radio show host on KWTO AM 560 in Springfield, with a listening area that covered 95 counties, including all of the Seventh Congressional District.[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Long serves on the following committees:[5]

  • Committee on Energy and Commerce
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations


Long served on the following committees:[6]

  • Homeland Security Committee
    • Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence
    • Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies
    • Subcommittee on Oversight, Investigations, and Management
  • Transportation and Infrastructure Committee
    • Subcommittee on Aviation
    • Subcommittee on Highways and Transit
    • Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials

Key Votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Long's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Long voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]


Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]


Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Long voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "No" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Long joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Long voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Voted "No" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Long voted against HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Clay was 1 of 144 Democrats who opposed the bill, while 44 voted for it.[22][9]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[23][9]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[24][9]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "Yes" Long voted in support of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines. Long co-sponsored the bill.[24][9]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Long voted in opposition of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[9]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Long voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]


On The Issues Vote Match

Billy Long's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Long is a Hard-Core Conservative. Long received a score of 13 percent on social issues and 91 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

Campaign themes


On his campaign website, Long listed thirteen issues. They were:[28]

  • Conservative Values
  • On his website, Long said, "A truly just and economic system is one that allows the individual to keep the fruits of his own mental and physical labor. That system is capitalism and it has done more to lift up the human condition from poverty than any other system in the history of the world. The government should not be in the business of choosing winners and losers. When the government tries to interfere in the market place, such as with bailouts, it rewards bad behavior by transferring wealth from those who made smart investments to those who made bad investments. Not only is this practice an irresponsible use of government, it leaves us poorer as a society."
  • Abortion
  • On his website, Long said, "I am 100 percent pro-life. I believe in the sanctity of human life, that life begins at conception, and in protecting the rights of the unborn."
  • Agriculture
  • On his website, Long said, "Agriculture is a vital part of the Seventh District’s economy. It is important that Congress support the growth and development of the agriculture industry by fighting for policies that will encourage economic growth in Missouri and nationwide. The United States has been the world’s leading agricultural producer for many years and with our vast natural resources we need to keep it that way. Agricultural products are a source of significant exports, which benefits our overall economy while providing Americans with a stable, safe, and nutritious food supply."
  • Education
  • On his website, Long said, "The education of our children is a once in a lifetime opportunity. The years before a child reaches kindergarten are among the most critical in his or her life. That is why I support programs such as Parents as Teachers, which was started by Senator Kit Bond. This program gives parents the resources they need to best prepare their children for school. Such programs encourage parents to become more engaged in their children’s learning process from an early age. I also believe we must do what we can to keep students engaged through their elementary and secondary education."
  • Energy & Environment
  • On his website, Long said, "We need an all-of-the-above approach to solve this problem. We haven’t built an oil refinery in this country in over 35 years. We need more oil, gas, coal and nuclear energy production combined with more wind, solar, hydropower, and geothermal energies. This will lower prices, create jobs, reduce our dependence on foreign oil, and strengthen our national security."
  • Healthcare
  • On his website, Long said, "People, not the government, are the source of prosperity in our country and they make the American health care system the envy of the world. What we need are commonsense solutions that will strengthen our health care system instead of stimulating debt and eliminating patient choice. A health care system where insurance can be bought across state lines so insurers compete against each other and lowers cost for patients."
  • Homeland Security
  • On his website, Long said, "Today there are many challenges facing our country and none is greater than keeping our people safe. As a member of the House Homeland Security Committee, I am doing everything in my power to make sure we are protected and that those who serve on the front lines have the tools they need to get the job done."
  • Immigration
  • On his website, Long said, "While the total number of illegal immigrants is unknown, the number ranges in the millions. These illegal immigrants place strains on our social support networks, our infrastructure, and routinely evade the basic laws that govern society. As Americans we pride ourselves on our ability to incorporate immigrants into our unique American culture. Unfortunately illegal immigration resists this unifying influence and results in the creation of a near parallel society. We must enforce our laws and encourage people to become Americans the legal way."
  • National Defense
  • On his website, Long said, "At a time when we are fighting wars overseas, we must continue to support our troops. Our service men and women make our military the strongest in the world. They defend our nation and our way of life against those who would destroy our safety, freedom, and values. Congress must give them our unwavering support to complete their mission as quickly and safely as possible."
  • Small Business
  • On his website, Long said, "Small businesses are the heart-beat of this economy, representing 99.7% of all companies in America, employing half of all private sector employees and accounting for over half of the private sector economy. Americans do not owe our prosperity to the government; we owe it to the men and women who work to achieve their dreams."
  • Taxes
  • On his website, Long said, "I am a proud cosponsor of a balanced budget amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would limit the ability of the government to spend more than it takes in or to tax the American public beyond a fixed percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This amendment would force responsible spending practices by Congress and help us pay down the national debt. If we don’t act now, we will suffer permanent economic harm from our excessive tax and spending burdens."
  • Transportation and Infrastructure
  • On his website, Long said, "In addition to serving on the Homeland Security Committee, I also serve on the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. The Transportation and Infrastructure Committee has jurisdiction over many forms of transportation: aviation, maritime, waterborne, roads, bridges, mass transit, and railroads."
  • Veterans
  • On his website, Long said, "While we can never satisfy the debt we owe America’s fallen heroes and their families, Congress must continue to put our troops, our veterans, and their families first. At a time when our service members are returning home from multiple wars and conflicts across the globe, we must provide veterans with the support they have rightfully earned. Our veterans have honorably served their country and it is time for their country to serve them."[28]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Billy Long endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [29]



See also: Missouri's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Long is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He is seeking the Republican nomination in the primary election on August 5, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.


Long sought re-election in 2012.[30] He defeated Tom Stilson and Mike Moon in the Republican primary on August 7, 2012.[31] He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[32]

U.S. House, Missouri District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBilly Long Incumbent 63.9% 203,565
     Democratic Jim Evans 30.9% 98,498
     Libertarian Kevin Craig 5.2% 16,668
     Write-in Kenneth Joe Brown 0% 9
Total Votes 318,740
Source: Missouri Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Republican Primary Results

U.S. House, Missouri District 7 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBilly Long 59.7% 62,917
Mike Moon 21.7% 22,860
Tom Stilson 18.7% 19,666
Total Votes 105,443

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Long is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Long raised a total of $2,184,158 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[34]

Billy Long's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Missouri, District 7) Won $924,151
2010 U.S. House (Missouri, District 7) Won $1,260,007
Grand Total Raised $2,184,158


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Long's reports.[35]

Billy Long (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$314,894.74$150,427.19$(73,253.12)$392,068.81
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$392,068.81$204,952.34$(70,563.88)$526,457.27
October Quarterly[38]October 15, 2013$526,457.27$187,437.57$(116,701.26)$597,193.58
Year-End[39]January 31, 2014$597,193.58$75,268.52$(86,005.07)$586,457.03
April Quarterly (amended)[40]April 16, 2014$586,457.03$183,543.47$(89,450.46)$680,550.04
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Long's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Long won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Long's campaign committee raised a total of $924,152 and spent $639,660.[41] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[42]

Cost per vote

Long spent $3.14 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Long's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Long was elected to the U.S. House in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,260,007 and spent $1,230,604.[43] This is less than the average $1.4 million spent by House winners in 2010.[44]

Cost per vote

Long spent $6.05 per vote received in 2010.

U.S. House, Missouri District 7, 2010 - Billy Long Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,260,007
Total Spent $1,230,604
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $186,310
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $186,310
Top contributors to Billy Long's campaign committee
Med-Pay Inc$17,500
Peterbilt of Springfield$15,900
Larson Group$14,400
Pinegar Chevrolet$14,400
Springfield Grocer$14,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Real Estate$80,400
Misc Finance$77,450
Health Professionals$51,400

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Long's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,088,039 and $4,373,997. That averages to $2,731,018, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Long ranked as the 118th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45] Between 2004 and 2012, Long's calculated net worth[46] decreased by 56.2 percent. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[47]

Billy Long Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-56%
Average annual growth:-19%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Long missed 51 of 1,698 roll call votes from Jan 2011 to Apr 2013, which is 3.0% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[50]

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Long is a "far-right Republican" as of May 2013.[51]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Long paid his congressional staff a total of $830,698 in 2011. Overall, Missouri ranked 21st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[52]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.


According to the data released in 2013, Long was ranked the 50th most conservative representative during 2012.[53]


According to the data released in 2012, Billy Long was ranked the 52nd most conservative representative during 2011.[54]

Voting with party

May 2013

Billy Long voted with the Republican Party 98.7 percent of the time, which ranked 25th among the 233 House Republican members as of May 2013.[55]


Long currently resides in Springfield with his wife, Barbara, and their two daughters. Mr. and Mrs. Long attend the First & Calvary Presbyterian Church in Springfield, where they were married over 25 years ago.[56]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Billy + Long + Missouri + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Billy Long News Feed

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See also

External links

Political Tracker has an article on:
William Long


  1. State of Missouri, "Nov. 6, 2012 General Election," accessed May 31, 2013
  2. Project VoteSmart, "Representative Billy Long's Biography," accessed May 31, 2013
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "LONG, Billy, (1955 - )"
  4. U.S. House of Representatives, "Billy Long official bio," accessed May 31, 2013
  5., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  6., The Website of the Republican Majority in Congress, "Republicans in Missouri, Billy Long, Missouri's 7th District"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Project Vote Smart, "Billy Long's Political Summary," accessed September 13, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22., "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees.," February 25, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 Chicago Sun-Times, "How they voted," August 9, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Billy Long Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 Billy Long for Congress, "Issues," April 25, 2012
  29. News Leader, "Long to endorse Mitt Romney today," January 12, 2012
  30. OpenSecrets, "Billy Long Representative 2012," accessed January 21, 2012
  31. AP Results, "U.S. House in Missouri Results," accessed August 7, 2012
  32. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results"
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. OpenSecrets, "Billy Long," accessed May 16, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress Year End," accessed February 6, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Billy Long for Congress April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  41. OpenSecrets, "Billy Long 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 13, 2013
  42. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  43. OpenSecrets, "Billy Long 2010 Election Data," accessed November 9, 2011
  44. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  45. OpenSecrets, "Long, (R-MO), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  46. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  47. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. GovTrack, "Billy Long," accessed March 26, 2013
  51. GovTrack, "Billy Long," accessed May 31, 2013
  52. LegiStorm, "Billy Long," accessed October 8, 2012
  53. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  54. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  55. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  56. Billy Long, U.S. Congressman, Representing the 7th District of Missouri, "Billy Long: Fourth-Generation Native of SW Missouri"
Political offices
Preceded by
Roy Blunt
U.S. House of Representatives - Missouri, District 7
Succeeded by