Difference between revisions of "Brian Higgins"

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|Position = U.S. House, New York, District 26
 
|Position = U.S. House, New York, District 26
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
|Tenure = January 3, 2005-Present
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|Tenure = January 3, 2013-Present
|Term ends = January 3, 2015
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|Term ends = January 3, 2017
 
|Assumed office = 2005
 
|Assumed office = 2005
 
|Political party = Democratic
 
|Political party = Democratic
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[New York's 26th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 +
|Cost per vote 2014 =$5.86
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 =$4.86
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 2, 2004
 
|First elected = November 2, 2004
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[New York's 26th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
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|Next primary =
|Campaign $ =4,788,556
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|Next election = November 8, 2016
|Prior office = [[New York State Assembly]]
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|Campaign $ =6,731,149
|Prior office years = 1999-2004
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|Prior office =U.S. House, New York, District 27
|Prior office 2 = Buffalo Common Council
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|Prior office years =2005-2013
|Prior office 2 years = 1988-1994
+
|Prior office 2 =[[New York State Assembly]]
|Prior office 3 =   
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|Prior office 2 years =1999-2004
|Prior office 3 years =  
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|Prior office 3 =  Buffalo Common Council
 +
|Prior office 3 years = 1988-1994
 
|High school =
 
|High school =
 
|Associate's =
 
|Associate's =
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|Place of birth = Buffalo, New York
 
|Place of birth = Buffalo, New York
 
|Profession = College Lecturer, Politician
 
|Profession = College Lecturer, Politician
|Net worth = $130,006
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|Net worth = (2012) $32,004
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Religion = Roman Catholic
 
|Office website = http://higgins.house.gov/
 
|Office website = http://higgins.house.gov/
 
|Campaign website =  
 
|Campaign website =  
 
|Personal website =  
 
|Personal website =  
}}{{tnr}}'''Brian Higgins''' (b. October 6, 1959) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[New York's 26th congressional district]]. Higgins was first elected to the House in 2004 and is currently serving his fifth consecutive term, having won re-election on [[New York's 26th congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. Before redistricting in 2012 Higgins had previously served the 28th district.  
+
}}{{tnr}}'''Brian Higgins''' (b. October 6, 1959, in Buffalo, [[New York|NY]]) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[New York's 26th Congressional District]]. Higgins was first elected to the House in 2004 and is currently serving his sixth consecutive term.
  
Higgins is set to run for re-election in [[New York's 26th congressional district]] in the general election on [[New York's 26th congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]].<ref>[http://higgins.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'' "Biography"]</ref>
+
Higgins won re-election to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014 to represent [[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014|the 26th Congressional District]] of [[New York]]. He ran unopposed for the [[Democratic Party|Democratic]] and [[Working Families Party]] nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.<ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2014/by_state/NY_US_House_0624.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''Associated Press'', "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014]</ref> Higgins defeated [[Kathy Weppner]] (R) in the general election.
  
Prior to being elected to the [[United States House of Representatives|House]] Higgins was a member of the Buffalo Common Council and the [[New York State Assembly]], he also served as an instructor in the History and Economics Departments at Buffalo State College.
+
Before redistricting in 2012, Higgins had previously served the 27th District.<ref>[https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/brian_higgins/400641 ''GovTrack'', "Rep. Brian Higgins," accessed January 15, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Prior to being elected to the [[United States House of Representatives|House]], Higgins was a member of the Buffalo Common Council and the [[New York State Assembly]]. He also served as an instructor in the history and economics departments at Buffalo State College.
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Higgins was born in Buffalo, [[New York]]. He earned a B.A. from Buffalo State College in 1984, an M.A. in 1985, and an M.P.A. from Harvard University in 1996.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H001038 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "HIGGINS, Brian, (1959 - )"]</ref>
+
Higgins was born in Buffalo, [[New York]]. He earned a B.A. from Buffalo State College in 1984, an M.A. in 1985 and an M.P.A. from Harvard University in 1996.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H001038 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "HIGGINS, Brian, (1959 - )," accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
 +
 
 +
Prior to his political career, Higgins was an instructor in the history and economics departments at Buffalo State College, where he previously earned his undergraduate degree in political science.<ref name="bio1">[http://higgins.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'', "Biography," accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
Higgins was an instructor in the History and Economics departments at Buffalo State College, where he previously earned his undergraduate degree in Political Science, before serving in public office.<ref>[http://higgins.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'' "Biography"]</ref>
+
Below is an abbreviated outline of Higgins' academic, professional and political career:<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H001038 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "HIGGINS, Brian, (1959 - )," accessed February 12, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
*2013-Present: U.S. Representative from [[New York's 26th Congressional District]]
 +
*2005-2013: U.S. Representative from [[New York's 27th Congressional District]]
 +
*1999-2004: [[New York State Assembly]]
 +
*1996: Graduated from Harvard University with an M.P.A.
 +
*1988-1994: Buffalo, New York, common council
 +
*1985: Graduated from Buffalo State College with an M.A.
 +
*1984: Graduated from Buffalo State College with a B.A.
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 +
====2015-2016====
 +
Higgins serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/committee_info/oal.aspx ''U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk'', "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015]</ref>
 +
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs|Foreign Affairs Committee]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs#The Middle East and North Africa|Subcommittee on The Middle East and North Africa]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs#Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade|Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security|Homeland Security Committee]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security#Border and Maritime Security|Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security]]
 +
**[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security#Counterterrorism and Intelligence|Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence]], ''Ranking Member''
 +
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Higgins serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
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Higgins served on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs|Committee on Foreign Affairs]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs|Committee on Foreign Affairs]]
 
**Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa
 
**Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa
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====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Higgins served on the following committees:<ref>[http://higgins.house.gov/legislation/committee-and-caucus-work.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'' "Committee and Caucus Work"]</ref>
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Higgins served on the following committees:<ref>[http://higgins.house.gov/legislation/committee-and-caucus-work.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'', "Committee and Caucus Work," accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs|Foreign Affairs Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs|Foreign Affairs Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia
 
**Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia
**Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade<ref>[http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/members.asp ''Committee on Foreign Affairs, Chairman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen'' "Members"]</ref>
+
**Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade<ref>[http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/members.asp ''Committee on Foreign Affairs, Chairman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen'', "Members," accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security|Homeland Security Committee]]
 
*[[United States House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security|Homeland Security Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security
 
**Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security
 
**Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence
 
**Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence
  
==Issues==
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==Key votes==
===Specific votes===
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===114th Congress===
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[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
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{{114thVotes
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|Lastname=Higgins
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|Sen=
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}}
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====Economic and fiscal====
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=====2016 Budget proposal=====
 +
{{House Budget Res Dem No|Name=Higgins}}
 +
====Foreign Affairs====
 +
=====Iran nuclear deal=====
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{{House Iran bill Dem Yes|Name=Higgins}}
 +
 
 +
===113th Congress===
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Higgins
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
===National security===
 +
====NDAA====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Higgins voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name=ns>[https://votesmart.org/candidate/23127/brian-higgins?categoryId=61&type=V,S,R,E,F,P#.Ulb3zxCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====DHS Appropriations====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Higgins voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name=ns/>
 +
 
 +
====Keystone Pipeline Amendment====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Higgins voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.<ref name=ns/>
 +
 
 +
====CISPA (2013)====
 +
{{Yea vote}} Higgins voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:h.r.624: ''The Library of Congress'', "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name=ns/>
 +
===Economy===
 +
====Farm Bill====
 +
: ''See also: [[United States Farm Bill 2013]]''
 +
{{Nay vote}}
 +
Higgins voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013.  The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/candidate/23127/brian-higgins?categoryId=4&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E#.Ulb7ERCBxVI ''Vote Smart'', "Higgins on agriculture," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>  The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/12/us/politics/house-bill-would-split-farm-and-food-stamp-programs.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0 ''New York Times'', "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013]</ref>
 +
====King Amendment====
 +
Higgins signed a letter sent to [[Collin Peterson]] in August 2013, asking him to keep [[Steve King (Iowa)|Steve King]]'s amendment out of the final Farm Bill.<ref>[http://votesmart.org/public-statement/806604/letter-to-ranking-member-collin-peterson-house-committee-on-agriculture-reject-rep-kings-provision-on-farm-bill#.UkBtzIakrMk ''Vote Smart'', "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 23, 2013]</ref>  The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.<ref>[http://swampland.time.com/2013/08/17/king-farm-bill-amendment-angers-animal-advocates/ ''Time.com'', "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013]</ref>  King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for  egg-producing chickens.  King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.
 +
====Government shutdown====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{Nay vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Higgins voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{Yea vote}} The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for [[Obamacare]] subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Higgins voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
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 +
===Immigration===
 +
{{find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BrianHiggins-SponsoredLegislationBySubject</htmlet>|right|width=10}}
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====Morton Memos Prohibition====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Higgins voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013]</ref> The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/candidate/23127/brian-higgins?categoryId=40&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E#.Ulb7YBCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Healthcare===
 +
====Repealing Obamacare====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Higgins has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/candidate/23127/brian-higgins?categoryId=38&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E,E#.Ulb7rxCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Social issues===
 +
====Abortion====
 +
{{Nay vote}} Higgins voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.<ref>[https://votesmart.org/candidate/23127/brian-higgins?categoryId=2&type=V,S,R,E,F,P,E,E,E,E#.Ulb8IRCBxVI ''Project Vote Smart'', "Higgins on abortion," accessed October 10, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Previous congressional sessions===
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
{{Support vote}}
+
{{Yea vote}}
Higgins voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Higgins voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Issues==
 +
===On The Issues Vote Match===
 +
[[File:s080_010.gif|right|290px|thumb|Brian Higgins's Vote Match results from ''On The Issues''.]]
 +
:: ''See also: [[On The Issues Vote Match]]''
 +
''On The Issues'' conducts a [http://www.ontheissues.org/ VoteMatch] analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Higgins is a '''Hard-Core Liberal'''.<ref name="ontheissues"/>
 +
{{Ontheissues vote quiz|Name=Higgins|Philosophy=Hard-Core Liberal|Image=s080_010.gif|Date=May 20, 2015|Link=http://house.ontheissues.org/NY/Brian_Higgins.htm|Ref=<ref name="ontheissues">[http://house.ontheissues.org/NY/Brian_Higgins.htm ''On The Issues'', "Brian Higgins Vote Match," accessed May 20, 2015]</ref>
 +
|Abortion= Strongly Favors
 +
|Hiring= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marriage= Strongly Favors
 +
|God= Favors
 +
|ObamaCare= Strongly Favors
 +
|Social Security= Strongly Opposes
 +
|School Choice= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Environment= Strongly Opposes
 +
|Crime= Opposes
 +
|Guns= Favors
 +
|Taxes= Strongly Favors
 +
|Citizenship= Strongly Favors
 +
|Free Trade= Opposes
 +
|United Nations= Opposes
 +
|Military= Opposes
 +
|Vote= Strongly Favors
 +
|Iran= Opposes
 +
|Energy= Strongly Favors
 +
|Marijuana= Opposes
 +
|Stimulus= Strongly Favors
 +
}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
:: ''See also: [[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
 +
 +
Higgins {{2014isrunning}} in the [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|2014 election]] for the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] to represent [[United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 2014|New York's]] [[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014|26th District]]. Higgins ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. Higgins defeated [[Kathy Weppner]] (R) in the general election. {{Nov2014genelection}}
 +
{{Nydis26genelecbox14}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
::''See also: [[New York's 26th congressional district elections, 2012]]''
+
::''See also: [[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2012]]''
Higgins won re-election in 2012, and due to [[Redistricting in New York|New York's redistricting]], he ran in the newly redrawn 26th district.<ref>[http://www.buffalonews.com/city/capital-connection/washington/article814694.ece ''Buffalo News'' "Hochul starts strong as finances are reported," April 17, 2012]</ref> He was unopposed in the Democratic and [[Working Families Party]] primaries and defeated [[Michael Madigan, New York|Michael Madigan]] (R) in the November 6, 2012, general election.<ref name="apny">[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/NY_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''AP/CSPAN'' "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/new-york/ ''Politico'' "2012 Election Map, New York"]</ref>
+
Higgins won re-election in 2012, and due to [[Redistricting in New York|New York's redistricting]], he ran in the newly redrawn 26th District.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/2/http://www.buffalonews.com/city/capital-connection/washington/article814694.ece ''Buffalo News'', "Hochul starts strong as finances are reported," April 17, 2012]</ref> He was unopposed in the Democratic and [[Working Families Party]] primaries and defeated [[Michael Madigan, New York|Michael Madigan]] (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.<ref name="apny">[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/NY_US_House_0626.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''AP/CSPAN'', "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.politico.com/2012-election/results/house/new-york/ ''Politico'', "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012]</ref>
 
{{Nydis26genelecbox12}}
 
{{Nydis26genelecbox12}}
  
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==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
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===Fundraising events===
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The below chart from [http://members-of-congress.findthebest.com/l/55/Brian-Higgins Find The Best] tracks the fundraising events Higgins attends.
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{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BrianHiggins-FundraisingEvents</htmlet>|float="center"|width=400px}}
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<br>
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===Comprehensive donor history===
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
{{Comprehensive donor history
 
|Name=Higgins
 
|Name=Higgins
 
|year=2004
 
|year=2004
|Editdate= March 23, 2013
+
|Editdate= April 16, 2015
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00027060&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Career Fundraising for Brian Higgins" March 2013]</ref>
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|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00027060&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Career Fundraising for Brian Higgins," March 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
|totalraised2012=
+
|totalraised2014=851431
 +
|result2014=Won
 +
|office2014=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 26th Congressional District{{!}}District 26]])
 +
|totalraised2012=1091162
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 26th congressional district|District 26]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 26th Congressional District|District 26]])
 
|totalraised2010=1113936
 
|totalraised2010=1113936
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 27th congressional district|District 27]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 27th Congressional District|District 27]])
 
|totalraised2008=1088825
 
|totalraised2008=1088825
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 27th congressional district|District 27]])
+
|office2008=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 27th Congressional District|District 27]])
 
|totalraised2006=1227884
 
|totalraised2006=1227884
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 27th congressional district|District 27]])
+
|office2006=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 27th Congressional District|District 27]])
 
|totalraised2004=1357911
 
|totalraised2004=1357911
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=U.S. House of Representatives (New York, [[New York's 27th congressional district|District 27]])
+
|office2004=U.S. House (New York, [[New York's 27th Congressional District|District 27]])
}}
+
}}<br>
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BrianHiggins-CampaignContributions</htmlet>|float=right|width=300px}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===2014===
 +
Higgins won re-election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2014. During that election cycle, Higgins' campaign committee raised a total of $851,431 and spent $663,042.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027060&cycle=2014 ''Open Secrets'', "Brian Higgins 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 9, 2015]</ref> This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/overview/bigspenders.php?cycle=2014&display=A&Memb=H&sort=O ''Open Secrets'', "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 9, 2015]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Higgins spent $5.86 per general election vote received in 2014.
 +
 
 +
{{Congress donor box 2014
 +
|winner = Y
 +
|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 26
 +
|party = Democratic
 +
|total raised = $851,431
 +
|total spent = $663,042
 +
|opponent raised = $88,103
 +
|opponent spent = $71,418
 +
|org1 = M&T Bank
 +
|org2 = Roswell Park Cancer Institute
 +
|org3 = Air Line Pilots Assn
 +
|org4 = Carpenters & Joiners Union
 +
|org5 = General Mills
 +
|orgdonor1 = $12,500
 +
|orgdonor2 = $11,000
 +
|orgdonor3 = $10,000
 +
|orgdonor4 = $10,000
 +
|orgdonor5 = $10,000
 +
|ind1 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind2 = Transportation Unions
 +
|ind3 = Building Trade Unions
 +
|ind4 = Industrial Unions
 +
|ind5 = Public Sector Unions
 +
|inddonor1 = $90,073
 +
|inddonor2 = $46,500
 +
|inddonor3 = $42,000
 +
|inddonor4 = $35,500
 +
|inddonor5 = $26,000
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Brian Higgins Donors 2014.JPG|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Higgins' campaign funds before the 2014 election.]]}}
 +
 
 +
{{Brian Higgins 2014 FEC}}
  
===Individual breakdown===
 
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
[[File:Brian Higgins 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Higgins' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]
+
Higgins won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Higgins' campaign committee raised a total of $1,091,162 and spent $1,031,410.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027060&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'', "Brian Higgins 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013]</ref>
Higgins won election to the [[U.S. House]] in 2012. During that election cycle, Higgins' campaign committee raised a total of $1,091,162 and spent $1,031,410.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027060&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "Brian Higgins 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
====Cost per vote====
 +
Higgins spent $4.86 per vote received in 2012.
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, New York's 26th Congressional District  
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 26
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $1,091,162
 
|total raised = $1,091,162
Line 186: Line 357:
 
|inddonor5 = $35,899
 
|inddonor5 = $35,899
 
|}}
 
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Brian Higgins 2012 Donor Breakdown.png|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Higgins' campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]}}
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
[[File:Brian_Higgins_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png‎‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Higgins' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]] Higgins was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010 for a fourth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,113,936 and spent $1,350,836.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00027060&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "Brian M. Higgins 2010 Election Data," Accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
+
Higgins was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] in 2010 for a fourth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,113,936 and spent $1,350,836.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00027060&type=I ''Open Secrets'', "Brian M. Higgins 2010 Election Data," accessed December 24, 2011]</ref>
  
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
|Chamber = U.S. House of Representatives, New York's 26th Congressional District  
+
|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 27
 
|party = Democratic
 
|party = Democratic
 
|total raised = $1,113,936
 
|total raised = $1,113,936
Line 217: Line 389:
 
|inddonor4 = $43,350
 
|inddonor4 = $43,350
 
|inddonor5 = $41,000
 
|inddonor5 = $41,000
 +
|}}
 +
{{Collapsible donor graphic|Content=[[File:Brian_Higgins_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png‎‎|left|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Higgins' campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]}}
 +
 +
==Personal Gain Index==
 +
[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px|link=Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]
 +
::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
 +
The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have prospered during their tenure as public servants. <br>
 +
It consists of two different metrics:
 +
*[[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)|Changes in Net Worth]]
 +
*[[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)|The Donation Concentration Metric]]
 +
 +
===PGI: Change in net worth===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index)]] and [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 +
[[File:Net Worth Metric graphic.png|left|170px]]
 +
 +
Based on [[Household net worth (Member of Congress)|congressional financial disclosure forms]] and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Higgins' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-41,991 and $105,999. That averages to '''$32,004''', which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Higgins ranked as the 398th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027060&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Brian Higgins (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref> Between 2004 and 2012, Higgins' calculated net worth increased from $-303,858 to $32,004. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.<ref>This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.</ref>
 +
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=N
 +
|Name = Brian Higgins
 +
|Political Party = Democratic
 +
|Year 0 = 2004
 +
|Average 0 = -303858
 +
|2010 = 146005.00
 +
|2011 =  130006.00
 +
|2012 = 32004
 +
}}
 +
 +
===PGI: Donation Concentration Metric===
 +
:: ''See also: [[The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)]]''
 +
 +
Filings required by the [[Federal Election Commission]] report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Higgins received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the ''Lawyers/Law Firms'' industry.
 +
 +
From 2003-2014, '''26.94 percent of Higgins' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.'''<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=N00027060&cycle=Career ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Rep. Brian M. Higgins," accessed September 26, 2014]</ref>
 +
[[File:Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png|left|179px]]
 +
{{Cong career industries
 +
|party = Democratic
 +
|total raised = 6569967
 +
|total spent = 5916403
 +
|ind1 = Lawyers/Law Firms
 +
|ind2 = Transportation Unions
 +
|ind3 = Building Trade Unions
 +
|ind4 = Public Sector Unions
 +
|ind5 = Real Estate
 +
|inddonor1 = 609996
 +
|inddonor2 = 313150
 +
|inddonor3 = 299880
 +
|inddonor4 = 287060
 +
|inddonor5 = 259914
 +
|district =
 +
|committee =
 +
|rank =
 
|}}
 
|}}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 +
:: ''See also: [[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking]]''
 +
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Rep. Higgins was a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Democrat]]" as of August 2014.<ref name=govtrack>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/brian_higgins/400641 ''GovTrack'', "Brian Higgins," accessed August 12, 2014]</ref> This was the same rating Higgins received in June 2013.
 +
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400641_Brian_Higgins ''OpenCongress'', "Brian Higgins," accessed August 12, 2014]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Higgins most often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[David Price]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Higgins least often votes with:
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Randy Weber]]
 +
{{col-end}}
 +
{{Find the best|title=<htmlet>FindTheBest-BrianHiggins-IdeologyBreakdown</htmlet>|width=450px}}
  
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Rep. Higgins is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|rank-and-file Democrat]]" as of June 21, 2013.<ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/brian_higgins/400641 ''Gov Track'' "Higgins" Accessed June 21,2013]</ref>
 
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Higgins missed 294 of 6,453 roll call votes from Jan 2005 to Apr 2013, which is 4.6% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. <ref>[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/brian_higgins/400641 ''GovTrack,'' "Brian Higgins" Accessed April 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,'' Higgins missed 358 of 7,471 roll call votes from January 2005 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.<ref name=govtrack/>
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Higgins paid his congressional staff a total of $1,168,721 in 2011. Overall, [[New York]] ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Brian_M._Higgins.html ''LegiStorm'', "Brian M. Higgins," Accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Higgins paid his congressional staff a total of $1,168,721 in 2011. Overall, [[New York]] ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_Brian_M._Higgins.html ''LegiStorm'', "Brian M. Higgins," accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
  
 
====Staff bonuses====
 
====Staff bonuses====
Line 236: Line 475:
 
|Amount=$3,000.00
 
|Amount=$3,000.00
 
}}
 
}}
 
===Net worth===
 
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
====2011====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Higgins' net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $3,013 to $256,999. That averages to $130,006, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2011 of $5,107,874. His average net worth decreased by 10.96% from 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027060&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'' "Brian M. Higgins (D-NY), 2011, 2011," accessed February 19, 2013]</ref>
 
 
====2010====
 
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Higgins' net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $16,011 to $275,999. Averaging to a net worth of $146,005 which was lower than the average net worth of Democrats in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00027060&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "Brian M. Higgins (D-NY), 2010," Accessed October 1, 2012]</ref>
 
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[National Journal vote ratings]]''
 +
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
 +
 +
====2013====
 +
Higgins ranked 24th in the liberal rankings in 2013.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2013-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Higgins tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 133rd in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal,'' "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 6, 2013]</ref>
+
Higgins ranked 133rd in the liberal rankings in 2012.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings ''National Journal'', "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
Each year ''National Journal'' publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of congress voted in the previous year. Higgins ranked 148th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
Higgins ranked 148th in the liberal rankings in 2011.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
====June 2013====
+
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
 +
 
 +
====2014====
 +
{{Congress vote percent
 +
|name=Higgins
 +
|party=Democratic
 +
|percent= 94.6 percent
 +
|rank= 48th
 +
|total=204
 +
|chamber=House
 +
|year=August 2014
 +
|DHouse=Y
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
====2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
|name=Brian Higgins
+
|name=Higgins
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
|percent=92.5%
+
|percent=92.5 percent
 
|rank=114th
 
|rank=114th
 
|total=201
 
|total=201
Line 266: Line 515:
 
|DHouse=Y
 
|DHouse=Y
 
}}
 
}}
 
==Personal==
 
Higgins, his wife Mary Jane, and their two children, John and Maeve, reside in South Buffalo, [[New York]].<ref>[http://higgins.house.gov/about/biography.shtml ''Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York'' "Biography"]</ref>
 
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
Line 275: Line 521:
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Brian+Higgins+New+York+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Brian Higgins News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=Brian+Higgins+New+York+Congress&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=Brian Higgins News Feed}}
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[New York]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from New York]]
 +
*[[United States House of Representatives]]
 +
*[[New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[New York's 26th Congressional District]]
 +
 
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{submit a link}}
 +
{{political tracker|Link=http://politicaltracker.com/officials/congress/activity/rep-brian-higgins/23127|Name=Brian Higgins}}
 
*[http://www.house.gov/higgins/ U.S. Congressman Brian Higgins] ''official U.S. House site''
 
*[http://www.house.gov/higgins/ U.S. Congressman Brian Higgins] ''official U.S. House site''
 
{{CongLinks| congbio = H001038 | votesmart = CNY77435 | washpo = Brian_Higgins | govtrack = 400641 | opencong = 400641_Brian_Higgins | cspan =  | ontheissues = | surge = | legistorm = 277/Rep_Brian_Higgins_NY.html | fec = H4NY27076 | opensecrets = N00027060 | followthemoney = | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = RepBrianHiggins | twitter = RepBrianHiggins | merge=NY26}}
 
{{CongLinks| congbio = H001038 | votesmart = CNY77435 | washpo = Brian_Higgins | govtrack = 400641 | opencong = 400641_Brian_Higgins | cspan =  | ontheissues = | surge = | legistorm = 277/Rep_Brian_Higgins_NY.html | fec = H4NY27076 | opensecrets = N00027060 | followthemoney = | nyt = | findagrave = | fb = RepBrianHiggins | twitter = RepBrianHiggins | merge=NY26}}
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
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[[Category:U.S. House, New York]]
 
[[Category:U.S. House, New York]]
 
[[Category:Democratic Party]]
 
[[Category:Democratic Party]]
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]]
+
[[Category:112th Congress]][[Category:113th Congress]][[Category:114th Congress]]
 
[[Category:New York]]
 
[[Category:New York]]
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 
{{congcandidate|Year=2012|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W|Redistricting=Y}}
 +
<!--2014 categories-->
 +
{{congcandidate|Year=2014|Status=incumbent|Chamber=U.S. House|Primary=W|General=W}}

Latest revision as of 01:02, 22 May 2015

Brian Higgins
Brian Higgins.JPG
U.S. House, New York, District 26
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 10
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorKathy Hochul (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$5.86 in 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2004
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$6,731,149
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, New York, District 27
2005-2013
New York State Assembly
1999-2004
Buffalo Common Council
1988-1994
Education
Bachelor'sBuffalo State College
Master'sBuffalo State College, Harvard University
Personal
Date of birthOctober 6, 1959
Place of birthBuffalo, New York
ProfessionCollege Lecturer, Politician
Net worth(2012) $32,004
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Brian Higgins (b. October 6, 1959, in Buffalo, NY) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 26th Congressional District. Higgins was first elected to the House in 2004 and is currently serving his sixth consecutive term.

Higgins won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014 to represent the 26th Congressional District of New York. He ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014.[1] Higgins defeated Kathy Weppner (R) in the general election.

Before redistricting in 2012, Higgins had previously served the 27th District.[2]

Prior to being elected to the House, Higgins was a member of the Buffalo Common Council and the New York State Assembly. He also served as an instructor in the history and economics departments at Buffalo State College.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Higgins is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Higgins was born in Buffalo, New York. He earned a B.A. from Buffalo State College in 1984, an M.A. in 1985 and an M.P.A. from Harvard University in 1996.[3]

Prior to his political career, Higgins was an instructor in the history and economics departments at Buffalo State College, where he previously earned his undergraduate degree in political science.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Higgins' academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Higgins serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Higgins served on the following committees:[7]

  • Committee on Foreign Affairs
    • Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa
    • Subcommittee on Europe, Eurasia and Emerging Threats
  • Committee on Homeland Security
    • Subcommittee on Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Communications
    • Subcommittee on Counterterriorism and Intelligence - Ranking Member

2011-2012

Higgins served on the following committees:[8]

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to Higgins's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Higgins, voted against the resolution.[12][13][14]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Higgins voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[15][16]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[17] For more information pertaining to Higgins's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[18]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Higgins voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[19]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Higgins voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[19]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Higgins voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[19]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Higgins voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[20] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[19]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Nay3.png Higgins voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[21] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[22]

King Amendment

Higgins signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[23] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[24] King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[25] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[26] Higgins voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[27]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[28] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Higgins voted for HR 2775.[29]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Higgins voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[30] The vote largely followed party lines.[31]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Higgins has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[32]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Higgins voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[33]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Higgins voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[34]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Brian Higgins's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Higgins is a Hard-Core Liberal.[35] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Elections

2014

See also: New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014

Higgins ran in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent New York's 26th District. Higgins ran unopposed for the Democratic and Working Families Party nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. Higgins defeated Kathy Weppner (R) in the general election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 26 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBrian Higgins Incumbent 65.1% 113,210
     Republican Kathy Weppner 30.4% 52,909
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 4.5% 7,792
Total Votes 173,911
Source: New York State Board of Elections

2012

See also: New York's 26th Congressional District elections, 2012

Higgins won re-election in 2012, and due to New York's redistricting, he ran in the newly redrawn 26th District.[36] He was unopposed in the Democratic and Working Families Party primaries and defeated Michael Madigan (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[37][38]

U.S. House, New York District 26 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBrian Higgins Incumbent 69.7% 212,588
     Republican Michael Madigan 23.5% 71,666
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 6.8% 20,707
Total Votes 304,961
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Higgins attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Higgins is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Higgins raised a total of $6,731,149 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 16, 2015.[43]

Brian Higgins's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (New York, District 26) Won $851,431
2012 U.S. House (New York, District 26) Won $1,091,162
2010 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $1,113,936
2008 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $1,088,825
2006 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $1,227,884
2004 U.S. House (New York, District 27) Won $1,357,911
Grand Total Raised $6,731,149


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Higgins won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Higgins' campaign committee raised a total of $851,431 and spent $663,042.[44] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[45]

Cost per vote

Higgins spent $5.86 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, New York District 26, 2014 - Brian Higgins Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $851,431
Total Spent $663,042
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $88,103
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $71,418
Top contributors to Brian Higgins's campaign committee
M&T Bank$12,500
Roswell Park Cancer Institute$11,000
Air Line Pilots Assn$10,000
Carpenters & Joiners Union$10,000
General Mills$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$90,073
Transportation Unions$46,500
Building Trade Unions$42,000
Industrial Unions$35,500
Public Sector Unions$26,000

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Higgins’ reports.[46]

2012

Higgins won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Higgins' campaign committee raised a total of $1,091,162 and spent $1,031,410.[56]

Cost per vote

Higgins spent $4.86 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Higgins was re-elected to the U.S. House in 2010 for a fourth term. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,113,936 and spent $1,350,836.[57]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Higgins' net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-41,991 and $105,999. That averages to $32,004, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Higgins ranked as the 398th most wealthy representative in 2012.[58] Between 2004 and 2012, Higgins' calculated net worth increased from $-303,858 to $32,004. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[59]

Brian Higgins Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$-303,858
2012$32,004
Growth from 2004 to 2012:N/A
Average annual growth:N/A
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[60]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Higgins received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2003-2014, 26.94 percent of Higgins' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[61]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Brian Higgins Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $6,569,967
Total Spent $5,916,403
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$609,996
Transportation Unions$313,150
Building Trade Unions$299,880
Public Sector Unions$287,060
Real Estate$259,914
% total in top industry9.28%
% total in top two industries14.05%
% total in top five industries26.94%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Rep. Higgins was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of August 2014.[62] This was the same rating Higgins received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[63]

Higgins most often votes with:

Higgins least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Higgins missed 358 of 7,471 roll call votes from January 2005 to August 2014. This amounts to 4.8 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[62]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Higgins paid his congressional staff a total of $1,168,721 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[64]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Higgins was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Higgins's staff was given an apparent $3,000.00 in bonus money.[65]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Higgins ranked 24th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[66]

2012

Higgins ranked 133rd in the liberal rankings in 2012.[67]

2011

Higgins ranked 148th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[68]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Higgins voted with the Democratic Party 94.6 percent of the time, which ranked 48th among the 204 House Democratic members as of August 2014.[69]

2013

Higgins voted with the Democratic Party 92.5 percent of the time, which ranked 114th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[70]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Brian + Higgins + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Brian Higgins News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Brian Higgins


References

  1. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  2. GovTrack, "Rep. Brian Higgins," accessed January 15, 2015
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HIGGINS, Brian, (1959 - )," accessed December 24, 2011
  4. Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York, "Biography," accessed December 24, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "HIGGINS, Brian, (1959 - )," accessed February 12, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressman Brian Higgins, Western New York, "Committee and Caucus Work," accessed December 24, 2011
  9. Committee on Foreign Affairs, Chairman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, "Members," accessed December 24, 2011
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  12. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  13. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  14. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  15. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  16. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  17. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  18. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 10, 2013
  20. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  21. Vote Smart, "Higgins on agriculture," accessed October 10, 2013
  22. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  23. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill," accessed September 23, 2013
  24. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates," accessed September 18, 2013
  25. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  27. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  28. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 10, 2013
  32. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Higgins' Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 10, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "Higgins on abortion," accessed October 10, 2013
  34. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  35. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  36. Buffalo News, "Hochul starts strong as finances are reported," April 17, 2012
  37. AP/CSPAN, "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  38. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Brian Higgins," March 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Brian Higgins 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 9, 2015
  45. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 9, 2015
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins April Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Brian Higgins Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  56. Open Secrets, "Brian Higgins 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 26, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Brian M. Higgins 2010 Election Data," accessed December 24, 2011
  58. OpenSecrets.org, "Brian Higgins (D-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  59. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  60. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  61. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Brian M. Higgins," accessed September 26, 2014
  62. 62.0 62.1 GovTrack, "Brian Higgins," accessed August 12, 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Brian Higgins," accessed August 12, 2014
  64. LegiStorm, "Brian M. Higgins," accessed October 1, 2012
  65. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  66. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014
  67. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 6, 2013
  68. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Kathy Hochul
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 26
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Jack Quinn
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 27
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Chris Collins
Preceded by
'
New York State Assembly
1999-2004
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Buffalo Common Council
1988-1994
Succeeded by
'