California Proposition 113, Changes to the Chiropractic Act (1990)
Proposition 113 changed aspects of the state's Chiropractic Act. Specifically, it:
- Changed the license renewal date for chiropractors from January 1 of each year to the last day of the licensee's birth month.
- Increased the fines and penalties associated with violations of the Chiropractic Law. It raised the minimum fine from $50 to $100 and the maximum fine from $200 to $750. It also raised the maximum jail term from 90 days to six months.
Proposition 113 amended a law that California voters had first passed in 1922 via the initiative process. That 1922 act was known as California Proposition 16 (1922) or "An act prescribing the terms upon which licenses may be issued to practitioners of chiropractic, creating the State Board of Chiropractic Examiners and declaring its powers and duties, prescribing penalties for violation hereof, and repealing all acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith" and it was approved on November 7, 1922.
The California State Legislature is not allowed to change or amend (see legislative tampering) state laws that were approved via the initiative process, which is why this proposed change as recommended by the state legislature had to be submitted to a vote of the people.
Proposition 113's ballot summary was, "Amends the Chiropractic Act to require annual renewal of chiropractic licenses during a licensee's month of birth rather than on January 1 of each year. Increases penalties for unlawful practice of chiropractic and violation of the Chiropractic Act. Minimum fine is increased from $50 to $100. Maximum fine is increased from $250 to $750. Possible imprisonment increased from a minimum of 30 days and maximum of 90 days to a maximum of six months without specification of a minimum. Summary of Legislative Analyst's estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact: State Board of Chiropractic Examiners Fund would incur minor one-time costs in 1990-91 to modify automated license renewal system. Increased fines for violation of Chiropractic Act would result in additional revenues to state and local governments."
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- "This measure would result in minor one-time costs in 1990-91 to the State Board of Chiropractic Examiners Fund to modify the board's automated renewal system in order to change the license renewal dates."
- "By raising the fines for violations of the Chiropractic Law, the measure would result in additional revenues to state and local governments."
Path to the ballot
The California State Legislature voted to put Proposition 113 on the ballot via Senate Bill 2751 (Statutes of 1988, Chapter 1094).