California Proposition 195, Special Circumstances Punishable by the Death Penalty (1996)

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California Proposition 195, also known as the Murder: Special Circumstances Act, was on the March 26, 1996 primary election ballot in California as a legislatively-referred state statute, where it was approved.

Proposition 195 added three types of first-degree murder to the state's list of special circumstances that are punishable by the death penalty or by life imprisonment with no parole. The three types of first-degree murder added to the special circumstances list are:

  • First-degree murder committed during a carjacking.
  • First-degree murder committed during a carjacking-kidnap.
  • First-degree murder of a juror in retaliation for performing his or her official actions or to prevent the juror from carrying out his or her official duties.

Proposition 196, on the same March 1996 ballot, also passed, and added an additional type of first-degree murder to the list of special circumstances.

Election results

Proposition 195
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Yes 4,847,966 85.82%
No800,85714.18%
See also: California ballot propositions that were approved with a vote of 80% or more

Text of measure

Summary

The official ballot summary that appeared on the ballot said:

Adds murder during a carjacking, murder resulting from a carjacking kidnap and the intentional murder of a juror in retaliation for, or prevention of, the performance of the juror's official duties to the existing list of special circumstances for first-degree murder for which the death penalty or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole is authorized.
Joined to Proposition 196 (Chapter 478, Statutes of 1995). If both measures pass, murder by intentional discharge of firearm at persons from a motor vehicle is also added to the list of special circumstances.

Fiscal impact

The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 195. That estimate was:

"Probably minor additional state costs."

Campaign donations

According to the campaign finance reporting system sponsored by the California Secretary of State, no money was spent supporting or opposing Proposition 195.[1]

Path to the ballot

Proposition 195 was voted onto the ballot by the California State Legislature via Senate Bill 32 (Statutes of 1995, Chapter 477).

Votes in legislature to refer to ballot
Chamber Ayes Noes
Assembly 59 7
Senate 28 2

See also

External links

References