Difference between revisions of "California Proposition 1A, the "Constitutional Revision Amendment" (1966)"

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{{CAConstitution}}{{tnr}}''This page is about a [[California 1966 ballot propositions|1966]] California proposition labeled "Proposition 1A." Consult the [[Proposition 1A|Proposition 1A disambiguation page]] if you are looking for a different Proposition 1A.''
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<hr/>'''California Proposition 1A''' was on the [[California 1966 ballot propositions|November 1966 ballot]] in [[California]] as a {{lrcafull}}, where it was '''approved.'''  It contained so many changes that it was known as the "Constitutional Revision Amendment."
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</table>''This page is about a [[California 1966 ballot propositions|1966]] California proposition labeled "Proposition 1A." Consult the [[Proposition 1A|Proposition 1A disambiguation page]] if you are looking for a different Proposition 1A.''
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<hr/>'''California Proposition 1A''' was on the [[California 1966 ballot propositions|November 8, 1966 ballot]] in [[California]] as a {{lrcafull}}, where it was '''approved.'''  It contained so many changes that it was known as the "Constitutional Revision Amendment."
  
* Yes: 4,156,416 (73.5%) {{approved}}
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Among many other changes, Proposition 1A changed the [[California State Legislature]] from a part-time legislature to a full-time legislature, making it one of seven states in the country with a [[States with a full-time legislature|full-time legislature]].<ref name=holt>[http://www.dailybulletin.com/ci_13939724 ''Inland Valley Daily Bulletin'', "Part-time Legislature initiative generating buzz", December 6, 2009]</ref>
* No: 1,499,675 (26.5%)
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Proposition 1A changed the [[California State Legislature]] from a part-time legislature to a full-time legislature, making it one of seven states in the country with a [[States with a full-time legislature|full-time legislature]].<ref name=holt>[http://www.dailybulletin.com/ci_13939724 ''Inland Valley Daily Bulletin'', "Part-time Legislature initiative generating buzz", December 6, 2009]</ref>
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==Election results==
  
The official ballot summary said, "Repeals, amends, and revises various provisions of Constitution relating to separation of powers, and to the legislative, executive, and judicial departments; provides for annual general legislative sessions; provides compensation of members of Legislature shall be prescribed by statute passed by two-thirds vote, and limits rate of annual future adjustments; Legislature must enact laws prohibiting members from engaging in conflicting activities. Signatures necessary on petition for initiative statute reduced from 8% to 5%; eliminates initiatives to Legislature. Legislature shall provide for succession to the office of Governor in event of disability or vacancy."
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{{Short outcome
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| title = California Proposition 1A (1966)
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| yes = 4,156,416
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| yespct = 73.49
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| no = 1,499,675
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| nopct = 26.51
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}}
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==Text of measure==
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===Summary===
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The [[Ballot summary (California)|official summary]] said:
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{{Quote|Repeals, amends, and revises various provisions of Constitution relating to separation of powers, and to the legislative, executive, and judicial departments; provides for annual general legislative sessions; provides compensation of members of Legislature shall be prescribed by statute passed by two-thirds vote, and limits rate of annual future adjustments; Legislature must enact laws prohibiting members from engaging in conflicting activities. Signatures necessary on petition for initiative statute reduced from 8% to 5%; eliminates initiatives to Legislature. Legislature shall provide for succession to the office of Governor in event of disability or vacancy.<ref name="pamphlet">[http://library.uchastings.edu/ballot_pdf/1966g.pdf ''University of California Hastings'' and ''The California Secretary of State'', 1966 General Election Ballot Pamphlet]</ref> }}
  
 
==Analysis==
 
==Analysis==
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* The Legislature would be required to enact conflict of interest legislation applicable to legislators.  
 
* The Legislature would be required to enact conflict of interest legislation applicable to legislators.  
 
* Impeachment proceedings would be extended to cover additional elective officers of the state.
 
* Impeachment proceedings would be extended to cover additional elective officers of the state.
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===Direct democracy===
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* The number of signatures needed for an initiative petition for enactment of a statute is reduced from 8% to 5% of the votes cast at the last election for Governor.  The signature requirement for an {{icafull}} stayed the same.  
 
* The number of signatures needed for an initiative petition for enactment of a statute is reduced from 8% to 5% of the votes cast at the last election for Governor.  The signature requirement for an {{icafull}} stayed the same.  
 
* Prop 1A abolished what had been an [[Indirect initiative|indirect initiative system]].<ref>[http://blogs.kqed.org/capitalnotes/2009/09/10/2010-year-of-ca-government-reform/ ''KQED'', "2010: Year of CA Government Reform?", September 10, 2009]</ref>
 
* Prop 1A abolished what had been an [[Indirect initiative|indirect initiative system]].<ref>[http://blogs.kqed.org/capitalnotes/2009/09/10/2010-year-of-ca-government-reform/ ''KQED'', "2010: Year of CA Government Reform?", September 10, 2009]</ref>
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* The experience required for judges of superior and higher courts would be increased.  
 
* The experience required for judges of superior and higher courts would be increased.  
 
* The Legislature could provide that the names of unopposed incumbent judges need not be placed on the ballot for any trial court in the state, rather than only for superior courts in counties of 700,000 population or more.  
 
* The Legislature could provide that the names of unopposed incumbent judges need not be placed on the ballot for any trial court in the state, rather than only for superior courts in counties of 700,000 population or more.  
* The automatic suspension of judges charged with a felony or recommended for removal by qualifications commission would be required.  
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* The automatic suspension of judges charged with a felony or recommended for removal by [[Judgepedia:California Commission on Judicial Performance|qualifications commission]] would be required.  
 
* A superior or municipal court judge would be required to take a leave of absence without pay when seeking other public office.
 
* A superior or municipal court judge would be required to take a leave of absence without pay when seeking other public office.
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
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* [http://library.uchastings.edu/library/guides/california-research/ca-ballot-measures.html Hastings California I&R database]
* [http://holmes.uchastings.edu/cgi-bin/starfinder/0?path=calprop.txt&id=webber&pass=webber&OK=OK Hastings California I&R database]
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* [http://library.uchastings.edu/ballot_pdf/1966g.pdf 1966 General Election Ballot Pamphlet]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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[[Category:California 1966 ballot measures]]
 
[[Category:California 1966 ballot measures]]
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[[Category:Salaries of elected officials, California]]
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[[Category:Salaries of elected officials, 1966]]
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[[Category:Direct democracy measures, California]]
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[[Category:Direct democracy measures, 1966]]
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[[Category:State legislatures measures, California]]
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[[Category:State legislatures measures, 1966]]
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[[Category:State executive official measures, California]]
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[[Category:State executive official measures, 1966]]
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[[Category:State judiciary, California]]
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[[Category:State judiciary, 1966]]
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[[Category:Constitutional language, California]]
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[[Category:Constitutional language, 1966]]
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[[Category:Government accountability, California]]
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[[Category:Government accountability, 1966]]

Revision as of 17:20, 23 March 2013

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This page is about a 1966 California proposition labeled "Proposition 1A." Consult the Proposition 1A disambiguation page if you are looking for a different Proposition 1A.
California Proposition 1A was on the November 8, 1966 ballot in California as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved. It contained so many changes that it was known as the "Constitutional Revision Amendment."

Among many other changes, Proposition 1A changed the California State Legislature from a part-time legislature to a full-time legislature, making it one of seven states in the country with a full-time legislature.[1]

Election results

California Proposition 1A (1966)
ResultVotesPercentage
Approveda Yes 4,156,416 73.49%
No1,499,67526.51%

Text of measure

Summary

The official summary said:

Repeals, amends, and revises various provisions of Constitution relating to separation of powers, and to the legislative, executive, and judicial departments; provides for annual general legislative sessions; provides compensation of members of Legislature shall be prescribed by statute passed by two-thirds vote, and limits rate of annual future adjustments; Legislature must enact laws prohibiting members from engaging in conflicting activities. Signatures necessary on petition for initiative statute reduced from 8% to 5%; eliminates initiatives to Legislature. Legislature shall provide for succession to the office of Governor in event of disability or vacancy.[2] [3]

Analysis

An analysis of Proposition 1A prepared by the California Legislative Analyst's Office noted that Proposition 1A proposed revisions to parts of the California Constitution dealing with "the separation of powers and with the legislative, executive, and judicial departments of state government." The LAO elaborated on the major changes by branch of government.

Legislative

  • Under Proposition 1A, the Legislature would meet in annual general sessions, unlimited as to duration and unlimited as to subjects that could be considered. This is in contrast to the situation at the time of the vote, when the legislature met in general session, at which all subjects can be considered, in odd-numbered years. It met in budget sessions, at which only fiscal matters could be considered, in even-numbered years. Both sessions were of limited duration.
  • Salaries and the expenses of legislators would be set by statute passed by a two-thirds vote in each house, rather than by the Constitution, provided: (a) beginning in 1967, an increase in salary could not exceed 5 percent for each year following the last adjustment; and (b) an increase could not apply until the commencement of the regular session following the next general election after enactment of the increase. Any increase in the legislator's salary over the present $500 per month could not be used in computing the retirement allowance of a member unless he receives the greater amount while serving as a Member of the Legislature.
  • The Legislature would be required to enact conflict of interest legislation applicable to legislators.
  • Impeachment proceedings would be extended to cover additional elective officers of the state.

Direct democracy

  • The number of signatures needed for an initiative petition for enactment of a statute is reduced from 8% to 5% of the votes cast at the last election for Governor. The signature requirement for an initiated constitutional amendment stayed the same.
  • Prop 1A abolished what had been an indirect initiative system.[4]

Executive

  • The age requirement for the office of Governor would be lowered to 21 years.
  • The measure would make various technical changes in the pardoning and clemency powers of the Governor.
  • Provisions setting minimums for statutory salaries of certain elective state officers would be deleted.
  • Provision would be made for determining questions of succession to the governorship and temporary disability of Governor.
  • The Legislature could authorize certain executive reorganizations.

Judiciary

  • When authorized by law a judge would be permitted, on agreement of the counties, to serve the superior courts of two or more counties.
  • The experience required for judges of superior and higher courts would be increased.
  • The Legislature could provide that the names of unopposed incumbent judges need not be placed on the ballot for any trial court in the state, rather than only for superior courts in counties of 700,000 population or more.
  • The automatic suspension of judges charged with a felony or recommended for removal by qualifications commission would be required.
  • A superior or municipal court judge would be required to take a leave of absence without pay when seeking other public office.

External links

References


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