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California Proposition 23, the "None of the Above" Act (2000)

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This article is about a 2000 ballot measure in California. For other measures with a similar title, see Proposition 23.

California Proposition 23, also known as the "None of the Above Act," was on the March 7, 2000 ballot in California as an initiated state statute, where it was defeated.

If Proposition 23 had passed, it would have required that all election ballots for federal and state offices would provide voters with the option of voting for "none of the above," not including elections for judges and local offices.[1]

Election results

Proposition 23
Defeatedd No4,175,78464.0%
Yes 2,355,850 36.0%

Text of measure

Chart prepared by the LAO showing which elective offices would be impacted by Proposition 23


The ballot title was:

"None of the Above" Ballot Option. Initiative Statute.


The summary of the ballot measure prepared by the California Attorney General read:

  • Provides that in general, special, primary and recall elections for President, Vice President, United States House of Representatives and Senate, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Controller, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Insurance Commissioner, Board of Equalization, State Assembly and State Senate, voters may vote for "none of the above" rather than a named candidate.
  • Votes for "none of the above" shall be tallied and listed in official election results, but will not count for purposes of determining who wins election.

Fiscal impact

See also: Fiscal impact statement

The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 23. That estimate was:

  • Generally minor costs to state and county governments.

Campaign donations

$987,820 was spent in favor of the measure; virtually nothing was spent opposing it.

See also

External links