California Proposition 23, the Suspension of AB 32 (2010)
AB 32, the "Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006", was passed by the California State Legislature and signed by Arnold Schwarzenegger.  Proposition 23, if enacted by voters, would have frozen the provisions of AB 32 until California's unemployment rate drops to 5.5% or below for four consecutive quarters. California's unemployment rate, which currently hovers around 12%, has been at 5.5% or below for four consecutive quarters just three times since 1980.
AB 32 requires that greenhouse gas emission levels in the state be cut to 1990 levels by 2020. The process of cutting greenhouse gas emissions in the state is slated under AB 32 to begin in 2012.
In their campaigns for and against Proposition 23, supporters and opponents each adopted nicknames for the measure clarifying their respective views of it. Supporters called Proposition 23 the California Jobs Initiative and opponents called it the Dirty Energy Proposition.
- See also: 2010 ballot measure election results
|Proposition 23 (Suspend AB 32)|
Results via California Secretary of State with 24,845 out of 24,845 precincts partially or fully reporting as of 5:28 p.m. on November 10, 2010
Ballot title and summary
- Suspends State law that requires greenhouse gas emissions be reduced to 1990 levels by 2020, until California's unemployment drops to 5.5 percent or less for four consecutive quarters.
- Requires State to abandon implementation of comprehensive greenhouse-gas-reduction program that includes increased renewable energy and cleaner fuel requirements, and mandatory emission reporting and fee requirements for major polluters such as power plants and oil refineries, until suspension ends.
Estimated fiscal impact:
- The suspension of AB 32 could result in a modest net increase in overall economic activity in the state. In this event, there would be an unknown but potentially significant net increase in state and local government revenues.
- Potential loss of a new source of state revenues from the auctioning of emission allowances by state government to certain businesses that would pay for these allowances, by suspending the future implementation of cap-and-trade regulations.
- Lower energy costs for state and local governments than otherwise.
- See also: 2010 ballot measure litigation
The Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association filed a lawsuit in California Superior Court on July 29 asserting that the ballot title prepared by the Office of the Attorney General of California was "false, misleading and unfair" and should therefore be changed. Arguments filed in court said the title and summary should not refer to "air pollution control laws" because Proposition 23 does not apply to multiple laws and should not refer to "major polluters" because power plants and refineries are not the only businesses affected by the law, since emissions from universities, agricultural facilities, municipal buildings, and other private companies and citizens are also affected.
On Tuesday, August 3, Sacramento Superior Court Judge Timothy Frawley issued a ruling that took the side of the plaintiffs and ordered that the state government change the ballot title and summary.
Frawley's ruling said:
- The term "sources of emission" should be used in the ballot language instead of "major polluters".
- The official ballot language should not use the word "abandon" to describe what will happen to AB-32 if Proposition 23 is enacted, but should rather consistently use the word "suspend".
- Ballot language should clarify that Proposition 23 does not apply to state pollution laws on "smog-forming emissions and others related to asthma and other health risks."
Unemployment in California
|Proposition 23 (article about) |
|Full text of Prop 23 |
|AB 32 (article about) |
|Full text of AB 32|
In January 2010, California's unemployment rate had crept over 12% and 2.25 million Californians were unemployed. In March 2010, it was learned that 8 of California's 58 counties have an unemployment rate exceeding 20%.
The last time that the unemployment rate in California was below 5.5% was in 2007. According to the California Employment Development Department, there have been three periods since 1976 when unemployment in the state remained below 5.5% for four or more quarters:
- January 1988 through December 1989
- October 1999 through June 2001
- October 2005 through June 2007
Since 2001, California has lost 34% of its manufacturing jobs.
Jobs in California's clean energy sector
The number of clean energy businesses and clean energy jobs has increased in California 45% and 36%, respectively, in the period between 1995-2008.  This rate of growth is 10 times more than the state's average job growth rate.
California has over 12,000 clean energy businesses  and 500,000 people are employed in clean energy occupations. With over $9 billion in venture capital funds, California's clean energy firms have received 60% of venture capital funds in North America .
The independent Legislative Analyst's Office (LAO) has stated that suspending AB 32 would "dampen additional investments in clean energy technologies or so-called 'green jobs' by private firms, thereby resulting in less economic activity than would otherwise be the case." 
Arguments were submitted to the official California Voter Guide on behalf of a "yes" vote on Proposition 23, as were rebuttals to the arguments provided by Prop 23 opponents. The signers of these arguments are:
- Kevin Nida, president, California State Firefighters’ Association
- John Kabateck, executive director, National Federation of Independent Business/California
- Jon Coupal, president, Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association
- Brad Matzelfelt, governing board member, Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District
- J. Andrew Caldwell, executive director, The Coalition of Labor, Agriculture & Business
- James W. Kellogg, international representative, United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Industry
Other supporters are:
- Dan Logue is a key sponsor. Logue says of the proposed initiative, ""This has been the blind leading the blind, political correctness that has collapsed the economy in California. California already has the fifth-cleanest air in the country, so why are we doing this when no one else is?"
- U.S. Congressman Tom McClintock.
- Steve Poizner.
- The California Republican Party.
- Jim Kellogg, secretary-treasurer of the State Building & Construction Trades Council. He says, "I don't doubt that there will be more green jobs in California, perhaps even thousands of them; however, we don't want to put at risk the millions of well-paying, blue-collar jobs that put bread on the table right now. We need to make sure we do our homework, ask the tough questions and make adjustments as necessary to implement AB 32 in a way that reduces greenhouse gases without hurting millions of families in this state."
- The California Manufacturers & Technology Association. A spokesperson said that if AB 32 is implemented as planned, it would be the "death knell for scores of manufacturing jobs."
- Americans for Prosperity of California
Arguments in favor
The main themes of the arguments made in favor of Proposition 23 by its supporters in the official California Voter Guide are:
- Energy costs in California will go up when AB32 is implemented. The voter guide argument made by supporters quotes CARB’s Economic Allocation and Advisory Committee as saying, "AB 32 will cause California households to face higher prices both directly for electricity, natural gas, and gasoline, and indirectly as businesses pass costs for GHG reduction on to consumers."
- It will save jobs. The voter pamphlet argument says, "Other countries that passed global warming laws experienced a loss of two blue collar jobs for every one green job created.",
- It maintains environmental protections: "California has the toughest environmental laws in the country. Proposition 23 doesn’t weaken or repeal the hundreds of laws that protect the environment, reduce air pollution, keep our water clean and protect public health."
Supporters of Proposition 23 have raised about $8 million 
Two Texas-based oil companies, Valero Energy Corporation and Tesoro Corporation, provided the campaign with initial funding to launch its petition drive to qualify for the November 2 ballot.
Valero Energy Corporation and Tesoro Corporation, along with Flint Hills Resources, altogether donated over $6.5 million to the "California Jobs Initiative Committee."  Flint Hills Resources has oil operations in several states outside of California, and is a division of Koch Industries., The majority of funding for the Yes on Prop 23 campaign has come from oil companies outside of California.
|Flint Hills Resources||$1,000,000|
|Marathon Petroleum Company LLC||$500,000|
|Adam Smith Foundation||$498,000|
|National Petrochemical and Refiners Association||$100,000|
|Tower Energy Group||$200,000|
|World Oil Corp||$100,000|
|Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association||$100,000|
|Southern Counties Oil (Total Energy Products)||$50,000|
|California Trucking Association||$50,000|
|Boyett Petroleum (Stan Boylett & Son)||$25,000|
|California State Pipes Trade Association||$25,000|
|J.G. Boswell Company||$25,000|
Goddard Clausen Strategic Advocacy has been retained as a campaign consultant. Spokesman Jennifer Dudikoff of Goddard Clausen said in early March, "Right now, we're not commenting on funders. We expect support from a very broad group of individuals, companies and associations who are currently concerned with keeping and creating jobs in California."
Goddard Clausen's leadership role in the effort was a factor leading to Ted Costa's decision to step away from the campaign. He said, "They're a bunch of greedy consultants feeding off the trough" and objected to how much money he predicts Goddard Clausen will spend to get the signatures to qualify the measure for the ballot, versus how much money he would have spent, if he had been hired to collect those signatures: "I said I could qualify this initiative for $1.2 million. They'll probably spend $3 million, and all that money will go to consultants."
A group called "Californians for Clean Energy and Jobs" has formed to oppose the measure. George Shultz, who served as secretary of state during the Reagan administration, is the honorary co-chairman of the group. He said in early May, "While some companies in California have said they’re worried about the cost of the planned greenhouse gas limits, the new regulations will boost the state’s economy by creating 'clean-tech jobs'".
Democratic consultant Steve Maviglio works for "Californians for Clean Energy and Jobs". He says, "This measure is a polluter’s dream and will kill a clean energy economy for California."
- American Lung Association- California 
- American Association of Pediatrics in California 
- Sacramento Metropolitan Air Quality District 
- California Professional Firefighters 
- League of Women Voters of California 
- Consumers Union 
- AARP 
- VoteVets.org 
- California Climate & Agriculture Network 
- Small Business California 
- Western States Council of Sheet Metal Workers. 
- California Conference of Carpenters 
- California Infill Builders Association Council 
- Antelope Valley Black Chamber of Commerce 
- California Black Chamber of Commerce 
- Culver City Chamber of Commerce 
- German American Chamber of Commerce 
- Greater San Fernando Valley Chamber of Commerce
- Green Chamber of Commerce 
- Mountain View Chamber of Commerce 
- Los Altos Chamber of Commerce 
- Latin Business Association 
- Palo Alto Chamber of Commerce 
- Pasadena Chamber of Commerce 
- San Francisco Chamber of Commerce 
- Sacramento Metro Chamber of Commerce 
- Silicon Valley Leadership Group 
- Solano County Black Chamber of Commerce 
- Valley Industry and Commerce Association (VICA) 
- California Teachers Association 
- California Wind Energy Association 
- California Solar Energy Industries Association 
- Oak Creek Energy Systems, Inc. 
- Solaria 
- TechNet, "a national network of some of the most recognizable names in the 21st-century market, from Apple to Yahoo."
- Virgin America 
- Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc. 
- Abel Maldonado, Lieutenant Governor of California 
- Kamala Harris, a candidate for Attorney General of California.
- Arnold Schwarzenegger is staunchly opposed to the repeal of AB 32. Schwarzenegger says that AB 32 has created green jobs in the state. When it was announced that supporters of the effort to suspend AB 32 had turned in signatures to qualify the measure for the November ballot, Schwarzenegger said, "The effort to suspend AB 32 is the work of greedy oil companies who want to keep polluting in our state and making profits."
- The California Teamsters.
- California Institute of Architects, California Council 
- California Statewide Law Enforcement Association 
Arguments against Proposition 23
The arguments submitted to the official California Voter Guide urging a "no" vote on Proposition 23, and the rebuttals to the arguments provided by Prop 23 supporters, were signed by:
- Jane Warner, president, American Lung Association in California
- Linda Rosenstock, M.D., Dean, UCLA School of Public Health
- David Pacheco, president, AARP California
- Lou Paulson, president, California Professional Firefighters
- Dr. Charles D. Kolstad, chairman, Department of Economics, University of California-Santa Barbara
The main themes of the arguments made against Proposition 23 by its opponents in the official California Voter Guide are:
- If Proposition 23 is enacted, it will lead to more air pollution and increased health risks.
- The financial backers of Proposition 23 have bad motivations: "...the Valero and Tesoro oil companies, are among the worst polluters in California. They’re using 23 to repeal portions of the health and safety code that require them to reduce air pollution at their California refineries."
- The enactment of Proposition 23 would threaten jobs in the clean energy sector in California: "...clean energy companies are sprouting up and building wind and solar power facilities that provide us with clean power, built right here by California workers. By repealing clean energy laws, Prop. 23 would put many of these California companies out of business, kill a homegrown industry that is creating hundreds of thousands of California jobs, and damage our overall economy." This could jeopardize as many as 500,000 jobs.
- Proposition 23 will reduce incentives to find alternatives to oil. Oil is costly to consumers and heavy use of oil threatens national security by making us dependent on foreign oil.
Other arguments made against Proposition 23 include:
Vinod Khosla, an investor of clean energy projects, has stated, "Prop 23 will kill the market and the single largest source of job growth in California in the last two years." 
Danny Curtin, the director of California Conference of Carpenters, has stated, "All across the state, workers are being retrained to work on solar and wind projects, to upgrade and build energy efficiency buildings, and to build other clean energy projects. Millions of construction work hours will be created right here because our strong clean air rules have made us a magnet for the renewable energy industry. But if Proposition 23 passes, that revolution will come to a halt – and so too will hundreds of thousands of good-paying jobs that our industry desperately needs." 
17 different campaign committees have registered with the California Secretary of State in opposition to Proposition 23. The majority of donations have come from environmental organizations, "green energy/tech" corporations, and individuals. 
|National Wildlife Federation||$3,000,000|
|John and Ann Doerr||$2,100,000|
|Natural Resources Defense Council||$1,860,000|
|League of Conservation Voters||$1,295,000|
|Environmental Defense Fund||$1,075,000|
|Clean Energy & Jobs Mobilization Committee||$609,632|
|Green Tech Action Fund||$500,000|
|Pacific Gas & Electric||$500,000|
|Ballot Initiative Strategy Center||$317,000|
|Rockefeller Family Fund||$300,000|
|Susan Packard Orr||$250,000|
|Democratic State Central Committee||$217,470|
|Shawn and Brook Byers||$200,000|
|California Teachers Association||$200,000|
|Lauren Powell Jobs||$200,000|
|Union of Concerned Scientists||$113,005|
|Green Tech Capital Advisors||$100,000|
The Courage Campaign and CREDO Action have called for a boycott of Valero and Beacon gas stations in order to punish Valero for providing financial sponsorship of the initiative. Michael Kieschnick, the president of CREDO Action, said, "What is particularly troubling is that anyone who buys gasoline from Valero is now helping to fund audacious attacks on California's air quality standards. Valero believes it will be cheaper to deceive California voters than to compete in the new energy economy."
Commercials and videos
"Yes on 23" videos and commercials:
"No on 23" videos and commercials:
Impact on gubernatorial election
- See also: California gubernatorial election, 2010
Prop 23 is likely to become a factor in California's 2010 gubernatorial election. This is because the next Governor of California, by the terms of AB 32, has the power to suspend AB 32 regardless of whether the initiative passes.
- Meg Whitman has said that she would act to freeze AB 32 for a year or more.
- Jerry Brown says that he would support "adjusting" some features of AB 32 but that he generally supports it and would not suspend it.
Both gubernatorial candidates are against Proposition 23 
About AB 32
AB 32 was enacted in 2006. The goal of AB 32 is to cap state-created greenhouse gases by 2020, based on 1990 emissions. Steps taken under AB 32 include retrofits on diesel engines and new devices on gas pumps.
The impact that AB 32 will have on jobs in California is a matter of some dispute.
Air Resources Board
The California Air Resources Board is the state agency charged with enforcing AB 32. This group said in 2008 that AB 32 would create more than 100,000 jobs in the state. In March 2010, the agency revised its estimate, saying that AB 32 would create 10,000 jobs.
Larry Goulder, a professor at Stanford University, was the lead economist in the CARB report. Goulder came under fire in April 2010 when it became known that he in on the board of directors of the Energy Foundation. The Energy Foundation, in turn, is the sole contributor behind the Green Tech Action Fund. The Green Tech Action Fund gave $500,000 in April to "Californians for Clean Energy and Jobs", which is the campaign committee that is gearing up to defeat Proposition 23.
Two studies of AB 32 have been conducted by S. Varshney and D. Tootelian. Varshney and Tootelian are professors at California State University-Sacramento. Their studies are sometimes referred to as the "Varshney studies" or the "V&T studies".
- June 2009. The name of this study is "Cost of AB 32 on California Small Businesses—Summary Report of Findings (June 2009)". It concludes that AB 32 will cost California’s small businesses $183 billion in lost output each year. Commissioned by the California Small Business Roundtable, this study says that the cost of implementing AB-32 "could easily exceed $100 billion" and that the program would raise the cost of living by $3,857 per household each year by 2020. It also says that the implementation costs of AB 32 are "likely to total $183 billion in reduced GSP and the equivalent of 1.1 million fewer jobs" and estimates the "average annual cost of AB 32 per small business...[at]...approximately $50,000." The California Legislative Analyst's Office in March 2010 said of this study that "it contains a number of serious shortcomings that render its estimates of the economic effects of AB 32’s proposed implementation through the SP highly unreliable."
- March 2010 Varshney and Tootelian's study was reviewed by James L. Sweeney, a professor at Stanford University, and Matthew E. Kahn, a professor at UCLA. Sweeney and Kahn said that Varshney and Tootelian's study is "flawed" and "overestimates the law's [AB 32] cost by a factor of 10."  Sweeney and Kahn also say that Varshney and Tootelian do not include in their study the savings and innovation that would result from AB 32. 
- September 2009. The name of the second study by Varshney and Tootelian is "Cost of State Regulations on California Small Businesses Study (September 2009)". Mandated by Chapter 232, Statutes of 2006 (AB 2330, Arambula), this study concludes that "California’s regulations of all types resulted in reduction in the gross state product (GSP) of $493 billion annually in lost output and $134,000 annually per small business." The California Legislative Analyst's Office, in a March 2010 letter to Kevin de Leon, said, "Our review of this study indicates that it contains a number of serious shortcomings that render its estimates of the annual economic costs of state regulations essentially useless."
- March 2010: Business Alliance for a Green Economy issued a round-up of criticisms of the Varshney-Tootelian study.
"Yes on 23"
- Orange County Register: "By approving Prop. 23, voters can stall implementation of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and perhaps save more than 1 million jobs until state unemployment falls to 5.5 percent for four consecutive quarters. Unemployment has been above 12 percent for more than a year. We prefer permanent repeal of the 2006 law. For now, we urge at least a delay of its disastrous economic effects and infringements on private-sector freedoms."
- North County Times: "One plain, undeniable fact of economic life is that the government doesn't, and can't, create wealth ---- only private employers can do that. [...] Prop. 23 would suspend (but not end) the expensive "greenhouse" legislation ---- AB 32 and related measures ---- that coerces businesses in California into using more renewable energy sources and sets arbitrary mandates in doing so. [...] We urge a yes vote on Prop. 23."
"No on 23"
- Bakersfield Californian: "The question shouldn't be whether AB 32 should be implemented. Rather, it's how quickly, and to what degree, it should be enacted to maximize results."
- Contra Costa Times: "The long-term impact of AB32 could be huge in making California a leader in a growing renewable energy industry, while much of the rest of the country delays action."
- Fresno Bee: "Proposition 23 is another self-serving measure from special interests."
- The Herald (Monterey County): "California achieved greatness through innovation and the success of clean industries such as aerospace, high tech, film and education. At the moment, it is poised to lead the nation again through the development of various clean-tech ventures, but that would be wiped out overnight through a ballot measure intended primarily to help the shareholders of Tesoro and Valero and Occidental Petroleum."
- Lompoc Record: "So, the question we need to ask ourselves is, are we really willing to risk our health so oil companies can make a few billion more dollars each year?"
- Long Beach Press-Telegram: "That doesn't make the measure more appealing to voters. Neither does the idea of encouraging more greenhouse gases, even if they are a small part of the worldwide issue. Also, some of us feel that apart from the issue of global warming, it will be healthier and eventually more efficient to get our energy from the sun, the winds or the tides."
- Los Angeles Daily News: "Proposition 23 proponents ignore the competitive advantage California as a whole has in AB 32. There is an emerging global market for green technology, and with market-changing regulations in place, California is likely to be ground zero in the U.S. for clean technology industries."
- Los Angeles Times: "Suspending California's global warming law would take the state, and the country, in the wrong direction."
- Oakland Tribune: "More than 500,000 people work in the cleantech industry, including 93,000 in manufacturing and 68,000 in construction. These are the kind of well-paying jobs California needs and which will increase under AB32."
- Sacramento Bee: "Three oil companies, Valero, Tesoro and Koch Industries, have so far pumped $8 million into the Proposition 23 campaign. They are the major forces behind a misleading effort to convince voters that AB 32 is harming the state's economy and is a threat to economic recovery." 
- San Bernardino Sun: "The green industry is ready to solve our economic problems and have a major impact on our environmental problems."
- San Diego Union-Tribune: "...the solution to one bad law is not to adopt a second bad law. And that is precisely what Proposition 23 on the Nov. 2 ballot is – bad law." 
- San Francisco Chronicle: "California's fragile recovery can't afford the chaos that Prop. 23 will bring."
- San Gabriel Valley Tribune: "This disingenuous measure would hurt businesses struggling to innovate and make California's energy future bright."
- San Jose Mercury News: "If Proposition 23 passes, clean-energy investment will come to a halt. That's what seems to be happening nationally: After the collapse of Senate talks on a national climate and energy bill like California's, a Deutsche Bank executive told Reuters that it would pour most of the $7 billion it has to invest in clean energy into China and Western Europe. Said Kevin Parker, global head of asset management: "(Congress is) asleep at the wheel on climate change, asleep at the wheel on job growth, asleep at the wheel on this industrial revolution taking place in the energy industry."" 
- Santa Rosa Press-Democrat: "This is no time to go back on California's commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and trying to limit the impacts of global climate change."
- Ventura County Star: "Voters need to see Proposition 23 for what it is: A cleverly written measure aimed at eliminating AB 32 and, in the long run, posing harm to all Californians."
- See also: Polls, 2010 ballot measures
|Date of Poll||Pollster||Support||Oppose||Undecided||Number polled|
|June 22-July 5, 2010||Field||36%||48%||16%||1,005|
|Sept 15-22, 2010||GQR and AV||40%||38%||22%||1,511|
|September 14-21, 2010||Field||34%||45%||11%||599|
|September 19-26, 2010||PPIC||43%||42%||15%||2,004|
|October 2-4, 2010||Reuters/lpsos||37%||49%||14%||600|
|October 10-17, 2010||PPIC||37%||48%||15%||2,002|
|October 14-26, 2010||Field for the Sacramento Bee||33%||48%||19%||1,501|
|Date of Poll||Pollster||Support AB 32||Oppose AB 32||Undecided||Number polled|
|July 6-20, 2010||PPIC||67%||23%||4%||Unknown|
The question in this poll was whether the state should take action "right away" on its plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or wait until the state’s economy and job situation improve.
|Date of Poll||Pollster||"Take action right away"||"Wait until economy improves"||Undecided||Number polled|
|July 6-20, 2010||PPIC||53%||42%||5%||Unknown|
Path to the ballot
- See also: California signature requirements
433,971 valid signatures were required to qualify the measure for the November 2, 2010 ballot.
The petition drive to qualify the measure for the ballot was launched the first week of March. Organizers turned in their qualifying signatures on Monday, May 3. In e-mails to the press on May 3, the campaign said that it had turned in over 800,000 signatures.
On November 25, 2009, the group People's Advocate filed a request with the Office of the California Attorney General for an official ballot title on 09-0094. An official summary was accordingly provided on February 3, 2010. To qualify 09-0094 for the November 2, 2010 ballot, supporters must provide qualifying signatures to California's 58 county election clerks no later than July 5.
On December 22, requests for ballot titles were filed on 09-0104 and 09-0105. These ballot titles were provided on February 7, with petition deadlines of July 19.
- Ballot title, summary and analysis in the California Voter Guide
- Arguments and rebuttals in the California Voter Guide
- Letter to Attorney General requesting ballot title (09-0094)
- Letter to Attorney General requesting ballot title (09-0104)
- Letter to Attorney General requesting ballot title (09-0105)
- Implementation of AB 32 - Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, a report from the California Legislative Analyst's Office dated April 14, 2010
- California Environmental Protection Agency's FAQ page about AB 32
- League of Women Voters overview of Proposition 23
- California Voter Foundation guide to Proposition 23
- Institute of Governmental Studies overview of Proposition 23
- See also: 2010 ballot measure campaign websites
- Suspend AB 32, official website of the California Jobs Initiative organization
- Yes on 23 on Facebook
- Yes on 23 on Twitter
- Campaign finance filings for the California Jobs Initiative Committee
- See also: 2010 ballot measure campaign websites
- Stop Dirty Energy Prop
- No on 23 on Facebook
- Stop Prop 23 on Twitter
- Campaign finance reports for No on 23, Californians to Stop the Dirty Energy Proposition
- Campaign finance reports for Credo Victory Fund to Fight Climate Change
- Campaign finance reports for Committee for a Clean Energy Future, No on Prop 23
- Campaign finance reports for Environmental Defense Action Fund Say No to Prop 23 Committee
- Campaign finance reports for Communities Against Proposition 23, sponsored by Ella Baker Center for Human Rights
- Campaign finance reports for No on Prop 23, Committee of the NRDC
- Campaign finance reports for the Clean Economy Network, No on 23 Action Fund
- Campaign finance reports for Green Tech Action Fund California Committee - No on 23
- Campaign finance reports for California Student Public Interest Research Group - Committee to Defeat Proposition 23
- Campaign finance reports for Committee to Defeat Prop 23, sponsored by Environment California
- Pavley predicts ballot measure will aim to overturn global warming law
- Update on initiative to suspend California's global warming bill
- On Climate: Congress Restarts, California Threatens
- Millions in political contributions move in late-night transactions
- ↑ Fresno Bee, "Climate law to go before voters", June 23, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "Ballot initiative would curb California efforts", January 25, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 San Diego Union Tribune, "Critics: State can’t handle greenhouse gas mandates", February 12, 2010
- ↑ No on 23 campaign website
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Business Week, "California Climate Campaign Spending May Top Record", April 16, 2010
- ↑ Mercury News, "Judge rules Proposition 23 ballot language must be reworded", August 3, 2010
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "Proposition 23 backers sue over ballot language", July 29, 2010
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Orange County Register, "Rebuke of Jerry Brown good news for Prop. 23", August 3, 2010
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Wall Street Journal, "California's Cap-Trade Law Faces Fall Ballot Challenge", April 5, 2010
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "Unemployment tops 20% in eight California counties", March 11, 2010
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Reuters, "California may vote to freeze landmark climate law"
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Legal Newsline, "Referendum on Calif. greenhouse law appears headed for voters", May 3, 2010
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Legal Newsline, "DiCaro: Shelving Calif. greenhouse law will save jobs", May 5, 2010
- ↑ "Many Shades of Green", Collaborative Economics and the Next 10 (December 2009)
- ↑ "California's Green Innovation Index" Collaborative Economics and the Next 10, 2009.
- ↑ "Many Shades of Green", Collaborative Economics and the Next 10 (December 2009)
- ↑ Employment Development Department- Labor Market Information Division, California's Green Economy, April, 2010
- ↑ http://www.cleantech.com
- ↑ www.lao.ca.gov/reports/2010/rsrc/ab32_econ_review/ab32_econ_review_030910.aspx
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 Appeal-Democrat, "Logue wants air rules to face popular vote", December 1, 2009
- ↑ Americans for Prosperity/California
- ↑ Los Angeles Times Blogs, "'Integrity abuses' charged in initiative to suspend California climate law", March 10, 2010
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 25.2 California Voter Guide, "Proposition 23"
- ↑ 
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 Sacramento Bee, "Drive launched to derail state's greenhouse gas law", March 4, 2010
- ↑ [http://cal-access.ss.ca.gov/Campaign/Committees/Detail.aspx?id=1323890&view=late1 Cal-Access record of donations to support Proposition 23
- ↑ San Jose Mercury News, "Oil company owned by Tea Party's billionaire brothers gives $1 million to fight California's climate change law.", September 4, 2010
- ↑ Washington Independent, "Koch Brothers Spend Big to Derail Greenhouse Gas Law in California", September 9, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ Cal-Access record of donations to the California Jobs Initiative Committee
- ↑ 33.0 33.1 Los Angeles Times, "Fight splits backers of ballot initiative to suspend state's global warming law", March 12, 2010
- ↑ Business Week, "California Carbon Law Fight Takes a ‘Giant Step’", May 3, 2010
- ↑ Sacramento News & Review, "Conservatives hot about global warming ballot measure", February 8, 2010
- ↑ 36.00 36.01 36.02 36.03 36.04 36.05 36.06 36.07 36.08 36.09 36.10 36.11 36.12 36.13 36.14 36.15 36.16 36.17 36.18 36.19 36.20 36.21 36.22 36.23 36.24 36.25 36.26 36.27 36.28 36.29 36.30 36.31 36.32 36.33 36.34 36.35 36.36 No on Prop 23- Californians to Stop the Dirty Energy Proposition, "Our Coalition"
- ↑ 
- ↑ 
- ↑ Mercury News, "Opponents of California global warming law turn in signatures for November measure", May 3, 2010
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "Global warming ballot initiative: Teamsters and cities weigh in", April 23, 2010
- ↑ 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4 Arguments for and against Proposition 32 in the official California Voter Guide
- ↑ Mercury News, "Cleantech industry coming out against Prop. 23", August 10, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ Grist, "No on Prop 23 campaign rakes in cash as enviro justice advocates join the fight ", September 27, 2010
- ↑ Appeal-Democrat, "Anti-AB32 measure rhetoric heating up", April 14, 2010
- ↑ Wall Street Journal, "Cleantech Braces For Assault Against California Greenhouse Law", May 10, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ Cal-Access record of donations to Californians to Stop the Dirty Energy Proposition
- ↑ AOL News, "California Activists Urge Boycott of Valero Gas"
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 New York Times, "Jerry Brown Defends Embattled State Climate Law But Is Open to 'Adjustments'", April 30, 2010
- ↑ 
- ↑ New York Times, "Lead Economist for State Analysis Linked to Pro-Climate Law Campaign", April 21, 2010
- ↑ 53.0 53.1 53.2 53.3 Legislative Analyst's Office, "Letter of March 9, 2010 to Kevin De León"
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/24/opinion/la-oe-sweeney24-2010mar24
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/24/opinion/la-oe-sweeney24-2010mar24
- ↑ Orange County Register, "Our picks for the propositions", October 5, 2010
- ↑ North County Times, "EDITORIAL: Yes on Prop. 23--OUR VIEW: Economic recovery is single most important issue facing state", October 27, 2010
- ↑ Bakersfield Californian, "Keep up momentum, reject Prop. 23", October 6, 2010
- ↑ Contra Costa Times, "Voters should endorse cleaner energy by rejecting Proposition 23", September 5, 2010
- ↑ Fresno Bee, "State voters should reject Proposition 23", October 8, 2010
- ↑ Monterey Herald, "Proposition 23 just a bad ballot measure", October 8, 2010
- ↑ Lompoc Record, "Want cleaner air? Defeat Prop. 23", October 3, 2010
- ↑ Long Beach Press-Telegram, "No on Proposition 23", October 6, 2010
- ↑ Los Angeles Daily News, "No on Prop. 23: Proponents can't make a case for delaying emissions rules", September 19, 2010
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "No on 23", September 28, 2010
- ↑ Oakland Tribune, "Voters should endorse cleaner energy by rejecting Proposition 23", September 5, 2010
- ↑ Sacramento Bee. "Endorsements: Proposition 23 deserves to go down in disgrace.", September 27, 2010
- ↑ San Bernardino Sun, "No on Prop. 23", October 9, 2010
- ↑ San Diego Union Tribune, "No on Proposition 23", October 11, 2010
- ↑ San Francisco Chronicle, "Vote no on Proposition 23", September 27, 2010
- ↑ San Gabriel Valley Tribune, "Our View: No on Prop. 23; keep green future", October 4, 2010
- ↑ San Jose Mercury News. "Vote No on Proposition 23", August 22, 2010
- ↑ Santa Rosa Press Democrat, "No on 23", September 7, 2010
- ↑ Ventura County Star, "Reject Prop. 23 to clear the air", September 9, 2010
- ↑ Public Policy Institute of California, "In Big Shift, Californians Oppose Offshore Oil Drilling"
- ↑ Los Angeles Times, "California poll: support for climate law, opposition to oil drilling", July 28, 2010
- ↑ Sacramento Bee, "Drive launched to derail state's greenhouse gas law", March 4, 2010
- ↑ Sacramento Bee, "Drive to suspend AB 32 will submit voter signatures Monday", April 30, 2010
- ↑ "Yes on Prop 23" campaign expenditures