California Tougher Penalties for Human Trafficking Initiative (2010)
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The Attorney General of California provided a ballot title on February 1, 2010, clearing the initiative for circulation with a deadline of July 1, 2010.
Ballot title: Expands Types of Criminal Conduct that Constitute Human Trafficking and Increases Criminal Penalties. Initiative Statute.
Official summary: Expands definition of human trafficking to encompass additional types of criminal conduct, including violating a person's liberty with intent to distribute obscene material, and taking a victim's travel documents to restrict victim's movement. Increases criminal penalties for human trafficking, including longer prison sentences of up to 15-years-to- life and larger fines of up to $500,000 for certain offenses. Requires assets forfeited due to conviction be used for victim services. Prohibits evidence that victim engaged in sexual conduct from being used against victim.
Estimated fiscal impact: Potential increased local government costs of up to a few million dollars on a statewide basis due to the new mandatory training requirements for certain law enforcement officers. Unknown but probably minor net fiscal effects for state and local governments from a potential increase in human trafficking arrests and convictions. This would be a negligible percentage increase in state General Fund spending.
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