Difference between revisions of "California signature requirements"

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{{tnr}}'''California signature requirements''', as with many states, depend on the [[States where signature requirements are based on votes cast for governor|number of votes cast for governor]] in the previous general election. The number of signatures for an [[initiative]] and a [[referendum]] are the same, whereas a [[constitutional amendment]] requires a larger number. Because of California's large population, the total number of signatures required for any method are the highest in the country.
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{{Signature VNT}}{{tnr}}
  
==Signature requirements==
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In many states, the [[Signature requirements|signatures of registered voters]] must be collected to place '''candidates or initiatives on the ballot.''' However, for candidates, filing fees are sometimes required or accepted in lieu of signatures. The requirements and laws governing signatures is complicated and varied from state-to-state. We have created two distinct pages detailing signature requirements in all 50 states, based on whether the signature are for [[Ballot access requirements for political candidates in California|candidates]] or [[Signature requirements for ballot measures in California|ballot measures]].
{{casigreq}}
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==Basis of calculation==
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''Note: For detailed information on '''signature requirements''' for [[Ballot access requirements for political candidates in California|candidates]] and [[Signature requirements for ballot measures in California|ballot measures]], click on the links below.''
  
In 2010, a total of 10,094,839 votes were cast for the [[California gubernatorial election, 2010|Office of Governor]]<ref>[http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2010-general/23-governor.pdf ''California Secretary of State'' "2010 Governor Election Summary"]</ref>.
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*[[Signature requirements for ballot measures in California]]
 
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*[[Ballot access requirements for political candidates in California]]
==Filing deadlines==
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Supporters are given a maximum of 150 days to circulate petitions and collect signatures from the time that the [[California Attorney General]] has reviewed their initiative wording and provided a [[ballot title]].  Regardless of when the circulation period starts, however, the initiative measure must qualify at least 131 days before the next statewide election at which it is to be submitted to the voters, according to [[Article II, California Constitution#Section 8|Article II, Section 8 of the California Constitution]].
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The [[California Secretary of State]]'s office recommends that supporters consider shortening the circulation period "in order to ensure that the proposed initiative measure qualifies at least 131 days before the next statewide election."<ref>[http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/initiative_guide.htm California Initiative Guide]</ref>
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==Suggested deadlines for 2010==
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:: ''See also: [[California 2010 ballot propositions]]''
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The [[California Secretary of State]] prepares a "suggested initiative deadlines" document from time-to-time that by working backward from the final deadline through the various steps in the qualification process produces a list of suggested deadlines for the various steps required.  The document is prefaced with a disclaimer, "The following suggested deadlines are not substitutes for California election laws, regulations, or policy. Other factors, such as amending the initiative measure before circulation or the length of time for circulation, will affect the time it takes to complete the process."<ref>[http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/suggested-initiative-deadlines/2010-suggested-initiative-deadlines.pdf 2010 suggested initiative deadlines]</ref>
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===For June 8, 2010 ballot===
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{| class="wikitable" style="background:none"
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|-
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Verification procedure
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Request title
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Title issued, circulation begins
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | File signatures with counties
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Raw count completed
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | SOS notifies counties
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Counties certify results to SOS
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | SOS announces fate of initiative
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|-
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| Random sample
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| text align="center"| April 29, 2009
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| text align="center"| June 19, 2009
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| text align="center"| November 16, 2009
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| text align="center"| November 30, 2009
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| text align="center"| December 9, 2009
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| text align="center"| January 25, 2010
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| text align="center"| January 28, 2010
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|}
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===For November 2, 2010 ballot===
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{| class="wikitable" style="background:none"
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|-
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Verification procedure
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Request title
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Title issued, circulation begins
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | File signatures with counties
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Raw count completed
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | SOS notifies counties
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | Counties certify results to SOS
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | SOS announces if 100% count required
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | 100% signature check completed
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! style="background-color:#00008B; color: white;" | SOS announces fate
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|-
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| Random sample
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| text align="center"| September 25, 2009
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| text align="center"| November 17, 2009
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| text align="center"| April 16, 2010
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| text align="center"| April 28, 2010
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| text align="center"| May 7, 2010
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| text align="center"| June 21, 2010
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| text align="center"| June 24, 2010
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| text align="center"|
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| text align="center"|
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|-
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| Full check
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| text align="center"| August 6, 2009
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| text align="center"| September 29, 2009
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| text align="center"| February 26, 2010
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| text align="center"| March 10, 2010
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| text align="center"| March 18, 2010
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| text align="center"| April 30, 2010
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| text align="center"| May 9, 2010
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| text align="center"| June 21, 2010
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| text align="center"| June 24, 2010
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|}
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==Recall==
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* For recall, there must be a filing of a notice-of-intent-to-recall petition signed by 65 voters.
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Once the actual petition is circulated, signatures must equal 12% (20% for state legislators) of the last vote for the offical being recalled, including voters from each of five counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for the office in that county.
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==Signature verification==
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Once proponents of an initiatives have collected their signatures, they submit the signatures to the election division of each county where signatures were collected.  Once the signatures are filed, county election officials have eight working days to:
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* Determine the total number of signatures submitted in their county.
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* Report the total to the [[California Secretary of State]].
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===Raw count===
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After the Secretary of State has collected reports from the counties around the state where signatures were filed, he or she must determine whether the raw count of signatures as provided by county officials adds up to at least 100% of the required number of signatures.  If the raw count does not total the minimum number of required signatures, the Secretary of State is required to mmediately notify the appropriate county officials that the initiative has failed and that they need take no further action on it.
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===Random sample===
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If the raw count of signatures does equal 100% (or more) of the total number of signatures needed to qualify the proposition, the Secretary of State notifies county officials that they are to inspect some of the signatures in their care for validity within 30 working days.  Specifically, the county officials are to use a [[random sampling]] procedure to choose the greater of 500 signatures or 3% of the signatures filed in their county; and they then must determine how many of those signatures are [[valid signature|valid]].  (In counties where 500 or fewer signatures were submitted, the county must inspect all the signatures for validity.)
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Once a county election department has inspected the required number of signatures, they are to report to the Secretary of State the percentage of valid signatures they discovered.  For example, if a county inspects 500 signatures and determines that 400 of those signatures are valid, they would report that they had found a validity rate of 80%.
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===The 95%-110% rule===
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After the Office of the Secretary of State has collected information about validity rates from all counties where signatures were filed, the office applies a formula to determine the statewide total of valid signatures.
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* If this calculation determines that the number of valid signatures is less than 95% of the number of required signatures, the Secretary of State issues a "failure notice", which declares that the proposition has failed to qualify for the ballot.
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* If the calculation determines that the number of valid signatures is greater than 110% of the required number of signatures, the Secretary of State as per [[California Elections Code, Section 9030-9035: Filing petitions#9030|Section 9030]] and [[California Elections Code, Section 9030-9035: Filing petitions#9033|9033]] determines that the proposition has qualified for the ballot "without further verification".
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===Full check===
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However, if the calculation by the Secretary of State determines that the number of valid signatures on the petition falls somewhere between 95%-110%, the Secretary of State then must direct election officials in counties where signatures were filed to inspect every single signature filed in their county for validity.  This process is known as the "full check".  County election officials are required to complete the full check within 30 working days of the time that they receive a notification from the Secretary of State saying they need to perform a full check.
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Because it takes much longer to qualify a petition for the ballot if the number of signatures is determined in the random sampling procedure to fall within the 95%-110% range than if the number of signatures is determined to be higher than 110% of those required, petition sponsors are encouraged either to collect enough signatures to go over the 110% threshold, or to allow plenty of additional time if it is likely they will fall within the 95%-110% window.
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==Elections in California by year==
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===2014===
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{{ca on the ballot 2014}}
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===2012===
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{{ca on the ballot 2012}}
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[California elections, 2014]]
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*[[California elections, 2012]]
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{{election info}}
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{{California}}
  
* [[Laws governing the initiative process in California]]
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[[Category:Elections signature requirements]]
 
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==External links==
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* [http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/elections_h.htm How to Qualify an Initiative] from the Secretary of State
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* [http://www.ncsl.org/print/legismgt/2008_Sig_Reqs.pdf NCSL signature chart for 2008]
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* [http://igs.berkeley.edu/library/htRecall2003.html Recall in California] from Berkeley.edu
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* [http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/2006_general/rqmts.pdf I&R Petition Signature Requirements] from the California Secretary of State
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* [http://www.citizensincharge.org/states/california California signature requirements] collated by the [[Citizens in Charge Foundation]]
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==References==
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{{reflist|2}}
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{{california}}
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{{Signature requirements}}
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[[Category:Ballot measure law, California]]
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[[Category: Signature requirements]]
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Latest revision as of 14:47, 5 March 2014

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Signature requirements
(By state)

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In many states, the signatures of registered voters must be collected to place candidates or initiatives on the ballot. However, for candidates, filing fees are sometimes required or accepted in lieu of signatures. The requirements and laws governing signatures is complicated and varied from state-to-state. We have created two distinct pages detailing signature requirements in all 50 states, based on whether the signature are for candidates or ballot measures.

Note: For detailed information on signature requirements for candidates and ballot measures, click on the links below.

Elections in California by year

2014

On the 2014 ballot
Find current election news and links here.
U.S. Senate Unscheduled electiond
U.S. House Scheduled electiona
State Executives Scheduled electiona
State Senate Scheduled electiona
State Assembly Scheduled electiona
Statewide ballot measures (8 measures) Scheduled electiona
Local ballot measures Scheduled electiona
School boards Scheduled electiona

2012

On the 2012 ballot Click here for all
November 6, 2012
Election Results
U.S. Senate (1 seat) Approveda Preview Article
U.S. House (53 seats) Approveda
State Executives Defeatedd N/A
State Senate (20 seats) Approveda Preview Article
State Assembly (80 seats) Approveda
Ballot measures (13 measures) Approveda Preview Article

See also