Difference between revisions of "Campaign finance requirements for Montana ballot measures"

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===Statement of Organization===
 
===Statement of Organization===
  
A statement of organization is required for any Political Committee or Incidental Political Committee registered in the success or defeat of a ballot question in Montana.  The Statement of Organization must be filed within five days of appointing a campaign treasurer or making an expenditure whichever comes first<ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-201.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-27-201 Montana Code)</ref> <ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-202.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-37-202 Montana Code)</ref> <ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-205.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-37-205 Montana Code)</ref>.
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A statement of organization is required for any Political Committee or Incidental Political Committee registered in the success or defeat of a ballot question in Montana.  The Statement of Organization must be filed within five days of appointing a campaign treasurer or making an expenditure whichever comes first<ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-201.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-27-201 Montana Code)</ref><ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-202.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-37-202 Montana Code)</ref><ref>[http://data.opi.mt.gov/bills/mca/13/37/13-37-205.htm "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute 13-37-205 Montana Code)</ref>.
  
 
===The $500 in 24 hours rule===
 
===The $500 in 24 hours rule===

Revision as of 10:32, 24 February 2014

Campaign finance requirements for Montana ballot measures are promulgated by the Montana Commissioner of Political Practices. The Commissioner of Political Practices is independent of the Montana Secretary of State's Elections Division as it administers Montana's campaign finance laws.

The Montana Commissioner of Political Practices maintain an online disclosure database of all political campaigns in the State of Montana.

If someone feels a person violated Montana's campaign finance laws, then the first step is to file a complaint via certified mail to the Montana Commissioner of Political Practices[1]. Upon receipt of complaint, all campaigns involved with a question are served notice of the complaint and the commissioner conducts an investigation[1]. The Commissioner is responsible adjudicating all discipline within the statutory authority of the Commissioner of Political Practices[1]. All other matters that are not in the jurisdiction of the Commissioner is referred to the County Attorney in the county the alleged offense occurred[1].

General requirements

Political Committee designation

Under Montana law, a political committee in support or opposition of a ballot measure and is tied directly to the campaign is considered to be a Political Committee[2].

Incidental Political Committee

An incidental political committee is a committee that is not directly related to a political committee in support or opposition of a ballot question in the State of Montana[3].

Statement of Organization

A statement of organization is required for any Political Committee or Incidental Political Committee registered in the success or defeat of a ballot question in Montana. The Statement of Organization must be filed within five days of appointing a campaign treasurer or making an expenditure whichever comes first[4][5][6].

The $500 in 24 hours rule

Montana law requires all political committees to report all contributions of $500 or more in the last ten days of the election. This must be reported in 24 hours[7].

Campaign finance requirements

Anonymous contributions

All anonymous contributions are prohibited in the State of Montana[8].

Contribution limits

There are no contribution limits for political committees engaged to defeat or support a ballot question. Corporations, party committees, individuals, and labor unions can donate[9].

Corporate contributions

Montana allows for corporations to donate to political committees engaged in supporting or defeating a ballot measure[10]. Montana's law does not allow for corporations to donate to candidates, candidate committees, state and local party organizations, along with political committees only for the purpose of supporting or defeating a candidate[11].

The $500 debt rule

Under a law passed by the Montana Legislature in 2009, all Political Committees have to report within 24 hours to the Montana Political Practices Commission all debts of $500 or more of election materials[12].

Reporting requirements and reports

The State of Montana uses a frequent campaign reporting system including some quarterly, monthly, along with pre and post-election reports.

Quarterly report

A quarterly report is required for any candidate's committee for any candidate that has announced their intentions during the off year. The reports are due on March 31st, June 30th, September 30th, and December 31st[13].

Monthly reports

Under Montana law, all judicial campaign committees must file campaign finance reports on a monthly basis on the 10th day of each month in March, April, July, August, and September[14].

Pre-Election reports

Candidate committees are required to file two pre-election reports. They are due when they are fifteen and five days to go before the election. This is for both the general and statewide primary elections[15].

Post-election report

The post election report covers all campaign finance activity from four days to go before the election up to 20 days after the election. The report is due 20 days after the election[16].

Campaign advertising restrictions

All political advertisements in the State of Montana regardless if it is print or broadcast require a disclaimer. It must have the name of the committee, the treasurer's name and address. For example, the disclaimer must have as follows: Paid for by Support our Schools Linda Evans, treasurer PO Box 350 Helena MT 59604[17].

Terminating a committee

All Political Committees can only file a closing report when all debts and obligations have been satisfied[18]. All campaigns must follow the normal reporting cycle until the books are closed[19].

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Montana Commissioner of Political Practices "Complaint Procedure"
  2. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-1-101 (22)-(A) Montana Code)
  3. "Montana Legislature" Montana Administrative Rules(Referenced Rule 44.10.327(2)(c))
  4. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-27-201 Montana Code)
  5. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-202 Montana Code)
  6. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-205 Montana Code)
  7. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (2)-(d) Montana Code)
  8. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-217 Montana Code)
  9. Montana Legislature "Montana Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute 13-37-216 Montana Code)
  10. Montana Legislature "Montana Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute 13-35-227, Montana Code)
  11. Montana Legislature "Montana Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute 13-35-227(1), Montana Code)
  12. "Montana Legislature" 2009 House Bill 147
  13. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (1)-(a) Montana Code)
  14. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (1)-(b) Montana Code)
  15. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (1)-(c) Montana Code)
  16. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (1)-(d) Montana Code)
  17. "Montana Commission on Political Practices" Campaign Disclosure Guide
  18. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-228 (3) Montana Code)
  19. "Montana Legislature" Montana Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute 13-37-226 (2)(f) Montana Code)