Difference between revisions of "Campaign finance requirements for Washington ballot measures"

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{{tnr}}'''Campaign finance requirements for Washington ballot measures''' are promulgated by the [[Washington State Public Disclosure Commission]]. The PDC is the main enforcement body for elections and campaign finance laws in Washington State. The PDC maintains a database of all campaign contributions to campaign committees in support of or opposition to specific ballot initiative measures.  Researchers can sort through the database by year, name of committee, and name of donor.
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{{tnr}}'''Campaign finance requirements for Washington ballot measures''' are promulgated by the [[Washington State Public Disclosure Commission]] (PDC). The PDC is responsible for administering and enforcing election and campaign finance laws in Washington State. The PDC maintains a database of all campaign contributions to committees in support of or opposition of a ballot measure.  Researchers can sort through the database by year, name of committee, and name of donor.
  
If someone believes if anyone violated Washington State campaign finance laws, a complaint must be filed to the Washington PDC.  The PDC investigates all complaints fully.  If the PDC finds an apparent violation of campaign finance laws, the PDC can refer the complaint to the [[Washington Attorney General]] or any appropriate law enforcement agency<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.360 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.360(5))</ref> <ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.380 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.380)</ref>.
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If someone believes if a person or committee violated Washington State campaign finance laws, a complaint must be filed with the PDC.  The PDC fully investigates all complaints.  If the PDC finds an apparent violation of campaign finance laws, the complaint can be referred to the [[Washington Attorney General|Attorney General]] or any other law enforcement agency<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.360 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.360(5))</ref> <ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.380 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.380)</ref>.
  
 
==General requirements==
 
==General requirements==
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===Mandatory electronic filing===
 
===Mandatory electronic filing===
  
In Washington State, any ballot proposition group that expects to expend $10,000 in the current year are required to file campaign finance reports electronically.  The Washington PDC gives free training for ballot proposition groups to help in compliance towards these reports<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.3691 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.3691)</ref>.
+
Any ballot proposition group that expects to expend $10,000 in the current year are required to file campaign finance reports electronically.  The Washington PDC gives free training for ballot proposition groups to help in compliance towards these reports<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.3691 ''Washington State Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.3691)</ref>.
  
 
===Political committee===
 
===Political committee===
  
All ballot proposition groups in Washington State are considered political committees defined by law<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.020 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.020(39))</ref>.
+
All ballot proposition groups in Washington State are considered political committees defined by law<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.020 ''Washington State Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.020(39))</ref>.
  
 
===Statement of Organization===
 
===Statement of Organization===
  
Every ballot proposition group within two weeks after its organization or within two weeks after the date when it first has the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures in any election campaign must file a statement of organization on the earlier of the two requirements. This document must be filed with the Washington Public Disclosure Commission and with the County Auditor/Elections Officer of the county in which the treasurer resides.  A committee aimed at the passage or defeat of a ballot measure which is organized within the last three weeks before an election and having the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures during and for that election campaign shall file a statement of organization.  This must be filed within three business days after its formed or when it first has the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures in the election campaign<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.040 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040)</ref>.
+
Every Political Committee within two weeks after its organization or after the date when it first expects to receive contributions or make expenditures must file a statement of organization.  The threshold is the earlier of the two requirements. The statement must be filed with the PDC and the County Auditor/Elections Officer where the treasurer resides.  A committee that is organized within the last three weeks before an election and having the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures must file a statement of organization.  This must be done within three business days<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.040 ''Washington State Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040)</ref>.
  
Washington is different from other states on mandates in the Statement of Organization as all ballot measure groups are required to file a plan for handling surplus funds when they dissolve when the statement is first filed<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.040 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040(h))</ref>.
+
All political committees are required to file an additional disposition stating how surplus funds would be disbursed when the committee is dissolved<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.040 ''Washington State Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040(h))</ref>.
  
 
===The 21 day reporting rule===
 
===The 21 day reporting rule===
  
All ballot proposition groups are required to report any large contributions made to a ballot proposition group twenty one days before an election.
+
All political committees are required to report any large contributions in the final twenty one days before an election.
  
 
===The $5,000 in 21 days rule===
 
===The $5,000 in 21 days rule===
  
When there is 21 days to go before the election, no contributor may donate over $5,000 in the aggregate to a ballot proposition group. This includes contributions to a party committee, as well as a candidate's personal contributions to his/her own campaign. The $5,000 rule does not apply to contributions from the state committee of the WA State Democratic or Republican Party or from the state committee of a minor party<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/Filers/LimitsChart2009.pdf "Washington State PDC" Campaign Contributions Limit Chart](See Bottom of Page 1)</ref>.
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In the final twenty-one days before the election, no contributor can donate over $5,000 in total to a ballot proposition group. This includes contributions to a party committee in addition to a candidate's personal contributions to his/her own campaign. The $5,000 rule does not apply to contributions from the state central committees of the Democratic or Republican Parties along with the state central committees of minor parties<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/Filers/LimitsChart2009.pdf ''Washington State PDC'' "Campaign Contributions Limit Chart"](See Bottom of Page 1)</ref>.
  
 
==Campaign finance requirements==
 
==Campaign finance requirements==
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===Contribution limits===
 
===Contribution limits===
  
Under Washington State campaign finance laws, all ballot proposition groups are treated equally as Political Action Committees in terms of campaign contribution limits.  Under law, there are no limits for campaign contributions for groups aimed at the passage and defeat of ballot proposition groupsThis goes for individuals, state and county parties, PAC's, labor unions, and corporations.  Candidate committees are prohibited from donating to ballot proposition groups<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/Filers/LimitsChart2009.pdf "Washington State PDC" Campaign Contributions Limit Chart](See PAC Designation on the chart)</ref>.
+
There are no limits for campaign contributions to political committees influencing the passage or defeat of a ballot proposition.  All individuals, state and county party committees, PAC's, labor unions, and corporations can donate without limit.  Candidate committees are prohibited from donating to political committees engaged in ballot propositions<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/Filers/LimitsChart2009.pdf ''Washington State PDC'' "Campaign Contributions Limit Chart"](See PAC Designation on the chart)</ref>.
  
 
===Filing reports===
 
===Filing reports===
  
All ballot proposition groups are required to file campaign finance reports with the Washington Public Disclosure Commission within the specified deadlines<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.065 "Washington Legislature" Washington State Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.065)</ref>.
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All political committees are required to file campaign finance reports with the PDC within the specified deadlines<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.065 ''Washington Legislature'' "Washington State Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.065)</ref>.
  
 
===Special reports clause===
 
===Special reports clause===
  
Under Washington State campaign finance law, ballot proposition groups are required to file three types of special reports when warranted.  The first one is an advertising report.  This report is mandated when The sponsor of political advertising within twenty-one days of an election, publishes, mails, or otherwise presents to the public political advertising supporting or opposing a ballot proposition that qualifies as an independent expenditure with a fair market value of $1,000. In the event of this occurrence, a ballot proposition group must in electronic or in written form send a special report to the Washington PDC within twenty-four hours of or on the first working day after the date the political advertising.  This is defined as first published, mailed, or otherwise presented to the public<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.103 "Washington Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.103(1)</ref>.
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Political committees influencing ballot propositions are required to file two types of special reports when warranted.  The first report is an advertising report.  The report is mandated when an person or committee publishes, mails, or presents advertising supporting or opposing a proposition with a fair market value of $1,000. The report covers ads paid through an independent expenditure. A political committee must send a special report to the PDC within twenty-four hours or on the first working day after the ad was first presented<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.103 ''Washington Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.103(1)</ref>.
  
The second special report that is required under Washington State law is a Late and Large Contributions report.  Under Washington State law, ballot proposition groups are required to file to file a special Late/Large contribution reports to the Washington PDC under two circumstances:
+
The second special report for late and large contributions.  Under law, political committees are required to file a late/large contribution report to the PDC under two circumstances:
  
* If a contribution or a aggregate total of contributions which is $1,000 or more from a single person or entity which is received during a special reporting period.
+
* If a contribution of $1,000 or more (one-time or total aggregate) from a single person or entity was received during a special reporting period.
  
* If any political committee makes a contribution or an aggregate of contributions to a single entity which is $1,000 or more during a special reporting period.
+
* If any political committee makes a contribution of $1,000 or more (one-time or total aggregate) during a special reporting period.
  
A special reporting period is defined under Washington State law as a contribution made twenty one days before a general election<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.105 "Washington State Legislature" Washington State Campaign Finance Laws](Revised Statutes 42.17.105 (1)(1a))</ref>.
+
Any contribution received twenty one days before a general election is considered to fall under the special reporting period<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.105 ''Washington Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Revised Statutes 42.17.105 (1)(1a))</ref>.
 
+
The independent expenditure special report clause does not apply to ballot proposition groups in Washington State.  Independent expenditure law applies to candidates and candidate committees<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.020 "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.020(28)(a)-(c))</ref>.
+
  
 
==Reporting requirements and types==
 
==Reporting requirements and types==
  
In Washington State, ballot proposition groups do not file pre-primary and post-primary reports on the normal reporting calendar.  All ballot proposition groups file the monthly C4 and C3 reports until the mandated pre-election and post-election report.  If any group plans to expend $10,000 or more during the election, electronic filing is mandatory.
+
Political committees influencing ballot propositions are not required to file pre-primary and post-primary reports on the normal reporting calendar.  All ballot proposition groups file the monthly C4 and C3 reports until the mandated pre-election and post-election report.   
  
 
===C1pc Report===
 
===C1pc Report===
  
The C1pc report is a the official Statement of Organization report form that must filed by a ballot proposition group after they are first formedThis form lists the purpose of the committee, reporting options, treasurer's name, relationships with other political committees or candidates, committee officers, and name of financial institution.  This form must be filed within the normal filing deadline for political committees<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See C1pc)</ref>.
+
The C1pc report is a the official Statement of Organization filed by political committeesThe report lists the purpose of the committee, reporting options, treasurer's name, relationships with other political committees or candidates, committee officers, and name of financial institution.  This form must be filed within the normal filing deadline for political committees<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See C1pc)</ref>.
  
 
===C3 Report===
 
===C3 Report===
  
The C3 report is separate from form C4.  Under the C3 report it lists all the cash receipts during a campaign for a ballot proposition group. This form is used to report names of contributors, amounts, addresses, occupation, and employer<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See C3)</ref>.
+
The C3 report is separate from form C4.  The report lists all cash receipts received by a political committee. This form is used to report names of contributors, amounts, addresses, occupation, and employer<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See C3)</ref>.
  
 
===C4 Report===
 
===C4 Report===
  
The C4 report is the overall campaign finance reporting form for Washington State ballot initiative groups. The form is used to report total contributions and expenditures for defined period and overall campaignThis report is due monthly along with 21 days and 7 days before the election<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See C4)</ref>.
+
The C4 report is the overall campaign finance reporting form for political committees. The report lists all total contributions and expenditures during a reporting period.  The report is due monthly in addition to pre-election reports due 21 and 7 days before the election<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See C4)</ref>.
  
 
===C5 report===
 
===C5 report===
  
The C5 report is a mandated report for out-of-state political committees who are influencing the passage or a defeat of a ballot proposition.  The report must be filed by the 10th of the each month if a expenditure is made during the normal monthly reporting period<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/out_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See C5)</ref>.
+
The C5 report is a mandated for out-of-state political committees who are influencing the passage or a defeat of a ballot proposition.  The report must be filed by the 10th of the each month if a expenditure is made during a reporting period<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/out_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See C5)</ref>.
  
 
===Schedule A===
 
===Schedule A===
  
A Schedule A form identifies itemized expenses and deposits made for defined period.  It is required with all C4 forms every month<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See Schedule A)</ref>.
+
Schedule A identifies all itemized expenses and deposits during a reporting period.  It is submitted with all C4 forms every month<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See Schedule A)</ref>.
  
 
===Schedule B===
 
===Schedule B===
  
A schedule B lists in-kind contributions, pledges, orders, debts, and obligations.  It is required with a C4 report and due whenever it is necessary<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See Schedule B)</ref>.
+
A schedule B lists in-kind contributions, pledges, orders, debts, and obligations.  It is submitted with a C4 report<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See Schedule B)</ref>.  The report is due monthly if a campaign receives an in-kind contribution or debt outstanding.
  
 
===Schedule C===
 
===Schedule C===
  
Schedule C is a corrections form.  This lists all necessary corrections and changes.  It is a mandatory with a C4 form and due when corrections need to be made<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See Schedule C)</ref>.
+
Schedule C is a corrections form.  This lists all necessary corrections and changes.  It is a submitted with a C4 form and due only when a correction is made<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx ''Washington PDC'' "Reporting Forms and Types"](See Schedule C)</ref>.
  
 
===Schedule L===
 
===Schedule L===
  
Schedule L is filed with either the C3 or C4 report.  This schedule outlines loan payments and loans forgiven and outstanding. Ballot proposition groups are required to file a Schedule L with C4 after loan is deposited and continue until loan is paid in full or forgiven.  A schedule L is required for a C3 when the loan is deposited.<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See Schedule L)</ref>.
+
Schedule L is filed with either a C3 or C4 report.  The schedule outlines loan payments along with loans forgiven and outstanding. Political committees are required to file the schedule with a C4 form after a loan is deposited. A schedule L must be turned in with a C3 or C4 report until loan is paid in full or forgiven<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/forms.aspx "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types](See Schedule L)</ref>.
  
 
===2009 Reporting Deadlines===
 
===2009 Reporting Deadlines===
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* October 27, 2009-7 day Pre-General C4 report due for the close of October 13 to October 26, 2009
 
* October 27, 2009-7 day Pre-General C4 report due for the close of October 13 to October 26, 2009
 
* December 10, 2009-Post-General C4 and C3 report due for the close of October 27 to November 30, 2009
 
* December 10, 2009-Post-General C4 and C3 report due for the close of October 27 to November 30, 2009
* January 11, 2010-End of Cycle C4 and C3 report due for the close of December 1 to December 31, 2009<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/archive/pdf/2009/2009.krp.com.pdf "Washington PDC" 2009 Campaign Finance Reporting Deadlines]</ref>.
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* January 11, 2010-End of Cycle C4 and C3 report due for the close of December 1 to December 31, 2009<ref>[http://www.pdc.wa.gov/archive/pdf/2009/2009.krp.com.pdf ''Washington PDC'' "2009 Campaign Finance Reporting Deadlines"]</ref>.
  
 
==Campaign advertising restrictions==
 
==Campaign advertising restrictions==
  
Under Washington state law, any advertising for ballot measures is subject to disclosure standards.  All written political advertising, whether relating to ballot propositions shall include the sponsor's name and address. All radio and television political advertising relating to ballot propositions, shall include the sponsor's name<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.510 "Washington Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(1))</ref>.  The independent expenditure clauses for advertisements do not apply to ballot initiative groups as groups aimed at the influence of passage or defeat of a ballot measure must be registered by the Washington PDC<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.510 "Washington Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(2))(3))</ref>.
+
All advertising to influence ballot propositions are subject to disclosure standards.  All written political advertising must include the sponsor's name and address. All radio and television advertising must include the sponsor's name<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.510 ''Washington Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(1))</ref>.  All independent expenditure advertisments must have the following disclaimer: "NOTICE TO VOTERS (Required by law): This advertisement is not authorized or approved by any candidate. It is paid for by (name, address, city, state)."<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.510 ''Washington Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(2))</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Dissolving a committee==
 +
 
 +
In Washington, when a ballot proposition group is dissolved, campaigns can use their surplus funds to:
 +
 
 +
* Return the surplus funds to a contributor in an amount not to exceed the contributor's original contribution.
 +
* Transfer the surplus funds to the candidate's personal account.  This can be used towards reimbursement for lost earnings incurred as a result of an election campaign. Lost earnings are defined as unpaid salary or if not salaried, an amount not to exceed income received by the candidate for services rendered during an appropriate, corresponding time period. All lost earnings incurred must be documented and recorded by the campaign's treasurer.
 +
* Transfer the funds without limit to a political party or a caucus political committee.
 +
* Donate the surplus funds to a charitable organization registered by the State of Washington.
 +
* Transmit the surplus to the Washington State Treasurer for deposit in the general fund, the oral history, state library, and archives account, or the legislative international trade account.
 +
* Hold the surplus campaign funds in a separate account for non-reimbursed public office-related expenses and report any such activity to the Washington PDC<ref>[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=42.17.095 ''Washington State Legislature'' "Washington Campaign Finance Law"](Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.095(1)-(7)</ref>.
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
===Related articles===
 +
* [[Federal judge strikes down contribution limits on Washington ballot issues]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{Campaign finance portal}}
  
 
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/default.aspx Website of the Washington Public Disclosure Commission]
 
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/default.aspx Website of the Washington Public Disclosure Commission]
 
* [http://search.leg.wa.gov/wslrcw/RCW%20%2042%20%20TITLE/RCW%20%2042%20.%2017%20%20CHAPTER/RCW%20%2042%20.%2017%20%20chapter.htm Laws governing election disclosures in Washington]
 
* [http://search.leg.wa.gov/wslrcw/RCW%20%2042%20%20TITLE/RCW%20%2042%20.%2017%20%20CHAPTER/RCW%20%2042%20.%2017%20%20chapter.htm Laws governing election disclosures in Washington]
 +
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/QuerySystem/Default.aspx Washington campaign finance disclosure database]
 +
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/in_state/manuals.aspx Washington In-State committees forms and manuals]
 +
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/filers/committees/out_state/manuals.aspx Washington Out-of-State committees forms and manuals]
 +
* [http://www.pdc.wa.gov/archive/filerassistance/manuals/pdf/2009/2009.Man.Comm.pdf 2010 Washington Campaign Finance manual]
 
* [http://disclosure.law.ucla.edu/statequery.asp Campaign Disclosure Project]
 
* [http://disclosure.law.ucla.edu/statequery.asp Campaign Disclosure Project]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
  
{{reflist}}
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{{reflist|2}}
  
 
{{campaign finance laws}}
 
{{campaign finance laws}}
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{{Washington}}
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[[Category:Campaign finance reports and regulations]]
 
[[Category:Campaign finance reports and regulations]]
[[Category:Washington]]
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[[Category:Ballot measure law, Washington]]

Revision as of 16:02, 11 January 2011

Campaign finance requirements for Washington ballot measures are promulgated by the Washington State Public Disclosure Commission (PDC). The PDC is responsible for administering and enforcing election and campaign finance laws in Washington State. The PDC maintains a database of all campaign contributions to committees in support of or opposition of a ballot measure. Researchers can sort through the database by year, name of committee, and name of donor.

If someone believes if a person or committee violated Washington State campaign finance laws, a complaint must be filed with the PDC. The PDC fully investigates all complaints. If the PDC finds an apparent violation of campaign finance laws, the complaint can be referred to the Attorney General or any other law enforcement agency[1] [2].

General requirements

Mandatory electronic filing

Any ballot proposition group that expects to expend $10,000 in the current year are required to file campaign finance reports electronically. The Washington PDC gives free training for ballot proposition groups to help in compliance towards these reports[3].

Political committee

All ballot proposition groups in Washington State are considered political committees defined by law[4].

Statement of Organization

Every Political Committee within two weeks after its organization or after the date when it first expects to receive contributions or make expenditures must file a statement of organization. The threshold is the earlier of the two requirements. The statement must be filed with the PDC and the County Auditor/Elections Officer where the treasurer resides. A committee that is organized within the last three weeks before an election and having the expectation of receiving contributions or making expenditures must file a statement of organization. This must be done within three business days[5].

All political committees are required to file an additional disposition stating how surplus funds would be disbursed when the committee is dissolved[6].

The 21 day reporting rule

All political committees are required to report any large contributions in the final twenty one days before an election.

The $5,000 in 21 days rule

In the final twenty-one days before the election, no contributor can donate over $5,000 in total to a ballot proposition group. This includes contributions to a party committee in addition to a candidate's personal contributions to his/her own campaign. The $5,000 rule does not apply to contributions from the state central committees of the Democratic or Republican Parties along with the state central committees of minor parties[7].

Campaign finance requirements

Contribution limits

There are no limits for campaign contributions to political committees influencing the passage or defeat of a ballot proposition. All individuals, state and county party committees, PAC's, labor unions, and corporations can donate without limit. Candidate committees are prohibited from donating to political committees engaged in ballot propositions[8].

Filing reports

All political committees are required to file campaign finance reports with the PDC within the specified deadlines[9].

Special reports clause

Political committees influencing ballot propositions are required to file two types of special reports when warranted. The first report is an advertising report. The report is mandated when an person or committee publishes, mails, or presents advertising supporting or opposing a proposition with a fair market value of $1,000. The report covers ads paid through an independent expenditure. A political committee must send a special report to the PDC within twenty-four hours or on the first working day after the ad was first presented[10].

The second special report for late and large contributions. Under law, political committees are required to file a late/large contribution report to the PDC under two circumstances:

  • If a contribution of $1,000 or more (one-time or total aggregate) from a single person or entity was received during a special reporting period.
  • If any political committee makes a contribution of $1,000 or more (one-time or total aggregate) during a special reporting period.

Any contribution received twenty one days before a general election is considered to fall under the special reporting period[11].

Reporting requirements and types

Political committees influencing ballot propositions are not required to file pre-primary and post-primary reports on the normal reporting calendar. All ballot proposition groups file the monthly C4 and C3 reports until the mandated pre-election and post-election report.

C1pc Report

The C1pc report is a the official Statement of Organization filed by political committees. The report lists the purpose of the committee, reporting options, treasurer's name, relationships with other political committees or candidates, committee officers, and name of financial institution. This form must be filed within the normal filing deadline for political committees[12].

C3 Report

The C3 report is separate from form C4. The report lists all cash receipts received by a political committee. This form is used to report names of contributors, amounts, addresses, occupation, and employer[13].

C4 Report

The C4 report is the overall campaign finance reporting form for political committees. The report lists all total contributions and expenditures during a reporting period. The report is due monthly in addition to pre-election reports due 21 and 7 days before the election[14].

C5 report

The C5 report is a mandated for out-of-state political committees who are influencing the passage or a defeat of a ballot proposition. The report must be filed by the 10th of the each month if a expenditure is made during a reporting period[15].

Schedule A

Schedule A identifies all itemized expenses and deposits during a reporting period. It is submitted with all C4 forms every month[16].

Schedule B

A schedule B lists in-kind contributions, pledges, orders, debts, and obligations. It is submitted with a C4 report[17]. The report is due monthly if a campaign receives an in-kind contribution or debt outstanding.

Schedule C

Schedule C is a corrections form. This lists all necessary corrections and changes. It is a submitted with a C4 form and due only when a correction is made[18].

Schedule L

Schedule L is filed with either a C3 or C4 report. The schedule outlines loan payments along with loans forgiven and outstanding. Political committees are required to file the schedule with a C4 form after a loan is deposited. A schedule L must be turned in with a C3 or C4 report until loan is paid in full or forgiven[19].

2009 Reporting Deadlines

Washington State sets campaign finance deadlines that are different from year to year. Here are the following dates for the 2009 election cycle in Washington

  • January 12, 2009-File first C3 and C4 report for the close of December 31, 2008
  • February 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of January 31, 2009
  • March 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of February 28, 2009
  • April 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of March 31, 2009.
  • May 11, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of April 30, 2009.
  • June 1, 2009-Begin to file C3 reports weekly. This is due each Monday which covers deposits made during previous 7 days (Mon-Sun.).
  • June 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of May 31, 2009.
  • July 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of June 30, 2009.
  • August 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of July 31, 2009.
  • August 10-17, 2009-Committee books open for public inspection.
  • September 10, 2009-Monthly C3 and C4 Report for the close of August 31, 2009.
  • October 13, 2009-21 Day Pre-General C4 Report due for the close of September 1 to October 12, 2009
  • October 13 to November 2, 2009-Special reports due if committee makes or receives contributions of $1,000 or more in the aggregate.
  • October 26 to November 2, 2009-Campaign books open for public inspection.l
  • October 27, 2009-7 day Pre-General C4 report due for the close of October 13 to October 26, 2009
  • December 10, 2009-Post-General C4 and C3 report due for the close of October 27 to November 30, 2009
  • January 11, 2010-End of Cycle C4 and C3 report due for the close of December 1 to December 31, 2009[20].

Campaign advertising restrictions

All advertising to influence ballot propositions are subject to disclosure standards. All written political advertising must include the sponsor's name and address. All radio and television advertising must include the sponsor's name[21]. All independent expenditure advertisments must have the following disclaimer: "NOTICE TO VOTERS (Required by law): This advertisement is not authorized or approved by any candidate. It is paid for by (name, address, city, state)."[22]

Dissolving a committee

In Washington, when a ballot proposition group is dissolved, campaigns can use their surplus funds to:

  • Return the surplus funds to a contributor in an amount not to exceed the contributor's original contribution.
  • Transfer the surplus funds to the candidate's personal account. This can be used towards reimbursement for lost earnings incurred as a result of an election campaign. Lost earnings are defined as unpaid salary or if not salaried, an amount not to exceed income received by the candidate for services rendered during an appropriate, corresponding time period. All lost earnings incurred must be documented and recorded by the campaign's treasurer.
  • Transfer the funds without limit to a political party or a caucus political committee.
  • Donate the surplus funds to a charitable organization registered by the State of Washington.
  • Transmit the surplus to the Washington State Treasurer for deposit in the general fund, the oral history, state library, and archives account, or the legislative international trade account.
  • Hold the surplus campaign funds in a separate account for non-reimbursed public office-related expenses and report any such activity to the Washington PDC[23].

See also

Related articles

External links

References

  1. "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.360(5))
  2. "Washington State Legislature" Washington Campaign Finance Law(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.380)
  3. Washington State Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.3691)
  4. Washington State Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.020(39))
  5. Washington State Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040)
  6. Washington State Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute Revised Code of Washington 42.17.040(h))
  7. Washington State PDC "Campaign Contributions Limit Chart"(See Bottom of Page 1)
  8. Washington State PDC "Campaign Contributions Limit Chart"(See PAC Designation on the chart)
  9. Washington Legislature "Washington State Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.065)
  10. Washington Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.103(1)
  11. Washington Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Revised Statutes 42.17.105 (1)(1a))
  12. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See C1pc)
  13. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See C3)
  14. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See C4)
  15. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See C5)
  16. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See Schedule A)
  17. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See Schedule B)
  18. Washington PDC "Reporting Forms and Types"(See Schedule C)
  19. "Washington PDC" Reporting Forms and Types(See Schedule L)
  20. Washington PDC "2009 Campaign Finance Reporting Deadlines"
  21. Washington Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(1))
  22. Washington Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.510(2))
  23. Washington State Legislature "Washington Campaign Finance Law"(Referenced Statute RCW 42.17.095(1)-(7)