Difference between revisions of "Carl Levin"
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Revision as of 17:41, 25 February 2014
|U.S. Senate, Michigan|
|January 3, 1979-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||35|
|Predecessor||Robert P. Griffin (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2008|
|First elected||November 7, 1978|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|J.D.||Harvard Law School|
|Birthday||June 28, 1934|
|Place of birth||Detroit, MI|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Issues
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 4.1.1 113th Congress
- 4.1.2 National security
- 4.1.3 Economy
- 4.1.4 Immigration
- 4.1.5 Social Issues
- 4.1.6 Previous congressional sessions
- 4.1 Legislative actions
- 5 Elections
- 6 Campaign donors
- 7 Analysis
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 External links
- 11 References
Levin most recently won re-election in 2008. He defeated Jack Hoogendyk, Jr. (R) in the general election.
Prior to his election to the Senate, Levin served on the Detroit City Council from 1969 to 1977. From 1974 to 1977 he served as its President.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Levin is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Levin was born in 1934 in Detroit, Michigan, where he also attended high school. He earned his B.A. from Swarthmore College in 1956 and his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1959. Levin has also worked as an attorney.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Levin's professional and political career:
- Assistant Attorney General and General Counsel for the Michigan Civil Rights Commission 1964-1967
- Special Assistant Attorney General for the State of Michigan and Chief Appellate Defender for the City of Detroit 1968-1969
- Member, Detroit City Council 1969-1973
- President, Detroit City Council 1974-1977
- U.S. Senate, 1979-Present
Levin serves on the following Senate committees:
- Armed Services Committee Chairman
- Subcommittee on Strategic Forces
- Subcommittee on SeaPower
- Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support
- Subcommittee on Personnel
- Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
- Subcommittee on Airland
- Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee
- Subcommittee on Emergency Management, Intergovernmental Relations, and the District of Columbia
- Subcommittee on Financial and Contracting Oversight
- Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations
- Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee
Levin served on the following Senate committees:
- Armed Services Committee Chairman
- Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee
- Select Committee on Intelligence
- Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8%). For more information pertaining to Levin's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Levin said on August 30, 2013, that any potential military intervention in Syria should come after the completion of U.N. inspections and that the effort would be blunted without the support of a "large number of nations."
“I again expressed my view that the United States should not undertake a kinetic strike before the U.N. inspectors complete their work, and that the impact of such a strike would be weakened if it does not have the participation and support of a large number of nations, including Arab nations," Levin said in a statement. "I also urged the Administration to send a powerful message to the Assad regime by immediately getting lethal aid to vetted elements of the Syrian opposition. Doing so can change the balance militarily and also contribute to a political solution in Syria.”
John Brennan CIA nomination
Levin voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.
On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in if or when prices were to drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Levin joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.
On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Levin voted with the Democratic party in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Levin voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.
No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013
Levin voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.
Levin voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.
Violence Against Women (2013)
Levin voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.
Previous congressional sessions
Levin voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by a 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.
On March 7, 2013, Levin announced his plans to retire rather than seek re-election in 2014.
To view the full congressional electoral history for Carl Levin, click [show] to expand the section.
Comprehensive donor information for Levin is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Levin raised a total of $5,276,484 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 24, 2013.
|Carl Levin's Campaign Contribution History|
|2002||U.S. Senate (Michigan)||$5,276,484|
|Grand Total Raised||$5,276,484|
|Carl Levin (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$232,805.55||$2,534.71||$(45,245.23)||$190,095.03|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$190,095.03||$36.73||$(44,035.47)||$146,096.29|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$146,096.29||$74.64||$(12,196.97)||$133,973.96|
Levin won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Levin's campaign committee raised a total of $8,632,073 and spent $6,732,980.
|U.S. Senate, Michigan, 2008 - Carl Levin Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$297,747|
|Total Spent by General Election Opponent||$296,993|
|Top contributors to Carl Levin's campaign committee|
|Blue Cross/Blue Shield||$48,100|
|Ford Motor Co||$45,699|
|Cerberus Capital Management||$35,650|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Levin most often votes with:
Levin least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Levin missed 152 of 12,209 roll call votes from Feb 1979 to Apr 2013, which is 1.2% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 1.7% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Levin paid his congressional staff a total of $3,212,530 in 2011. He ranked 7th on the list of the highest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 9th overall of the highest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Michigan ranked 6th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Levin's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,027,014 and $2,331,000. That averages to $1,679,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Levin ranked as the 56th most wealthy senator in 2012.
|Carl Levin Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Avg. Net Worth||% Difference from previous year|
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Levin ranked 49th in the liberal rankings in 2012.
Levin ranked 49th in the liberal rankings in 2011.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Levin has voted with the Democratic Party 95.7% of the time, which ranked 17th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.
Levin has been married to his wife Barbara (nee Halpern) since 1961. They have three daughters and six grandchildren.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Carl + Levin + Michigan + Senate
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Works by or about:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- NPR, "Brothers Levin Near The End Of A 32-Year Congressional Partnership," January 28, 2014
- Washington Post.com Sen. Carl Levin "(D-Mich.) won’t seek re-election in 2014" March 8, 2013
- Politico.com "Michigan Sen. Carl Levin to retire" March 7, 2013
- Biographical Guide to Members of Congress "Carl Levin," Accessed October 29, 2011
- Congressional Quarterly "Senate Committee List" Accessed January 22, 2013
- U.S. Senate Official Website "Commmittee Assignments," Accessed October 29, 2011
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Talking Points Memo, "Levin: Syria Intervention Would Suffer Without Support Of ‘Large Number Of Nations’," accessed September 2, 2012
- Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
- U.S. Senate "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1984," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 1978," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Donor history for Carl Levin" April 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Carl Levin Summary Report," Accessed August 3, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Carl Levin April Quarterly," Accessed August 3, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Carl Levin July Quarterly," Accessed August 3, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Carl Levin October Quarterly," Accessed October 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Carl Levin 2008 Election Cycle," Accessed October 29, 2011
- Gov Track "Carl Levin," Accessed June 7, 2013
- [http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/300066_Carl_Levin OpenCongress, "Carl Levin," Accessed August 8, 2013]
- GovTrack, "Carl Levin" Accessed April 2013
- LegiStorm "Carl Levin"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Levin, (D-MI), 2012"
- National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
- Official Site "About," Accessed October 29, 2011
Robert P. Griffin
|U.S. Senate - Michigan
| Succeeded by|