Carlos Alvarez and Natacha Seijas recall, Miami-Dade County, Florida (2011)
A date for the special election in which voters will decide whether or not to recall Mayor Alvarez has not yet been set. A special session of the Miami-Dade County Commission had been scheduled for Wednesday, December 29th to select a date on which to hold the election, but ultimately that meeting had to be cancelled "for lack of a quorum." 
2009 recall effort
A report from The Miami Herald in August 2009 stated that Alvarez had given his Director of Communications, Victoria Mallete, a fifty-four percent raise in 2008, which brought her annual salary to $125,000. The Mayor argued that the raise actually saved the county more than $100,000 since Mallete replaced two other executives. The problem with this claim, however, is that, according to county records, the two replaced employees were still on the county payroll when the change was made in 2008. County documents show that both employees made $315,839 in 2007. And even though they had been replaced in 2008, each of the former public employees was receiving $350,243 annual salary, an increase from the previous year.
Mallete, however, was not alone in receiving a raise; in fact, "12 employees of the mayor have received raises of more than 10 percent since last year."  What made this worse in the public's eyes was that, at the same time this was occurring, Mayor Alvarez was "calling for 5% salary cuts of Miami Dade Employees in the proposed budget." 
At this point, public sentiment seemed split on the issue of a recall. A local survey commissioned by Local 10 News and conducted by Bendixen & Associates, a multilingual and multiethnic research group, showed that in September 2009 approximately forty-six percent of voters would support a recall of Mayor Alvarez while forty-seven percent said they would oppose it. Additionally, forty-five percent of those interviewed stated that they had a negative opinion of the county commission for its recent budget decisions. 
Miami Lakes Mayor Michael Pizzi filed a suit on September 14, 2009 in hopes of undoing a controversial requirement that has been effect for three years. The requirement that was a point of contention for Pizzi stated that there can be only one signature per page and an allowance of a signer to rescind their signature within two weeks of signing, a stipulation, he argued, made it especially difficult for initiatives to gain ballot access. If the requirement had been overturned, it would have made it easier to force a recall election targeting Mayor Alvarez. 
Path to ballot
A previous effort to recall Alvarez has been launched in December 2009. The Miami-Dade County Clerk of Court approved the intent to recall petition filed by Lázaro R. González, a local 63-year old former lab technician, on Friday, December 4th.  Supporters of the petition argued that the Mayor's inability to properly deal with the county's $427 million budget deficit, along with his controversial decision to issue double-digit raises to county advisors, led to their decision to demand he be recalled.  In January 2010, several local unions including AFSCME Local 121, which represents 1,700 employees in the county's water and sewer department, and Transport Workers Union Local 291, which represents 2,500 employees in the county's transportation department, voiced their support for the petition. 
The recall movement, however, was ultimately squashed after supporters fell short of collecting the necessary 52,108 signatures required to force a recall election. 
2011 recall effort
Rumblings about another recall effort against Mayor Alvarez began in September 2010 after county commissioners passed a budget that raised property taxes while at the same increasing the salaries of county employees. On Thursday, September 23rd, the Miami-Dade County Commission, on an eight-to-five vote, passed a $7.3 million budget, which included increases in salaries for county employees worth a total of $132 million as well as a rise in property taxes by "as much as 14 percent in some cases." 
Norm Braman, the former owner of the Philadelphia Eagles football team and now the owner of a string of automative dealerships throughout Southern Florida, vowed shortly after the votes came down to launch a recall campaign against Alvarez. Braman is not a stranger to battling tax increases. He helped kill a Miami City sales tax proposal in 1982 that would have helped renovate the Orange Bowl for the Miami Dolphins football program. Most recently, Braman filed suit against "a giant $3 billion public works deal that includes a long-sought stadium for baseball's Florida Marlins."  He contends that the deal, approved by the Miami-Dade County Commission in December 2007, violates Florida's Sunshine Law requiring open government since negotiations were conducted in private sessions. Braman's suit argued further that the proposal "improperly uses money intended to cure urban blight and help poor people."  Braman's main point of contention with the proposal is that either the matter should be privately financed, something the cost-conscious Marlins owners are adverse to discussing, or it should be put before the voters as a referendum. While his suit failed in State Circuit Court, Braman said that he is willing to bringing it before the State Supreme Court, if necessary.
On Monday, September 27th, 2010, Braman, who was joined by Carlos Lopez-Cantera, majority whip in the State Legislature and a Miami Republican, held a press conference where he announced his campaign to recall Mayor Alvarez. The tipping point for him was what he considered to be the "outrageous tax increase" enacted by the County Commission in the midst of a recession in which "citizens are suffering economically, property values have crumbled, foreclosures are rampant, and unemployment has reached almost 13 percent in our county." 
Path to the ballot
In order to force a recall election, supporters are required to collect a minimum of 4% or 52,108 registered voters in Miami-Dade County. Recall supporters had until February 1, 2010 at 4:30 p.m. to submit the signatures. However, according to the county guidelines, González, the recall initiator, will have to pay more than $5,000 or 10 cents per submitted page (each signature must be on a separate page) to have the signatures validated by county officials. Each signatures must be on a separate page.
As of January 16, 2010 González estimates that recall supporters have gathered approximately 30,000 signatures, 7,000 below their current goal. Supporters were required to gather a minimum of 52,108 valid signatures by February 1, 2010.
- The Miami Herald "No quorum: Mayor Carlos Alvarez recall election meeting canceled" 29 Dec. 2010
- Eye on Miami "This is not okay Mayor Alvarez" 23 Aug. 2009
- Miami New Times "Two-Thirds of Voters Have Negative Opinion of Mayor Alvarez, 46 Percent Support Recall" 10 Sept. 2009
- The Miami Herald "Lawsuit challenges Miami-Dade recall petition rules" 15 Sept. 2009
- The Miami Herald "Miami-Dade Mayor Alvarez's recall goal of man's petition drive" 5 Dec. 2009
- The Miami Herald "So much for Mayor Alvarez, the crusader" 29 Aug. 2009
- The Miami Herald "Unions joining recall effort against Miami-Dade mayor" 7 Jan. 2010
- The Miami Herald "Bid to recall Miami-Dade mayor fails" 2 Feb. 2010
- NBC Miami "Braman Begins Recall Battle With Miami-Dade Mayor" 28 Sept. 2010
- ESPN "Braman says Marlins stadium should be privately financed" 7 March, 2008
- The Miami Herald "Norman Braman launches drive to recall Mayor Carlos Alvarez" 27 Sept. 2010
- CBS,"Petition To Recall Carlos Alvarez Approved," December 4, 2009
- The Miami Herald,"Alvarez recall drive falters," January 16, 2010