Central Intelligence Agency

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Central Intelligence Agency
CIA.svg
Director:John Brennan
Deputy Director:Avril D. Haines
Annual budget:$14.7 billion (2013)
Total employed:21,575 (2013)
Year created:1947
Official website:Office website
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a United States agency formed in 1947 to "preempt threats and further US national security objectives."[1] The head of the agency was originally the Director of Central Intelligence, also charged with coordinating all U.S. intelligence efforts. However, in 2004, the position was abolished and replaced by a Director of the CIA and the separate Director of National Intelligence, inheriting some of the DCI's roles.[2] The current Director of the CIA is John Brennan, who was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013.[3]

The CIA employed 21,575 people both in the U.S. and abroad in 2013.[4]

History

The following are important dates in the CIA's history:[5][6]

  • 1941: Coordinator of Information office formed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a predecessor to the Director of Central Intelligence
  • 1946: Director of Central Intelligence office formed by a Harry Truman Presidential Directive
  • 1947: National Intelligence Act passed, forming the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Council under the Director of Central Intelligence
  • 1959-1961: CIA Headquarters built in Langley, VA
  • 1961: CIA-backed Cuban exiles attempt Bay of Pigs invasion
  • 1962: CIA discovers nuclear weapons in Cuba, leading to Cuban Missile Crisis
  • 1976: U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence formed
  • 1977: U.S. House Select Committee on Intelligence formed
  • 1982: Intelligence Identities Protection Act passed, allowing for prosecution of anyone who reveals identities of intelligence agents
  • 1984: Central Intelligence Agency Information Act passed, blocking the CIA from Freedom of Information Act requests
  • 2004: Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act passed, restructuring the intelligence community under the Director of National Intelligence; Director of the CIA office formed

Structure

Mission

The official CIA mission statement is as follows:

Preempt threats and further US national security objectives by collecting intelligence that matters, producing objective all-source analysis, conducting effective covert action as directed by the President, and safeguarding the secrets that help keep our Nation safe.[1][7]

Leadership

John Brennan is currently the Director of the CIA.

Organizational chart

CIA org chart.jpg

Analysis

Budget

Obama administration

Central Intelligence Agency**[8] Annual Budget
YearBudget (in billions)% Difference from previous year
2013$14.7-3.29%
2012$15.24.83%
2011$14.50.69%
2010$14.410.77%
2009$13.0N/A

**Budgets other than 2013 are approximated based on a chart provided by the Washington Post.

Budget breakdown

The Black Budget, the unreleased budget of intelligence agencies, was leaked by ex-government contractor Edward Snowden in 2013. The budget breakdown for the CIA was as follows:[8]

  • $11.5 billion for data collection expenses
  • $1.8 billion for management, building and support
  • $1.1 billion for data analysis
  • 387.3 million for data processing and exploitation

Recent news

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CIA News Feed

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See also

External links

References