Difference between revisions of "Charles Rangel"

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{{Congress donor box 2010
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|Chamber = U.S. House, New York District 13
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|party = Democratic
|party = Democratic
|total raised = $2,937,509
|total raised = $2,937,509

Revision as of 14:10, 20 November 2013

Charles B. Rangel
Charles B. Rangel.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 13
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 44
PredecessorMichael Grimm (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1970
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$17,123,949
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, New York, District 15
January 3, 1971-January 3, 2013
Bachelor'sNew York University
J.D.St. John’s University
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1948-1952
Date of birthJune 11, 1930
Place of birthNew York, New York
Net worth$1,825,010
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Charles Rangel (b. June 11, 1930, in New York, New York) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 13th congressional district. Rangel was first elected to the House in 1970 and is currently serving his 43rd consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012. Before 2012 redistricting, Rangel served the 15th district.

Rangel ran for re-election in New York's 13th congressional district in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Prior to his congressional career, Rangel served as secretary of the New York State Penal Law and Code Revision Commission.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Rangel is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.


Rangel was born in New York, New York. He earned a B.A. from New York University in 1957 and a J.D. from St. John's University in 1960.[1]


Rangel was in the United States Army from 1948-1952. He served in the Korean War and then attended New York University. After obtaining his degrees, Rangel worked as a lawyer in private practice. He served as assistant United States Attorney, Southern District of New York, in 1963, counsel to speaker of the New York State Assembly in 1965, counsel to the President’s Commission to Revise the Draft Laws in 1966, and as secretary of the New York State Penal Law and Code Revision Commission.

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Rangel serves on the following committees:[2]

Joint Committee on Taxation


Rangel served on the following committees:[3]


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[5] For more information pertaining to Rangel's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[7][8] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Rangel was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[7][8]

Rangel on September 2, 2013, called the situation for the United States on Syria “embarrassing,” saying the America should not put its troops in harm’s way because of a “red line” drawn by the president.[9]

MSNBC host Mara Schiavocampo asked Rangel, “In terms of that red line, the president was clear about that a year ago. Are you concerned if there is not action once that line has been crossed, that it will send a message to the world about United States’ influence and their strength in the face of countries openly defying them?”[9]

“I love Obama and you’ll never find a truer Democrat than me,” Rangel responded, “but this whole idea of any president of the United States drawing lines saying that if any country does something that he considers wrong, that the nation is going to war, it’s unheard of, drawing a red line. So, of course, it’s embarrassing. I wish it didn’t happen. I guess Secretary [John] Kerry is even more embarrassed than me after making his emotional speech that this was urgent.”[9]

Rangel said he was glad the president realized the situation was not urgent, and he hopes the time for discussion the president is urging will have positive results.[9]

“During those discussions, I hope that other people in the international community would come forward and take this great decision off of the Congress, because we have to make it. Take it off of the Congress and provide some solution where we are not putting our kids in harm’s way to solve an international problem that we feel bounded, not by law, but because the president has drawn a red line,” Rangel said.[9]

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "No" Rangel voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Rangel voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Rangel voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "Yes" Rangel voted in support of HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[10]


IRS targeting

On May 10, 2013, news broke that various branches of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) had specifically targeted conservative groups' applications for tax-exempt status. This began during the tea party surge in 2010. The agency was separating tax-exempt applications by searching for political terms such as "tea party" and "patriot." In June 2011, an IRS official was briefed on these transgressions and asked that this practice end. The flagging continued, however, when the criteria was changed in January 2012 to look out for groups educating on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.[12]

The targeting included allegations that tea party groups were forced to provide information not asked of other tax exempt groups. Examples of this included requests for donor information, Facebook posts, resumes and political intentions of group officials and connections to other groups.[13][14]

On May 16, IRS Commissioner Steven Miller announced his resignation. He still testified at the hearings the next day.[15]

As a result of this scandal, Republicans and many Democratic members of Congress, including Rangel, publicly called for a deeper investigation into these matters. The House Ways and Means Committee held a hearing on May 17 during which it was disclosed that the Obama administration was made aware of the targeting on June 4, 2012.[16]

On May 20, Senators Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch sent a written inquiry regarding the process for how the agency reviewed applications for tax exempt status. The letter also requested any correspondence between White House officials and the IRS mentioning 501(c) organizations.[17]

During the May 22 House committee hearing on the issue, Lois Lerner, head of the IRS tax-exempt organizations office, declined to answer questions citing her Fifth Amendment right.[18] The next day, May 23, Lerner was placed on administrative leave pending an investigation after Senators John McCain and Carl Levin called on IRS officials to place her on suspension.[19] Lerner retired on September 23, 2013.[20]

Farm Bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "No" Rangel voted against the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[21] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[22]

King Amendment

Rangel signed a letter sent to Collin Peterson in August 2013, asking him to keep Steve King's amendment out of the final Farm Bill.[23] The "Protect Interstate Commerce Act" amendment prevents states from applying their own laws on agricultural products to agricultural products from another state.[24]. King introduced the amendment in response to a law in California, requiring a larger size cage for egg-producing chickens. King represents Iowa, which is a large egg producer.

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[25] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[26] Rangel voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[27]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[28] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Rangel voted for HR 2775.[29]


Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "No" Rangel voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[30] The vote largely followed party lines.[31]


Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" Rangel has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[32]

Social issues


Voted "No" Rangel voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[33]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Rangel voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[34]


Comments about the tea party

On August 2, 2013, Rangel compared tea party members to segregationists: "It is the same group we faced in the South with those white crackers and the dogs and the police. They didn’t care about how they looked." [35]

Arrest during immigration protest

See also: Gang of Eight

On October 8, 2013, eight Democratic members of Congress were arrested while attending a protest calling for comprehensive immigration reform in front of the U.S. Capitol.[36]

The eight included Rangel, John Lewis, Luis Gutierrez, Keith Ellison, Raul Grijalva, Joe Crowley, Jan Schakowsky and Al Green.[36] The politicians, along with activists who attended an immigration rally on the National Mall, staged a sit-in near the west side of the Capitol.[36] Police arrested the lawmakers, and almost 200 other protesters, for crowding and disrupting the streets around the Capitol.[36]

"My colleagues and I are not afraid to get arrested for what we believe is important to move America forward," Rangel tweeted.[36]

Ethics violations

In December 2010, Rangel received the first congressional censure by the House Ethics Committee in 27 years by a vote of 333-79. He was officially reprimanded for ethics violations that included: $500,000 of undisclosed assets and 17 years of unpaid property taxes in the Dominican Republic.[37] On April 22, 2013, Rangel filed a lawsuit in federal court asking for the censure to be overturned. The lawsuit questioned whether or not proper procedure was used in Rangel's censure investigation.[38]

Campaign themes


Rangel listed several of his campaign themes on his website:[39]

  • Taxes-"I believe that if we are to strengthen our economy, we must create new, good-paying jobs. By extending enhanced expense limits for small businesses and keeping more generous depreciation rules in effect, the recovery legislation will help businesses invest in themselves, allowing them to grow and create new jobs. We also provide businesses with incentives to hire recently discharged, unemployed veterans and disconnected youth so we can reincorporate them into our communities and grow together.
  • Working Families-Our first priority in confronting the economic crisis was making sure that we did not leave millions of unemployed workers without adequate income to pay rent or buy groceries. I was proud to stand with my Democratic Colleagues in passing the HIRE Act to provide a payroll tax credit for companies that hire employees who have been looking for work for 60 days or more.
  • Affordable Housing-Affordable housing is a prioritized issue in New York's 13th Congressional District, which is mostly comprised of high-rise residential buildings. Throughout our community, tenants face an uphill battle with higher rents, fewer services, and negligence or harassment by landlords. Perhaps more importantly, the lack of affordable housing in the area presents a severe threat to our local economy. As such, I have fought to ensure that tenants and prospective New York City residents are provided with proper support needed to finance affordable housing, while strengthening the quality and accessibility of our housing market.
  • Social Security and Medicare-I stand firmly with President Barack Obama in opposing any efforts to privatize these programs. I reject the idea that the future of hard-working Americans should be subject to the volatility of financial markets as some Republicans have advocated. We should not cut taxes for the wealthiest Americans at the expense of gutting the lifeline that helps millions of Americans to survive. I promise to continue opposing any budget proposals that undermine Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid.
  • Education-I strongly believe that we must give every possible amount of support to our students, teachers and educators so that future generations of Americans will have the ability to succeed in a global economy and face the challenges of tomorrow.
  • Immigration-Our immigration policy should be driven by what is in the best interest of this great country and the American worker. Orderly and controlled borders, combined with an effective immigration system designed to meet our needs are important pillars of a healthy and robust economy. We need to act swiftly on immigration legislation that will improve our American workforce.
  • Civil Rights-As a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus, ensuring equal opportunity and tolerance in our society is very important to me. I believe we should respect everybody regardless of race, gender, religion, nationality, and sexual orientation.
  • HIV/AIDS-I will continue to fight for those afflicted with HIV/AIDS and will work tirelessly until the day we have a cure.
  • Foreign Policy-I believe that as a nation we must maintain a foreign policy that ensures international security, promotes human rights and advances democratic principles worldwide. As part of the global community, we must come together to tackle major challenges that affect all of us, such as: poverty, education, public health, pollution, environment, natural disasters and the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • Veterans-As a veteran of the Korean War, I understand the plight of our soldiers and am committed to ensuring that our veterans are provided the care and opportunity that they so desperately deserve and earned. I consider the G.I. bill following my service in the Korean War to be a turning point in my life. It was the G.I. Bill which transformed me from a high school dropout into a law school graduate. As such, I am committed to giving the brave servicemen and women of today the same opportunity I had to make a change. I firmly believe adequate health and medical care for our veterans are not privileges but sacred rights we must honor.
  • Environment-Protecting the environment is more than merely preserving nature. It is a commitment we must make to promote the health and welfare of all people. In our Manhattan Congressional District and across America, especially in urban communities like our own, the effects of poor air and water quality are of great concern and importance."



See also: New York's 13th congressional district elections, 2014

Rangel ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He is seeking the Democratic nomination in the primary election. The general election took place November 4, 2014.


See also: New York's 13th congressional district elections, 2012

Rangel ran for re-election in 2012. Because of redistricting, Rangel's territory is the new 13th district. The 2012 Democratic primary election presented Rangel's toughest challenge since he defeated the previous incumbent 42 years ago.[40] Rangel was re-elected in November.[41]

U.S. House, New York District 13 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngCharles Rangel Incumbent 75% 174,789
     Republican Craig Schley 5.2% 12,132
     Independent Deborah Liatos 2.4% 5,533
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 17.5% 40,718
Total Votes 233,172
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"
U.S. House, New York District 13 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngCharles B. Rangel Incumbent 43.9% 16,916
Adriano Espaillat 41.3% 15,884
Clyde Williams 10.3% 3,974
Joyce Johnson 3.1% 1,187
Craig Schley 1.4% 545
Total Votes 38,506

State Senator Adriano Espaillat, former Bill Clinton staffer Clyde Williams, former executive Joyce Johnson, and former Rangel intern Craig Schley all challenged Rangel in the June 26 Democratic primary.[42][43]

Analysts expected race to come into play, as demographic changes and redistricting meant that the traditionally black district is now majority Hispanic.[44] Rangel's foremost challenge came from Espaillat, who was born in the Dominican Republic.[44] While considered a "black politician," Rangel also has Puerto Rican heritage.[40][44]

Two other main issues were Rangel's recent ethics violations and his extensive term in office. Rangel received censure from the U.S. House in 2010 for failing to report some income.[44] And Rangel's challengers pointed out that the 82-year-old congressman has been in office for over half his life.[43][44] The incumbent also suffered health problems this past year that kept him out of Washington for significant chunks of time, raising questions about his ability to represent the district.[44] Rangel, however, dismissed these objections: "If I can support the initiatives that we started, how can I possibly sit on the sidelines?"[40]

Ballot contest

While Rangel declared victory on election night with a 6.6 percentage-point lead, his lead shrunk over the next few days as results continued to trickle in. Adriano Espaillat took back his concession and prepared to challenge the final count in court. After that final count was completed on July 7, Espaillat conceded the election for good on July 9, although he and others continue to question the Board of Elections' actions.[45][46]

As of Thursday, June 28, 2012, 94% of precincts had reported, and Rangel's lead in the Democratic primary had shrunk from 6.6 percentage points on election night to 3 percentage points. Challenger Adriano Espaillat was just over 1,000 votes behind Rangel.[47]

As of July 2, Rangel's lead had shrunk to 802 votes.[48] By July 3, Espaillat had filed court documents calling for a recount and possibly a new election.[49] The city Board of Elections had yet to finish counting all of the paper votes.[50]

On Friday, July 6, ballot counts showed Rangel with about a 1,000-vote lead.[51] Espaillat was scheduled to make a case in court on July 11,[52] saying that some ballots for him were incorrectly thrown out, or request a new election altogether.[51] Espaillat also faced pressure to choose between pursuing the 13th district race or filing for re-election to his New York State Senate seat on July 12, since New York state law forbids politicians from running for two offices simultaneously.[51]

On Saturday, July 7, the city Board of Elections finished counting all of the ballots, and Rangel beat Espaillat by 990 votes.[53] The results were not yet official, as a judge delayed certification until Espaillat could make his legal case on July 11. Espaillat planned to argue that some voters were unfairly disenfranchised.[53][52] In a press statement, Espaillat said: "A ballooned number of affidavit ballots and hundreds of calls of people that said they were turned away because they said they couldn’t find them in the books? ... No notification for a voter that there was an election. All these things amounted to a big red flag."[46]

On July 9, Espaillat conceded the race.[45] He opted not to make his case in court, saying "[W]e came up short — 2 percent... It’s virtually impossible for the results to be different."[45] He and other still had doubts about the Board of Elections' handling of the primary,[46] but he is leaving further presses to advocacy groups.[45]


June 14, 2012

On June 14, 2012, all five Democratic candidates met for a debate. Rangel and Espaillat traded some intense words, with Rangel questioning a petition drive for Espaillat that the state senator says he's not involved with. Espaillat parried by bringing up Rangel's own ethics issues. Williams urged the candidates to avoid personal attacks and focus on the issues. Schley commented that Rangel was "antiquated" and was past his political prime.[43]

Super PAC involvement

The Super PAC Campaign for Primary Accountability targeted Rangel for defeat in the primary.[40]

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Rangel is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Rangel raised a total of $17,123,949 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[75]

Charles Rangel's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 13) Won $1,461,285
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $2,937,509
2008 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $5,093,239
2006 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $1,995,574
2004 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $1,996,022
2002 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $1,662,322
2000 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 15) Won $1,977,998
Grand Total Raised $17,123,949


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Rangel’s reports.[76]

Individual breakdown


Breakdown of the source of Rangel's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Rangel won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Rangel's campaign committee raised a total of $1,461,286 and spent $1,553,263.[86]

Cost per vote

Rangel spent $8.89 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Rangel's campaign funds before the 2010 election.
Rangel was re-elected to the U.S. House for a twenty first term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $2,937,509 and spent $4,139,258.[87]


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Rangel is a "far-left Democratic Leader" as of June 20, 2013.[88]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[89]

Rangel most often votes with:

Rangel least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Rangel missed 2,430 of 24,532 roll call votes from Jan 1971 to Apr 2013, which is 9.9% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[90]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Rangel paid his congressional staff a total of $1,164,431 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[91]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Rangel's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,125,020 to $2,525,000. That averages to $1,825,010, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House member in 2011 of $5,107,874. His average net worth increased by 45.77% from 2010.[92]


Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Rangel's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $719,019 to $1,785,000. Averaging to a net worth of $1,252,009.50 which was lower than the average net worth of Democrats in 2010 of $4,465,875.[93]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Rangel tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 43rd in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[94]


Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Rangel tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 34th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[95]

Voting with party

June 2013

Charles Rangel voted with the Democratic Party 95.5% of the time, which ranked 38th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June, 2013.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Charles + Rangel + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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Rangel still resides with his wife Alma in Harlem where he was born. They have two adult children and three grandchildren.[96]

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress "RANGEL, Charles B., (1930 - )"
  2. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  3. Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Serving the People of New York's 15th District "Committees and Caucuses"
  4. Committee on Ways and Means, Chairman Dave Camp "Committee Members"
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Politico, "Charles Rangel says no to troops in Syria," accessed September 2, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rangel's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 8, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. USA Today, "IRS knew of Tea Party profiling in 2011, report shows," accessed May 16, 2013
  13. Politico, "The IRS wants YOU- to share everything," accessed May 16, 2013
  14. Washington Post, "IRS officials in Washington were involved in targeting of conservative groups," accessed May 16, 2013
  15. CNN, "'Angry' Obama announces IRS leader's ouster after conservatives targeted," accessed May 16, 2013
  16. The New York Times, "Treasury Knew of I.R.S. Inquiry in 2012, Official Says," accessed May 17, 2013
  17. Politico, "Max Baucus and Orrin Hatch expand IRS probe," May 20,2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Lois Lerner invokes Fifth Amendment in House hearing on IRS targeting," May 22, 2013
  19. CBS, "IRS official Lois Lerner placed on leave," May 23, 2013
  20. Wall Street Journal, "Lois Lerner, at Center of IRS Investigation, Retires," accessed December 16, 2013
  21. Vote Smart, "Rangel on agriculture", accessed October 8, 2013
  22. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps", accessed September 17, 2013
  23. Vote Smart, "Letter to Ranking Member Collin Peterson, House Committee on Agriculture - Reject Rep. King's Provision on Farm Bill", accessed September 23, 2013
  24. Time.com, "King Farm Bill Amendment Angers Animal Advocates", accessed September 18, 2013
  25. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  27. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  28. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rangel's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 8, 2013
  32. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rangel's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed October 8, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "Rangel on abortion," accessed October 8, 2013
  34. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  35. Talking Points Memo, "Charlie Rangel: Tea Party Is ‘Same Group’ Of ‘White Crackers’ Who Fought Civil Rights," accessed August 6, 2013
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 NBC News, "Democratic lawmakers arrested during immigration protest," accessed October 9, 2013
  37. Washington Post, "House censures Rep. Charles Rangel in 333-79 vote," December 3, 2010
  38. Washington Post, "Rangel lawsuit airs ethics’ panel laundry," April 23, 2013
  39. Campaign website "Issues"
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 Roll Call "Charlie Rangel at Risk in Rough Race," June 13, 2012
  41. Politico "2012 Election Map, New York"
  42. New York Daily News "4 candidates for 13th C.D. make hay at Lehman TV debate - but Rangel skips it," June 13, 2012
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 NY1 "Sparks Fly Between Rangel, Espillat At ICH Congressional Debate," June 14, 2012
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 44.4 44.5 NPR "Harlem Icon Faces 'Perfect Storm' In Re-Election Bid," June 13, 2012
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 New York Times "Rangel’s Opponent Gives Up And Will Halt Court Challenge," July 9, 2012
  46. 46.0 46.1 46.2 Politicker "Adriano Espaillat Won’t Be Giving That Apology to The Board of Elections," July 10, 2012
  47. Politico "Rangel results still unsettled," June 28, 2012
  48. Chicago Tribune "Rangel rival challenges primary results," July 2, 2012
  49. Wall Street Journal "Espaillat seeks recount or new NY primary election," July 3, 2012
  50. New York Daily News "Adriano Espaillat vs. Charlie Rangel showdown: Espaillat's lawyer accuses Board of Elections of stonewalling in ballot challenge," July 3, 2012
  51. 51.0 51.1 51.2 Wall Street Journal "Rangel Adds To Vote Edge in New Count," July 6, 2012
  52. 52.0 52.1 New York Times "Rangel’s Slim Lead Widens as Ballot Count Continues," July 5, 2012
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Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Grimm
U.S. House of Representatives - New York, District 13
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Bill Green
U.S. House of Representatives - New York, District 15
Succeeded by
Jose E. Serrano
Preceded by
Chuck Schumer
U.S. House of Representatives - New York, District 16
Succeeded by
José Serrano
Preceded by
Bella Abzug
U.S. House of Representatives - New York, District 19
Succeeded by
Mario Biaggi
Preceded by
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
U.S. House of Representatives - New York, District 18
Succeeded by
Ed Koch
Preceded by
Bill Green
New York Assembly - District 72
Succeeded by
George Miller