Difference between revisions of "Christine Gregoire"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Personal)
(2004)
(23 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Polinfobox
+
{{retired official submit info}}{{Polinfobox
 
|Name =Christine Gregoire
 
|Name =Christine Gregoire
 
|Profile picture =Gregoire.jpg
 
|Profile picture =Gregoire.jpg
 
|Position =Governor of Washington
 
|Position =Governor of Washington
|Status =Incumbent
+
|Status =Retired officeholder
|Tenure = January 12, 2005 - Present
+
|Tenure = January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2013
 
|Term ends =
 
|Term ends =
 
|Assumed office = 2005
 
|Assumed office = 2005
 
|Total terms =
 
|Total terms =
|Political party = Democratic
+
|Political party = Democratic  
 
|Office website = http://www.governor.wa.gov/
 
|Office website = http://www.governor.wa.gov/
 
|Campaign website =
 
|Campaign website =
Line 21: Line 21:
 
|Leadership =
 
|Leadership =
 
|Years leadership =
 
|Years leadership =
|Base salary =
+
|Base salary = $166,891
 
|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
Line 54: Line 54:
 
|Religion =
 
|Religion =
 
|Personal website =
 
|Personal website =
}}{{TOCnestright}}'''Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire''' (b. March 24, 1947) is the [[Governor of Washington|Democratic governor]] of the [[Washington|State of Washington]]. She was first elected in 2004 and then re-elected again in 2008.
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}'''Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire''' (b. March 24, 1947) is a former [[Governor of Washington|Democratic governor]] of the [[Washington|State of Washington]]. She was first elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2008.
  
Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.
+
Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] [[Dino Rossi]], who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.
  
Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref>
+
Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref> She was succeeded by [[Jay Inslee]] (D), who won election on [[Washington state executive official elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]].
 +
 
 +
Gregoire is rumored to be [[Barack Obama|President Obama's]] top choice to lead the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as of January, 2013.<ref>[http://blog.seattlepi.com/seattlepolitics/2013/01/04/gregoire-emerges-as-top-contender-to-boss-epa/#.UOc1S8ykglA.email ''The Seattle Post-Intelligencer,'' "Gregoire emerges as top contender to boss EPA," January 6, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
An attorney by trade, Gregoire worked as an assistant attorney general in the office of state Attorney General Slade Gorton following graduation from Gonzaga University in 1977. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes.
+
Gregoire was raised in Auburn, Washington by her mother, who worked as a short-order cook. Gregoire graduated from Auburn High School and the University of Washington. She worked in the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services before going back to school to earn her law degree from Gonzaga University.<ref>[http://www.governor.wa.gov/about/default.asp ''Washington Governor,'' "About Chris," accessed January 16, 2012]</ref>
 +
 
 +
After law school, Gregoire clerked for the Spokane attorney general and went on to work as an assistant attorney general in the office of state [[Attorney General of Washington|Attorney General]] Slade Gorton. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes.
  
 
===Education===
 
===Education===
*B.A. and teaching certificate, speech and sociology, University of Washington (1969)
+
*BA and teaching certificate, speech and sociology, University of Washington (1969)
**alumna of Kappa Delta sorority
+
**Alumna of Kappa Delta sorority
*J.D. Gonzaga University (1977)
+
*JD, Gonzaga University (1977)
  
 
==Political career==
 
==Political career==
===Washington Dept. of Ecology (1988-1992)===
+
===Washington Governor (2005 - 2013)===
She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Later, as attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job.
+
Gregoire was first elected to the position of [[Governor of Washington]] in 2004 and won re-election in 2008. Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.She was later re-elected in 2008.
 +
 
 +
Gregorie announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Issues===
 +
 
 +
====Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")====
 +
In December, 2012, Gregoire declined to enter Washington into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/15/us/most-states-miss-deadline-to-set-up-health-exchanges.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times,'' "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012]</ref> Washington is one of eighteen states - including Colorado, New York, New Mexico, and Oregon - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the December 14, 2012 deadline. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/15/us/most-states-miss-deadline-to-set-up-health-exchanges.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times,'' "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.daily-times.com/ci_22343708/governor-susana-martinez-tackle-state-based-health-exchange ''The Daily Times,'' "Governor Susana Martinez to tackle state-based health exchange," January 9, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
====Judicial appointments====
 +
As governor, Gregoire is responsible for appointing judges to [[Judgepedia:Courts in Washington|Washington state courts]]. In Washington, the governor makes a judicial appointment to fill a vacancy. Following appointment, the new judge must run for the seat in the next general election. For an up-to-date list of all of Gregoire's appointees, see [[Judgepedia:Judges appointed by Chris Gregoire|Judgepedia's page on her appointments]].
  
 
===Washington Attorney General (1993-2005)===
 
===Washington Attorney General (1993-2005)===
Line 80: Line 94:
 
She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.
 
She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.
  
===Washington Governor (2005-present)===
+
===Washington Dept. of Ecology (1988-1992)===
Gregoire was first elected to the position of [[Governor of Washington]] in 2004. She was later re-elected in 2008.
+
She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Later, as attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job.
 
+
Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.
+
 
+
Gregorie announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref>
+
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2012===
 +
Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref> [[Democratic]] former U.S. Congressman [[Jay Inslee]] won election on November 6, 2012.
  
 
===2008===
 
===2008===
 
====General====
 
====General====
In the state's general election Gregoire faced Dino Rossi. According to reports, the election was expected to be a close call. Gregoire ended up defeating Rossi with 53% of the vote. Reports later indicated that there was a huge upswing in Democratic voter turnout, attributed to to the vote for Barack Obama in the U.S. Presidential election.  
+
In the state's general election Gregoire faced Dino Rossi. According to reports, the election was expected to be a close call. Gregoire ended up defeating Rossi with 53% of the vote. Reports later indicated that there was a huge upswing in Democratic voter turnout, attributed to to the vote for Barack Obama in the U.S. Presidential election.
 +
{{SEO election box
 +
|year=2008
 +
|Office= Governor of Washington
 +
|party1=Democratic
 +
|party2=Republican
 +
|winner1 =Christine Gregoire
 +
|Inc1 = Y
 +
|candidate2 = Dino Rossi
 +
|votes1 = 1598738
 +
|votes2 = 1404124
 +
}}
 +
 
 
====Primary====
 
====Primary====
 
Gregoire won the state's first top two primary on August 19, 2008 with 49% of the vote.
 
Gregoire won the state's first top two primary on August 19, 2008 with 49% of the vote.
Line 98: Line 122:
 
====General====
 
====General====
 
During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.   
 
During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.   
 +
 +
{{SEO election box
 +
|date = November 2, 2004
 +
|pronoun = She
 +
|new =Yes
 +
|year =  2004
 +
|Office=  Governor of Washington
 +
|party1=  Democratic
 +
|winner1 = Christine Gregoire
 +
|losers = Dino Rossi, Ruth Bennett
 +
|votes1 = 1373361
 +
|Inc1 =
 +
|party2= Republican
 +
|candidate2 =  [[Dino Rossi]]
 +
|votes2 = 1373228
 +
|party3= Libertarian
 +
|candidate3 =  Ruth Bennett
 +
|votes3 =  63464
 +
|ref = [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/2004gov_race.aspx Washington Secretary of State]
 +
}}
  
 
====Primary====
 
====Primary====
 
Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.
 
Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.
  
Gregoire is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president during her attendance at the University of Washington. In her campaign for governor she was criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.   
+
Gregoire is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president during her attendance at the University of Washington. In her campaign for governor she was criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.
 +
 
 +
===2000===
 +
 
 +
{{SEO election history box
 +
|date = November 7, 2000
 +
|pronoun = She
 +
|new =No
 +
|year = 2000
 +
|Office=  Washington Attorney General
 +
|party1=  Democratic
 +
|winner1 = Christine Gregoire
 +
|losers = Richard Pope (R), Richard Shepherd (L), Stan Lippmann (NM) and Luanne Coachman (NL)
 +
|votes1 =  1292887
 +
|Inc1 = Y
 +
|party2= Republican
 +
|candidate2 =  Richard Pope
 +
|votes2 =  883002
 +
|party3= Libertarian
 +
|candidate3 =  Richard Shepherd
 +
|votes3 =  90941
 +
|party4=NM
 +
|candidate4 = Stan Lippmann
 +
|votes4 = 19120
 +
|party5=NL
 +
|candidate5 = Luanna Coachman
 +
|votes5 = 23685
 +
|ref = [https://wei.sos.wa.gov/agency/osos/en/press_and_research/PreviousElections/Pre2004/Documents/2000/2000%20General%20Abstract.pdf Washington Secretary of State]
 +
}}
  
 
==Campaign donors==
 
==Campaign donors==
 
{{SEO donor box
 
{{SEO donor box
|candidate=
+
|candidate=Christine Gregoire
|year1=
+
|year1=2008
|office1=
+
|office1=Governor of Washington
|political party1=
+
|political party1=Democratic
|total raised1=
+
|total raised1=$12,002,778
|opponent1=  
+
|opponent1= $11,599,166
|top donor1=
+
|top donor1=Washington State Democratic Party
|top donor1 amount=
+
|top donor1 amount=$2,589,287
|second donor1=
+
|second donor1=House Democratic Campaign Committee of Washington
|second donor1 amount=
+
|second donor1 amount=$25,000
|third donor1=
+
|third donor1=Anonymous donor
|third donor1 amount=
+
|third donor1 amount=$7,560
|fourth donor1=
+
|fourth donor1=Washington State Trial Lawyers Association
|fourth donor1 amount=
+
|fourth donor1 amount=$6,400
|fifth donor1=
+
|fifth donor1=James Judson
|fifth donor1 amount=
+
|fifth donor1 amount=$4,600
|individuals1=
+
|individuals1=$7,912,090
|institutions1=
+
|institutions1=$1,127,327
|instate1=
+
|instate1=$10,397,461
|outstate1=
+
|outstate1=$1,443,589
|year2=
+
|year2=2004
|office2=
+
|office2=Governor of Washington
|political party2=
+
|political party2=Democratic
|total raised2=  
+
|total raised2= $6,328,025
|opponent2=
+
|opponent2=$6,433,887 (Republican)<br>$2,950 (Libertarian)
|top donor2=
+
|top donor2=Washington State Democratic Party
|top donor2 amount=
+
|top donor2 amount=$1,051,678
|second donor2=
+
|second donor2=Washington State Trial Lawyers Association
|second donor2 amount=
+
|second donor2 amount=$5,400
|third donor2=
+
|third donor2=Garold Johnson
|third donor2 amount=
+
|third donor2 amount=$3,300
|fourth donor2=
+
|fourth donor2=Wendy Marshall
|fourth donor2 amount=
+
|fourth donor2 amount=$3,100
|fifth donor2=
+
|fifth donor2=Karen Glover
|fifth donor2 amount=
+
|fifth donor2 amount=$2,750
|individuals2=
+
|individuals2=$4,605,822
|institutions2=
+
|institutions2=$633,618
|instate2=
+
|instate2=$4,815,679
|outstate2=
+
|outstate2=$1,492,698
|year3=
+
|year3=2000
|office3=
+
|office3=Attorney General of Washington
|political party3=
+
|political party3=Democratic
|total raised3=  
+
|total raised3= $240,779
|opponent3=
+
|opponent3=$3,692 (Republican)<br>$1,267 (Natural Medicine Party)
|top donor3=
+
|top donor3=Priscilla Collins
|top donor3 amount=
+
|top donor3 amount=$3,000
|second donor3=
+
|second donor3=Washington Restaurant Association
|second donor3 amount=
+
|second donor3 amount=$2,400
|third donor3=
+
|third donor3=Public School Employees of Washington
|third donor3 amount=
+
|third donor3 amount=$2,400
|fourth donor3=
+
|fourth donor3=Washington State Council of Fire Fighters
|fourth donor3 amount=
+
|fourth donor3 amount=$2,400
|fifth donor3=
+
|fifth donor3=Washington State Auto Dealers
|fifth donor3 amount=
+
|fifth donor3 amount=$2,400
|individuals3=
+
|individuals3=$130,343
|institutions3=
+
|institutions3=$81,109
|instate3=
+
|instate3=$187,938
|outstate3=
+
|outstate3=$28,105
|year4=
+
|year4=1996
|office4=
+
|office4=Attorney General of Washington
|political party4=
+
|political party4=Democratic
|total raised4=  
+
|total raised4= $203,214
|opponent4=
+
|opponent4=$62,464 (Republican)<br>$2,741 (Libertarian)<br>$1,036 (Natural Law Party)
|top donor4=
+
|top donor4=Charles & Gail Pancerzewki
|top donor4 amount=
+
|top donor4 amount=$4,400
|second donor4=
+
|second donor4=Coordinated Campaign
|second donor4 amount=
+
|second donor4 amount=$4,331
|third donor4=
+
|third donor4=Peter Taggares, III
|third donor4 amount=
+
|third donor4 amount=$3,300
|fourth donor4=
+
|fourth donor4=Abraham Lincoln Memorial Society
|fourth donor4 amount=
+
|fourth donor4 amount=$2,200
|fifth donor4=
+
|fifth donor4=Machinists & Aerospace Workers
|fifth donor4 amount=
+
|fifth donor4 amount=$2,200
|individuals4=
+
|individuals4=$77,674
|institutions4=
+
|institutions4=$60,216
|instate4=
+
|instate4=$188,979
|outstate4=
+
|outstate4=$13,850
 
}}
 
}}
  
 +
==Awards==
 +
In 2007, ''Governing'' magazine named Gregoire as one of nine "Public Officials of the Year" for his bipartisan approach as speaker in addressing the Colorado's budget problems.<ref>[http://www.governing.com/poy/christine-gregoire.html Jonathan Walters, ''Governing'', "Negotiator-in-chief," 2007]</ref>  Other honorees included Houston Mayor [[Bill White (Texas)|Bill White]] and Speaker [[Fabian Nunez|Fabian Núñez]] of the [[California State Assembly]].  Each year since 1994, ''Governing'' has selected a handful of state and local officials to honor for standout job performance.  The Public Officials of the Year program "recognizes leaders from state, city and county government who exemplify the ideals of public service."<ref>[http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/governing-announces-2012-public-officials-of-the-year-1715592.htm ''Governing'', "GOVERNING Announces 2012 Public Officials of the Year," October 19, 2012]</ref>
  
 
==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Line 198: Line 272:
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*[http://www.governor.wa.gov/ Washington Governor Christine Gregoire] Official state site
+
*[http://www.governor.wa.gov/ Washington Governor Christine Gregoire]
*[http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=c07e224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD National Governors Association - Washington Governor Chris Gregoire] Biography
+
{{SEOLinks | fb = govgregoire | flickr = | twitter = GovGregoire | youtube = | nga = current-governors/col2-content/main-content-list/chris-gregoire.html | nndb = 335/000087074 | our = | votesmart = 15489 | wikipedia = Christine_Gregoire  | politifact = chris-gregoire | followthemoney = 14491 | ontheissues = Christine_Gregoire.htm | worldcat = lccn-n98-84672 | cspan = 44493 | rose =  | imdb = | bloomberg = christine-gregoire | nyt = g/christine_o_gregoire | wsj = | washpo = gIQA1eOFAP }}
*[http://www.ontheissues.org/Christine_Gregoire.htm On the Issues - Christine Gregoire] Issue positions and quotes
+
*[http://www.vote-smart.org/bio.php?can_id=BWA95105 Project Vote Smart - Governor Christine Gregoire (WA)] Profile
+
*[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/candidate.phtml?si=200447&c=405688 Follow the Money - Christine O Gregoire] 2004 campaign contributions
+
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
 +
{{start box}}
 +
{{s-off}}
 +
{{succession box | before =  | title = [[Washington Governor]] | years = 2005 - 2013 | after = [[Jay Inslee]] (D)}}
 +
{{end box}}
 
{{current governors}}
 
{{current governors}}
 
{{Washington}}
 
{{Washington}}
[[Category:Current governors]]
+
[[Category:Former governors]]
[[Category:Current Washington governor]]
+
[[Category:Former Washington governor]]
[[Category:Current Democratic governor]]
+
[[Category:Former Democratic governor]]
 
{{Incretire|State executive official|2012}}
 
{{Incretire|State executive official|2012}}

Revision as of 20:04, 23 September 2013

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
The information about this individual is current as of when they left office. See anything that needs updating? Send a correction to our editors
Christine Gregoire
Gregoire.jpg
Governor of Washington
Retired officeholder
In office
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2013
PartyDemocratic
Compensation
Base salary$166,891
Prior offices
Director of Dept. of Ecology
1988-1992
Washington Attorney General
1993-2005
Personal
BirthdayMarch 24, 1947
ProfessionAttorney
Websites
Office website
Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire (b. March 24, 1947) is a former Democratic governor of the State of Washington. She was first elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2008.

Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over Republican Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.

Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1] She was succeeded by Jay Inslee (D), who won election on November 6, 2012.

Gregoire is rumored to be President Obama's top choice to lead the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as of January, 2013.[2]

Biography

Gregoire was raised in Auburn, Washington by her mother, who worked as a short-order cook. Gregoire graduated from Auburn High School and the University of Washington. She worked in the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services before going back to school to earn her law degree from Gonzaga University.[3]

After law school, Gregoire clerked for the Spokane attorney general and went on to work as an assistant attorney general in the office of state Attorney General Slade Gorton. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes.

Education

  • BA and teaching certificate, speech and sociology, University of Washington (1969)
    • Alumna of Kappa Delta sorority
  • JD, Gonzaga University (1977)

Political career

Washington Governor (2005 - 2013)

Gregoire was first elected to the position of Governor of Washington in 2004 and won re-election in 2008. Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over Republican Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.She was later re-elected in 2008.

Gregorie announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1]

Issues

Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")

In December, 2012, Gregoire declined to enter Washington into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system.[4] Washington is one of eighteen states - including Colorado, New York, New Mexico, and Oregon - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the December 14, 2012 deadline. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.[5][6]

Judicial appointments

As governor, Gregoire is responsible for appointing judges to Washington state courts. In Washington, the governor makes a judicial appointment to fill a vacancy. Following appointment, the new judge must run for the seat in the next general election. For an up-to-date list of all of Gregoire's appointees, see Judgepedia's page on her appointments.

Washington Attorney General (1993-2005)

Chris Gregoire was elected to three terms as attorney general and was the first woman to be elected to the position in the State of Washington. During her time in office, she worked on children's issues, reformed the state's juvenile system, led an effort to strengthen identity theft victims' rights, worked to pass a new ethics law for state government and to find alternatives to litigation in resolving legal disputes. Her office, in conjunction with other state attorneys general, investigated and sued drug companies for allegedly violating antitrust laws concerning manipulation of the price and availability of prescription drugs.

Tobacco lawsuit

Gregoire was also heavily involved in the lawsuit against the tobacco industry in the 1990s and won the state a $4.5 billion share of the settlement, including a $500 million bonus for her lead role. In recognition of her leadership in the fight against the tobacco industry, Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund campaigned on her behalf in 2004 and stated "There isn’t a stronger tobacco control leader anywhere in the Country than Chris Gregoire." Gregoire was also critical of a later securitization of the tobacco industry settlement to fill a budget gap in the 2002 state budget.

She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.

Washington Dept. of Ecology (1988-1992)

She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Later, as attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job.

Elections

2012

Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1] Democratic former U.S. Congressman Jay Inslee won election on November 6, 2012.

2008

General

In the state's general election Gregoire faced Dino Rossi. According to reports, the election was expected to be a close call. Gregoire ended up defeating Rossi with 53% of the vote. Reports later indicated that there was a huge upswing in Democratic voter turnout, attributed to to the vote for Barack Obama in the U.S. Presidential election.

Governor of Washington, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire Incumbent 53.2% 1,598,738
     Republican Dino Rossi 46.8% 1,404,124
Total Votes 3,002,862

Primary

Gregoire won the state's first top two primary on August 19, 2008 with 49% of the vote.

2004

General

During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.

Governor of Washington, 2004
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire 48.9% 1,373,361
     Republican Dino Rossi 48.9% 1,373,228
     Libertarian Ruth Bennett 2.3% 63,464
Total Votes 2,810,053
Election Results Via: Washington Secretary of State

Primary

Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.

Gregoire is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president during her attendance at the University of Washington. In her campaign for governor she was criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.

2000

On November 7, 2000, Christine Gregoire won re-election to the office of Washington Attorney General. She defeated Richard Pope (R), Richard Shepherd (L), Stan Lippmann (NM) and Luanne Coachman (NL) in the general election.

Washington Attorney General, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire Incumbent 56% 1,292,887
     Republican Richard Pope 38.2% 883,002
     Libertarian Richard Shepherd 3.9% 90,941
     NM Stan Lippmann 0.8% 19,120
     NL Luanna Coachman 1% 23,685
Total Votes 2,309,635
Election Results Via: Washington Secretary of State

Campaign donors

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Christine Gregoire's donors each year.[7] Click [show] for more information.


Awards

In 2007, Governing magazine named Gregoire as one of nine "Public Officials of the Year" for his bipartisan approach as speaker in addressing the Colorado's budget problems.[8] Other honorees included Houston Mayor Bill White and Speaker Fabian Núñez of the California State Assembly. Each year since 1994, Governing has selected a handful of state and local officials to honor for standout job performance. The Public Officials of the Year program "recognizes leaders from state, city and county government who exemplify the ideals of public service."[9]

Personal

Gregoire, born Christine O'Grady, was raised in Auburn, Washington. Gregoire lives in a suburb of Olympia called Lacey with her husband Mike. Gregoire has two daughters, Courtney (1979) and Michelle (1982). Both daughters are graduates of Olympia High School in Olympia, Washington.

In 2003, Gregoire was diagnosed with breast cancer in an early stage after a routine check-up and a mammogram. She had surgery and recovered to good health.

See also

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link

External links


References

Political offices
Preceded by
'
Washington Governor
2005 - 2013
Succeeded by
Jay Inslee (D)