Difference between revisions of "Christine Gregoire"

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{{Office holder |
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{{retired official submit info}}{{Polinfobox
name                = Christine Gregoire|
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|Name =Christine Gregoire
birthdate          = March 24, 1947|
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|Profile picture =Gregoire.jpg
profile image      = Gregoire.jpg|
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|Position =Governor of Washington
political position  = [[Governor of Washington]] |
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|Status =Retired officeholder
incumbency          = Incumbent |
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|Tenure = January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2013
assumed office      = January 12, 2005|
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|Term ends =
Past position      = |
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|Assumed office = 2005
past term          = |
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|Total terms =
preceded by        = Gary Locke|
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|Political party = Democratic  
succeeded by        = |
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|Office website = http://www.governor.wa.gov/
political party     = [[Democratic Party|Democratic]] |
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|Campaign website =
profession          = Attorney|
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|Leadership =
website             = [http://www.governor.wa.gov/ Governor Christine Gregoire] Official site |
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|Years leadership =
Transparency        = - |
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|Leadership 2 =
}}{{TOCnestright}}'''Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire''' (born March 24, 1947) is the [[Governor of Washington|Democratic governor]] of the [[Washington|State of Washington]]. She was first elected in 2004 and then re-elected again in 2008.
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|Base salary = $166,891
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|Prior office = Director of Dept. of Ecology
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|Prior office years = 1988-1992
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|Prior office 2 = Washington Attorney General
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|Prior office 2 years = 1993-2005
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|Birthday =March 24, 1947
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|Profession = Attorney
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}}{{TOCnestright}}'''Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire''' (b. March 24, 1947) is a former [[Governor of Washington|Democratic governor]] of the [[Washington|State of Washington]]. She was first elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2008.
  
Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.
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Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] [[Dino Rossi]], who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.
  
==Personal==
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Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref> She was succeeded by [[Jay Inslee]] (D), who won election on [[Washington state executive official elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]].
Gregoire, born Christine O'Grady, was raised in Auburn, Washington by her mother, Sybil O. Jacob, who raised Gregoire alone after leaving an abusive marriage shortly after the future governor's birth. Gregoire grew up on a small farm in Auburn, at the time a rural community, helping care for the crops and livestock and working as a cook in town. Gregoire attended the University of Washington, graduating in 1969 with a teaching certificate and a bachelor's degree in speech and sociology. She is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president. In her campaign for governor in 2004 she would be criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.  After college she worked as a clerk-typist, and later as a welfare fraud investigator for the state Department of Social and Health Services, where she met her future husband, Mike Gregoire. <ref>[http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4186/is_20041020/ai_n11708141 Gregoire aggressive in conflict; Democratic candidate for governor] ''The Spokesman-Review'' (Spokane, Wash.), Oct. 20, 2004</ref>
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Chris Gregoire attended law school at Gonzaga University in Spokane, graduating in 1977, and went to work as an assistant attorney general in the office of state Attorney General Slade Gorton, a Republican. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes. The Gregoires' first child, Courtney, was born in 1979; a second daughter died within hours of birth in 1981. A third daughter, Michelle, was born in 1982.
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Gregoire is rumored to be [[Barack Obama|President Obama's]] top choice to lead the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as of January, 2013.<ref>[http://blog.seattlepi.com/seattlepolitics/2013/01/04/gregoire-emerges-as-top-contender-to-boss-epa/#.UOc1S8ykglA.email ''The Seattle Post-Intelligencer,'' "Gregoire emerges as top contender to boss EPA," January 6, 2012]</ref>
  
When not in Olympia, Gregoire lives in the nearby suburb of Lacey with her husband Mike; the couple also spends part of most summers at a cabin on the shores of Hayden Lake, [[Idaho]] that the family bought in 1979. Their two daughters, Courtney and Michelle, are both graduates of Olympia High School in Olympia, Washington.
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==Biography==
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Gregoire was raised in Auburn, Washington by her mother, who worked as a short-order cook. Gregoire graduated from Auburn High School and the University of Washington. She worked in the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services before going back to school to earn her law degree from Gonzaga University.<ref>[http://www.governor.wa.gov/about/default.asp ''Washington Governor,'' "About Chris," accessed January 16, 2012]</ref>
  
In 2003, she was diagnosed with breast cancer in an early stage after a routine check-up and a mammogram. She had surgery and recovered to good health. She mentions her fight with cancer in speeches about health care.
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After law school, Gregoire clerked for the Spokane attorney general and went on to work as an assistant attorney general in the office of state [[Attorney General of Washington|Attorney General]] Slade Gorton. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes.
  
==Director of Washington Department of Ecology==
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===Education===
She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992, when she was first elected attorney general, a post to which she was twice re-elected. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation.  As attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job. Congress has not appropriated a sufficient level of funding to allow the pace of activity anticipated by the original agreement, now estimated to require a total of $50 to $100 billion. Dissatisfaction with the slow pace of cleanup led to a successful [[initiative]] in 2004 that requires the refusal of new waste shipments until past cleanup promises are back on track.
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*BA and teaching certificate, speech and sociology, University of Washington (1969)
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**Alumna of Kappa Delta sorority
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*JD, Gonzaga University (1977)
  
==Washington Attorney General==
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==Political career==
Chris Gregoire was elected to three terms as [[Washington Attorney General|attorney general]] and was the first woman to be elected to the position in Washington. During her time in office, she worked on children's issues, reformed the state's juvenile system, led an effort to strengthen identity theft victims' rights, worked to pass a new ethics law for state government and to find alternatives to litigation in resolving legal disputes. Her office, in conjunction with other state attorneys general, investigated and sued drug companies for allegedly violating antitrust laws concerning manipulation of the price and availability of prescription drugs.
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===Washington Governor (2005 - 2013)===
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Gregoire was first elected to the position of [[Governor of Washington]] in 2004 and won re-election in 2008. Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over [[Republican]] Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.She was later re-elected in 2008.
  
Gregoire was also heavily involved in the lawsuit against the tobacco industry in the 1990s and won the state a $4.5 billion share of the settlement, including a $500 million bonus for her lead role. In recognition of her leadership in the fight against the tobacco industry, Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund campaigned on her behalf in 2004 and stated "There isn’t a stronger tobacco control leader anywhere in the Country than Chris Gregoire."Gregoire was also critical of a later securitization of the tobacco industry settlement to fill a budget gap in the 2002 state budget.
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Gregorie announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref>
  
She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.
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===Issues===
  
Controversy arose in 2000 when Gregoire's office failed to file documents on time in an appeal of a record $17.8 million personal-injury verdict against Washington state. Though it was unclear as to who misplaced the files, Gregoire was said to have tried every possible way to ensure that her name would not be tied in a bad way to the accident. An independent investigation forced state attorney Janet Capps to resign. Capps later sued the state for wrongful termination. Documents from the independent investigation show that Gregoire's deputies attempted to influence the report by downplaying broad management problems in the office.
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====Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")====
In 2002, during a wrongful death lawsuit against the state, Gregoire’s office did not detect an error in jury instructions; the state was eventually hit with a $22.4 million judgment as a result of that lawsuit. While Gregoire was not directly in charge of these cases, as Attorney General she was ultimately responsible for them.
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In December, 2012, Gregoire declined to enter Washington into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/15/us/most-states-miss-deadline-to-set-up-health-exchanges.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times,'' "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012]</ref> Washington is one of eighteen states - including Colorado, New York, New Mexico, and Oregon - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the December 14, 2012 deadline. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/15/us/most-states-miss-deadline-to-set-up-health-exchanges.html?_r=0 ''The New York Times,'' "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://www.daily-times.com/ci_22343708/governor-susana-martinez-tackle-state-based-health-exchange ''The Daily Times,'' "Governor Susana Martinez to tackle state-based health exchange," January 9, 2013]</ref>
  
==2004 election==
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====Judicial appointments====
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As governor, Gregoire is responsible for appointing judges to [[Judgepedia:Courts in Washington|Washington state courts]]. In Washington, the governor makes a judicial appointment to fill a vacancy. Following appointment, the new judge must run for the seat in the next general election. For an up-to-date list of all of Gregoire's appointees, see [[Judgepedia:Judges appointed by Chris Gregoire|Judgepedia's page on her appointments]].
  
Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.
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===Washington Attorney General (1993-2005)===
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Chris Gregoire was elected to three terms as [[Washington Attorney General|attorney general]] and was the first woman to be elected to the position in the State of Washington. During her time in office, she worked on children's issues, reformed the state's juvenile system, led an effort to strengthen identity theft victims' rights, worked to pass a new ethics law for state government and to find alternatives to litigation in resolving legal disputes. Her office, in conjunction with other state attorneys general, investigated and sued drug companies for allegedly violating antitrust laws concerning manipulation of the price and availability of prescription drugs.
  
During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.
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====Tobacco lawsuit====
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Gregoire was also heavily involved in the lawsuit against the tobacco industry in the 1990s and won the state a $4.5 billion share of the settlement, including a $500 million bonus for her lead role.  In recognition of her leadership in the fight against the tobacco industry, Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund campaigned on her behalf in 2004 and stated "There isn’t a stronger tobacco control leader anywhere in the Country than Chris Gregoire." Gregoire was also critical of a later securitization of the tobacco industry settlement to fill a budget gap in the 2002 state budget.
  
===Vote count dispute===
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She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.
The election was held on November 2, 2004. The initial count showed her trailing Rossi by 261 votes; however, a legally mandated machine recount diminished that lead to only 42 votes. On December 3, the Democratic Party requested and funded a hand recount which gave Gregoire a 10-vote lead. They also filed a motion in the state Supreme Court to request that rejected ballots from King County that were not counted previously be reevaluated. A Pierce County Superior Court judge ruled that ballots should not be counted, but on December 22, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the rejected King County ballots should be counted. Of those 732 ballots, 566 were accepted as having valid signatures and were added to the existing total on December 23. The final results of the hand count, as of December 23, had Christine Gregoire ahead by 130 votes, solidifying the 10-vote lead she had before the previously rejected King County ballots were tabulated. On December 30, Republican Secretary of State Sam Reed certified Gregoire as the winner by 129 votes (he removed one vote which had been counted in Thurston County past the deadline).
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The GOP claimed they knew of military voters overseas who had never received ballots from King County, saying that "wounded soldiers in Fallujah" had the right to vote and bringing forth veterans to confront King County election officials; King County election director Dean Logan disputed the charge, asserting that all the absentee ballots were sent on time, including ballots to military voters. The GOP then claimed that military voters registered in Snohomish County had not received ballots, and that King County officials allowed felons to vote. Election officials in Snohomish and King County disputed these latest charges as well. Republicans said they would use the courts to block any final election results, possibly even going to the federal courts by citing the equal protection clause in the US Constitution, or having a new vote. Gregoire's victory was certified in late December, making this the first time in Washington state history that a recount reversed an election result, and making Washington the first state with a female governor and two female US senators (Patty Murray, Maria Cantwell).
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===Washington Dept. of Ecology (1988-1992)===
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She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Later, as attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job.
  
Republicans continued to dispute election accuracy in a case in the Superior Court for Chelan County, one of the most conservative counties in the state.  They hoped to have Gregoire's election invalidated in time for a re-vote in 2006. On June 6, 2005, Judge John E. Bridges criticized election methods, noted that there was evidence that 1,678 votes had been illegally cast throughout the state, found that the only evidence submitted to show how those votes had been cast were sworn statements from four persons that they had voted for Rossi, subtracted those four votes from Rossi's total and upheld the election.This brought the official margin of victory for Gregoire to 133. Rossi did not appeal.
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==Elections==
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===2012===
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Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in [[Washington gubernatorial election, 2012|2012]]. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."<ref name="noelec">[http://governor.wa.gov/news/news-view.asp?pressRelease=1728&newsType=1 ''The Washington Governor's website'' "Gov. Gregoire's statement on future plans," June 13, 2011]</ref> [[Democratic]] former U.S. Congressman [[Jay Inslee]] won election on November 6, 2012.
  
== Washington Governor ==
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===2008===
{{Stategov}}
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====General====
===Transportation policy===
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In the state's general election Gregoire faced Dino Rossi. According to reports, the election was expected to be a close call. Gregoire ended up defeating Rossi with 53% of the vote. Reports later indicated that there was a huge upswing in Democratic voter turnout, attributed to to the vote for Barack Obama in the U.S. Presidential election.
The first legislative session ended with Gregoire brokering new bipartisan transportation legislation.<ref>[http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/223325_gregoiremain07.html Gregoire: First the victory, now the triumphs] Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 7, 2005 retrieved May 7, 2005</ref> The package included a 9.5-cent-a-gallon gas-tax increase to help repair many roads in Washington, particularly around Seattle area, such as the Alaskan Way Viaduct, Interstate 405 Interstate 405, and the Route 520 bridge. This proposal was initially rejected by the House but then passed with a re-vote the final day of the 2005 session.
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{{SEO election box
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|year=2008
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|Office= Governor of Washington
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|party1=Democratic
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|party2=Republican
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|winner1 =Christine Gregoire
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|Inc1 = Y
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|candidate2 = Dino Rossi
 +
|votes1 = 1598738
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|votes2 = 1404124
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}}
  
The tax package was met with mixed reviews.  While she was praised widely by Democratic and Republican leaders of the House and Senate for her leadership skills regarding passing this deal, several state legislators disagreed with the merits of the tax.  Their reasons included the heavy emphasis on funding Seattle area projects and the already high price of gas. An [[initiative]] to repeal the tax, [[Washington State 2005 Initiative Measure No. 912|Measure No. 912]], was a part of the November 2005 ballot, but was rejected by the voters.
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====Primary====
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Gregoire won the state's first top two primary on August 19, 2008 with 49% of the vote.
  
===Gay rights===
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===2004===
One notable bill that failed in the 2005 session but subsequently passed in the 2006 session was a gay civil rights bill, expanding the scope of protected classes to include sexual orientation and gender identity in cases of discriminationThe bill was signed by Gregoire on January 31, 2006.
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====General====
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During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.   
  
Governor Gregoire signed a law on April 21, 2007 granting same-sex couples domestic partnership rights.
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{{SEO election box
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|date = November 2, 2004
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|pronoun = She
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|new =Yes
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|year =  2004
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|Office=  Governor of Washington
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|party1=  Democratic
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|winner1 = Christine Gregoire
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|losers = Dino Rossi, Ruth Bennett
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|votes1 = 1373361
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|Inc1 =
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|party2= Republican
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|candidate2 =  [[Dino Rossi]]
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|votes2 = 1373228
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|party3= Libertarian
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|candidate3 =  Ruth Bennett
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|votes3 =  63464
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|ref = [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/2004gov_race.aspx Washington Secretary of State]
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}}
  
===Online Gambling===
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====Primary====
On March 28, 2006, Gov. Christine Gregoire signed Senate Bill 6613 to add prohibitions to the Gambling Act and the State Lottery regarding the use of the Internet in wagering and in selling lottery tickets, respectively. Creating Recreational use of Online Poker to be a Class C Felony within Washington State (note: Same felony as Child Pornography). <ref>[http://washingtonvotes.org/2006-SB-6613 2006 Senate Bill 6613 - Banning Internet Gambling]</ref>
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Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.
  
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Gregoire is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president during her attendance at the University of Washington. In her campaign for governor she was criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.
  
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===2000===
  
==Popularity==
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{{SEO election history box
Gregoire began office with low approval ratings, however, her popularity has since recovered. A Survey USA poll taken in December, 2006 showed Gregoire with a 55% approval rating.
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|date = November 7, 2000
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|pronoun = She
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|new =No
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|year = 2000
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|Office=  Washington Attorney General
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|party1=  Democratic
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|winner1 = Christine Gregoire
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|losers = Richard Pope (R), Richard Shepherd (L), Stan Lippmann (NM) and Luanne Coachman (NL)
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|votes1 =  1292887
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|Inc1 = Y
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|party2= Republican
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|candidate2 =  Richard Pope
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|votes2 =  883002
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|party3= Libertarian
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|candidate3 =  Richard Shepherd
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|votes3 =  90941
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|party4=NM
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|candidate4 = Stan Lippmann
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|votes4 = 19120
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|party5=NL
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|candidate5 = Luanna Coachman
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|votes5 = 23685
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|ref = [https://wei.sos.wa.gov/agency/osos/en/press_and_research/PreviousElections/Pre2004/Documents/2000/2000%20General%20Abstract.pdf Washington Secretary of State]
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}}
  
==See also==
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==Campaign donors==
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{{SEO donor box
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|candidate=Christine Gregoire
 +
|year1=2008
 +
|office1=Governor of Washington
 +
|political party1=Democratic
 +
|total raised1=$12,002,778
 +
|opponent1= $11,599,166
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|top donor1=Washington State Democratic Party
 +
|top donor1 amount=$2,589,287
 +
|second donor1=House Democratic Campaign Committee of Washington
 +
|second donor1 amount=$25,000
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|third donor1=Anonymous donor
 +
|third donor1 amount=$7,560
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|fourth donor1=Washington State Trial Lawyers Association
 +
|fourth donor1 amount=$6,400
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|fifth donor1=James Judson
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|fifth donor1 amount=$4,600
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|individuals1=$7,912,090
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|institutions1=$1,127,327
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|instate1=$10,397,461
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|outstate1=$1,443,589
 +
|year2=2004
 +
|office2=Governor of Washington
 +
|political party2=Democratic
 +
|total raised2= $6,328,025
 +
|opponent2=$6,433,887 (Republican)<br>$2,950 (Libertarian)
 +
|top donor2=Washington State Democratic Party
 +
|top donor2 amount=$1,051,678
 +
|second donor2=Washington State Trial Lawyers Association
 +
|second donor2 amount=$5,400
 +
|third donor2=Garold Johnson
 +
|third donor2 amount=$3,300
 +
|fourth donor2=Wendy Marshall
 +
|fourth donor2 amount=$3,100
 +
|fifth donor2=Karen Glover
 +
|fifth donor2 amount=$2,750
 +
|individuals2=$4,605,822
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|institutions2=$633,618
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|instate2=$4,815,679
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|outstate2=$1,492,698
 +
|year3=2000
 +
|office3=Attorney General of Washington
 +
|political party3=Democratic
 +
|total raised3= $240,779
 +
|opponent3=$3,692 (Republican)<br>$1,267 (Natural Medicine Party)
 +
|top donor3=Priscilla Collins
 +
|top donor3 amount=$3,000
 +
|second donor3=Washington Restaurant Association
 +
|second donor3 amount=$2,400
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|third donor3=Public School Employees of Washington
 +
|third donor3 amount=$2,400
 +
|fourth donor3=Washington State Council of Fire Fighters
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|fourth donor3 amount=$2,400
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|fifth donor3=Washington State Auto Dealers
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|fifth donor3 amount=$2,400
 +
|individuals3=$130,343
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|institutions3=$81,109
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|instate3=$187,938
 +
|outstate3=$28,105
 +
|year4=1996
 +
|office4=Attorney General of Washington
 +
|political party4=Democratic
 +
|total raised4= $203,214
 +
|opponent4=$62,464 (Republican)<br>$2,741 (Libertarian)<br>$1,036 (Natural Law Party)
 +
|top donor4=Charles & Gail Pancerzewki
 +
|top donor4 amount=$4,400
 +
|second donor4=Coordinated Campaign
 +
|second donor4 amount=$4,331
 +
|third donor4=Peter Taggares, III
 +
|third donor4 amount=$3,300
 +
|fourth donor4=Abraham Lincoln Memorial Society
 +
|fourth donor4 amount=$2,200
 +
|fifth donor4=Machinists & Aerospace Workers
 +
|fifth donor4 amount=$2,200
 +
|individuals4=$77,674
 +
|institutions4=$60,216
 +
|instate4=$188,979
 +
|outstate4=$13,850
 +
}}
  
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==Awards==
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In 2007, ''Governing'' magazine named Gregoire as one of nine "Public Officials of the Year" for his bipartisan approach as speaker in addressing the Colorado's budget problems.<ref>[http://www.governing.com/poy/christine-gregoire.html Jonathan Walters, ''Governing'', "Negotiator-in-chief," 2007]</ref>  Other honorees included Houston Mayor [[Bill White (Texas)|Bill White]] and Speaker [[Fabian Nunez|Fabian Núñez]] of the [[California State Assembly]].  Each year since 1994, ''Governing'' has selected a handful of state and local officials to honor for standout job performance.  The Public Officials of the Year program "recognizes leaders from state, city and county government who exemplify the ideals of public service."<ref>[http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/governing-announces-2012-public-officials-of-the-year-1715592.htm ''Governing'', "GOVERNING Announces 2012 Public Officials of the Year," October 19, 2012]</ref>
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==Personal==
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Gregoire, born Christine O'Grady, was raised in Auburn, Washington. Gregoire lives in a suburb of Olympia called Lacey with her husband Mike. Gregoire has two daughters, Courtney (1979) and Michelle (1982). Both daughters are graduates of Olympia High School in Olympia, Washington.
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In 2003, Gregoire was diagnosed with breast cancer in an early stage after a routine check-up and a mammogram. She had surgery and recovered to good health.
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==See also==
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{{seosubmit}}
 
* [[Governor of Washington]]
 
* [[Governor of Washington]]
 
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Washington]]
 
* [[Lieutenant Governor of Washington]]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
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*[http://www.governor.wa.gov/ Washington Governor Christine Gregoire]
*[http://www.governor.wa.gov/ Washington Governor Christine Gregoire] Official state site
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{{SEOLinks | fb = govgregoire | flickr = | twitter = GovGregoire | youtube = | nga = current-governors/col2-content/main-content-list/chris-gregoire.html | nndb = 335/000087074 | our = | votesmart = 15489 | wikipedia = Christine_Gregoire  | politifact = chris-gregoire | followthemoney = 14491 | ontheissues = Christine_Gregoire.htm | worldcat = lccn-n98-84672 | cspan = 44493 | rose =  | imdb = | bloomberg = christine-gregoire | nyt = g/christine_o_gregoire | wsj = | washpo = gIQA1eOFAP }}
*[http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=c07e224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD National Governors Association - Washington Governor Chris Gregoire] Biography
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*[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/candidate.phtml?si=200447&c=405688 Follow the Money - Christine O Gregoire] 2004 campaign contributions
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*[http://www.ontheissues.org/Christine_Gregoire.htm On the Issues - Christine Gregoire] Issue positions and quotes
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*[http://www.vote-smart.org/bio.php?can_id=BWA95105 Project Vote Smart - Governor Christine Gregoire (WA)] Profile
+
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
*[http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/connelly/251428_joel09.html "Tribes are asked to end casino smoking"] by Joel Connelly, ''Seattle Post-Intelligencer'', December 9, 2005 retrieved December 9, 2005.
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{{reflist}}
*[http://www.governor.wa.gov/speeches/speech-view.asp?SpeechSeq=25 State of the State speech, 2005].
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<references/>
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{{start box}}
<small>''From [http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia], the free encyclopedia on 06/12/07.''</small>
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{{s-off}}
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{{succession box | before =  | title = [[Washington Governor]] | years = 2005 - 2013 | after = [[Jay Inslee]] (D)}}
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{{end box}}
 
{{current governors}}
 
{{current governors}}
 
{{Washington}}
 
{{Washington}}
[[Category:Current governors]]
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[[Category:Former governors]]
[[Category:Current Washington governor]]
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[[Category:Former Washington governor]]
[[Category:Current Democratic governor]]
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[[Category:Former Democratic governor]]
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{{Incretire|State executive official|2012}}

Revision as of 21:04, 23 September 2013

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Christine Gregoire
Gregoire.jpg
Governor of Washington
Retired officeholder
In office
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2013
PartyDemocratic
Compensation
Base salary$166,891
Prior offices
Director of Dept. of Ecology
1988-1992
Washington Attorney General
1993-2005
Personal
BirthdayMarch 24, 1947
ProfessionAttorney
Websites
Office website
Christine O'Grady "Chris" Gregoire (b. March 24, 1947) is a former Democratic governor of the State of Washington. She was first elected in 2004 and re-elected in 2008.

Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over Republican Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.

Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1] She was succeeded by Jay Inslee (D), who won election on November 6, 2012.

Gregoire is rumored to be President Obama's top choice to lead the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as of January, 2013.[2]

Biography

Gregoire was raised in Auburn, Washington by her mother, who worked as a short-order cook. Gregoire graduated from Auburn High School and the University of Washington. She worked in the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services before going back to school to earn her law degree from Gonzaga University.[3]

After law school, Gregoire clerked for the Spokane attorney general and went on to work as an assistant attorney general in the office of state Attorney General Slade Gorton. As an assistant attorney general, Gregoire concentrated on child-abuse cases, coordinating with social workers to get children removed from abusive family situations and placed with relatives or foster homes.

Education

  • BA and teaching certificate, speech and sociology, University of Washington (1969)
    • Alumna of Kappa Delta sorority
  • JD, Gonzaga University (1977)

Political career

Washington Governor (2005 - 2013)

Gregoire was first elected to the position of Governor of Washington in 2004 and won re-election in 2008. Her election to the office in 2004 was notable for her historically slim margin of victory over Republican Dino Rossi, who had appeared to defeat Gregoire on election day and after a first recount conducted by machine, until a second hand recount resulted in a reversal of the outcome in her favor. She is Washington's second female governor.She was later re-elected in 2008.

Gregorie announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1]

Issues

Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")

In December, 2012, Gregoire declined to enter Washington into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system.[4] Washington is one of eighteen states - including Colorado, New York, New Mexico, and Oregon - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the December 14, 2012 deadline. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.[5][6]

Judicial appointments

As governor, Gregoire is responsible for appointing judges to Washington state courts. In Washington, the governor makes a judicial appointment to fill a vacancy. Following appointment, the new judge must run for the seat in the next general election. For an up-to-date list of all of Gregoire's appointees, see Judgepedia's page on her appointments.

Washington Attorney General (1993-2005)

Chris Gregoire was elected to three terms as attorney general and was the first woman to be elected to the position in the State of Washington. During her time in office, she worked on children's issues, reformed the state's juvenile system, led an effort to strengthen identity theft victims' rights, worked to pass a new ethics law for state government and to find alternatives to litigation in resolving legal disputes. Her office, in conjunction with other state attorneys general, investigated and sued drug companies for allegedly violating antitrust laws concerning manipulation of the price and availability of prescription drugs.

Tobacco lawsuit

Gregoire was also heavily involved in the lawsuit against the tobacco industry in the 1990s and won the state a $4.5 billion share of the settlement, including a $500 million bonus for her lead role. In recognition of her leadership in the fight against the tobacco industry, Tobacco-Free Kids Action Fund campaigned on her behalf in 2004 and stated "There isn’t a stronger tobacco control leader anywhere in the Country than Chris Gregoire." Gregoire was also critical of a later securitization of the tobacco industry settlement to fill a budget gap in the 2002 state budget.

She was also critical in preventing the Republican controlled House from diverting $90 million of the state's share of the money into the general fund, leaving only $2.5 million ear-marked for tobacco related issues.

Washington Dept. of Ecology (1988-1992)

She served as the director of the Washington Department of Ecology from 1988 until 1992. While Ecology director she negotiated a three party agreement in 1989 with the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy to clean up waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Later, as attorney general she sued several times to try to get a more adequate cleanup job.

Elections

2012

Gregoire announced on June 13, 2011 that she would not seek re-election in 2012. She cited personal reasons, and in a press release declared: "I know it's the right decision for me and my family."[1] Democratic former U.S. Congressman Jay Inslee won election on November 6, 2012.

2008

General

In the state's general election Gregoire faced Dino Rossi. According to reports, the election was expected to be a close call. Gregoire ended up defeating Rossi with 53% of the vote. Reports later indicated that there was a huge upswing in Democratic voter turnout, attributed to to the vote for Barack Obama in the U.S. Presidential election.

Governor of Washington, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire Incumbent 53.2% 1,598,738
     Republican Dino Rossi 46.8% 1,404,124
Total Votes 3,002,862

Primary

Gregoire won the state's first top two primary on August 19, 2008 with 49% of the vote.

2004

General

During the general election against former state senator and real estate agent Dino Rossi, Gregoire proposed a major initiative in life sciences, especially stem cell research. She was criticized for being a part of the Olympia establishment but tried to counter the "time for a change" message by saying she would "blow past the bureaucracy" and bring change herself. This language surprised and disappointed many of her colleagues and supporters. She was also criticized for failing to give much mention or credit to the efforts and achievements of past Democratic governors while touting her own public service.

Governor of Washington, 2004
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire 48.9% 1,373,361
     Republican Dino Rossi 48.9% 1,373,228
     Libertarian Ruth Bennett 2.3% 63,464
Total Votes 2,810,053
Election Results Via: Washington Secretary of State

Primary

Gregoire defeated Ron Sims and four other minor candidates in the primary election on September 14, 2004. Sims campaigned on the need for tax reform. Gregoire performed relatively poorly among blacks and liberal whites, which is likely due to Sims' ethnicity and questions about her participation in a college sorority.

Gregoire is an alumna of Kappa Delta sorority, where she served as the chapter's president during her attendance at the University of Washington. In her campaign for governor she was criticized for maintaining the sorority's policy of admitting only white, Christian women.

2000

On November 7, 2000, Christine Gregoire won re-election to the office of Washington Attorney General. She defeated Richard Pope (R), Richard Shepherd (L), Stan Lippmann (NM) and Luanne Coachman (NL) in the general election.

Washington Attorney General, 2000
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngChristine Gregoire Incumbent 56% 1,292,887
     Republican Richard Pope 38.2% 883,002
     Libertarian Richard Shepherd 3.9% 90,941
     NM Stan Lippmann 0.8% 19,120
     NL Luanna Coachman 1% 23,685
Total Votes 2,309,635
Election Results Via: Washington Secretary of State

Campaign donors

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Christine Gregoire's donors each year.[7] Click [show] for more information.


Awards

In 2007, Governing magazine named Gregoire as one of nine "Public Officials of the Year" for his bipartisan approach as speaker in addressing the Colorado's budget problems.[8] Other honorees included Houston Mayor Bill White and Speaker Fabian Núñez of the California State Assembly. Each year since 1994, Governing has selected a handful of state and local officials to honor for standout job performance. The Public Officials of the Year program "recognizes leaders from state, city and county government who exemplify the ideals of public service."[9]

Personal

Gregoire, born Christine O'Grady, was raised in Auburn, Washington. Gregoire lives in a suburb of Olympia called Lacey with her husband Mike. Gregoire has two daughters, Courtney (1979) and Michelle (1982). Both daughters are graduates of Olympia High School in Olympia, Washington.

In 2003, Gregoire was diagnosed with breast cancer in an early stage after a routine check-up and a mammogram. She had surgery and recovered to good health.

See also

Light Bulb Icon.svg.png
Suggest a link

External links


References

Political offices
Preceded by
'
Washington Governor
2005 - 2013
Succeeded by
Jay Inslee (D)