City of San Francisco Voter Approval of Waterfront Construction Exceeding Height Limits Initiative, Proposition B (June 2014)
|Voting on Property|
|Not on ballot|
- 1 Text of measure
- 2 Projects at risk
- 3 Support
- 4 Opposition
- 5 Simplification Committee Digest
- 6 Path to the ballot
- 7 Lawsuits
- 8 Similar measures
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 Additional reading
- 12 References
If approved, this measure would require voter approval for any future construction projects on the San Francisco waterfront that exceed existing height limits found in the zoning and construction code of the city. The measure would immediately delay the construction of high-rise hotels and condo towers along the bay as well as three construction projects planned for the waterfront until voters had a chance to approve each one separately.
On February 3, 2014, many of the same activists who were active in the effort to shut down the 8 Washington Street waterfront development project in November of 2013 turned in 21,067 signatures. The San Francisco Department of Elections had until March 5, 2014, to certify that at least 9,702 of these signatures are valid, qualifying the initiative for the June ballot.
Text of measure
Title and summary
The following ballot title and summary were issued by the city attorney for Proposition B:
The City and County of San Francisco, through its Port Commission, owns and controls about 7 1/2 miles of the San Francisco waterfront along the San Francisco Bay. That property includes piers, land near the piers, and land on the wast side of The Embarcadero roadway. The City holds most of its waterfront in public trust for the benefit of all the State's people, and this public trust restricts the allowable uses of that property. In 1990 the City's voters adopted Proposition H, which required the City to prepare a comprehensive waterfront land use plan with maximum feasible public input. Consistent with Proposition H and the public trust requirements, the Port Commission adopted a comprehensive land use plan that governs acceptable waterfront uses. The City's zoning laws regulate development of buildings and other structures on that property, including the maximum allowed height. Generally, changes in the height limit require approval of the Planning Commission and Board of Supervisors.
This measure would prevent any City agency or officer from permitting development on the waterfront to exceed the height limit in effect as of January 1, 2014, unless the City's voters approve the height limit increase. The measure defines "waterfront" as public trust property that the State transferred to the City to be placed under the control of the San Francisco Port Commission, as well as any other property that the Port owns or controls as of January 1, 2014 or later acquires. This measure also would require that the ballot question on the measure to increase height limits on any part of the waterfront specify both the existing and proposed height limits.
The full text of the ordinance that would be enacted by approval of Proposition B is available here.
Projects at risk
Currently there are plans for the construction of three projects in the waterfront area that would be put on hold by the enactment of the ordinance proposed by this initiative. The measure would require voter approval of the following:
Golden State Warriors
The Golden State Warriors', the NBA team located in San Francisco, have proposed and planned the construction of an 18,000-seat arena complex. This project would require voter approval in a city-wide referendum to go forward under the proposed initiative. The arena would be 125 feet tall and would be located on Piers 30-32, which area is currently zoned for buildings only 40 or fewer feet in height. According to some reports, the Warriors' team may have already been willing to go to the voters for approval of their new arena, independent of the proposed initiative potentially forcing a referendum. The Warriors have announced that Snøhetta and AECOM were selected to design the new arena.
More images of the renderings for the proposed arena besides the one shown on the right are available here.
SF Giants project
The San Francisco Giants' plan for an urban neighborhood on what is currently their main parking lot. The development would include 300-foot tall towers on areas that are zoned for open space.
Pier 70 Development
There have been plans revolving for a while around developing the Pier 70 area - 69-acres located in the City’s Central Waterfront, generally between Mariposa and 22nd Street, east of Illinois Street. The estimates for the development work are between $58 and $100 million and would require voter approval under the initiative.
Many of the same activists who supported the November effort to shut down the 8 Washington Street waterfront development project in November of 2013 are behind this initiative. These supporters include the San Francisco chapter of the Sierra Club and limited-growth activists as well as the No Wall on the Waterfront campaign committee active in November of last year. They argue that the measure is designed to protect the waterfront against politically powerful developers side-stepping construction rules put in place by the voters as part of a comprehensive waterfront development plan in 1990.
Jon Golinger, campaign director for the measure, said, "What this initiative says is, respect the plan that's already in place and if you want to change it, don't try to do it behind closed doors. Do it in the light of day, and let the people have a say."
The latest campaign filings show a couple that lives in Golden Gateway Apartments is the sole contributor so far to the petition campaign. Barbara and Richard Stewart provided $75,000 to support this initiative and were also large backers of the campaign opposed to the 8 Washington Street development.
- A lawsuit was filed against the initiative on behalf of three individuals, including a leader of the local Building and Construction Trades union. This suit is being funded by developers and development interests, including the San Francisco Giants.
- The San Francisco Democratic Party narrowly voted 13 against 12 to opposed Proposition B.
Simplification Committee Digest
The Ballot Simplification Committee produced the following summary and digest of Proposition B:
The Way It Is Now:
The City and County of San Francisco, through its Port Commission, administers about 7-1/2 miles of the waterfront and former waterfront along the San Francisco Bay, including most of the property between Fisherman’s Wharf and India Basin. The Port’s property includes piers, land near the piers, and areas that were filled and are no longer adjacent to the Bay. The City acquired most of this property from the State of California and holds it in trust for the benefit of the people of California. State law restricts the allowable uses of this property.
In 1990 the City’s voters adopted Proposition H, which required the City to prepare a Waterfront Land Use Plan with public input. The Port Commission adopted a comprehensive land use plan that governs acceptable waterfront uses consistent with Proposition H and public trust requirements.
The City’s zoning laws regulate development on that property, including the maximum allowed height. The existing height limits generally range from 40 feet to 84 feet. Changes in existing height limits usually require neighborhood notification, public hearings, and approval by the Planning Commission and Board of Supervisors. These changes do not require the voters to approve a ballot measure.
Proposition B would prevent the City from allowing any development on Port property that exceeds the height limits in effect as of January 1, 2014, unless the City’s voters have first approved an increase in the height limit for that development. The measure applies to property currently under the control of the Port Commission, as well as any property that the Port may later acquire. Any ballot question to increase height limits on Port property must specify both existing and proposed height limits.
A "YES" Vote Means: If you vote "yes," you want to prevent the City from allowing any development on Port property to exceed the height limits in effect as of January 1, 2014, unless the City’s voters have approved a height limit increase.
A "NO" Vote Means: If you vote “no,” you do not want to make this change.
Path to the ballot
On February 3, 2014, many of the same activists who were active in the effort to shut down the 8 Washington Street waterfront development project in November of 2013 turned in 21,067 signatures. The San Francisco Department of Elections has until March 5, 2014, to certify that at least 9,702 of these signatures are valid, qualifying the initiative for the June ballot.
On February 14, 2014, several of the large developers and their supporters, including the San Francisco Giants, backed the filing of a lawsuit attempting to keep the initiative off the ballot. The lawsuit claims that the measure would intrude on the jurisdiction of the state and the Port Commission over the shoreline and waterfront.
The attorney for the plaintiffs in the lawsuit, Robin Johansen, argued that a city initiative cannot regulate "state lands that are held in trust for all the people of the state, not just San Franciscans." She also argued that the state "has expressly prohibited those lands from being subject to local initiatives," pointing to a 1968 law that gave the Port Commission, rather than the City of San Francisco, authority over waterfront planning. Johansen also stated that even the city's charter gives waterfront planning authority to the commission.
Jon Golinger, director of the No Wall on the Waterfront campaign supporting the initiative, said, in response to plaintiff arguments, that the developer special interests themselves used a city initiative measure about shoreline height limits to try to approve the 8 Washington Street Development project, implying hypocrisy. Golinger also referred to the history of waterfront construction regulation to illustrate a precedent of city involvement and authority. He cited a voter initiative that prohibited hotels on city piers and put a temporary stop to construction on the waterfront in 1990. Golinger said, "They're trying to keep the voters of San Francisco from weighing in on the future of the waterfront that belongs to all of us." He continued, saying, "Zoning ordinances regulate the height of waterfront land. The Port Commission has abided by this."
- City of Sacramento Voter approval for Public Funding of Professional Sports Arena Act, STOP Initiative (June 2014)
- City of Columbus Blue Jackets’ Nationwide Arena Bailout Initiative (May 2014)
- Notable local measures on the ballot
- June 3, 2014 ballot measures in California
- San Francisco County, California ballot measures
- Golden State Warriors website, Arena Design Renderings, accessed February 4, 2014
- San Francisco Elections Department website, "San Francisco Planning Department analysis of Proposition B," accessed March 10, 2014
- Beyond Chron, "Will SF Waterfront Initiative Be Removed from Ballot?," February 13, 2014
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Suit challenges ballot measure on waterfront height limits," February 15, 2014
- The Examiner, "Allegations fly in waterfront height limit ballot measure fight," February 24, 2014
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Waterfront height-limit foes want measure taken off SF ballot," March 5, 2014
- San Francisco Elections Department website, "Official title and
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Golden State Warriors, "Arena Development Project Announcements," accessed February 4, 2014
- Port of San Francisco website, Pier 70 project, accessed February 4, 2014
- San Francisco Bay Guardian, "Democratic party rejects bid to make waterfront development more democratic," March 13, 2014
- San Francisco Elections Department website, "Ballot Simplification Committee Proposition B digest," accessed March 10, 2014
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Suit challenges ballot measure on waterfront height limits," February 14, 2014