Difference between revisions of "Colorado Constitution"

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Added date to AIT)
m (Updated and AIT removed)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{cons update|Month=November 2009}}
+
{{COConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Colorado Constitution''' is the basic governing document of the state of [[Colorado]].  It was drafted in March of 1876 and ratified by the state's voters on July 1, 1876, taking effect a month later on August 1, 1876 when Colorado became a state.  The constitution includes a preamble and 29 sections.
{{COConstitution}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Colorado Constitution''' is the governing document of the state of [[Colorado]].  It was drafted in March of 1876 and ratified by the state's voters on July 1, 1876, taking effect a month later on August 1, 1876 when Colorado became a state.  The constitution includes a preamble and 29 sections.
+
  
Unlike many other states that have adopted wholesale new constitutions from time-to-time, the current constitution of Colorado is the only constitution the state has ever had.
+
Unlike many other states that have adopted wholesale new constitutions from time-to-time, the current constitution of Colorado is the only constitution the state has ever had. It has 27 articles and a schedule.  
  
 
==[[Preamble, Colorado Constitution|Preamble]]==
 
==[[Preamble, Colorado Constitution|Preamble]]==
Line 8: Line 7:
 
:: ''See also: [[Preambles to state constitutions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Preambles to state constitutions]]''
  
The constitution's preamble says:
+
The constitution's preamble states:
  
:We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the "State of Colorado".
+
{| style="width:40%; background:#F2F2F2; margin-top:.1em; border:.5px solid #cccccc; solid;"
 +
|color:#000"|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
| <center>We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the "State of Colorado".</center>
 +
|}
  
==Summary==
+
==[[Article I, Colorado Constitution|Article I]]==
The Colorado Constitution is divided into 27 articles as well as a schedule.
+
Article I establishes the boundaries of the state.
* [[Article I, Colorado Constitution|Article I]] establishes the boundaries of the state.
+
* [[Article II, Colorado Constitution|Article II]] is the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.
+
*[[Article III, Colorado Constitution|Article III]] declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the [[Colorado General Assembly |legislative]], [[Governor of Colorado|executive]] and [[Colorado Supreme Court|judicial]].
+
*[[Article IV, Colorado Constitution|Article IV]] establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.
+
*[[Article V, Colorado Constitution|Article V]] outlines the legislative department.
+
*[[Article VI, Colorado Constitution|Article VI]] frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.
+
*[[Article VII, Colorado Constitution|Article VII]] deals with suffrage and elections.
+
*[[Article VIII, Colorado Constitution|Article VIII]] describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.
+
*[[Article IX, Colorado Constitution|Article IX]] concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.
+
*[[Article X, Colorado Constitution|Article X]] concerns state revenue and taxation.
+
*[[Article XI, Colorado Constitution|Article XI]] describes indebtedness at all levels of government.
+
*[[Article XII, Colorado Constitution|Article XII]] concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.
+
*[[Article XIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XIII]] details the impeachment process.
+
*[[Article XIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XIV]] establishes distinct counties within the state.  It also deals with the officers of these counties.
+
*[[Article XV, Colorado Constitution|Article XV]] describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.
+
*[[Article XVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XVI]] concerns mining and irrigation.
+
*[[Article XVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVII]] describes the state militia.
+
*[[Article XVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVIII]] has various miscellaneous sections.
+
*[[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]] details the amendment process.
+
*[[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]] concerns cities and towns.
+
*[[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]] concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.
+
*[[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]] repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.
+
*[[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]] has been repealed.
+
*[[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]] concerns old age pensions.
+
*[[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]] concerns public utilities.
+
*[[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]] prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.
+
*[[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]] establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.
+
*The [[Schedule, Colorado Constitution|Schedule]] is included to facilitate the transformation of Colorado from a territory to a state.
+
  
==Amending the constitution==
+
==[[Article II, Colorado Constitution|Article II]]==  
 +
Article II contains the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.
  
 +
==[[Article III, Colorado Constitution|Article III]]==
 +
Article III declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the [[Colorado General Assembly |legislative]], [[Governor of Colorado|executive]] and [[Colorado Supreme Court|judicial]].
 +
 +
==[[Article IV, Colorado Constitution|Article IV]]==
 +
Article IV establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.
 +
 +
==[[Article V, Colorado Constitution|Article V]]==
 +
Article V outlines the legislative department.
 +
 +
==[[Article VI, Colorado Constitution|Article VI]]==
 +
Article VI frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.
 +
 +
==[[Article VII, Colorado Constitution|Article VII]]==
 +
Article VII deals with suffrage and elections.
 +
 +
==[[Article VIII, Colorado Constitution|Article VIII]]==
 +
Article VIII describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.
 +
 +
==[[Article IX, Colorado Constitution|Article IX]]==
 +
Article IX concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.
 +
 +
==[[Article X, Colorado Constitution|Article X]]==
 +
Article X concerns state revenue and taxation.
 +
 +
==[[Article XI, Colorado Constitution|Article XI]]==
 +
Article XI describes indebtedness at all levels of government.
 +
 +
==[[Article XII, Colorado Constitution|Article XII]]==
 +
Article XII concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.
 +
 +
==[[Article XIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XIII]]==
 +
Article XIII details the impeachment process.
 +
 +
==[[Article XIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XIV]]==
 +
Article XIV establishes distinct counties within the state.  It also addresses the officers of these counties.
 +
 +
==[[Article XV, Colorado Constitution|Article XV]]==
 +
Article XV describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.
 +
 +
==[[Article XVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XVI]]==
 +
Article XVI concerns mining and irrigation.
 +
 +
==[[Article XVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVII]]==
 +
Article XVII describes the state militia.
 +
 +
==[[Article XVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVIII]]==
 +
Article XVIII has various miscellaneous sections.
 +
 +
==[[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]]==
 +
Article XIX details the amendment process.
 +
 +
==[[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]]==
 +
Article XX concerns cities and towns.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]]==
 +
Article XXI concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]]==
 +
Article XXII repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]]==
 +
Article XXIII has been repealed.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]]==
 +
Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]]==
 +
Article XXV concerns public utilities.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]]==
 +
Article XXVI prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.
 +
 +
==[[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]]==
 +
Article XXVII establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.
 +
 +
==[[Schedule, Colorado Constitution|Schedule]]==
 +
The Schedule is included to facilitate the transformation of Colorado from a territory to a state.
 +
 +
==Amending the constitution==
 +
:: ''Main article: [[Amending state constitutions]]''
 
There are three different ways to [[amending state constitutions|amend]] the Colorado Constitution.  These paths to amendment are laid out in two different parts of the constitution:
 
There are three different ways to [[amending state constitutions|amend]] the Colorado Constitution.  These paths to amendment are laid out in two different parts of the constitution:
  
Line 57: Line 114:
 
:*Elections on {{lrcafull}}s must take place on the same days that general elections are held for members of the [[Colorado General Assembly]].
 
:*Elections on {{lrcafull}}s must take place on the same days that general elections are held for members of the [[Colorado General Assembly]].
 
:*No one general assembly is allowed to propose amendments to more than six of the Colorado Constitution's 29 articles.
 
:*No one general assembly is allowed to propose amendments to more than six of the Colorado Constitution's 29 articles.
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
[[File:StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg|right|175px]]
 +
* [[State constitution]]
 +
* [[Constitutional article]]
 +
* [[Constitutional amendment]]
 +
* [[Constitutional revision]]
 +
* [[Constitutional convention]]
 +
* [[Amendment|Amendments]]
 +
** [[Initiated constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Legislatively-referred constitutional amendment]]
 +
** [[Publication requirements for proposed state constitutional amendments]]
 +
** [[Rules about constitutional conventions in state constitutions]]
 +
** [[State constitutional articles governing state legislatures]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
{{wikipedia}}
+
{{submit a link}}
 
* [http://www.i2i.org/Publications/ColoradoConstitution/iscolocn.htm Colorado Constitution]
 
* [http://www.i2i.org/Publications/ColoradoConstitution/iscolocn.htm Colorado Constitution]
* [http://www.michie.com/colorado Constitution of the State of Colorado as Currently Amended]
+
* [http://www.michie.com/colorado Constitution of the State of Colorado, as currently amended]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgjOu9fHa6YC The Colorado State Constitution: A Reference Guide]
+
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHqKSV5Fous ''Colorado Experience: Colorado Constitution'' on Youtube]
 
* [http://www.state.co.us/gov_dir/leg_dir/lcsstaff/research/Ballot_Hist_Defs.htm List of constitutional amendments since 1912]
 
* [http://www.state.co.us/gov_dir/leg_dir/lcsstaff/research/Ballot_Hist_Defs.htm List of constitutional amendments since 1912]
 +
 +
==Further reading==
 +
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=mgjOu9fHa6YC Oesterle, Dale A., and Richard B. Collins (2002). ''The Colorado State Constitution: A Reference Guide'', Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing.]
  
 
{{Colorado Constitution}}
 
{{Colorado Constitution}}
 
{{State constitutions}}
 
{{State constitutions}}
 
{{colorado}}
 
{{colorado}}

Revision as of 09:19, 27 February 2014

Colorado Constitution
800px-Flag of Colorado.svg.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIXVIIIXIXXXXXIXXIIXXIIIXXIVXXVXXVIXXVIIXXVIIIXXIXSchedule
The Colorado Constitution is the basic governing document of the state of Colorado. It was drafted in March of 1876 and ratified by the state's voters on July 1, 1876, taking effect a month later on August 1, 1876 when Colorado became a state. The constitution includes a preamble and 29 sections.

Unlike many other states that have adopted wholesale new constitutions from time-to-time, the current constitution of Colorado is the only constitution the state has ever had. It has 27 articles and a schedule.

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The constitution's preamble states:

We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the "State of Colorado".

Article I

Article I establishes the boundaries of the state.

Article II

Article II contains the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.

Article III

Article III declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the legislative, executive and judicial.

Article IV

Article IV establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.

Article V

Article V outlines the legislative department.

Article VI

Article VI frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.

Article VII

Article VII deals with suffrage and elections.

Article VIII

Article VIII describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.

Article IX

Article IX concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.

Article X

Article X concerns state revenue and taxation.

Article XI

Article XI describes indebtedness at all levels of government.

Article XII

Article XII concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.

Article XIII

Article XIII details the impeachment process.

Article XIV

Article XIV establishes distinct counties within the state. It also addresses the officers of these counties.

Article XV

Article XV describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.

Article XVI

Article XVI concerns mining and irrigation.

Article XVII

Article XVII describes the state militia.

Article XVIII

Article XVIII has various miscellaneous sections.

Article XIX

Article XIX details the amendment process.

Article XX

Article XX concerns cities and towns.

Article XXI

Article XXI concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.

Article XXII

Article XXII repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.

Article XXIII

Article XXIII has been repealed.

Article XXIV

Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.

Article XXV

Article XXV concerns public utilities.

Article XXVI

Article XXVI prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.

Article XXVII

Article XXVII establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.

Schedule

The Schedule is included to facilitate the transformation of Colorado from a territory to a state.

Amending the constitution

Main article: Amending state constitutions

There are three different ways to amend the Colorado Constitution. These paths to amendment are laid out in two different parts of the constitution:

See also

StateConstitutions Ballotpedia.jpg

External links

BallotpediaAvatar bigger.png
Suggest a link

Further reading