Difference between revisions of "Colorado Constitution"

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==[[Article I, Colorado Constitution|Article I]]==
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==Colorado Constitution Articles==
Article I establishes the boundaries of the state.
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* [[Article I, Colorado Constitution|Article I]]: Article I establishes the boundaries of the state.
 
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* [[Article II, Colorado Constitution|Article II]]: Article II contains the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.
==[[Article II, Colorado Constitution|Article II]]==
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* [[Article III, Colorado Constitution|Article III]]: Article III declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the [[Colorado General Assembly |legislative]], [[Governor of Colorado|executive]] and [[Colorado Supreme Court|judicial]].
Article II contains the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.
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* [[Article IV, Colorado Constitution|Article IV]]: Article IV establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.
 
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* [[Article V, Colorado Constitution|Article V]]: Article V outlines the legislative department.
==[[Article III, Colorado Constitution|Article III]]==
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* [[Article VI, Colorado Constitution|Article VI]]: Article VI frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.
Article III declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the [[Colorado General Assembly |legislative]], [[Governor of Colorado|executive]] and [[Colorado Supreme Court|judicial]].
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* [[Article VII, Colorado Constitution|Article VII]]: Article VII deals with suffrage and elections.
 
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* [[Article VIII, Colorado Constitution|Article VIII]]: Article VIII describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.
==[[Article IV, Colorado Constitution|Article IV]]==
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* [[Article IX, Colorado Constitution|Article IX]]: Article IX concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.
Article IV establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.
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* [[Article X, Colorado Constitution|Article X]]: Article X concerns state revenue and taxation.
 
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* [[Article XI, Colorado Constitution|Article XI]]: Article XI describes indebtedness at all levels of government.
==[[Article V, Colorado Constitution|Article V]]==
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* [[Article XII, Colorado Constitution|Article XII]]: Article XII concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.
Article V outlines the legislative department.
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* [[Article XIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XIII]]: Article XIII details the impeachment process.
 
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* [[Article XIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XIV]]: Article XIV establishes distinct counties within the state.  It also addresses the officers of these counties.
==[[Article VI, Colorado Constitution|Article VI]]==
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* [[Article XV, Colorado Constitution|Article XV]]: Article XV describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.
Article VI frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.
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* [[Article XVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XVI]]: Article XVI concerns mining and irrigation.
 
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* [[Article XVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVII]]: Article XVII describes the state militia.
==[[Article VII, Colorado Constitution|Article VII]]==
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* [[Article XVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVIII]]: Article XVIII has various miscellaneous sections.
Article VII deals with suffrage and elections.
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* [[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]]: Article XIX details the amendment process.
 
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* [[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]]: Article XX concerns cities and towns.
==[[Article VIII, Colorado Constitution|Article VIII]]==
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* [[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]]: Article XXI concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.
Article VIII describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.
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* [[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]]: Article XXII repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.
 
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* [[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]]: Article XXIII has been repealed.
==[[Article IX, Colorado Constitution|Article IX]]==
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* [[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]]: Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
Article IX concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.
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* [[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]]: Article XXV concerns public utilities.  
 
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* [[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]]: Article XXVI prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.
==[[Article X, Colorado Constitution|Article X]]==
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* [[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]]: Article XXVII establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.
Article X concerns state revenue and taxation.
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* [[Article XXVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVIII]]: Article XXVIII outlines the campaign and political finance process for candidates and public officeholders.
 
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* [[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]]: Article XIX establishes ethics in the state government.
==[[Article XI, Colorado Constitution|Article XI]]==
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* [[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]]: Article XX concerns home rule cities and towns.
Article XI describes indebtedness at all levels of government.
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* [[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]]: Article XXI concerns recall from office.
 
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* [[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]]: Article XXII has been repealed.
==[[Article XII, Colorado Constitution|Article XII]]==
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* [[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]]: Article XXIII has been repealed.
Article XII concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.
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* [[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]]: Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
 
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* [[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]]: Article XXV concerns public utilities.
==[[Article XIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XIII]]==
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* [[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]]: Article XXVI concerns nuclear detonations.
Article XIII details the impeachment process.
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* [[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]]: Article XVII concerns the Great Outdoors Colorado Program.
 
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* [[Article XXVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVIII]]: Article XXVIII relates to campaign and political finance.
==[[Article XIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XIV]]==
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* [[Article XXIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIX]]: Article XXIX concerns ethics in government.
Article XIV establishes distinct counties within the state.  It also addresses the officers of these counties.
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==[[Article XV, Colorado Constitution|Article XV]]==
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Article XV describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.
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==[[Article XVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XVI]]==
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Article XVI concerns mining and irrigation.
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==[[Article XVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVII]]==
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Article XVII describes the state militia.
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==[[Article XVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XVIII]]==
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Article XVIII has various miscellaneous sections.
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==[[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]]==
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Article XIX details the amendment process.
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==[[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]]==
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Article XX concerns cities and towns.
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==[[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]]==
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Article XXI concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.
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==[[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]]==
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Article XXII repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.
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==[[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]]==
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Article XXIII has been repealed.
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==[[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]]==
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Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
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==[[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]]==
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Article XXV concerns public utilities.  
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==[[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]]==
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Article XXVI prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.
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==[[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]]==
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Article XXVII establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.
+
 
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==[[Article XXVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVIII]]==
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Article XXVIII outlines the campaign and political finance process for candidates and public officeholders.
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==[[Article XIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XIX]]==
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Article XIX establishes ethics in the state government.
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==[[Article XX, Colorado Constitution|Article XX]]==
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==[[Article XXI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXI]]==
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==[[Article XXII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXII]]==
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==[[Article XXIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIII]]==
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==[[Article XXIV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIV]]==
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==[[Article XXV, Colorado Constitution|Article XXV]]==
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==[[Article XXVI, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVI]]==
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==[[Article XXVII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVII]]==
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==[[Article XXVIII, Colorado Constitution|Article XXVIII]]==
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==[[Article XXIX, Colorado Constitution|Article XXIX]]==
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==[[Schedule, Colorado Constitution|Schedule]]==
 
==[[Schedule, Colorado Constitution|Schedule]]==

Latest revision as of 10:58, 9 June 2014

Colorado Constitution
800px-Flag of Colorado.svg.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVIVIIVIIIIXXXIXIIXIIIXIVXVXVIXVIIXVIIIXIXXXXXIXXIIXXIIIXXIVXXVXXVIXXVIIXXVIIIXXIXSchedule
The Colorado Constitution is the basic governing document of the state of Colorado. It was drafted in March of 1876 and ratified by the state's voters on July 1, 1876, taking effect a month later on August 1, 1876 when Colorado became a state. The constitution includes a preamble and 29 sections.[1]

Features

Unlike many other states that have adopted wholesale new constitutions from time-to-time, the current constitution of Colorado is the only constitution the state has ever had. It has 27 articles and a schedule.[1]

In addition, the Colorado Constitution exceeds the U.S. Constitution in protections of free speech. The U.S. Constitution bars lawmakers from enacting rules "abridging the freedom of speech," but the Colorado Constitution does that and goes one further, spelling out a citizen's right to "speak, write or publish whatever he will on any subject." This clause has come into play in recent obscenity cases, limiting censorship.[2]

The Colorado Constitution also takes a stand against racial discrimination, guaranteeing education to be free and available to all, regardless of skin color. Coming just a decade after the Civil War, an affirmative position like that was viewed as progressive.[2]

On the other side, the original constitution did not give women the right to vote. The notion of women's suffrage was a movement by 1876, so this was a deliberate act and a clear stand that didn't last all that long in hindsight.[2]

Preamble

See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The constitution's preamble states:

We, the people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, in order to form a more independent and perfect government; establish justice; insure tranquility; provide for the common defense; promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the "State of Colorado."[1]

Colorado Constitution Articles

  • Article I: Article I establishes the boundaries of the state.
  • Article II: Article II contains the Bill of Rights of the citizens of Colorado.
  • Article III: Article III declares the state government shall be divided into three distinct divisions, the legislative, executive and judicial.
  • Article IV: Article IV establishes the powers and limitations of the executive department.
  • Article V: Article V outlines the legislative department.
  • Article VI: Article VI frames the court system as well as the other sections of the judicial department.
  • Article VII: Article VII deals with suffrage and elections.
  • Article VIII: Article VIII describes state institutions, such as the seat of government and its location.
  • Article IX: Article IX concerns education in the state and that all public schools be free.
  • Article X: Article X concerns state revenue and taxation.
  • Article XI: Article XI describes indebtedness at all levels of government.
  • Article XII: Article XII concerns state officers, disqualifications, and removal from office.
  • Article XIII: Article XIII details the impeachment process.
  • Article XIV: Article XIV establishes distinct counties within the state. It also addresses the officers of these counties.
  • Article XV: Article XV describes the privileges, responsibilities, and limitations of corporations.
  • Article XVI: Article XVI concerns mining and irrigation.
  • Article XVII: Article XVII describes the state militia.
  • Article XVIII: Article XVIII has various miscellaneous sections.
  • Article XIX: Article XIX details the amendment process.
  • Article XX: Article XX concerns cities and towns.
  • Article XXI: Article XXI concerns the recall of officers and the filling of vacancies.
  • Article XXII: Article XXII repeals the Intoxicating Liquor Laws.
  • Article XXIII: Article XXIII has been repealed.
  • Article XXIV: Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
  • Article XXV: Article XXV concerns public utilities.
  • Article XXVI: Article XXVI prohibits nuclear detonations within the state.
  • Article XXVII: Article XXVII establishes the Colorado Great Outdoors Program, which is dedicated to the preservation, protection, enhancement and management of the state's wildlife, park, river, trail and open space heritage.
  • Article XXVIII: Article XXVIII outlines the campaign and political finance process for candidates and public officeholders.
  • Article XIX: Article XIX establishes ethics in the state government.
  • Article XX: Article XX concerns home rule cities and towns.
  • Article XXI: Article XXI concerns recall from office.
  • Article XXII: Article XXII has been repealed.
  • Article XXIII: Article XXIII has been repealed.
  • Article XXIV: Article XXIV concerns old age pensions.
  • Article XXV: Article XXV concerns public utilities.
  • Article XXVI: Article XXVI concerns nuclear detonations.
  • Article XXVII: Article XVII concerns the Great Outdoors Colorado Program.
  • Article XXVIII: Article XXVIII relates to campaign and political finance.
  • Article XXIX: Article XXIX concerns ethics in government.

Schedule

The Schedule is included to facilitate the transformation of Colorado from a territory to a state.

Amending the constitution

Main article: Amending state constitutions

There are three different ways to amend the Colorado Constitution. These paths to amendment are laid out in two different parts of the constitution:

History

Versions of the original Colorado Constitution were officially printed in Spanish, for those who considered themselves residents of "Estado de Colorado," and German, for recent immigrants living in "Staates Colorado." This multi-language effort was meant mainly to appease Spanish speakers in the state's south and recent immigrants to the Colorado area.[2]

See also

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External links

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Additional reading

References