Difference between revisions of "Colorado House of Representatives"

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}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Colorado House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Colorado General Assembly]] and meets at the Colorado State Capitol in [[Denver, Colorado|Denver]].  Sixty-five Members make up the lower chamber of the [[Colorado General Assembly]].  House members are limited to 4 consecutive terms in office as dictated per Colorado laws and serve two year terms limiting their time in office to a total of eight years.<ref name=limits>[http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobkey=id&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1251761938459&ssbinary=true ''colorado.gov'', "Term limits," accessed December 16, 2013]</ref> Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|77,372 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''www.census.gov/,'' "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|66,173 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states, Accessed November 27, 2013]</ref>
+
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Colorado House of Representatives''' is the [[lower house]] of the [[Colorado General Assembly]] and meets at the Colorado State Capitol in [[Denver, Colorado|Denver]].  Sixty-five Members make up the lower chamber of the [[Colorado General Assembly]].  House members are limited to 4 consecutive terms in office as dictated per Colorado laws and serve two year terms limiting their time in office to a total of eight years.<ref name=limits>[http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobkey=id&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1251761938459&ssbinary=true ''colorado.gov'', "Term limits," accessed December 16, 2013]</ref> Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators|77,372 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''www.census.gov/,'' "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately [[Population represented by state legislators|66,173 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau,'' "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001]</ref>
  
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Colorado|control=Democratic}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Colorado|control=Democratic}}

Revision as of 23:05, 15 May 2014

Colorado House of Representatives

Seal of Colorado.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   4 terms (8 years)
2014 session start:   January 8, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Mark Ferrandino (D)
Majority Leader:   Dickey Hullinghorst (D)
Minority leader:   Brian DelGrosso (R)
Structure
Members:  65
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art V, Colorado Constitution
Salary:   $30,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (65 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (65 seats)
Redistricting:  Colorado Reapportionment Commission
The Colorado House of Representatives is the lower house of the Colorado General Assembly and meets at the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. Sixty-five Members make up the lower chamber of the Colorado General Assembly. House members are limited to 4 consecutive terms in office as dictated per Colorado laws and serve two year terms limiting their time in office to a total of eight years.[1] Each member represents an average of 77,372 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[2] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 66,173 residents.[3]

As of September 2014, Colorado is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

See also: Colorado State Legislature, Colorado State Senate, Colorado Governor

Sessions

Article V of the Colorado Constitution establishes when the Colorado General Assembly, of which the House is a part, is to be in session. Section 7 of Article V states that the Assembly is to convene its regular session no later than the second Wednesday of January of each year. Regular sessions are not to exceed one hundred twenty calendar days.

Section 7 also states that the Governor of Colorado can convene special sessions of the General Assembly. Special sessions can also be convened by a two-thirds vote of the members of both legislative houses.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 8 to May 7.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included packages of bills for flood relief and wildfire mitigation.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 through May 9.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included gun control, immigration reform, election reform and the enactment of laws to regulate and tax legal marijuana.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from January 11 to May 9. A special session began May 14.[6]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House was in session from January 12 through May 11.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from January 13th to May 12th.

Role in state budget

See also: Colorado state budget

The state operates on an annual budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[7][8]

  1. Budget instructions are sent to state agencies in April.
  2. Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in August.
  3. Agency hearings are held in August and September.
  4. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in November.
  5. The legislature typically adopts a budget in May for the new fiscal year beginning July 1.

In Colorado, the governor may exercise line item veto authority on the adopted budget.[8]

The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget to the legislature, which must in turn adopt a balanced budget.[8]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[9] According to the report, Colorado received a grade of B and a numerical score of 86, indicating that Colorado was "advancing" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[9]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Colorado was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[10]

Elections

2014

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place June 24, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was March 31, 2014.

2012

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives were held in Colorado on November 6, 2012. All 65 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 19, 2012. The primary election day was March 20, 2012.

Colorado state representatives are subject to term limits, and may not serve more than four two-year terms. In 2012, 9 state representatives were termed-out of office.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Colorado State House were held in Colorado on November 2, 2010. State house seats in all 65 representative districts were on the ballot in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 27, 2010, and the primary election day was August 10, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates running for the house raised a total of $5,062,910 in campaign funds. Their top 10 contributors were:[11]

2008

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 12, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008. All 65 seats were up for election.

During the 2008 elections, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $2,735,632. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2006

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006. All 65 seats were up for election.

During the 2006 elections, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $5,204,618. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2004

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 10, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004. All 65 seats were up for election.

During the 2004 elections, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,743,809. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2002

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 10, 2002 and a general election on November 2, 2002. All 65 seats were up for election.

During the 2002 elections, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $5,389,097. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2000

See also: Colorado House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Colorado House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000. All 65 seats were up for election.

During the 2000 elections, the total value of contributions to House candidates was $3,743,809. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

Qualifications

Article 5, Section 4 of the Colorado Constitution states: No person shall be a representative or senator who shall not have attained the age of twenty­-five years, who shall not be a citizen of the United States, who shall not for at least twelve months next preceding his election, have resided within the territory included in the limits of the county or district in which he shall be chosen; provided, that any person who at the time of the adoption of this constitution, was a qualified elector under the territorial laws, shall be eligible to the first general assembly.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

In the event of any vacancy in the house, the political party that holds the vacant seat is responsible for deciding a replacement.[17] A vacancy committee consisting of members of the political party holding the vacant seat must conduct an election when deciding an appointee. A simple majority vote of members in the vacancy committee is needed to approve any appointment. The person selected to fill the vacancy serves until the next scheduled general election.

Term limis

See also: State legislatures with term limits

Voters enacted the Colorado Term Limits Act in 1990. That initiative said that Colorado representatives are subject to term limits of no more than four two-year terms.[1]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Colorado

Although the state legislature is responsible for drawing Congressional districts, the Colorado Reapportionment Commission is responsible for drawing state legislative districts. The Commission is comprised of four members appointed by the General Assembly, three appointed by the governor, and four appointed by the Colorado Supreme Court Chief Justice.[18]

2010

Colorado's population increased from 4.30 million to 5.03 million between 2000 and 2010, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.[19] Much of the state's 16.9 percent growth occurred in the I-25 corridor, on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. Roughly half of the state's population increase was a result of Hispanic population growth. The Colorado Springs area and the southern Denver suburbs experienced the highest rates of population increase. Despite the fast rate of growth, Colorado did not gain another Congressional seat as a result of the new U.S. Census numbers.[20]

The Colorado Reapportionment Commission, which review plans drafted by both Republicans and Democrats, selected a Democratic plan for the new state legislative districts. Both parties filed lawsuits, and the Colorado Supreme Court rejected the plan. Subsequently, the Commission submitted a new reapportionment plan, also drawn by Democrats. This plan received the Supreme Court's approval.[21][22]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 37
     Republican Party 28
Total 65


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Colorado State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Colorado State House.PNG

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[23]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Colorado House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Mark Ferrandino Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Dickey Hullinghorst Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Assistant Majority Leader Dan Pabon Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Caucus Leader Lois Court Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Whip Beth McCann Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Deputy Majority Whip Su Ryden Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Brian DelGrosso Ends.png Republican
State House Assistant Minority Leader Libby Szabo Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Caucus Leader Kathleen Conti Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Whip Kevin Priola Ends.png Republican

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Colorado legislature are paid $30,000 per year. They are also given per diem of $183 for members who live more than 50 miles from capitol and $45 for members who live 50 or fewer miles from capitol.[24]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Colorado legislators assume office on first day of the first legislative session following the election (example January 12 of next year for the upcoming elections.)

Current members

Current members, Colorado House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Jeanne Labuda Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
2 Mark Ferrandino Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
3 Daniel Kagan Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
4 Dan Pabon Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
5 Crisanta Duran Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
6 Lois Court Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
7 Angela Williams Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 Beth McCann Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
9 Paul Rosenthal Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
10 Dickey Hullinghorst Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
11 Jonathan Singer Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
12 Mike Foote Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 KC Becker Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
14 Dan Nordberg Ends.png Republican 2013
15 Mark Waller Ends.png Republican 2009
16 Janak Joshi Ends.png Republican 2013
17 Thomas Exum, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
18 Pete Lee Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
19 Amy Stephens Ends.png Republican 2013
20 Bob Gardner Ends.png Republican 2013
21 Lois Landgraf Ends.png Republican 2013
22 Justin Everett Ends.png Republican 2013
23 Max Tyler Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
24 Sue Schafer Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
25 Cheri Gerou Ends.png Republican 2009
26 Diane Mitsch Bush Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
27 Libby Szabo Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Brittany Pettersen Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
29 Tracy Kraft-Tharp Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
30 Jenise May Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
31 Joseph Salazar Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
32 Dominick Moreno Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
33 Dianne Primavera Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
34 Steve Lebsock Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
35 Cherylin Peniston Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
36 Su Ryden Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
37 Spencer Swalm Ends.png Republican 2007
38 Kathleen Conti Ends.png Republican 2011
39 Polly Lawrence Ends.png Republican 2013
40 John Buckner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
41 Jovan Melton Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
42 Rhonda Fields Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
43 Frank McNulty Ends.png Republican 2007
44 Chris Holbert Ends.png Republican 2011
45 Carole Murray Ends.png Republican 2009
46 Leroy Garcia, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Clarice Navarro-Ratzlaff Ends.png Republican 2013
48 Stephen Humphrey Ends.png Republican 2013
49 Perry Buck Ends.png Republican 2013
50 Dave Young Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
51 Brian DelGrosso Ends.png Republican 2009
52 Joann Ginal Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
53 Randy Fischer Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
54 Jared Wright Ends.png Republican 2013
55 Ray Scott Ends.png Republican 2013
56 Kevin Priola Ends.png Republican 2013
57 Robert E. Rankin Ends.png Republican 2013
58 Don Coram Ends.png Republican 2011
59 Michael McLachlan Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
60 James Wilson Ends.png Republican 2013
61 Millie Hamner Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
62 Edward Vigil Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
63 Lori Saine Ends.png Republican 2013
64 Timothy Dore Ends.png Republican 2013
65 Jerry Sonnenberg Ends.png Republican 2007

Standing committees

See also: Joint standing committees, Colorado General Assembly

The Colorado House of Representatives has 11 standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Colorado
Partisan breakdown of the Colorado legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Colorado State House of Representatives for 15 years and the Democrats were the majority for the other seven years. During the final year (2013), Colorado was under a Democratic trifecta.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Colorado, the Colorado State Senate and the Colorado House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Colorado state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

Colorado was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period. Colorado has shifted dramatically from Republican to Democratic control.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Colorado state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Colorado has consistently ranked in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking during the period of the study, and also ranked in the top-5 for thirteen of the twenty years studied. The state has ranked 1st for two separate years (1997 and 2007), once under divided government and once under a Democratic trifecta. Colorado experienced its most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking between 2009 and 2010, while still remaining in the top-10 of states. Republican trifectas occurred during the periods between 1999 and 2000 and again between 2003 and 2004, while Democratic trifectas occurred between 2007 and 2011 and again beginning in 2013 to the present. The state experienced a disruption in the Democratic trifectas between those periods when Republicans controlled the state house for two years, between 2010 and 2013.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 3.25
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 5.50
  • SQLI average with divided government: 4.69
Chart displaying the partisanship of Colorado government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 colorado.gov, "Term limits," accessed December 16, 2013
  2. www.census.gov/, "Population in 2010 of the American states," accessed January 6, 2014
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population: 2000," April 2, 2001
  4. reporterherald.com, "Flood-response issues to be a focus of Colorado Legislature's 2014 session," January 5, 2014
  5. kdvr.com, "Colorado’s historic 2013 legislative session in review," May 10, 2013
  6. Pueblo Chieftain, "Civil Union supporters rally prior to special session," May 14, 2012
  7. National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  10. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  11. Follow the Money: "Colorado House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  12. Follow the Money, 2008 Colorado candidates
  13. Follow the Money, 2008 Colorado candidates
  14. Follow the Money, 2004 Colorado candidates
  15. Follow the Money, 2002 Colorado candidates
  16. Follow the Money, 2000 Colorado candidates
  17. Colorado Constitution, accessed December 16, 2013(Referenced Section Article V, Section II, Subsection 3)
  18. Clear the Bench Colorado, "Redistricting versus Reapportionment - the confusion continues," April 20, 2011
  19. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Colorado Profile," 2011
  20. National Journal, "Census Quick Cuts: Colorado, Washington, Oregon," February 24, 2011
  21. [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/16/colorado-redistricting_n_1097001.html The Huffington Post, " Colorado Redistricting: Supreme Court Rejects New House, Senate District Maps (UPDATE)," November 29, 2011]
  22. The Denver Post, "Colorado Supreme Court sides with Democrats, picks their maps for new legislative districts," December 12, 2011
  23. Colorado House Leadership Positions
  24. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013