Connecticut House of Representatives

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Connecticut House of Representatives

Seal of Connecticut.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   February 5, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  J. Brendan Sharkey, (D)
Majority Leader:   Joe Aresimowicz, (D)
Minority leader:   Lawrence Cafero, (R)
Structure
Members:  151
  
Vacant (2)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, Connecticut Constitution
Salary:   $28,000/year
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (151 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (151 seats)
Redistricting:  Connecticut Legislature has control
Meeting place:
Connecticut House of Representatives.jpg
The Connecticut House of Representatives is the lower house in the Connecticut General Assembly, the state legislature of Connecticut. The house is composed of 151 members representing an equal amount of districts. Each member represents an average of 23,670 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 22,553 residents.[2] Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits.[3]

The House convenes within the Connecticut State Capitol in Hartford.

In odd-numbered years, legislative sessions begin on the Wednesday following the first Monday in January and adjourn no later than the first Wednesday following the first Monday in June. In even-numbered years, legislative essions begin on the Wednesday following the first Monday in February, adjourning no later than the first Wednesday following the first Monday in May.

As of September 2014, Connecticut is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Connecticut Constitution establishes when the Connecticut State Legislature, which the House of Representatives is a part of, is to be in session. Section 2 of Article III states that, in odd-numbered years, the Legislature shall convene its regular session on the Wednesday after the first Monday in January. Section 2 requires regular sessions in odd-numbered years to adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in June.

The Constitution does not establish when the Legislature is supposed to meet in even-numbered years, so these dates are established by law. In even-numbered years, the Legislature convenes on the Wednesday following the first Monday in February, pending the decision of the Legislature, and it must adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in May.[4]

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature will be in session from February 5 to May 7.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session include the biennial state budget, gun control, mental health, police training and creating the Office of Early Childhood.[5]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 through June 5.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included restrictions on gun ownership, an increase to the minimum wage, labels on genetically modified foods, and the ability for illegal immigrants to apply for driver's licenses.[6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House of Representatives was in session from February 8 to May 9.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the House of Representatives was in session from January 5 through June 8. Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy convened both houses in a special session to address budget cuts on June 30.[7]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House of Representatives was in session from February 3rd to May 5th.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Connecticut was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[8]

Elections

2014

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives will consist of a primary election on August 12, 2014, and a general election on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was June 10, 2014.

2012

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives were held in Connecticut on November 6, 2012. All 151 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was February 6, 2012 at 12 p.m. The primary date was February 7, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Connecticut State House were held in Connecticut on November 2, 2010. Elections were held in all 151 districts.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 8 for candidates of either the Republican or Democratic parties and August 4 for others such as independents. The primary election day was August 10, 2010.

In 2010, the total amount raised by candidates running for office was $7,114,872. The top 10 overall campaign contributors were:[9]

2008

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 12, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,657,925. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2006

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,878,009. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2004

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 10, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,776,294. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2002

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,749,372. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2000

See also: Connecticut House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Connecticut House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $3,937,787. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

Qualifications

Article III, Section 4 of the Connecticut Constitution states: The house of representatives shall consist of not less than one hundred twenty-five and not more than two hundred twenty-five members, each of whom shall be an elector residing in the assembly district from which he is elected. Each assembly district shall be contiguous as to territory and shall elect no more than one representative. For the purpose of forming assembly districts no town shall be divided except for the purpose of forming assembly districts wholly within the town.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the House, a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat. The Governor must call for an election no later than 10 days after the vacancy happened. All special elections must be held no later than 46 days after a Governor's declaration. If the vacancy happened with less than 125 days left before the general election, the special election must be held on the same day as the general election. No election can be called by the Governor if the vacancy happened with less than 49 days before the general election.[15]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Connecticut

The General Assembly is responsible for redistricting. The legislature appoints a bipartisan committee to draw new maps, which are then presented to both chambers for a 2/3 majority vote. Should the legislature fail to meet its deadline, a nine-member commission is appointed to assume the task. Should the commission miss its own deadline, the task then falls on the Connecticut Supreme Court.

2010 census

Connecticut's population grew 4.9% from 2000 to 2010. The Assembly failed to adopt a plan in time, and the commission that took over the process barely passed one in time itself, finishing a House map with two days to go, and a Senate map leaving just hours to spare.

Representatives

Leadership

The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also its chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.[16]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Connecticut House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
Speaker J. Brendan Sharkey Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Majority Leader Joe Aresimowicz Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Leader Lawrence Cafero Ends.png Republican

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 97
     Republican Party 54
Total 151


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Connecticut State House of Representatives from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Connecticut State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Connecticut legislature are paid $28,000 per year. They receive no per diem.[17]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Connecticut legislators assume office the Wednesday following the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election.

Current members

Current members, Connecticut House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Matthew Ritter Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
2 Dan Carter Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Minnie Gonzalez Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
4 Angel Arce Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
5 Brandon McGee Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
6 Edwin Vargas Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
7 Douglas McCrory Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
8 Timothy J. Ackert Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Jason Rojas Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
10 Henry Genga Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
11 Timothy Larson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
12 Geoff Luxenberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
13 Joe Diminico Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
14 Bill Aman Ends.png Republican 2005
15 David Baram Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
16 John K. Hampton Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
17 Timothy LeGeyt Ends.png Republican 2009
18 Andrew M. Fleischmann Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
19 Brian Becker Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
20 Joe Verrengia Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
21 Mike Demicco Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
22 Elizabeth A. Boukus Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
23 Marilyn Giuliano Ends.png Republican 2003
24 Rick Lopes Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
25 Bobby Sanchez Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
26 Peter Tercyak Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
27 Sandy Nafis Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
28 Russell Morin Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
29 Antonio Guerrera Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
30 Joe Aresimowicz Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
31 Prasad Srinivasan Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Christie Carpino Ends.png Republican 2011
33 Joseph Serra Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
34 Melissa H. Ziobron Ends.png Republican 2013
35 Tom Vicino Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
36 Phil Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
37 Ed Jutila Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
38 Elizabeth Ritter Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
39 Ernest Hewett Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
40 Edward Moukawsher Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
41 Elissa Wright Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
42 Timothy R. Bowles Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
43 Diana Urban Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
44 Mae Flexer Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
45 Steve Mikutel Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
46 Emmett D. Riley Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
47 Brian H. Sear Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
48 Linda Orange Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
49 Susan Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
50 Mike Alberts Ends.png Republican 2005
51 Daniel S. Rovero Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
52 Penny Bacchiochi Ends.png Republican 2003
53 Samuel Belsito Ends.png Republican 2013
54 Gregory Haddad Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
55 Pamela Sawyer Ends.png Republican 1993
56 Claire Janowski Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
57 Christopher Davis Ends.png Republican 2011
58 David Alexander Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
59 David William Kiner Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
60 Peggy Sayers Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
61 Vacant
62 William Simanski Ends.png Republican 2011
63 Jay M. Case Ends.png Republican 2013
64 Roberta Willis Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
65 Michelle Cook Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
66 Craig Miner Ends.png Republican 2001
67 Cecilia Buck-Taylor Ends.png Republican 2013
68 Sean Williams Ends.png Republican 2003
69 Arthur O'Neill Ends.png Republican 1989
70 Rosa Rebimbas Ends.png Republican 2009
71 Anthony D'Amelio Ends.png Republican 1997
72 Larry Butler Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
73 Jeffrey Berger Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
74 Selim Noujaim Ends.png Republican 2002
75 Victor Cuevas Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
76 John Piscopo Ends.png Republican 1989
77 Christopher Wright Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
78 Whit Betts Ends.png Republican 2011
79 Frank Nicastro, Sr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
80 Robert C. Sampson Ends.png Republican 2011
81 David Zoni Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
82 Emil Altobello Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
83 Catherine Abercrombie Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
84 Hilda E. Santiago Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
85 Mary Mushinsky Electiondot.png Democratic 1981
86 Vincent Candelora Ends.png Republican 2007
87 Dave Yaccarino Ends.png Republican 2011
88 J. Brendan Sharkey Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
89 Lezlye Zupkus Ends.png Republican 2013
90 Mary Fritz Electiondot.png Democratic 1983
91 Michael C. D'Agostino Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
92 Patricia Dillon Electiondot.png Democratic 1985
93 Toni Walker Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
94 Vacant
95 Juan Candelaria Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
96 Roland J. Lemar Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
97 Robert Megna Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
98 Patricia Widlitz Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
99 James Albis Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
100 Matthew Lesser Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
101 Noreen Kokoruda Ends.png Republican 2011
102 Lonnie Reed Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
103 Al Adinolfi Ends.png Republican 2011
104 Linda Gentile Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
105 Theresa W. Conroy Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
106 Mitch Bolinsky Ends.png Republican 2013
107 David Scribner Ends.png Republican 1999
108 Richard A. Smith Ends.png Republican 2011
109 David Arconti, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
110 Bob Godfrey Electiondot.png Democratic 1989
111 John Frey Ends.png Republican 1999
112 DebraLee Hovey Ends.png Republican 2003
113 Jason Perillo Ends.png Republican 2007
114 Themis Klarides Ends.png Republican 1999
115 Stephen Dargan Electiondot.png Democratic 1991
116 Louis Esposito Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
117 Paul Davis Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
118 Kim Rose Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
119 James Maroney Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
120 Laura Hoydick Ends.png Republican 2010
121 Terry Backer Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
122 Lawrence Miller Ends.png Republican 1991
123 David Rutigliano Ends.png Republican 2013
124 Charles Clemons Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
125 Tom O'Dea Ends.png Republican 2013
126 Charlie Stallworth Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
127 John Hennessy Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
128 Christina M. Ayala Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
129 Auden Grogins Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
130 Ezequiel Santiago Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
131 David Labriola Ends.png Republican 2009
132 Brenda L. Kupchick Ends.png Republican 2011
133 Kim Fawcett Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
134 Tony Hwang Ends.png Republican 2009
135 John J. Shaban Ends.png Republican 2011
136 Jonathan Steinberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
137 Chris Perone Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
138 Janice Giegler Ends.png Republican 2003
139 Kevin Ryan Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
140 Bruce Morris Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
141 Terrie Wood Ends.png Republican 2009
142 Lawrence Cafero Ends.png Republican 1993
143 Gail Lavielle Ends.png Republican 2011
144 Michael Molgano Ends.png Republican 2011
145 Patricia Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
146 Gerald Fox Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
147 William Tong Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
148 Dan Fox Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
149 Livvy Floren Ends.png Republican 2001
150 Stephen G. Walko Ends.png Republican 2013
151 Fred Camillo Ends.png Republican 2009

Standing Committees

See also: General Assembly Committees

Unique among the 50 state legislatures, in Connecticut, all legislative committees are joint committees of the upper house and lower house.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Connecticut
Partisan breakdown of the Connecticut legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State House of Representatives. The Connecticut State House is one of 18 state Houses that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the final three years Connecticut was under Democratic trifectas.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Connecticut, the Connecticut State Senate and the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Connecticut state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Connecticut state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Between the years 1992 and 2005, Connecticut ranked in the top-10 in the SQLI ranking, in the top-5 for twelve of those thirteen years, and ranked 1st in 1992 and 1993. Beginning 2005, Connecticut dropped out of the top-10 and began a trend downward until hitting its lowest spot during the period of the study (33rd in 2012). Connecticut had divided government for eighteen years before having a Democratic trifecta in 2011. The state’s greatest decline in the SQLI ranking occurred between 2011 and 2012, when Connecticut dropped fourteen spots in the rankings. Connecticut has never had a Republican trifecta between 1992 and 2012.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 26.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with divided government: 6.63
Chart displaying the partisanship of Connecticut government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References