Difference between revisions of "Connecticut State Senate"

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::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Connecticut]]''
 
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Connecticut]]''
 
[[File:Connecticut legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Connecticut legislature from 1992-2013]]
 
[[File:Connecticut legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Connecticut legislature from 1992-2013]]
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Connecticut State Senate is one of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the last 17 years of the study, the Connecticut senate was dominated by the Democratic party, with the final three years being Democratic [[trifectas]].
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From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Connecticut State Senate is 1 of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the last 17 years of the study, the Connecticut senate was dominated by the Democratic party, with the final three years being Democratic [[trifectas]].
  
 
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
 
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Revision as of 22:34, 28 August 2013

Connecticut State Senate

Connecticut State Senate Seal.gif
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 9, 2013
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Donald Williams, (D)
Majority Leader:   Martin Looney, (D)
Minority leader:   John McKinney, (R)
Structure
Members:  36
   Democratic Party (22)
Republican Party (14)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art III, Section 1, Connecticut Constitution
Salary:   $28,000/year
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (36 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (36 seats)
Redistricting:  Legislature controls with optional Commission appointed by Legislature
Meeting place:
Connecticutsenate.png
The Connecticut State Senate is the upper house of the Connecticut General Assembly, the state legislature of Connecticut. It includes 36 members who each represent a district that includes an average of 99,280 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 94,599 residents.[2]

Senators are elected to two-year terms without term limits.[3]

As of September 2014, Connecticut is one of 13 Democratic state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Connecticut Constitution establishes when the Connecticut State Legislature, which the Senate is a part of, is to be in session. Section 2 of Article III states that, in odd-numbered years, the Legislature shall convene its regular session on the Wednesday after the first Monday in January. Section 2 requires regular sessions in odd-numbered years to adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in June.

The Constitution does not establish when the Legislature is supposed to meet in even-numbered years, so these dates are established by law. In even-numbered years, the Legislature convenes on the Wednesday following the first Monday in February, pending the decision of the Legislature, and it must adjourn by the Wednesday after the first Monday in May.[4]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 9 through June 5.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2013 legislative session included restrictions on gun ownership, an increase to the minimum wage, labels on genetically modified foods, and the ability for illegal immigrants to apply for driver's licenses.[5]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session from February 8 to May 9.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 5 through June 8. Connecticut Governor Dan Malloy convened both houses in a special session to address budget cuts on June 30. [6]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate was in session from February 3rd to May 5th.

Ethics and transparency

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Connecticut was given a grade of A in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[7]

Elections

2012

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate were held in Connecticut on November 6, 2012. A total of 36 seats were up for election. The signature filing deadline was February 6, 2012 at 12 p.m. and the primary date was February 7, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senator were held in Connecticut on November 2, 2010. Seats in all 36 senate districts are up for election in 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 8 for candidates of either the Republican or Democratic parties and August 4 for independents. The primary election day was August 10, 2010.

In 2010, the total campaign contributions raised in senate elections was $5,157,062. The top 10 overall contributors were: [8]

2008

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 12, 2008 and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $5,410,734. The top 10 contributors were:[9]

2006

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 8, 2006 and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,431,204. The top 10 contributors were:[10]

2004

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate consisted of a primary election on August 10, 2004 and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $4,416,892. The top 10 contributors were:[11]

2002

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002 and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $3,700,656. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2000

See also: Connecticut State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Connecticut State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000 and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $2,866,237. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

Qualifications

Article III, Section 3 of the Connecticut Constitution states: The senate shall consist of not less than thirty and not more than fifty members, each of whom shall be an elector residing in the senatorial district from which he is elected. Each senatorial district shall be contiguous as to territory and shall elect no more than one senator.

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be conducted to fill the vacant seat. The Governor must call for an election no later than 10 days after the vacancy happened. All special elections must be held no later than 46 days after a Governor's declaration. If the vacancy happened with less than 125 days left before the general election, the special election must be held on the same day as the general election. No election can be called by the Governor if the vacancy happened with less than 49 days before the general election[14].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Connecticut

The General Assembly is responsible for redistricting. The legislature appoints a bipartisan committee to draw new maps, which are then presented to both chambers for a 2/3 majority vote. Should the legislature fail to meet its deadline, a nine-member commission is appointed to assume the task. Should the commission miss its own deadline, the task then falls on the Connecticut Supreme Court.

2010 census

Connecticut's population grew 4.9% from 2000 to 2010. The Assembly failed to adopt a plan in time, and the commission that took over the process barely passed one in time itself, finishing a House map with two days to go, and a Senate map leaving just hours to spare.

Senators

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates


Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 22
     Republican Party 14
Total 36


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Connecticut State Senate from 1992-2013.
Partisan composition of the Connecticut State Senate.PNG

Leadership

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Connecticut State Senate
Office Representative Party
President Pro Tempore Donald Williams, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Majority Leader Martin Looney Electiondot.png Democratic
State Senate Minority Leader John McKinney Ends.png Republican

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Connecticut legislature are paid $28,000 per year. They receive no per diem.[15]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Connecticut legislators assume office the Wednesday following the first Monday of the January next succeeding their election.

Current members

Current members, Connecticut State Senate
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 John Fonfara Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
2 Eric Coleman Electiondot.png Democratic 1995
3 Gary LeBeau Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
4 Steve Cassano Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
5 Beth Bye Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
6 Terry Gerratana Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
7 John Kissel Ends.png Republican 1993
8 Kevin Witkos Ends.png Republican 2009
9 Paul Doyle Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
10 Toni Harp Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
11 Martin Looney Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
12 Edward Meyer Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
13 Dante Bartolomeo Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
14 Gayle Slossberg Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
15 Joan Hartley Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
16 Joe Markley Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Joseph Crisco, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
18 Andrew Maynard Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
19 Catherine A. Osten Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
20 Andrea Stillman Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
21 Kevin C. Kelly Ends.png Republican 2011
22 Anthony Musto Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
23 Andres Ayala, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
24 Michael McLachlan Ends.png Republican 2009
25 Bob Duff Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
26 Antonietta Boucher Ends.png Republican 2009
27 Carlo Leone Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
28 John McKinney Ends.png Republican 1999
29 Donald Williams, Jr. Electiondot.png Democratic 1993
30 Clark J. Chapin Ends.png Republican 2013
31 Jason Welch Ends.png Republican 2011
32 Robert Kane Ends.png Republican 2009
33 Art Linares Ends.png Republican 2013
34 Len Fasano Ends.png Republican 2003
35 Tony Guglielmo Ends.png Republican 1993
36 Scott Frantz Ends.png Republican 2009

Senate Committees

Unique among the 50 state legislatures, in Connecticut, all legislative committees are joint committees of the upper house and lower house.

See also: General Assembly Committees

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Connecticut
Partisan breakdown of the Connecticut legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Connecticut State Senate for 20 years while the Republicans were the majority for two years. The Connecticut State Senate is 1 of 16 state senates that was Democratic for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. During the last 17 years of the study, the Connecticut senate was dominated by the Democratic party, with the final three years being Democratic trifectas.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Connecticut, the Connecticut State Senate and the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Connecticut state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References