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The Personal Gain Index shines a light on how members of Congress benefit during their tenure.





Difference between revisions of "Cory Gardner"

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==Personal Gain Index==
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[[File:Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png|right|200px]]
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::''See also: [[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''<br>
The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] may benefit from their tenure as public servants. Researchers at the [[Government Accountability Institute]] will look at four different metrics pointing to aspects of self-enrichment.<br>
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The '''[[Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)]]''' is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress]] have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants. <br>
The PGI will consist of the following metrics:
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It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the [[Government Accountability Institute]]:
*Net worth
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*'''The Net Worth Metric'''
**How much did a member's net worth increase or decrease over a specified period?
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*'''The K-Street Metric''' (coming soon)
*The K-Street metric (''coming soon'')
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*'''The Donation Concentration Metric''' (coming soon)
**What percentage of a member's staff were previously lobbyists?
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*'''The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric''' (coming soon)
*Donation concentration (''coming soon'')
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**What industries are contributing the most to each member?
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*Stock trading (''coming soon'')
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**What stocks are each member holding in their portfolio?
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===PGI: Net worth===
 
===PGI: Net worth===

Revision as of 11:44, 3 July 2014

Cory Gardner
Cory Gardner.jpg
Current candidacy
Running for U.S. Senate, Colorado
General electionNovember 4, 2014
Current office
U.S. House, Colorado, District 4
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBetsy Markey (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.25 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,722,190
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Colorado House of Representatives
2005-2010
Education
Bachelor'sColorado State University
J.D.University of Colorado
Personal
BirthdayAugust 22, 1974
Place of birthYuma, Colorado
Net worth$132,007
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Cory Gardner campaign logo
Cory Gardner (b. August 22, 1974, in Yuma, Colorado) is a Republican member of the U.S. House representing Colorado's 4th Congressional District. Gardner was first elected to the House in 2010.

Gardner was most recently re-elected in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th District.[1] He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated incumbent Brandon Shaffer (D) and Doug Aden (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2]

Gardner began his political career as a member of the staff of U.S. Senator Wayne Allard from 2002 to 2005. He was then elected to the Colorado House of Representatives, where he served from 2005 to 2010.

Gardner is seeking election to the U.S. Senate in 2014.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Gardner is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Gardner's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1997: Graduated from Colorado State University, Fort Collins with B.A.
  • 2001: Graduated from University of Colorado, Boulder with J.D.
  • 2002-2005: Staff, United States Senator Wayne Allard of Colorado
  • 2005-2010: Colorado House of Representatives
  • 2011-Present: U.S. Representative from Colorado

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Gardner serves on the following committees:[5]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

2011-2012

Gardner served on the following committees:[6]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Environment and Economy
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

Colorado House

2009-2010

Gardner served on the following committees while a member of the Colorado State House:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Gardner's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations Act (2014)

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Gardner voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "No" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Gardner joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Gardner voted for the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Gardner voted for HR 2775.[22]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[23]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "Yes" Gardner voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Gardner voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Cory Gardner's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Gardner is a Hard-Core Conservative. Gardner received a score of 24 percent on personal issues and 82 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Obamacare

Gardner has highlighted his own personal experience with the Affordable Care Act in order to fight it. Gardner said, "Just a couple weeks ago, despite the president’s promise that if you liked your insurance you could keep it, my family received a letter in the mail that our insurance plan is being canceled — canceled because of the president’s health care bill." He went on, "We were paying about $650 a month for our plan. And the plan that’s most similar to replace it through our current provider goes up by 100 percent more, so it’s from $650 to $1,480."[31]

Gardner also pressed Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius in a hearing with the House Energy and Commerce Committee. He asked her, "Why aren’t you losing your health insurance? Why aren’t you in the exchange?" When Sebelius claimed to be ineligible, he responded, "I went into the exchange. You could decide to drop your coverage of your employer. You have the choice."[32]

Colorado House

Gardner's sponsored legislation includes:

  • HB 09-1146 - Proof Of Citizenship To Register To Vote
  • HB 09-1268 - Decrease Fossil Fuel Consumption
  • HB 09-1288 - Colorado Taxpayer Transparency Act
  • HB 10-1094 - Use of Deadly Force in Place of Business [33]
  • HB 10-1184 - Increased Penalties for Repeat DUI Offenders [34]

For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the House site.

House Resolution 4899 opposition

Gardner and 38 other Republican Colorado state lawmakers sent a strongly worded letter of opposition to Capitol Hill to thwart a proposal tacked on to House Resolution 4899. The proposal would require state and local governments to participate in collective bargaining with labor groups representing police officers, firefighters and emergency responders. The letter claimed the proposal would stifle economic recovery in Colorado.

Gardner wrote the letter, addressed to all members of Colorado’s congressional delegation, which characterized the bill as a "dangerous amendment" to House Resolution 4899 offered by Rep. David Obey, D-Wisconsin.

Citing economic considerations, the letter stated that the proposed amendment would cause more harm than good to Colorado’s economy. Gardner said now is not the time to fiddle with the equilibrium currently maintained between labor unions and government.

"Particularly with all of the uncertainty currently surrounding the economy, now is not the time to be making radical changes to the balance between labor unions and local governments," said Gardner. "The amendment that has been attached to this bill will cause further harm to our economy and hinder our economic recovery."

One Democratic lawmaker, Sen. Lois Tochtrop of Thornton, said she wholeheartedly supports the proposal.

“I would support any amendment that would that would help in the process of collective bargaining whether in government, or in the private sector. I do not see any economic harm in allowing employees to have a place at the table,” said Tochtrop.[35][36]

Redistricting

Under the new map approved in 2011, Gardner no longer represents Larimer County as of 2013. “I will work as hard as ever to represent Larimer County through the end of 2012, and I will work as hard as ever in the new district,” Gardner stated.[37]

Larimer County was moved out of the 4th and into the 2nd District. Meanwhile, parts of Douglas, Huerfano, Las Animas and Otero counties were added to the 4th. The newly configured district gives Republicans a slightly higher advantage.

Campaign themes

2012

Gardner's campaign website listed the following issues:[38]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "We’ve got to get this country moving again, and the best way to accomplish that is to get government out of the way. Private businesses generate wealth, not the government. By cutting government and cutting spending, we will allow the marketplace to do its job. "
  • Fiscal Responsibility
Excerpt: "Our nation is facing historic debt and high unemployment. Washington’s spending spree has to stop. An important step towards regaining the trust of the American people starts by placing this nation on a path to a balanced federal budget. Immediately after being sworn-in, I formally added my name as a co-sponsor of the Balanced Budget Amendment."
  • Energy
Excerpt: "Energy development at home is the key to powering our nation’s future. Not only is energy independence essential to our national security, but it will help create jobs for American workers. I have always advocated for an “all of the above” approach to energy. That includes development of traditional energy resources, renewable resources and even nuclear power."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Despite being ruled constitutional, the President’s health care bill still makes it difficult for our economy to grow and takes away the ability of patients to pursue their own health care decisions. The real issue, however, is not whether the law is constitutional or unconstitutional. It is whether it is good or bad for the country. "
  • Education
Excerpt: "The importance of education cannot be understated. Schools need the resources to be successful, but let’s not also forget that results matter."

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Colorado, 2014

Gardner is running for election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014, unopposed.[39] He will face incumbent Mark Udall in the general election on November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Colorado's 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Gardner won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Colorado's 4th District. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on June 26, 2012. He then defeated incumbent Brandon Shaffer (D) and Doug Aden (Constitution Party) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[40]

U.S. House, Colorado District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Brandon Shaffer 36.8% 125,715
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCory Gardner Incumbent 58.4% 199,842
     Libertarian Josh Gilliland 3.1% 10,674
     Constitution Doug Aden 1.7% 5,845
Total Votes 342,076
Source: Colorado Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


2008

On November 4, 2008, Gardner won re-election to the 63rd District seat in the Colorado House of Representatives, running unopposed in the general election.[42]

Gardner raised $50,436 for his campaign.[43]

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Gardner is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Gardner raised a total of $4,722,190 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[44]

Cory Gardner's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,295,599
2010 US House (Colorado, District 4) Won $2,426,591
Grand Total Raised $4,722,190

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Gardner's reports.[45]

Cory Gardner (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[46]April 13, 2013$465,202.03$92,674.24$(93,201.88)$464,674.39
July Quarterly[47]July 12, 2013$464,674.39$300,037.12$(103,279.23)$661,432.28
October Quarterly[48]October 14, 2013$661,432.28$262,611.41$(159,780.62)$764,263.07
Year-End[49]January 29, 2014$764,263$185,939$(73,522)$876,679
April Quarterly[50]April 15, 2014$876,679$1,411,750$(168,312)$2,120,118
Pre-Primary[51]June 12, 2014$2,120,118$1,520,801$(603,648)$3,037,270
July Quarterly[52]July 15, 2014$3,037,270$1,191,886$(787,582)$3,441,574
Running totals
$4,965,698.77$(1,989,325.73)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Gardner won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,295,599 and spent $1,849,386.[53] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[54]

Cost per vote

Gardner spent $9.25 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Gardner's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Gardner won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Gardner's campaign committee raised a total of $2,426,591 and spent $2,407,602.[55]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, Colorado District 4, 2010 - Cory Gardner Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,426,591
Total Spent $2,407,602
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $3,505,293
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $3,516,268
Top contributors to Cory Gardner's campaign committee
Castle, Meinhold & Stawiarski$28,950
Hensel Phelps Construction$19,275
Farmers Implement Co$17,600
Anadarko Petroleum$16,550
Colorado Community Bank$14,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Oil & Gas$177,274
Retired$155,433
Real Estate$93,630
Leadership PACs$91,207
Lawyers/Law Firms$76,730

2008

Below are Gardner's top 5 campaign contributors in the 2008 election:[56]

Contributor 2008 total
Cory Gardner $6,342
CO Assoc of Realtors $4,250
CO Medical Society $1,400
CO Cable Telecommunications Assoc $500
CO Concern $400

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

  • The Net Worth Metric
  • The K-Street Metric (coming soon)
  • The Donation Concentration Metric (coming soon)
  • The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric (coming soon)

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Gardner's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-20,984 and $284,999. That averages to $132,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Gardner ranked as the 372nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[57] Between 2009 and 2012, Gardner's net worth increased by 212.2 percent. Between 2004 and 2014, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[58]

Cory Gardner Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$42,277
2012$132,007
Growth from 2009 to 2012:212%
Average annual growth:71%[59]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[60]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Gardner is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 5, 2013[61]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Gardner most often votes with:

Gardner least often votes with:

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Gardner paid his congressional staff a total of $750,753 in 2011. He ranked 26th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 28th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Colorado ranked 14th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Gardner ranked 10th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[64]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Gardner ranked 40th in the conservative rankings.[65]

Voting with party

2013

Gardner voted with the Republican Party 97.5% of the time, which ranked 89th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[66]

Personal

Gardner and his wife, Jamie, have one child.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Cory + Gardner + Colorado + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Cory Gardner News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. TimesCall.com, "Shaffer: I will run for Congress," July 4, 2011
  2. Associated Press, "Unofficial election results," June 26, 2012
  3. The Washington Post, "Rep. Cory Gardner to run for Senate in Colorado," February 26, 2014
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Cory Gardner," accessed November 1, 2011
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. Congressman Cory Gardner, United States Congressman for the 4th District of Colorado, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 1, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Cory Gardner Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. Fox31 Denver, "Rep. Gardner receives health insurance cancellation letter, says Obamacare more costly," October 4, 2013
  32. The Blaze, "The Top 5 Strangest Moments From Kathleen Sebelius’ ‘Mortifying’ Obamacare Hearing," October 30, 2013
  33. Colorado News Agency, "Make My Day? Only at Home, says Legislative Panel," March 15, 2010
  34. Colorado News Agency, "Effort to Beef Up State's DUI Penalty Gets Derailed," February 8, 2010
  35. Colorado News Agency, "State Republicans hope to thwart amendment to federal bill," July 18, 2010
  36. gpo.gov, "House Amendment to Senate Amendment, HR 4899," July 1, 2010
  37. Coloradoan, "County to get new representation," December 6, 2011
  38. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  39. Colorado Secretary of State, "Primary election results," accessed June 24, 2014
  40. Associated Press, "Unofficial election results," June 26, 2012
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Colorado Division of Elections, "2008 general election results, Colorado," November 4, 2008
  43. Follow the Money, "Colorado House spending, 2008," November 2, 2009
  44. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Cory Gardner," accessed March 22, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner Pre-Primary," accessed June 23, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Cory Gardner July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Cory Gardner 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  55. Open Secrets, "Cory Gardner 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 1, 2011
  56. Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign contributions," November 2, 2009
  57. OpenSecrets, "Cory Gardner (R-Colo), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  58. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  59. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  60. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  61. GovTrack, "Cory Gardner," accessed June 5, 2013
  62. OpenCongress, "Cory Gardner," accessed July 30, 2013
  63. LegiStorm, "Cory Gardner," accessed August 21, 2012
  64. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  65. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Betsy Markey
U.S. House - Colorado District 4
2011-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Colorado House of Representatives, District 63
June 2005–2011
Succeeded by
Jon Becker